maintenance, care, compatibility
Very often lives in home aquariums. The name is due to the red color of the body.
This species is popular deservedly, because it is unpretentious to the living conditions, besides it reproduces very quickly.
The maximum size of an adult individual is 2.5–3 centimeters. Due to this cherry shrimp can live in small aquariums, the size of which does not exceed 10 liters.
Cultivation experience can begin with cherry.
For shrimp it is very important that there is a proper aquarium with enough space for each individual. Aquarium should be selected with the calculation of a liter of water per shrimp.
However, with a maximum body size of 2 centimeters in one liter, two individuals can get along.
They can be planted with fish or you can prepare a separate aquarium – shrimp maker. When keeping them in the general aquarium, the right neighborhood plays an important role.
The fact is that fish and shrimp are antagonists by nature. This is not about simple competition.
Fish often hunt them for food.
Choosing plants for the aquarium, you can pay attention to Javanese moss. In it adult individuals can hide and larvae grow up.
In the general aquarium of such a moss should be more, then no fish can get shrimp from its shelter.
Shrimps, like fish, are cold-blooded animals, so they are active or not, depending on the temperature that was created in the aquarium. It should be 20-28 degrees.
But even lowering to 15 degrees will not be disastrous for them. They will become less active and will stop reproducing offspring.
If the water is heated to 32 degrees, protein coagulation will occur in the body, which means the likely death for all individuals. Crustaceans have an increased sensitivity to a sudden change in temperature.
For example, its jump by 7 degrees threatens fish with a disease, and shrimps – with death. Therefore, if a change is planned, it should be done gradually.
The amount of water that is replaced in the aquarium should not exceed 1/5 of its volume. This procedure can be repeated no more than once a week.
Shrimps can live in tap water, but need to be replaced only when the temperature warms to room temperature.
The chemical composition of water does not matter much. The main thing is that there is no copper in it, otherwise both adults and larvae will die.
In addition, the hardness of the water should be high, otherwise during the molt they will have nowhere to take the necessary substances to build the shell.
It is important to siphon the ground often, as the shrimp leaves a lot of waste. If ammonia levels rise dramatically, they will hurt.
Lack of oxygen also has a detrimental effect on these crustaceans. To enrich the water with oxygen, you need to install a special compressor.
If a filter is used, it must be closed with a sponge, otherwise small individuals will fall inside. In the shrimp filter is optional, but in general the aquarium will have to install it.
Many individuals have bright colors of almost all shades of the rainbow and look spectacular against the green vegetation of the reservoir. But the shrimp in the aquarium are very demanding of conditions.
They are not only decoration, but also the attendants of the reservoir, they clean it from numerous organic waste of plants or food.
These are the peaceful representatives of the water world. Shrimps in a common aquarium can be combined with calm and medium-sized fish, keeping with aggressive and predatory species is not recommended.
In a favorable climate, offspring of shrimp appears within one to two months. The young growth has small imperceptible sizes, it is threatened with many dangers from small fishes and parents.
When riches and javanese moss are present in the aquarium, the survival rate of young individuals increases. But it is better to breed the population in a separate vessel from the fish.
In the general tank, the crustaceans feed on food debris from the fish. Once a week they can add herbal supplements – zucchini, potatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, cabbage, spinach. They can go on for a long time without any food, eating organic microparticles.
Shrimp can be safely left alone for a couple of weeks, without fear that they will not survive.
Maintenance and care of shrimp in the aquarium
- The shape and size of the aquarium. Shrimps can live in vessels of any capacity, but the most preferred are volumes from 35 to 100 liters. Up to 10 individuals can be purchased for one hundred liters of volume so that they do not compete with each other in terms of habitat and food.
- Water temperature. Shrimp can successfully adapt to water at a temperature of 20-28 degrees. Water renewal should be carried out weekly in the amount of up to 40%. Freshwater crustaceans are quite sensitive to water quality. It should be clean and rich in oxygen, its composition – soft and neutral.
- Equipment for the aquarium. Of the equipment for their content needed filtering system, aeration, heating and lighting. The jet from the filter should not be directed to the center of the aquarium, but to the side so that a small internal flow is formed. Shrimps often breed, and young animals can get into the filter. Therefore, in the vessel it is better to use a sponge filter, which they will not be able to get into. The location of the water intake can be closed with a fine mesh. Crustaceans are quite sensitive to the presence of oxygen in the water, so the compressor must be turned on all the time. Heating and lighting can be customized to the needs of fish and plants.
- Registration of an aquarium. When making an aquarium for shrimp, you should create shelters where they can hide during the molting period. For this fit castles, sunken ships, snags, tree roots. Juveniles often molt and hide in them.
- Priming. The soil for the aquarium is recommended to use rocky, as in streams. Such an atmosphere will bring shrimp closer to its habitat. Once a year it is required to wash the soil, so you can remove accumulated organic matter from the aquarium and improve the quality of the water.
- Holes in the aquarium. Shrimp can crawl out of the pond. In the vessel should be left only small gaps for air flow between the lid and the aquarium itself. The remaining holes can be closed with pieces of foam. Shrimps live from one to two years.
Proper shrimp maintenance will allow them to lead a healthy life and multiply. Such unusual mollusks will long please the owner with their bright appearance and will decorate the reservoir.
Freshwater shrimp appeared in the collections of Russian lovers not so long ago, and have already managed to win new fans. One of their main advantages is their small size and, consequently, the ability to live in small-sized aquariums, which can easily fit into any city apartment or even an office table.
What are the requirements of these crustaceans to their homes?
As a shrimp (shrimp), a rectangular or cubic shaped container is preferred, while not too high, since shrimps usually crawl on or near the bottom. The volume of water can be from 5 liters (for 10 individuals of dwarf undemanding species).
However, the care of an aquarium of such a small size can only be done by experienced craftsmen.
Most often, shrimp is contained in cubes – produced by well-known manufacturers of aquariums of cubic shape with a capacity of 20 or 30 liters (the most popular ones are Aquael Shrimp Set and Dennerle Nano Cube).
For beginners who decide to start their way in the aquarium with crustaceans, it is better to purchase a jar of larger volume – 40 or 50 liters, in which it is much easier than in the nanocube to create a stable environment that is so necessary for shrimps.
For reproduction of demanding species (eg, crystals) also requires a capacity of 50 liters.
The shrimp should be tightly closed with a lid or cover glass, and the holes for the wires are plugged with sponges: shrimps are quite capable of escaping from it, especially if the conditions are imperfect.
What to prefer: a separate shrimp or mixed aquarium?
It depends on the species of crustaceans.
Large decapods – Amano shrimps, filter feeders and macrobrachia can live with almost any fish, except for large carnivorous cichlids (in the case of adult macrobrachia, fish are more dangerous).
Cherry and other relatively undemanding shrimp are often kept with small or medium non-aggressive fish:
- various algae,
- by neon
Many of them are not averse to profit from the shrimp young, but if there is enough moss and small-leaved plants in the aquarium, the kids will hide well and not be easy to catch.
Small capricious thoroughbred shrimp (high-quality crystals, wild Soulawesians) usually prefer to keep away from the fish.
Aquarium freshwater shrimp are very beautiful creatures that can not stop looking. These wonderful pets are able to decorate your home, as well as give joy in the saddest moments.
Caring for such pets will not make for you a lot of work, the main thing is that your aquarium shrimps are not deprived of love.
Remember that shrimp can grow well and multiply only if their aquarium neighbors are fish that will not encroach on their life. The existence of the little ones will be threatened by all the neighbors that are larger than them, and whose mouth will be able to capture the shrimp.
In the wild, these cute creatures are the usual food for various fish. Therefore, feeling the danger, they are accustomed to hiding with the help of plants, stones, soil.
It is worth taking note of this fact to the owners who have gathered to make friends with the shrimp with fish. Cockerels, goldfish, cichlids, melanotenias, swordtails, petilia, and many other cute creatures can eat or torture your babies.
Excellent neighbors for tiny pets will be Boraras brigittae.
To best equip your aquarium, you should pick up shrimp to the fish, and not vice versa. Filtration shrimp, Mucrobrachium rosenberghi, as well as the Palameon species will not be a vulnerable target for their neighbors, and may even become dangerous cohabitants themselves.
If you want to create an aquarium in which aquarium shrimps would live in harmony with fish, you should not pick your neighbors at random, then keeping pets safe will be threatened. And it can really bother you.
It is best to think about your choice.
To diversify the home water world, many aquarists give birth not only to several species of ornamental fish, but also to some crustaceans that lead a bottom life. Representatives of this class – shrimp – have long become inhabitants of artificial home reservoirs.
Their content, however, has a number of characteristic features.
Content in the conditions of an artificial home pond
Aquaterrarium size. Since Japanese decapod shrimps are rather aggressive in nature, the optimal amount of their content is the amount of water from 15 to 20 liters per adult.
More dense settlement will inevitably cause a clarification of relations in the struggle for territory. Fights are, as they say, not for life, but for death.
The consequences of such fights can be dire. This is not only damage or loss of limbs, but also the death of one of the opponents.
Water parameters. For these crustaceans, the purity of the water and its saturation with oxygen are of no small importance. Therefore, aeration should be powerful and constant, like filtering.
By the way, the shrimps monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium environment on their own and eat green algae with pleasure – the scourge of all aquariums. That is why, if river voracious shrimps live in a water house, you can not be afraid of its overgrowing with greens.
A positive point is the high degree of adaptability of Japanese women (and individuals of other species) to the parameters of the aquatic environment. Although the optimum temperature for them is 23–25 degrees above zero, they easily tolerate some deviations from the norm. However, in this case, their growth slows down.
Like most other aquatic creatures, shrimps need water with a neutral pH, but they feel quite satisfactory in weakly acidic water (not lower than 6.5 units).
Lighting. But these arthropods do not like the bright light.
On the contrary, the lighting should be muted, and in the aquarium it is necessary to have dark places.
Priming. Shrimp owners usually use gravel or small pebbles as a bottom substrate; small decorative elements (snags, shells, ceramic pots with holes) are placed on the bottom.
Such shelters are necessary for the normal life of crustaceans: they hide there during periods of molting and during breeding.
All shrimp shed periodically. In a secluded place, they drop the chitinous shell and wait for a new one to grow.
Old shell is gradually eaten. The frequency of molting is different: for females – every 35-40 days, and for males – once every six months.
When keeping more than two shrimps in one aquarium, a situation will necessarily arise when individuals divide the territory. We must be prepared for the occurrence of several skirmishes, following which only one leader (dominant) will appear, who will have to periodically prove and confirm his leading position.
Macrobrachiums are quite aggressive towards their neighbors, their relatives, all living things and, possibly, themselves (experts say this). That is why for sharing with them it is better to keep the fish living in the middle or upper layers of the aquarium.
During the day, shrimp, as a rule, hide in the bottom shelters, and go on a hunt on a dark night. Of course, these clumsy hunters will not be able to catch the awake active fish, but their sleeping neighbors can easily grab with long claws and eat right there.
Unless, of course, small fish.
But they can also cause quite serious injury to a rather large fish, biting off, for example, a part of the fin (it is better not to keep veiled fish together with shrimps). Moreover, in this situation, the shrimp shows enviable ingenuity – it freezes, becoming completely motionless.
But woe to that fish, which is interested in this detail of the aquarium interior!
Thus, in terms of the content of the shrimp can create quite serious problems.
Cherry shrimp (Neocaridina davidi var. Red) or cherry (cherry) is, without a doubt, the most popular shrimp in the aquarium. It is unpretentious, well acclimatized in different settings and conditions, noticeable, besides peaceful and eats the remnants of food in the aquarium. For most aquarists, it is the cherry shrimp that becomes the first shrimp, and remains a favorite for many years.
On the content and breeding cherries and our story goes.
In nature, neocardins are very vulnerable, the same thing happens in an aquarium. Small size, the absence of any protective mechanisms, only a disguise. But red cherries are also deprived of this.
Even small fish can eat them or tear off their paws. Ideally, contain cherry shrimp in the shrimp without fish. If this is not possible, then you need to choose small and peaceful fish.
For example: analysis of cuneiform, ordinary neon, speckled corridors, otocyclus, guppy, mollies. I successfully kept all these fishes together with shrimps, and there were never any problems.
But who knocked ordinary neokardinok under zero, it is the scalar. A couple of months from the mass of shrimp, no one left! So avoid any cichlids, even dwarfs, and even more so the angelfish.
Here the rule is simple, the larger the fish, the more likely it is that the cherry shrimps are incompatible with it. If there is no choice and you have already planted shrimp in the aquarium, then at least add a lot of moss, there it is easier for them to hide.
Cherry shrimps are great even for beginners, the main thing is not to keep them with large fish. Cherry shrimps perfectly adapt to very different conditions and parameters.
Neutral or slightly acidic water (pH 6.5-8), temperature 20–29 ° C, low content of nitrates and ammonia in it, that’s all the requirements, perhaps. A small amount of shrimp can be maintained even in a 5-liter nano-aquarium.
But to make them feel comfortable, a larger volume and a large number of plants, especially mosses, are needed.
Mosses, such as Javanese, give them shelter and feed, as they trap feed particles. They also eat zoo and fit plankton, which forms on sprigs of moss, without harming it at all.
In addition, mosses provide shelter for shrimp during molting and fry after birth, a large pile of moss turns into a real kindergarten.
In general, a bunch of moss in an aquarium with shrimp cherries is not only very beautiful, but also necessary and important.
An important issue is the coloring of shrimp. The darker the soil and plants, the brighter they look on their background, but if they contain them on a light background, they become paler.
Also, the brightness of red in the color depends on the feed, live and frozen feed make them brighter, and ordinary flakes, on the contrary. However, you can give special food for shrimp, reinforcing the red color.