Many modern people like to keep aquarium fish in their homes. Ground cleaning is one of the most important procedures in the care of fish housing.
To facilitate this process, special tools are used, for example, “vacuum cleaners”, which can be purchased in stores, but they are expensive. If desired, you can make a siphon for the aquarium with your own hands, greatly saving the family budget.
Clean aquarium, in particular soil, directly affects the health of the fish
In simple terms, the siphon is a normal pump. In general, it is a device for pumping fluid.
For example, water from the aquarium will be pumped out along with the waste of fish.
The main part of the tool is presented in the form of a suction tube. The principle of operation of the siphon for aquariums is very simple: one end of the tube falls tightly to the ground, and the second is placed as low as possible in relation to the level of the bottom of the aquarium. The outer tip is immersed in a jar or bucket.
A vacuum must be created in the pipe, but this is a fairly simple procedure, like pumping gasoline out of a car with a rubber hose. Vacuum is created by sucking air through the mouth.
Similar manipulations are performed to start the siphon in the aquarium.
Siphon greatly facilitates cleaning the soil in the aquarium
Liquid with waste by gravity will flow into the pipe and merge into a previously prepared container. In the end, you need to wait until the dirt settles, and drain the water back into the aquarium. The process is not particularly difficult.
Auxiliary devices purchased siphons for cleaning aquariums can be considered the result of scientific research.
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Today on the shelves of special stores there are many different types and models of siphons. The principle of operation is identical, the difference lies in the types of drive, power supply and the availability of additional options. By the type of drive devices are:
- Electric. In addition to the standard components in the form of a tube and a glass, this device has a pump that operates from the mains or with the help of batteries. It is with the help of the pump that the garbage is collected. All waste goes to a special pocket, and clean liquid is returned back to the aquarium. The device is convenient in operation, does not harm the roots of plants, has high power. However, there are a number of disadvantages: the device is fragile, requires frequent replacement of batteries, has a high price.
In the electric siphon there is a pump for collecting garbage from the ground.
- The mechanical device performs the work by gravity. As part of a funnel, hose and glass. The pressure depends on the width of the hoses and funnels – the narrower they are, the greater the force with which the fluid is sucked. Many models have pears in a set, with the help of which pumping begins. This siphon is quite easy to use, it does not require special skills, is suitable for processing any aquariums, is available to everyone. The disadvantages include the inability to adjust the power of the fluid flow, the difficulty of working in the place of accumulation of algae. In addition, an auxiliary water collection tank is required for subsequent filtration.
In fact, the design is quite simple, if desired, it is quite possible to make an improvised device at home.
You can make a soil cleaner for an aquarium with your own hands from scrap materials, which you probably have in any home. To create a cleaner will need:
- meter hoses (its diameter is not more than 5 mm);
- plastic bottle;
- 2 syringes for 10 cubes;
- insulating tape;
- outlet under the hose of brass;
Device for cleaning the soil in the aquarium can be made from scrap materials
Remove the pistons from the syringes and remove the needles. Using a knife, cut off all the tabs from a single syringe to form a tube. From the second, remove with a knife the part into which the piston enters.
In the place of fixing the needle to make a hole with a diameter of 5 mm. Connect the resulting tubes together using insulating tape. It should be noted that the part of the syringe with a hole must be outside, then thread the hose into it.
Cut a hole with a diameter of 4.5 mm in the cap of the bottle and insert into it the brass part of the outlet for the hose. Attach the other end of the hose to the outlet.
Siphon for the soil with his hands ready.
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