maintenance, care, compatibility
Most of the freshwater shrimp found in our aquariums come from Asia. Their length, as a rule, does not exceed 6–8 cm. Practically all of them are omnivorous, but prefer lower aquatic vegetation.
Shrimps are usually quite hardy creatures. Shrimps are interesting, mainly during the day, when they lead an active lifestyle, quickly moving along the bottom in search of food and crawling along the leaves of plants.
At the moment of danger, they make spasmodic swimming movements in the water column with the help of tail fan cuts.
Shrimp molt regularly. Throwing off chitinous shell. During molting (two – three days before molting and one or two after) they do not feed.
Freed from the old shell, the shrimp take refuge in the thickets of plants, under stones or in other shelters. After shedding, the shrimp covers are soft, and for a while, until the shell is firm, the animals are defenseless.
After molting, the damaged and lost limbs are restored in shrimps. In young individuals, this happens faster, in adults – gradually.
Shrimps are peaceful. They do not attack their own kind or other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Although the content with the fish themselves can be quite tasty food.
Content of aquarium shrimp:
To the conditions of detention all types of aquarium shrimp (2 species) not picky.
For the successful maintenance of a container from 10 liters. In which you can put 10-15 shrimp.
But we must remember that sooner or later they will multiply and it will not be so easy to choose a fry. Therefore, I personally advise you to immediately start with large volumes.
Although for fans of “play” fit and a small aquarium.
Aquarium Shrimp look better on black ground. Although this is a matter of taste.
Amazingly they live at a temperature of 15 to 30 degrees Celsius. So, if the temperature in your apartment does not fall below 17 degrees, you can safely keep the shrimp maker with no means of heating.
Although the ideal temperature for them is 24C.
Thus, heating can be saved, but on accessories for aeration this will not work. In the shrimp maker it is necessary to establish a weak aeration.
Krill, unlike fish, is very sensitive to the saturation of water with oxygen.
For shrimp very it is important to have living plants in their habitat – aquarium. Ideal would be to plant javanese moss.
Shrimps need it for hiding and cleaning. Of course, any plants will suit for the beginning, even the same roman leaf and pistes.
Water Filtration for Shrimp it is not necessary at all, I would even say it is not desirable. In the filter can get fry and with a strong current krill will throw all over the aquarium and he will be forced to hide.
For large volumes of aquarium, this problem is solved as follows – a nylon stocking is put on the filter, possibly in several layers. And the flow is reduced by installing nozzles (optional).
Shrimp lighting not really necessary, except to see the feed :). But the plants that will be in the shrimp is just necessary. But you should not go too far with the lighting.
With strong light, your krill will lose color saturation.
And now an unpleasant moment when keeping shrimp.
Aquarium shrimp are very sensitive to the chemical composition of water. Water that is replaced must be clean and well-settled.
You only need to add chlorine-containing water and irreparable damage may occur. You also need to monitor the environment, the use of various kinds of sprays and air fresheners in the room where there is an aquarium with shrimps is unacceptable, no one has yet canceled the surface gas exchange.
Be very careful when changing the water and ventilate the room.
Shrimp eat EVERYTHING. In the truest sense of the word. They are constantly searching for food. Clean up dead plant parts, corpses of other tenants (if there are such) and the smallest particles of everything that can be eaten. Feed, or rather feed these arthropods need no more than once every two days.
In this case, it is undesirable to feed them on the day when the water change. Hungry shrimp better tolerate stress or other unwanted drops.
You can feed any food, ranging from dry daphnia and ending with live and concentrated and balanced branded feed.
Personally, I feed the company Tetra feed for fry and frozen food. How do I live feed? snail coils. It turns out quite profitable and satisfying :).
Coils living in an aquarium quickly multiply, and therefore, they need to be thrown away. But.
Getting a pair of healthy coils, crushing and throwing them into the aquarium, two things happen: 1. krill are full and 2. the population of coils does not go off scale.
I do not advise to feed cheap dry food. Most of them consist of cereals and do not have full nutritional power.
Food must be balanced and varied. Try to alternate feed.
The maintenance of the shrimp is not much different from the maintenance of an aquarium with fish.
Water change should be done once a week, 1/3 of the total. It is advisable to make a light siphon of the soil every few months.
Remove dead plant parts and shells from coils.
I emphasize. Everything must be done very carefully. Shrimps are much smaller than fish and may be accidentally crippled or even killed.
But in general, nothing complicated or unusual.
Breeding aquarium shrimp
In breeding to help shrimp do not need! They are all good at themselves.
If the conditions contribute to shrimp and you have a good, then the offspring will not take long.
During the period when the female is ready for breeding, she releases pheromones into the water. All males begin to frantically chase the aquarium and look for a female.
Mating lasts no more than a second. Although the process of finding a female usually goes on for hours. Soon after mating, a female saddle appears on the back of the female.
The cherry shrimp is yellow, the hurry gray is drunk. This is caviar at a certain stage.
Subsequently, the female molts and the calf moves under the abdomen, and after 3-4 weeks the fry will appear.
The young do not need special care. Immediately eat what parents do.
Hides in thickets and floats jerky. The above applies only to shrimp: neocardine cherry and neocardin hurry.
There are complex types of shrimp that novice can not breed, because they need a special approach and a lot of knowledge and experience.
Enemies of aquarium shrimp
The main enemy of aquarium shrimp is a planarian. They lead a predatory life, feeding on small crustaceans, insect larvae, eggs and fish larvae and other living creatures.
Get an aquarium with shrimps and you will see them in all its glory.
Aquarium shrimp: species, conditions of breeding
Aquarium shrimp is an omnivorous crustacean creature with great endurance. This type of inhabitants of the underwater world is so beautiful and graceful that more and more people are engaged in its reproduction every year.
The unique shape and color of the shrimp of all colors of the rainbow make it the favorite of the home aquarium.
Care for these inhabitants of the domestic underwater world is almost the same as for the other invertebrate inhabitants. One of the most important rules of their maintenance in an aquarium is to install an aerator in it, since they need oxygen for normal life.
Optimum degrees of water – from +15 to +30. It was also noted that when the temperature is lowered to 18 ° C, the aquarium shrimp becomes inactive. But it is worth making the water warmer, 26-30 degrees, as it regains its activity.
By the way, with sharp fluctuations in temperature, these animals may die.
Aquarium shrimp, the content of which does not require much effort, unpretentious neither in the filtration of water, nor in the presence of light. Although both will be necessary for better growth of the plants that feed these crustaceans.
But it is worth considering that they are very sensitive to the chemical composition of water, and even with a small content of chlorine in it, the shrimp will die. For the same reason, in the room where the aquarium is installed, it is unacceptable to use air fresheners or other similar sprayers.
Aquarium shrimp, the content of which, at first glance, is very simple, can bring a lot of trouble. For example, if you forget to close the aquarium at night, the crustaceans can escape from their home.
And on land they are not tenants – they die in a matter of minutes.
During transport, you must take care of the safety of the shrimp, as they can get hurt by the walls of the vessel. To avoid this, it is enough to put in it any plant, for which, in the event of which they would be able to grasp.
When buying shrimp, do not immediately put them in a common aquarium. The fact is that most species of these crustaceans come to stores from the wild, respectively, they can be carriers of infections and parasites.
Increasing the water temperature above 30 degrees can adversely affect shrimp. Therefore, in the summer, this parameter should be monitored more carefully, increasing the aeration of water.
Before you buy these arthropods in your tank, you should understand their types, otherwise problems may arise. For example, aquarium shrimp, becoming an adult, may be too big or even worse – a predator.
Red crystal. Beautiful and non-aggressive shrimp with red stripes on a white background. Very capricious in content (pH of water from 6.2 to 6.8, temperature – up to 26 ° C, etc.), does not like overfeeding.
Due to closely related crossbreeding, her body is slightly weaker than other species.
Harlequin. These shrimps are very small (up to 1.2 cm), have a red and white color and are very shy. Also a little whimsical to the quality of water – pH from 7.0, temperature – from 25 ° C.
Reproduction without larval stage in fresh water. The gestation time of the offspring is up to a month, after which 10-15 tiny shrimps are born.
Amano Light green arthropods with a light stripe on the back and brown spots on the sides.
They are “aquarium cleaners” that kill harmful algae and other plants. Pretty peaceful with many kinds of fish.
There are many problems in domestic breeding. For example, to obtain offspring, the female is deposited in a separate container (30 liters), where the water temperature is kept at about 23 ° C, aeration is arranged, there is a lamp and a sponge filter.
It should be noted that the main condition for the larvae is brackish water and a separate container, in which they must be moved 2-3 days after their birth.
Red-nosed. This is also a kind of “cleaner” of the reservoir. Such aquarium shrimps, the types of which can be distinguished by their method of movement (they do not run, but swim), can live both in fresh and in salted water.
Their maximum size is 4 cm. They do not like keeping in a pond where there are aggressive and predatory fish species.
They have a pretty pretty color and nose in a red spot.
Red cherry. This type of shrimp is one of the most popular.
To this they owe much of their bright red color and ease of reproduction. Aquarium shrimp cherries are unpretentious to the content and feel great, even when the aquarium contains a huge number of their fellows.
Males have a length of about 2 cm, which is significantly less than females (an adult reaches 45 mm).
Before buying these wonderful inhabitants of the aquarium should be borne in mind that many of the species can mate. The result is an indefinite type and color of shrimp, which, in general, is not very good. Therefore, it is worth taking care in advance and buying only those species that can not have common offspring.
For a better understanding, we present you the table “Aquarium Shrimp: Compatibility”.