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Sand in an aquarium: a whim or an informed choice?

Starting the creation of the aquarium world, it is important to clearly understand: every detail is not only the aesthetic side of the issue. This is the well-being of the community inhabiting the water house, plant comfort and the formation of its own biocenosis.

One of the fundamental components is aquarium sand, whose role is difficult to overestimate in the processes of rooting plants, the reproduction of fish such as cichlids, as well as maintaining the biostability of the aquatic environment.

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In the basis of the choice of the fraction for the bottom, first of all, it is necessary to put the biological characteristics of the selected species of fish. Many of them prefer soft water, the maintenance of the chemical composition of which is a necessary condition for their well-being. In this case, suitable coral sand.

It inhibits the oxidation of water, which increases its pH. For such a composition of the habitat would appreciate haracinovye.

In addition, this sand in the aquarium is necessary for the creation of marine artificial elements.

Marble sand, by contrast, can increase water hardness. This will be useful for cichlids.

The second aspect to choose is the vegetation used. Species with an underdeveloped root system will not be able to take root in the gravel.

They need a small, enveloping substrate, which is also a source of many mineral substances necessary for their full growth. For example, monazite sand is a mineral formed by phosphates of rare-earth elements. In addition, it has beautiful staining options (from bright yellow to greenish and even black).

You can use the silicate version. But marble sand is not suitable for this purpose.

If we take into account the decision of imitation of the seabed, then it is reasonable to choose marble sand, which aesthetically reflects its essence most fully. Here the question: “sand or gravel?” Is not worth it.

The main thing is to choose its smaller fractions and match the shade with other design solutions.

marble sand

Recommending to arrange the sandy bottom of the aquarium, experts adhere to the following positions:

  1. uniformity of particle size (on average within one to one and a half mm). An example is quartz sand for an aquarium — the most versatile and recommended option. Such a physical structure ensures a good circulation of water inside the ground, and, consequently, the activation of the processes of oxidation of the products of the vital activity of fish;
  2. particle shape (marble sand can cut fish with its sharp corners);
  3. natural composition. Colored sandy compositions may contain paint residues that do not dissolve in water immediately, but over time. Sometimes they react with fish waste products and cause undesirable water staining. From natural option marble sand and silicate are in demand;
  4. bacterial and chemical safety of the selected composition.

The fourth requirement is achieved by boiling, roasting in the oven, processing with special disinfecting compounds that do not pose a danger to fish and plants.

Pet stores today offer a large selection of sandy soil for design solutions in aquariums. Sand and its types – a separate section of this serious work.

The wider the range presented, the higher the probability of choosing the most physiological option.

Packed sand – guaranteed and safe material. He passed the necessary stages of purification and bacterial treatment.

The most popular river sandy ground, natural and neutral in chemical composition. It can be marble sand and silicate.

The main thing is that it is fully prepared for use and packaged in convenient volumes.

Many prefer sand alluvial. In this they see a guarantee of maximum homogeneity and stability of the composition.

Often the workpiece is produced independently, then it is also the result of their labor.

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