maintenance, care, compatibility
From the exact organization of lighting depends on the correct life cycle of all living organisms. The power and spectral flux of light must be special for each type of plant and animal.
The minimum allowable brightness for marine aquarium with soft corals – 0.5 watts per liter of water, with hard corals: 1 watt per liter. The marine aquarium needs good lighting, because zooxanthelles live along with corals, algae that need a bright light.
In addition, rich light will give a brighter color to corals.
Animals of the Invertebrates group, who like shady places, should live in a shaded aquarium, which can be with a large number of arches or stones. The light spectrum is also affected by the light spectrum (light temperature).
Soft corals need white and bright light, and deep-sea corals like low-power spectra. If you light the aquarium with two white and two blue lamps, they will create comfort for all types of coral.
How to start lighting the tank with sea (salt) water? Lamps with the highest power – from metal and halogen with a power of 150-500 watts.
They are suitable for aquariums with high walls, because light can penetrate deeply to the bottom, not scattering around its perimeter. Some varieties of lighting devices have a regulator function of night lighting, creating an imitation of moonlight, which is important for the reproduction of plankton.
In addition to metal halide bulbs, T5 lamps for daylight can be used in an aquarium. They are characterized by compactness and high power. With their help, you can make a night light with blue LED bulbs.
One more plus of such bulbs – they imitate a dawn and a sunset during switching on and off.
Nowadays, LED lighting products that are used for a long time, consuming little power, are popular. Some of these lamps can control the light temperature, reproducing the cycle of a sunny day.
The number of daylight hours in a marine aquarium is 10-12 hours.