maintenance, care, compatibility
Freshwater shrimp appeared in the collections of Russian lovers not so long ago, and have already managed to win new fans. One of their main advantages is their small size and, consequently, the ability to live in small-sized aquariums, which can easily fit into any city apartment or even an office table.
What are the requirements of these crustaceans to their homes?
As a shrimp (shrimp), a rectangular or cubic shaped container is preferred, while not too high, since shrimps usually crawl on or near the bottom. The volume of water can be from 5 liters (for 10 individuals of dwarf undemanding species).
However, the care of an aquarium of such a small size can only be done by experienced craftsmen.
Most often, shrimp is contained in cubes – produced by well-known manufacturers of aquariums of cubic shape with a capacity of 20 or 30 liters (the most popular ones are Aquael Shrimp Set and Dennerle Nano Cube).
For beginners who decide to start their way in the aquarium with crustaceans, it is better to purchase a jar of larger volume – 40 or 50 liters, in which it is much easier than in the nanocube to create a stable environment that is so necessary for shrimps.
For reproduction of demanding species (eg, crystals) also requires a capacity of 50 liters.
The shrimp should be tightly closed with a lid or cover glass, and the holes for the wires are plugged with sponges: shrimps are quite capable of escaping from it, especially if the conditions are imperfect.
What to prefer: a separate shrimp or mixed aquarium?
It depends on the species of crustaceans.
Large decapods – Amano shrimps, filter feeders and macrobrachia can live with almost any fish, except for large carnivorous cichlids (in the case of adult macrobrachia, fish are more dangerous).
Cherry and other relatively undemanding shrimp are often kept with small or medium non-aggressive fish:
- various algae,
- by neon
Many of them are not averse to profit from the shrimp young, but if there is enough moss and small-leaved plants in the aquarium, the kids will hide well and not be easy to catch.
Small capricious thoroughbred shrimp (high-quality crystals, wild Soulawesians) usually prefer to keep away from the fish.
The water expanses of a home aquarium can diversify not only unique species of fish or snails, but also place aquarium shrimp in its depths. And you should not associate this species with ordinary monotonous sea inhabitants, since special shrimps for an aquarium, unlike their not freshwater relatives, have a bright colorful color and a unique body shape. But not only the unique original color attracts the attention of aquarists, these species have great stamina, are unpretentious in content, are omnivores, and their interesting lifestyle attracts the attention of others.
That is why aquarium shrimps are increasingly found in domestic waters not only of real aquarists, but also among beginners in the aquatic world.
Living shrimp in an aquarium will not bring much trouble to its owner, and caring for this individual is no different from the maintenance of other residents of the home reservoir. However, in order for an individual to enjoy his bright color and active behavior every day, it is necessary to create special conditions and follow certain rules.
In addition, some ornamental individuals are quite capricious and require additional care.
Excellent macro about the life of shrimp in the aquarium.
- For shrimp is perfect and the smallest aquarium, and even the largest. And in order not to get lost in the calculations, you should rely on an uncomplicated decision and select the future living space with the calculation of one to one, that is, one liter of water per one aquarium shrimp. However, the size should be taken into account, if the shrimp is medium or large in size, water needs about 2 or 4 liters.
- The optimum temperature for almost all species living in the reservoir varies in the aisles from 17 ° C to 30 ° C. Of course, a lower temperature is allowed, but in this case pets can become inactive. In addition, it should be borne in mind that with sudden temperature shocks the life cycle is significantly shortened and the individual may die.
- Weekly water changes are imperative for the normal development of pets. You can easily add regular tap water, but preferably separated and warmed to room temperature.
- Periodically, the chemical composition of the water should be checked, the main requirement, the complete absence of copper, which will burn cause the death of both adults and larvae. The hardness of the water is as high as possible so that during the molt the shrimps can draw for themselves the necessary substances for the renewal of the shell.
- The presence of a compressor, filter and lighting is considered an optional requirement, but desirable.
- It is important to have all kinds of living ornamental plants, because aquarium shrimps, the content of which is combined with other individuals, can, if necessary, hide from large fish in their green shelter. Javanese moss, roach leaf, pistia, cladafora and other plants for the aquarium are perfect for landscaping.
Shrimp eat EVERYTHING. In the truest sense of the word. They are constantly searching for food. Clean up dead plant parts, corpses of other tenants (if there are such) and the smallest particles of everything that can be eaten. Feed, or rather feed these arthropods need no more than once every two days.
In this case, it is undesirable to feed them on the day when the water change. Hungry shrimp better tolerate stress or other unwanted drops.
You can feed any food, ranging from dry daphnia and ending with live and concentrated and balanced branded feed.
Personally, I feed the company Tetra feed for fry and frozen food. How do I live feed? snail coils. It turns out quite profitable and satisfying :).
Coils living in an aquarium quickly multiply, and therefore, they need to be thrown away. But.
Getting a pair of healthy coils, crushing and throwing them into the aquarium, two things happen: 1. krill are full and 2. the population of coils does not go off scale.
I do not advise to feed cheap dry food. Most of them consist of cereals and do not have full nutritional power. Food must be balanced and varied.
Try to alternate feed.
The maintenance of the shrimp is not much different from the maintenance of an aquarium with fish.
Water change should be done once a week, 1/3 of the total. It is advisable to make a light siphon of the soil every few months.
Remove dead plant parts and shells from coils.
I emphasize. Everything must be done very carefully. Shrimps are much smaller than fish and may be accidentally crippled or even killed.
But in general, nothing complicated or unusual.
Breeding aquarium shrimp
In breeding to help shrimp do not need! They are all good at themselves.
If the conditions contribute to shrimp and you have a good, then the offspring will not take long.
During the period when the female is ready for breeding, she releases pheromones into the water. All males begin to frantically chase the aquarium and look for a female. Mating lasts no more than a second.
Although the process of finding a female usually goes on for hours. Soon after mating, a female saddle appears on the back of the female.
The cherry shrimp is yellow, the hurry gray is drunk. This is caviar at a certain stage.
Subsequently, the female molts and the calf moves under the abdomen, and after 3-4 weeks the fry will appear.
The young do not need special care. Immediately eat what parents do. Hides in thickets and floats jerky.
The above applies only to shrimp: neocardine cherry and neocardin hurry. There are complex types of shrimp that novice can not breed, because they need a special approach and a lot of knowledge and experience.
Enemies of aquarium shrimp
The main enemy of aquarium shrimp is a planarian. They lead a predatory life, feeding on small crustaceans, insect larvae, eggs and fish larvae and other living creatures.
Get an aquarium with shrimps and you will see them in all its glory.
Aquarium shrimp: species, conditions of breeding
Before you buy these arthropods in your tank, you should understand their types, otherwise problems may arise. For example, aquarium shrimp, becoming an adult, may be too big or even worse – a predator.
Red crystal. Beautiful and non-aggressive shrimp with red stripes on a white background. Very capricious in content (pH of water from 6.2 to 6.8, temperature – up to 26 ° C, etc.), does not like overfeeding.
Due to closely related crossbreeding, her body is slightly weaker than other species.
Harlequin. These shrimps are very small (up to 1.2 cm), have a red and white color and are very shy.
Also a little whimsical to the quality of water – pH from 7.0, temperature – from 25 ° C. Reproduction without larval stage in fresh water.
The gestation time of the offspring is up to a month, after which 10-15 tiny shrimps are born.
Amano Light green arthropods with a light stripe on the back and brown spots on the sides. They are “aquarium cleaners” that kill harmful algae and other plants.
Pretty peaceful with many kinds of fish. There are many problems in domestic breeding.
For example, to obtain offspring, the female is deposited in a separate container (30 liters), where the water temperature is kept at about 23 ° C, aeration is arranged, there is a lamp and a sponge filter. It should be noted that the main condition for the larvae is brackish water and a separate container, in which they must be moved 2-3 days after their birth.
Red-nosed. This is also a kind of “cleaner” of the reservoir.
Such aquarium shrimps, the types of which can be distinguished by their method of movement (they do not run, but swim), can live both in fresh and in salted water. Their maximum size is 4 cm. They do not like keeping in a pond where there are aggressive and predatory fish species.
They have a pretty pretty color and nose in a red spot.
Red cherry. This type of shrimp is one of the most popular. To this they owe much of their bright red color and ease of reproduction.
Aquarium shrimp cherries are unpretentious to the content and feel great, even when the aquarium contains a huge number of their fellows. Males have a length of about 2 cm, which is significantly less than females (an adult reaches 45 mm).
Before buying these wonderful inhabitants of the aquarium should be borne in mind that many of the species can mate. The result is an indefinite type and color of shrimp, which, in general, is not very good. Therefore, it is worth taking care in advance and buying only those species that can not have common offspring.
For a better understanding, we present you the table “Aquarium Shrimp: Compatibility”.
Where + – pairing is possible, – pairing is impossible, + – – has not been studied.
These arthropods lead a very secretive life. What is not surprising. After all, aquarium shrimps, whose species are diverse, are very attractive as food for a large number of inhabitants of the domestic underwater world.
In the wild, they are quite a common source of food. In their natural environment, these arthropods have a nondescript color, thanks to which they are saved from destruction.
If you buy a red or bright yellow shrimp for your aquarium, you should prepare for the fact that over time it will lose its color. The reason for this will be her nocturnal lifestyle, to which she goes after some time.
In order to save shrimp from death, it is necessary to determine them in those aquariums, where there are less aggressive fish with oral cavity less than these arthropods. After all, if they fit “in size”, then almost with a 100 percent guarantee will be absorbed. The most dangerous types of fish with which you can not keep shrimp together:
- bottom fish;
- viviparous tooth-tooth;
Very often lives in home aquariums. The name is due to the red color of the body.
This species is popular deservedly, because it is unpretentious to the living conditions, besides it reproduces very quickly.
The maximum size of an adult individual is 2.5–3 centimeters. Due to this cherry shrimp can live in small aquariums, the size of which does not exceed 10 liters.
Cultivation experience can begin with cherry.
A filter should be installed in the shrimp tank. With a small number of crustaceans, in the absence of fish and the presence of a sufficient number of plants, you can install one compressor with a filter. In shrimp caries often use spongy types of filters that do not tighten a small pet.
The finely porous sponge will ensure proper water treatment.
Thanks to the lighting, daily and seasonal biorhythms are formed in the crustaceans. Light is also needed by aquatic plants.
LED or fluorescent lamps of low power – from 0.4 watts per liter of water – can be used as lighting devices.
Water heating system should be in the aquarium. Many species of shrimp prefer water with a temperature of 22 to 26 ° C.
The heater should be with a thermostat that maintains the optimum temperature range in the tank. In the summer, when the temperature rises to 28 degrees, the ventilation system can cool the tank.
Buy branded aquarium fan.
See how to choose a heater for the aquarium.
Since shrimps in the wild live in flowing, oxygen-saturated water, at the bottom of which there are many fallen leaves and twigs, similar conditions of life should be in captivity. Water parameters: preferably medium hardness, pH neutral (5.5-7.0). In hard water, shrimps will not multiply, in their too soft shells will not harden.
These aquatic pets are also sensitive to the nitrogen content in water: the maximum concentration of nitrates is 15–20 mg per liter. Chlorine, heavy metals, nitrites and ammonia also have a bad health effect.
At the bottom of the tank it is better to put specialized ground for shrimp, or sand, gravel with a fraction of 2-4 mm. Soil substrate is recommended to choose a dark color.
The fact is that many species of shrimp are able to change the color of the body, mimicking the environment. On the background of dark soil pets can be seen better.
In the shrimp is necessary to plant live species of plants. The advantage is better to give slow-growing seedlings with small leaves.
Java moss, cabomba, naiad, kladofora, Indian fern are the best options. Fast-growing species will often have to be pruned or transplanted, which is inconvenient to care for the tank.
For decorating and creating shelters, it is recommended to use stones and treated snags. Wooden driftwood has a beneficial effect on the composition of water – humic acids soften and acidify the aquatic environment. At the bottom of the aquarium, you can put oak, beech, almond leaves that shrimp can eat.
Coconut shell, alder cones also decorate the pond.
Many aquarists give birth to shrimp for the purity of the aquatic environment. This circumstance is explained by the fact that small crustaceans are almost omnivorous, they can even feed on the remains of fish feed and carrion.
But this does not mean that you can not care about the nutrition of the arthropod inhabitants of the aquarium.
On this occasion, there are many opinions. However, almost all shrimp owners agree that force-feeding can only complement the natural diet of young members of the class of arthropods.
What is included in this diet?
- In principle, the shrimps eat everything they can eat. For example, plant and live microorganisms floating on the surface of the water.
- Many aquarists are familiar with the phenomenon of surface film formation. So, this film, consisting of microorganisms – perhaps the most favorite delicacy of these representatives of crustaceans, as well as green (blue-green) algae, which are a real scourge of domestic aquariums.
- Do not disdain shrimp and carrion (dead fish, for example), as well as chitinous shells dumped by their fellow tribesmen.
We repeat: shrimp (both in nature and in captivity) are almost omnivorous. In the aquarium, they play the role of such cleaners, cleaning the soil and the aquatic environment from a variety of debris.
Thus, a single, strictly established ration for these animals does not exist; absent and unshakable generally accepted rules of feeding.
It is only possible to conditionally separate the options for feeding aquarium shrimp on the basis of two circumstances:
- when sharing them with fish;
- or on the condition of separate maintenance in the shrimp (aquarium where only shrimps live).
In this case, crustaceans act as nurses of a domestic artificial reservoir. The fact is that aquarium fish always leave quite a lot of waste, the lion’s share of which are food remains, pieces of bitten vegetation.
It is just this waste that serves as an excellent food for shrimps crawling around the aquarium. By the way, if the fish died for some reason, then nimble orderlies will eat it pretty quickly.
But it is better to remove it immediately from the reservoir.
From a nutritional point of view, a common aquarium is a real shrimp expanse! In this situation, they need only a little feeding in such a way that uneaten “products” do not remain at the bottom and in the water column.
You can gradually give, for example, small pieces of pre-scalded zucchini, spinach, pumpkin and cucumbers, which shrivochki are very fond of. In addition, these products retain their nutritional properties and form in water for a long time, without polluting the environment.
Giving extra food should be no more than 2-3 times a week, carefully monitoring that there are no uneaten “products” left in the aquarium. Leftovers should be cleaned.
shrimp in aquarium
Freshwater species of shrimp in nature are plentiful, but not all representatives in aquariums feel comfortable. Most of the successfully bred species came to our aquariums from freshwater reservoirs of Asia.
Many shrimp are very demanding of conditions.
Often aquarists tend to contain mixed aquariums, in which aquarium fish and shrimp coexist. It is worth noting that fish are an immediate threat to shrimp, only ancistrus do not carry any hazards for them due to their dietary characteristics.
Therefore, if you keep adults in such aquariums, it is impossible to obtain, let alone raise their offspring, in these conditions.
Do not add to the aquarium with homemade shrimp, wild species. This may be fraught with aquarium shrimp disease due to their lack of immunity to pathogens that can get along with wild relatives.
In this case, the inhabitants will die.
Shrimp requirements for water and soil. The minimum aquarium, which will contain only shrimp, is 40 liters. It is called shrimp maker.
In smaller containers, it is difficult to maintain constant conditions for their maintenance: shrimps are very sensitive to nitrites and nitrates in water, and there should be no ammonia at all. Freshwater shrimp, as well as their sea brothers, are very sensitive to the composition of the water.
It must be clean. Its composition is soft and neutral.
Water changes should be made regularly, at least once a week. Volumes that are replaced, the minimum should be 40% of the total water volume.
It is recommended to use internal filters in shrimps, the jet from which will not be directed to the center of the aquarium, but will be moved towards its wall.
The need to create additional heat is determined by the selected species that inhabit the ecosystem, and varies from 24 to 27 ° C. Shrimps can withstand temperature fluctuations in the range of 15-30 ° C.
But at the same time in cold water, they become slow-moving due to slower metabolism, and in warm water they may lack oxygen in the water.
The soil is best used for rocky aquariums: such as in streams, which are in most cases the habitat for shrimp.
One of the most common mistakes made when keeping shrimp in an aquarium is a thick landing of the aquarium with algae. Under natural conditions, freshwater shrimp live in reservoirs that generally may not contain higher plants in their waters.
The resource used by such plants for their growth is the same with what is needed for the development of lower algae and bacterial flora, which are food.
Carrying out additional bait shrimp in such conditions is sometimes impossible to achieve their favorable content, because the shrimp do not have enough minerals consumed with these bacteria and algae.
Aquarium Shrimp Feeding, Shrimp Feed Overview
Feeding aquarium shrimp,
shrimp feed review
More and more attention is growing towards these small, multi-fingered and mustached inhabitants of freshwater aquariums. And, if previously they were in the background, as a kind of addition to the overall picture, with the popularization of nano aquariums, shrimps became the main actors, to which all attention is riveted.
The article is dedicated to feeding small freshwater shrimp (2-3 cm long), such as cherry and crystals. Feeding of filter feeders, omano shrimp and macrobrachia is slightly different.
Shrimp, by nature, eats almost everything. In their native conditions, they eat, as a rule, fallen leaves, algae, microorganisms and everything that comes up. Once in the aquarium, the shrimp also has everything.
This is both good and bad at the same time.
It is worth noting that feeding shrimp variably:
1st option: when shrimp live with other fish.
Option 2: when they live separately.
Feeding in an aquarium with fish. In this case, the shrimp performs the role of a medic, picking up all the food that the fish did not eat.
In addition, it is well eats up algae on plants and glass, “wilted” plants, etc., thereby doing an indispensable service to the owner. She will not refuse to eat and dead fish, and makes it much faster than the snail. However, for the safety of the aquarium, it is better to take the dead fish.
In such conditions, food for shrimp is plenty and it is very diverse. You can feed it only a little, because with an increase in food, it can abandon its other functions, the remains will rot and become dangerous, both for shrimps and for the aquarium as a whole.
Quite another case – the life of shrimp separately without fish. There are no remains of fish food – the main diet of shrimp.
Of course, they can be fed only to algae, “withered” plants and microorganisms. But such a diet will not give them all the necessary elements for the development, color, molting and gestation of offspring.
The best and easiest option is special feeding. dry food. All of them contain most of the necessary vitamins and beneficial elements, so there is not much difference between them.
The main form of such food is small dry granules, similar to tablets for bottom fish, only they are of such size that a small shrimp can easily take and transfer them. Getting water “pills” swell and become soft. It should be noted that 2 – 3 of these granules is enough to feed 10 shrimps.
Thus, one can of food is sometimes enough for more than a year.
In addition, there are other types of feed for shrimp: liquid, plates, raznorazmerny – for feeding shrimp at different periods of their lives.
Special attention must be paid natural feed, which you can do yourself. On the mnogolapym well go boiled or scalded with boiled water pieces of vegetables, herbs and fruits. For example: zucchini, carrots, cabbage, pumpkin, spinach.
Particularly like shrimp pieces of the liver, live bloodworm and dried daphnia. Favorite additive are pounded snail coils.
For natural food to sink well to the bottom, it should be wetted with water. Shrimp are unlikely to eat the whole piece of food, …. as soon as the interest in him disappears – it should be taken from the aquarium.
To live plants in the aquarium shrimp are also good. They are very fond of Richia and Limnobius.
If shrimp eat plants too actively, it can be concluded about insufficient feeding.
Given the specific nature of the natural existence of shrimp, it is impossible not to isolate such interesting type, like fallen leaves. Leaves, falling off naturally and getting into the water create a specific environment and water parameters, certain microorganisms and bacteria develop on the leaf. All this is perfect shrimp.
To feed the shrimp dry yellowed leaves of peach, cherry, oak, etc. are suitable. It should be good to rinse the sheet from dirt, then soak for a while and serve to the table. One or two leaves will be enough for a small shrimp population.
When only a skeleton remains from the leaves, it must be taken from the aquarium. It is important not to forget about safety, because leaves from the street, besides all benefits, can bring various toxic substances.
On sale you can find branded dried almond leaves, already prepared for eating.
Feeding place. The best solution to this issue is to choose a single and open place for feeding.
So you will kill several birds with one stone: on the one hand, you will always see the approximate number of shrimps and will monitor the population. On the other hand, it will be clearly seen how quickly they eat this food and when it should be taken.
Throwing food into the thickets there is a risk that it will remain unnoticed or inaccessible to shrimps, which as a result will lead to rotting. Well, and perhaps most importantly, your pets will be visible: feeding them in the foreground in the open area you can admire them and follow their every movement, take pictures, etc.
Frequency and dosing. Shrimps are not eaten as quickly as fish, so food is ground to very small sizes.
Shrimp can be fed several times a day. But the best option to maintain their tone will be feeding somewhere 1 every 1-2 days. In any case, you need to make sure that they all eat up in a few hours.
Thus, they not only will not overeat, but also perform their functions well in cleaning the aquarium from algae. It will not be superfluous to make them fasting days, not feeding them several days every 1-2 months. This is useful both for them and for the aquarium as a whole.
Well, do not be afraid to leave them for 1-2 weeks without food. Shrimps can last much longer without food than fish, because in fact there is enough food without you in the aquarium itself.
In this case, the main thing is to feed them more than usual.
Feeding time – feeds shrimp better at the same time. And not so that they have better digestion, but simply that this process is not spontaneous. A single feeding time is key to avoiding overeating.
It is best to feed – 1 hour after turning on the light, when the shrimp wake up and crawl out of their homes. However, this is not important and depends on your capabilities.
I hope this information is useful to you. I wish your shrimp a good color, regular offspring and long life.
Below is an overview of some types of dry JBL NovoCrabs shrimp feed.
Specially designed feed for crustacean shellfish. It looks like pellets with a diameter of up to 8 mm, which slowly sink in the water during feeding.
This feed has a fairly dense structure, and therefore, does not dissolve in water for a long time. The composition of this feed is different from feed for aquarium fish, because shellfish should receive in the process of feeding a sufficient number of elements necessary to form and maintain their shell cover.
Therefore, JBL NovoCrabs includes up to 5% of special wood fibers, designed to ensure the formation of chitinous shells in crayfish, crabs and some species of large shrimp.
For small shrimp, this food is not suitable. For them, JBL produces special food in the form of small granules, which we will discuss below.
JBL NovoCrabs 100 ml, JBL NovoCrabs 250 ml.
JBL NovoPrawn – for shrimp, young crayfish and crabs
These are small pellets in the form of balls with a diameter of about 2-3 mm, sufficiently dense in structure, and therefore do not dissolve in water for a long time, allowing the multi-fingered shrimps to find them in the aquarium and slowly rush. The composition contains a large amount of spirulina, which favorably affects the color scales of shrimps.
In order for the shrimp chitinous cover to form quickly, JBL NovoPrawn feed contains a high proportion of rapidly digestible cellulose.
It is recommended as the main feed for all types of shrimp, as well as for young crayfish and crabs. JBL NovoPrawn 100 ml, JBL NovoPrawn 250 ml.
Tetra Crusta Menu – food intended for shrimps and crayfish
As part of the feed, less attention is paid to the content of cellulose and spirulina, but the focus is on raw materials from the crustaceans themselves – shrimp, artemia, fish meat, as well as additional proteins and minerals are used as raw materials.
One package contains four different types of food in a mixed form – chips, granules, small tablets and sticks, which differ in their composition.
Food is used to feed all types of shrimp and small decorative crayfish. Tetra Crusta Menu 100 ml;
Video about feeding aquarian shrimp