maintenance, care, compatibility
Very often lives in home aquariums. The name is due to the red color of the body.
This species is popular deservedly, because it is unpretentious to the living conditions, besides it reproduces very quickly.
The maximum size of an adult individual is 2.5–3 centimeters. Due to this cherry shrimp can live in small aquariums, the size of which does not exceed 10 liters.
Cultivation experience can begin with cherry.
For shrimp it is very important that there is a proper aquarium with enough space for each individual. Aquarium should be selected with the calculation of a liter of water per shrimp.
However, with a maximum body size of 2 centimeters in one liter, two individuals can get along.
They can be planted with fish or you can prepare a separate aquarium – shrimp maker. When keeping them in the general aquarium, the right neighborhood plays an important role. The fact is that fish and shrimp are antagonists by nature.
This is not about simple competition. Fish often hunt them for food.
Choosing plants for the aquarium, you can pay attention to Javanese moss. In it adult individuals can hide and larvae grow up.
In the general aquarium of such a moss should be more, then no fish can get shrimp from its shelter.
Shrimps, like fish, are cold-blooded animals, so they are active or not, depending on the temperature that was created in the aquarium. It should be 20-28 degrees. But even lowering to 15 degrees will not be disastrous for them.
They will become less active and will stop reproducing offspring.
If the water is heated to 32 degrees, protein coagulation will occur in the body, which means the likely death for all individuals. Crustaceans have an increased sensitivity to a sudden change in temperature. For example, its jump by 7 degrees threatens fish with a disease, and shrimps – with death.
Therefore, if a change is planned, it should be done gradually.
The amount of water that is replaced in the aquarium should not exceed 1/5 of its volume. This procedure can be repeated no more than once a week.
Shrimps can live in tap water, but need to be replaced only when the temperature warms to room temperature.
The chemical composition of water does not matter much. The main thing is that there is no copper in it, otherwise both adults and larvae will die.
In addition, the hardness of the water should be high, otherwise during the molt they will have nowhere to take the necessary substances to build the shell.
It is important to siphon the ground often, as the shrimp leaves a lot of waste. If ammonia levels rise dramatically, they will hurt.
Lack of oxygen also has a detrimental effect on these crustaceans. To enrich the water with oxygen, you need to install a special compressor.
If a filter is used, it must be closed with a sponge, otherwise small individuals will fall inside. In the shrimp filter is optional, but in general the aquarium will have to install it.
Shrimp requirements for water and soil. The minimum aquarium, which will contain only shrimp, is 40 liters. It is called shrimp maker.
In smaller containers, it is difficult to maintain constant conditions for their maintenance: shrimps are very sensitive to nitrites and nitrates in water, and there should be no ammonia at all. Freshwater shrimp, as well as their sea brothers, are very sensitive to the composition of the water.
It must be clean. Its composition is soft and neutral.
Water changes should be made regularly, at least once a week. Volumes that are replaced, the minimum should be 40% of the total water volume.
It is recommended to use internal filters in shrimps, the jet from which will not be directed to the center of the aquarium, but will be moved towards its wall.
The need to create additional heat is determined by the selected species that inhabit the ecosystem, and varies from 24 to 27 ° C. Shrimps can withstand temperature fluctuations in the range of 15-30 ° C.
But at the same time in cold water, they become slow-moving due to slower metabolism, and in warm water they may lack oxygen in the water.
The soil is best used for rocky aquariums: such as in streams, which are in most cases the habitat for shrimp.
One of the most common mistakes made when keeping shrimp in an aquarium is a thick landing of the aquarium with algae. Under natural conditions, freshwater shrimp live in reservoirs that generally may not contain higher plants in their waters.
The resource used by such plants for their growth is the same with what is needed for the development of lower algae and bacterial flora, which are food.
Carrying out additional bait shrimp in such conditions is sometimes impossible to achieve their favorable content, because the shrimp do not have enough minerals consumed with these bacteria and algae.
In addition to fish and snails, shrimp are often lodged in an aquarium. Those species that have mastered fresh water and are able to survive in it have got into modern domestic water bodies.
Many individuals have bright colors of almost all shades of the rainbow and look spectacular against the green vegetation of the reservoir. But the shrimp in the aquarium are very demanding of conditions.
They are not only decoration, but also the attendants of the reservoir, they clean it from numerous organic waste of plants or food.
These are the peaceful representatives of the water world. Shrimps in a common aquarium can be combined with calm and medium-sized fish, keeping with aggressive and predatory species is not recommended.
In a favorable climate, offspring of shrimp appears within one to two months. The young growth has small imperceptible sizes, it is threatened with many dangers from small fishes and parents.
When riches and javanese moss are present in the aquarium, the survival rate of young individuals increases. But it is better to breed the population in a separate vessel from the fish.
In the general tank, the crustaceans feed on food debris from the fish. Once a week they can add herbal supplements – zucchini, potatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, cabbage, spinach.
They can go on for a long time without any food, eating organic microparticles. Shrimp can be safely left alone for a couple of weeks, without fear that they will not survive.
Maintenance and care of shrimp in the aquarium
- The shape and size of the aquarium. Shrimps can live in vessels of any capacity, but the most preferred are volumes from 35 to 100 liters. Up to 10 individuals can be purchased for one hundred liters of volume so that they do not compete with each other in terms of habitat and food.
- Water temperature. Shrimp can successfully adapt to water at a temperature of 20-28 degrees. Water renewal should be carried out weekly in the amount of up to 40%. Freshwater crustaceans are quite sensitive to water quality. It should be clean and rich in oxygen, its composition – soft and neutral.
- Equipment for the aquarium. Of the equipment for their content needed filtering system, aeration, heating and lighting. The jet from the filter should not be directed to the center of the aquarium, but to the side so that a small internal flow is formed. Shrimps often breed, and young animals can get into the filter. Therefore, in the vessel it is better to use a sponge filter, which they will not be able to get into. The location of the water intake can be closed with a fine mesh. Crustaceans are quite sensitive to the presence of oxygen in the water, so the compressor must be turned on all the time. Heating and lighting can be customized to the needs of fish and plants.
- Registration of an aquarium. When making an aquarium for shrimp, you should create shelters where they can hide during the molting period. For this fit castles, sunken ships, snags, tree roots. Juveniles often molt and hide in them.
- Priming. The soil for the aquarium is recommended to use rocky, as in streams. Such an atmosphere will bring shrimp closer to its habitat. Once a year it is required to wash the soil, so you can remove accumulated organic matter from the aquarium and improve the quality of the water.
- Holes in the aquarium. Shrimp can crawl out of the pond. In the vessel should be left only small gaps for air flow between the lid and the aquarium itself. The remaining holes can be closed with pieces of foam. Shrimps live from one to two years.
Proper shrimp maintenance will allow them to lead a healthy life and multiply. Such unusual mollusks will long please the owner with their bright appearance and will decorate the reservoir.
Freshwater shrimp appeared in the collections of Russian lovers not so long ago, and have already managed to win new fans. One of their main advantages is their small size and, consequently, the ability to live in small-sized aquariums, which can easily fit into any city apartment or even an office table.
What are the requirements of these crustaceans to their homes?
As a shrimp (shrimp), a rectangular or cubic shaped container is preferred, while not too high, since shrimps usually crawl on or near the bottom. The volume of water can be from 5 liters (for 10 individuals of dwarf undemanding species).
However, the care of an aquarium of such a small size can only be done by experienced craftsmen.
Most often, shrimp is contained in cubes – produced by well-known manufacturers of aquariums of cubic shape with a capacity of 20 or 30 liters (the most popular ones are Aquael Shrimp Set and Dennerle Nano Cube).
For beginners who decide to start their way in the aquarium with crustaceans, it is better to purchase a jar of larger volume – 40 or 50 liters, in which it is much easier than in the nanocube to create a stable environment that is so necessary for shrimps.
For reproduction of demanding species (eg, crystals) also requires a capacity of 50 liters.
The shrimp should be tightly closed with a lid or cover glass, and the holes for the wires are plugged with sponges: shrimps are quite capable of escaping from it, especially if the conditions are imperfect.
What to prefer: a separate shrimp or mixed aquarium?
It depends on the species of crustaceans.
Large decapods – Amano shrimps, filter feeders and macrobrachia can live with almost any fish, except for large carnivorous cichlids (in the case of adult macrobrachia, fish are more dangerous).
Cherry and other relatively undemanding shrimp are often kept with small or medium non-aggressive fish:
- various algae,
- by neon
Many of them are not averse to profit from the shrimp young, but if there is enough moss and small-leaved plants in the aquarium, the kids will hide well and not be easy to catch.
Small capricious thoroughbred shrimp (high-quality crystals, wild Soulawesians) usually prefer to keep away from the fish.