maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium should be thoroughly washed with baking soda before settling. Do not use soap and various synthetic detergents, since the remnants of these substances can remain in the putty and the seams of the aquarium for quite a long time.
Subsequently, they will be released into the water and may cause the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
If you decide to aerate your aquarium and feed the herbivorous fish with vegetable food, you can get by with artificial plants, which are needed only as decorations. Artificial plants need to be fixed a little in the ground so that they do not emerge.
If you decide to plant live plants, then you need to follow these guidelines. Keep the distance between the plants so that they are not crowded.
Plant roots should be washed with water. Large plants are placed in the background.
Start the launch of the aquarium by determining the place where the artificial reservoir will be located and only then can the issue of settling and other filling of the aquarium be resolved. However, this is still far away. Place the aquarium in its place and pour water to the top.
This is necessary so that traces of sealant and other hazards dissolve. Now drain it completely.
Together with the water will leave the remnants of dissolved materials. After that, you need to go to laying soil.
Pour water into the aquarium for a third of its volume and lay the prepared material on the bottom. It is best to use small round stones, the grains of which do not exceed 5 millimeters. Try to find a soil with a neutral alkaline environment.
You can check it without special devices, just drop vinegar on it, if it starts to sizzle, then the rigidity in such an aquarium will be alkalized and faded.
Properly selected soil allows you to create an organic microclimate and will not allow to form places of stagnation where water does not circulate. Since the soil is considered a natural biofilter for all microorganisms, the continued success of the launch of a new aquarium depends largely on the correct actions for choosing and laying the ground.
The bacteria that appeared in it take part in the process of ozonization and nitratization of water, therefore it is important to keep track of areas that are difficult to access for changing water. In order not to accidentally bring harmful microorganisms and diseases into the aquarium, the soil must be treated.
Starting an aquarium from scratch begins with the ignition or boiling of the washed soil. To prevent the bottom of the aquarium from cracking due to the temperature difference, the ground is lowered into the poured water or previously cooled.
After it is in place, add liquid to the required level.
For starters, you can ignore aeration, filtering and lighting. It is enough to turn on the heater if necessary. After a day, the chlorine content will return to normal, the water will acquire the desired temperature, and the excess gases will come out.
You can start planting plants. For their existence, you must properly highlight the water. Try to put the lamp in the range of 0.35 watts per liter.
For the beginning of the 8-hour daylight will be enough.
Plants that help form the right microclimate:
- Cut or pterygoid carrots;
- Indian fern;
- Rapidly growing grass.
The launch of the aquarium is complicated by the lack of bacteria that are responsible for processing the waste products of the inhabitants. Thanks to the above plants, more precisely, the death of their leaves, these microorganisms become larger. No matter how much you want to run fancy fish at this moment, you have to wait.
The first stage has been completed – the plants are in place, now it is necessary to wait for time, so that they adapt, take root and go to growth. All these actions among aquarists are called – setting the primary balance.
Stages of microclimate formation:
- Active reproduction of microorganisms leads to turbidity of water;
- After 3-4 days, transparency returns to normal;
- The absorption of oxygen and organics leads to the accumulation of ammonia;
- Bacteria begin to work hard and normalize the environment.
Many are trying to find the answer, how much time should the aquarium stand before launching the fish. In fact, there is no optimal time limit.
It all depends on temperature, plants and volume. It is necessary to wait for a light smell of fresh grass, and not a new aquarium with a silicone impurity.
Run the aquarium from scratch. Preparation and proper launch of a new aquarium: step by step instructions
When placing living vegetation should be guided by these recommendations:
- Near the rear wall are large plantations.
- In the middle part, it is customary to plant smaller specimens.
- In the foreground – the smallest, they will be closest to the observer.
Beginners should choose inexpensive, viable plants, such as valisneria or hornpole. Such instances help to quickly establish a balance, after which they can be replaced. In addition, a special bacterial starter can be used to accelerate the stabilization of the biological balance.
It is introduced into the water according to the instructions. Plants when planting should be constantly sprayed with a spray.
First of all, it is necessary to determine if the tank is leaking. To do this, it is placed in the bath, preferably on a flat surface.
The aquarium is filled with running water up to half the volume, after a day it is completely filled. Such a test is carried out in any capacity vessels – only this way it can be understood if the glass will burst and the product will carry the first launch.
After checking the water is drained, it is better to wash the tank. The aquarium is installed on the cabinet.
HOW IT IS CORRECT TO NEED TO START THE AQUARIUM FIRST TIME.
Even before the launch procedure, it is necessary to solve a number of critical issues and take some necessary steps:
- Decide what kind of fish or aquatic animals you want to have. Find out what conditions they need. Be sure to find out if they are compatible with each other!
- Depending on the decisions on the first item, choose the volume and model of the aquarium, as well as a list of necessary equipment and design items. Based on the species and number of future inhabitants, decide whether you need a heater with a thermostat, for example, how powerful the filter should be, whether an additional compressor is needed, how to decorate an aquarium: stones or driftwood, which plants to plant, and so on.
- Choose a place for the aquarium – not in the draft and not in the sun. It is also important that access to the aquarium was convenient, and there were a sufficient number of outlets nearby.
- Buy and install an aquarium (necessarily on a flat surface, so that its edges do not hang from the shelf or pedestal even per centimeter). Pre-aquarium washed without the use of chemical detergents.
- Place the equipment in the aquarium: filter, compressor, heater and thermometer, lighting. Fill the soil with a layer of 3-4 cm. Depending on the type of soil and its source of origin, it may be necessary to pre-heat it, boil it or rinse it. The same applies to stones and snags.Ground and scenery.
As a rule, the entire future ecosystem of your aquarium depends on the purity of the soil and scenery. Therefore, it is necessary to treat its processing especially carefully: rinse well with soda or sea salt, boil the soil, and ruthlessly refuse it, if the water suddenly becomes colored – this can further harm the fish. The most optimal soil size -3-5-8 mm.
- All that is smaller – caking and sour very quickly, larger – it is harder to clean and rinse. Yes, and plants on coarse soil will be a little more difficult to root. As a rule, if live plants are planned in your aquarium, it is advisable to place a nutrient composition for future vegetation under the ground, and the ground itself should be dispersed on a slope from the back wall to the front.
- This is done taking into account certain optical properties of aquarium glasses, because through the thickness of glass and water the aquarium landscape looks somewhat different. When decorating and setting up housing for your future pets, do not get carried away with sea shells and pieces of limestone – the entire chemical composition will gradually be washed out and excessively alkaline the water, which also may not well affect the health of future fish. and other decoration elements are installed,
it’s time to fill your pond with water. If an aquarium is planned to be in the form of an air wall in the aquarium, it is also worthwhile to think in advance whether it will lie on the ground or whether it should be fixed under the ground at the bottom. Water is poured in a small trickle, so as not to destroy the landscape that you conceived. For example, you can put a small tank in an aquarium into which water will flow, and it will merge gradually over the edge. Plants.
A few days later, when the water settles, it’s time to plant the plants. Of course, if you are in a hurry, water can be prepared with the help of special tools, now there is an excellent choice and variety in pet stores. But it is quite possible to do without chemistry, allowing the ecosystem to develop naturally and independently. But then it will take time. Before planting, all new plants that you have brought from the store or another aquarium should be sanitized. To do this, it is enough to hold the plants for 10-15 minutes in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate at room temperature. Tall plants, densely growing, are best planted closer to the rear window of the aquarium, and in the future they will partially hide the equipment. Small plants are planted near the front glass so that they do not obscure the view. Not all plants root well. Some of them, in order not to emerge, have to be weighed down with special “weights”, or they must be fastened with fishing line on snags.
It is not necessary to load your future aqua-system with a large amount of equipment, but the main points must still be observed:
Filter pump. Its main function is the purification of water from dirt, turbidity and all that floats in water. The filter can be internal, as a very primitive, consisting of a piece of sponge, and more complex – with carbon filtration, and external – with a complex multi-stage water purification system.
The main thing is that it should be correctly selected for the volume of your aquarium, and cope with the task of cleaning.
Initially, the water is always quite turbid. This is a normal process, and if the filter is chosen correctly in terms of volume, it will cope with this within a few hours.
But soon after planting in your tank, complex biological processes will begin, and the water will again lose transparency: bacteria will begin to develop on the dying parts of the plants, ciliates will follow them … In general, as in Cosmos, Life begins to emerge in the aquarium. That is why experienced aquarists are not in a hurry to start running the fish right away – biological balance must be established in the water.
The rapid growth of microorganisms will stop, and the water will again become transparent.
Sometimes experienced aquarists are advised to take some water from old aquariums, or “squeeze” out of their filters. But even if the old aquarium fish are not sick, it does not mean that the water is free from pathogens. Most likely in this system everything is already settled, and the fish have developed a certain stability.
But in the new conditions, pathogens can start to develop very actively. Therefore, do not do this.
Aerator, or compressor. His task is to saturate the water with oxygen.
In essence, a compressor is a pump that pumps air and delivers it to the water through the nozzles. But at the same time, it also has a decorative function. Therefore, it is decided in advance whether it will be a thin stream of bubbles, decorated additionally or a whole air curtain.
The choice of sprayers and compressors is now huge!
Lighting will depend on which direction of the aquarium you have chosen. If you plan to fish with artificial plants – the quantity and quality of light is not important, everything will depend on your taste. If you have live plants, there is no way to do without additional lighting.
Most often, aquariums are already sold with fluorescent lamps when sold, but for plants the most optimal will be lamps with a pink spectrum.
As a rule, if there is enough light, the plants quickly take root and actively start growing.
If the light is not enough, the glass and the ground are covered with brown bloom, if there is an excess of light, the water turns green.
You can put the lighting with a timer. Then you won’t have a headache – did you remember to turn the lights on or off …
Heater with thermostat. As a rule, aquarium fish, like other aquarium animals, live in nature in warm lands, and are not adapted to the climate of our (not always well heated) apartments.
The optimum temperature is mostly 22-24 degrees, and in some species and higher. Therefore, a heater with a thermostat is very convenient – just set the required temperature.
Without a heater is still not enough if the fish suddenly fall ill. With an increase in temperature in the aquarium to 28-30 degrees, treatment with drugs is faster and more efficient, and in a shorter time.
The aquarium is equipped, the plants are planted and are actively growing, the water has settled in a week and has become clear … It’s time to think about the fish.
But first check the water.
Water hardness test. Different groups of fish prefer different hardness.
Based on the test results, you can pick up fish that you will feel comfortable with, or vice versa, change the water hardness for those fish that you have chosen.
There are also other tests. All of them are important in order to find your way in time, what is the state of water in your tank, and what needs to be changed to make the fish feel good.
With the parameters of the water coped, finally you can run the first batch of fish. Initially, they should not be many: 3-5 fish, depending on the size of the aquarium.
Each new portion of fish necessarily breaks the existing balance, and the aquarium, as a complete biosystem, is easier to cope with the arrival of a small number of residents than to rebuild under a big surge of guests. But between the launch of the next portion of fish should take at least a week. So, with intervals between batches, we gradually settle the aquarium, without forgetting
before releasing the fish adapt.
How to properly adapt?
Many people advise you to put a tank with new fish “swim” into your aquarium so that the temperature and pressure level up, and gradually the water mixes with the aquarium. Yes, for fish so stress is reduced to a minimum, but then you risk on a package with beginners to bring pathogenic bacteria into your tank. Much more correct, although it will be somewhat longer in time if you place a tank with a new fish near your aquarium.
Having installed the compressor, within two hours it is necessary to add 20% of water from your aquarium into it every 10-15 minutes. So the water will gradually be completely replaced by the desired composition. After that, it will be enough just to transplant fish with a net.
Finally, the planned number of fish settled, the balance of water restored, life enters a quiet course. Do not forget to make them fasting days, as the plants are not yet ready to fully process organic food residues.
And in the future, such discharge once a week will only benefit. It is always better to underfeed than to overfeed.
Water changes are advisable to do regularly, every week about 20% of the total.
So, if your fish is active, the color does not become paler, and the appetite does not suffer – it means you did everything right. We congratulate you!
You have created a piece of nature with your own hands and patience, which will give you a lot of pleasant moments, give beauty, comfort and peace.
Launching a new aquarium is a complex process that requires careful preparation. In order to properly organize the launch of a new aquarium for fish, you need to prepare the aquarium itself, plants for it, decorations, a filtration system, a backlight, and a compressor with a spray.
After purchasing all the equipment, it is installed, then water is poured. But that is not all.
In the aquarium should be formed favorable biological environment of beneficial bacteria.
Starting the aquarium from scratch: step-by-step instructions for creating a new aquarium
From admin: About ten months ago, Irene appeared on the site FanFishka.ru Iren2321 – a girl with a kind and sympathetic heart, dreaming with all her soul about her first aquarium. It was communication with her that finally shaped my opinion then that the key to success of any site is: kindness, love for everything that you do and selfless help to your neighbor.
Now, FF is a huge circle of friends, it is a lively, interesting communication, it is an exchange of experience and emotions, AND THIS MEANS THAT THE STRATEGY OF RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IS TRUE!
The following article is a report of Irina, the result of the help of all members of the forum of FF set out in this forum thread – / forum / 4-243-1.
* * * The last 5 years, one of my most cherished wishes was to acquire an aquarium! I really wanted to see – this is a “murmuring gurgling” miracle, with bright inhabitants and beautiful design inside. Sit in the kitchen, drink tea and admire.
And so! Dreams Come True!
Thanks to the forum users of our beloved FF, I decided to purchase an aquarium. At once I will say that pleasure is not cheap, so having a fairly limited budget I tried and I can try to balance my own as much as possible.
The aquarium itself can be bought cheaply, but everything, even the most necessary, equipment and accessories will fly into a pretty penny.
The first thing that I pushed off when choosing the shape and size of the aquarium is the place where it will stand. Based on the recommendations of Feng Shui equipment, personal preferences and maximum efficiency of space use, the only place in our small apartment that was suitable for an aquarium was only the kitchen.
It is quite large and spacious, moreover, there was a free space between two windows with a width of 70 cm.
In my opinion, quite a good option:
1. Kitchen – it is always convenient to maintain the aquarium.
2. The flow of the filter does not interfere with sleep (as a result, it turned out to be noiseless).
3. A great place to properly admire the aquarium – just opposite the dining table. The center of the aquarium is at eye level.
It turns out that you need an aquarium that would fit in the width between the windows, but was not too small to be in harmony with the interior of the kitchen.
The second thing I was thinking about for a very long time was how much I could properly equip the aquarium without having the slightest experience in aquarism.
After much deliberation, consultations with experienced aquarists, I stopped at an aquarium of an average volume of 100 liters. This is not much, but not enough. A larger aquarium will be of unacceptable size for me, and a smaller one will cause a lot of difficulties in setting up a biosystem.
The next question is the shape of the aquarium.
I liked the traditional rectangular shape of the aquarium and the lens (with a convex front glass). The decisive factor in determining the shape of the aquarium was the financial aspect.
To save money, I decided to order the manufacture of an aquarium, so the choice fell on a rectangle. He glued him not a professional (as I understood later), but simply a man who had already pasted several aquariums and had succeeded.
The size of the aquarium is 70 * 35 * 40 cm, i.e. in fact, not even 100 liters, but 90 liters.
Yes, it came out cheaper than buying an aquarium in a store, but there are still some flaws. Stiffeners were glued at the top of the aquarium with a height of 7 cm, which visually and functionally reduced its height.
Self-adhesive was glued poorly and during transportation scratches were made on the glass. All this, of course, made me very upset, but this is my FIRST aquarium. After 3 months, no problems with the quality of glued seams have arisen, which means that everything is not so bad! 🙂
Installation of an aquarium For the time being, she adapted an old Soviet book table as a pedestal for the aquarium: they removed the castors and extendable supports, put pieces of linoleum under the legs, checked both sides of the table with a level. A piece of polystyrene 5 cm high was put under the aquarium (which house they found). Later disguised him with MDF sheets.
Already 3 months is so aquarium, the table cover is not bent.
Preparing to start the aquarium Aquarium washed without diligence, i.e. without washing and cleaning, filled with water for a day to check the quality of the seams. All is well!
Lighting The question of coverage was my husband. He took out a Soviet lamp from the bins and glued it to the glass, the dimensions of which corresponded to the width of the aquarium, but less than its depth, so that there would be a gap for the wires and the possibility of feeding the fish. To the inside of the lamp pasted mirror as reflector.
The luminaire has built-in 2 LD fluorescent lamps of 20 W each (which were also available).
Equipment While I was waiting for the aquarium, I ordered the most necessary equipment in the online store:
one. Internal filter, Aquael FAN 3 Plus.
2 Thermostat Xilong AT-700, 200 watts.
3 Timer Feron TM12 – timer daily electro-mechanical compact.
four. The background is two-sided.
The filter, in my humble experience of a novice aquarist, copes well with cleaning 100 liters of water.
The timer is a necessary thing, you can buy it at an electrical appliance store, it costs 5 cu very helpful. Set the lighting time and the light turns on and off when needed.
With gluing the background did not work out. The background was pasted together with her husband in a hurry, they hurried to launch the aquarium.
Husband insisted glue on the soap, he just knew how to do it. Glued from the outside of the aquarium.
– the background never stuck.
– there were terrible soap stains, which were perfectly visible in the foreground of the aquarium.
In the end, I watched this unpleasant picture for another month, and then spat – peeled off the background, rubbed the back wall dry and glued it on the sides with adhesive tape, temporarily. It became easier for me, even if the terrible white divorces are not visible.
Conclusion: you need to glue the background correctly and from inside the aquarium. See the article on FF – here.
The choice of soil and its preparation. Errors made.
Soil I chose the black basalt fines. I needed 20 kg of soil for my volume of aquarium, which is, of course, right next to it, and a little more.
Soil I washed 3 times. Tired and decided that would be enough. Was wrong.
After she poured water into the aquarium, a terrible murk rose and settled on its walls. Dirt had to tear off around the perimeter of the aquarium, which, in turn, settled on the equipment and plants.
The spectacle is not pleasant!
. The soil must be washed until the water is completely clean.
In addition, for good plant growth, you need to fill the top dressing layer in the ground. I did not do this, which I later regretted.
Decor Though I am a novice, I did not imagine artificial decorations in my aquarium. I dream of a chic herbalist, created by hand.
Therefore, a beautiful snag, entwined with moss – the most it!
One snag, I ordered via the Internet, already ready for placement in the aquarium, and the second my husband and I decided to do it ourselves.
Since I was just delighted with somics (and later it turned out that all the other family members, too) chose a vine for this purpose. Her husband cleaned and brought me for further processing.
I boiled a snag in a solution of salt for half a day, and after two days I soaked it in water.
Selection and planting plants For me, an aquarium without live plants is not an aquarium, so I read information about plants for beginners, which were not particularly demanding in terms of water parameters and lighting, I had seen photos and descriptions of aqua design and acquired the following plants:
1.Parthorn Thailand – 2pcs.
2. Cryptocoryne (I don’t know which one) – 10 pcs. (I don’t remember exactly).
3. Moh javanese – 1 sp. Box (attached to the snag)
4. Anubias -nana – 3 pcs. (attached to snags)
5. Indian Indian – 2 pcs. (while floating on the surface)
6. Limnobium – 5pcs.
7.Pissures – 3pcs.
I filled the soil in the aquarium, as it should be – to the back wall the ground level is higher than in the foreground (to enhance the effect of the depth and volume of the aquarium). Filled the aquarium up to half defended water, with the addition of Tetra AquaSafe. She weaved a snag with a fishing line, securing Yavan moss on it and planted the plants.
Completely filled the aquarium with water.
A week later, I became the happy owner of a whole bucket of plants that our beloved admin Oleg sent me.
There were the following plants:
1. Cryptocoryne – 8 pcs.
2. Vallisneria – a lot.
3. Echinodorius – 1 pc.
4. Ludwig red.
All gladly landed.
Basic aquarium accessories After the launch of the aquarium in the next few days in the store of my city, I bought the following accessories for the aquarium, without which one can not do:
1. Thermometer – JERO sticker (the most expensive one that was in the store).
4. Magnetic brush.
The only thing I am pleased with is a net, but, strictly speaking, there are no serious technical requirements for it.
Due to my inexperience, I did the stupid thermometer – I stuck it inside the aquarium, not outside. I learned about that much later after I threw such an expensive purchase in my product category into the urn.
Placed in the water, he showed it is not clear that, one could only guess, at the same time several temperature indicators were glowing at once. Behind him was going to the dirt, which terribly annoyed me.
As a result, I peeled it off, but he did not stick back … threw it out. At the moment there is no thermometer in the aquarium.
I repent, I forget to buy, I hope for the excellent work of the thermostat.
Siphon bought the only one that was in the store – the cheapest for 35 UAH., There was no choice. I am not happy with it. I plan to buy this:
From the magnetic brush, I was at first simply delighted with a calf. After she quickly cleaned all the dirt that had accumulated from the start of the aquarium, I considered it one of the most successful inventions of mankind.
Then I noticed that all this mud settled on plants, soil and decor. This sight resembled the terrain near a metallurgical plant. Fortunately, the filter did not let us down and in a few days cleared everything up.
After a while, I made this brush scratches on the inside of the glass. If even the slightest little cave, even the most imperceptible will fall between the teeth of the brush – all terrible scratches on the glass are inevitable. And to my utter disillusionment with this device, I noticed that as it was used, its cleansing abilities fade away.
As a conclusion, you need to look for an alternative to it.
Aquarium dwellers The following inhabitants live in my aquarium:
1) Som Antsitrus – the very first resident, settled on the launch day, despite all the prohibitions and warnings. Moved great!
My little son’s favorite fish!
2) Angelfish – the main in the aquarium, periodically chasing everyone, fish with character.
3) Swordsmen – 5 pcs.
4) Algae – just a wonderful fish, bringing a lot of benefits to the aquarium.
5) Apistogram ramiresi – a beautiful and unusual little innocent Tsykhlida.
6) Chery shrimps – I don’t know exactly how many pieces there are at the moment, because they are rarely even seen one by one. There is a fear that the scalar is hunting for shrimp.
7) Ampularia – 2 pcs., Got into my tank in a very neglected state – the greenest! Their husband brought from the kindergarten aquarium where he works. I even scared to imagine what kind of water there is!
A month later, both snails are almost completely pretty orange!
There were 2 Gourami – Honey and Marble. Marble did not grow at all and died before my eyes, and Medovaya lived for a long time behind the filter, her other aquarium inhabitants somehow didn’t complain much, and then suddenly and completely disappeared (she didn’t know that this was the case).
Difficulties after launching the aquarium During the first two days after the launch of the aquarium, a part of the floating plants turned yellow and Cryptocorynes began to actively stratify. I did not place any fertilizer for plants in the aquarium, so I immediately ran to the store and bought Aqua Bio Start and PlantaMin. The first, opening 1 capsule, I sprinkled into the water, and the second poured as indicated in the instructions 5 ml per 100 liters.
I do not know how effective these actions were, but a month later half of Kryptocoryn died (apparently, they started Kryptocorynous disease).
Today, 3.5 months after the launch of the aquarium, the state of the plants is as follows:
– Cryptocoryne narrow-leaved hilinkie and especially do not multiply.
– Pistia was gone, apparently Limnobium squeezed it out.
– Fern Thailand on the last breath.
– There are almost no red plants.
– Javanese moss barely holds on.
– The Indian fern breeds and grows.
– Limnobium is growing.
– Anubiasas nano is growing slowly but surely.
Aquarium care problems. My observations.
The problem of lighting and alga Blackbeard
The worst news in the second month, after the launch of my aquarium, was the appearance of one of the nastiest algae – Black beard. After reading the recommendations on FF and other resources, I took action.
After 2 weeks, only short, whitish hairs remained from the terrible long hairs of the Blackbeard, barely visible on a couple of plants. I hope there will be no relapse.
I analyzed and realized my mistakes, I mean the reasons for the appearance of such an unpleasant aquarium guest.
As I guess, as a result of poor lighting, the plants in my tank felt bad. Therefore, 2.5 months after launch, I replaced one ordinary one with a special Sval Aquastar F18W / T8 / G13 special aqualamp.
At first, for joy, I left the lighting for 10 hours with a break of 2 hours. After 3 days, all plants turned brown – reduced daylight hours to 6 hours. Honestly, I did not see any positive changes.
The plant grows poorly (in my opinion it is even worse than before), the red ones did not turn red, and besides, the pleasure of observing the aquarium is much less, because the illumination is only 6 hours. What to do?
I don’t know yet. But, I will definitely follow the instructions of this article. Aquarium lighting and choice of lamps.
Pleasant surprises and impressions from the new hobby At the end of the second month of my aquarium life, my husband and I made an installation for supplying CO2, using the instruction. The result is very pleased – the plants are significantly accelerated in growth.
I didn’t dare to acquire an aquarium for a long time, not only due to financial reasons, but also as a result of doubts: Can I ?, Do I have enough time for that, because I have a small child ?, is there enough patience ?. I could!
Enough of everything! Care of the aquarium takes a little time. I have about 1 hour a week.
Of course, it is possible to replace water faster and siphon a primer, but I get tremendous pleasure when picking up plants, replanting them, so I do everything slowly. At the same time, I do the cleaning of the aquarium not when the child sleeps, but with it.
He likes to click on the siphon’s pump so that some water begins to flow, sit and wash his hands in a bucket or touch the remains of plants. Time can always be found.
After all, it’s still better to care for the fish with your child than to sit in front of the TV.
Sometimes the aquarium helps me a lot when I need to distract my son for a while, I begin to ask: Where’s the catfish ?, Show me the new fish we bought together yesterday ?, And what are the snails doing now? The child instantly runs to the aquarium and can get stuck near it even for a few minutes!
And for a young mother with a huge pile of cases every minute counts!
My child is not yet two years old, until she speaks, but she is perfectly distinguished by the names of the fish – what is not developing a lesson with a baby?
The aquarium fell in love with our whole family, even the husband who buhtel, that it is expensive, where to put it, when you take care of it, that you fall into childhood, sometimes puts a chair to the aquarium and sits watching TV.
The aquarium has become part of the life of our entire family! I would like to thank Oleg once again – adminaff and all concerned forum members who gave me the opportunity to enter such a mysterious and magical world of aquarism!
So, we will analyze the points, how to run the aquarium correctly:
- The run starts with water pouring. Water must be poured plumbing, pre-defend it is not necessary. After pouring water turn on the filter with aeration. If the filter does not have an aerator, then the compressor must additionally work, since nitrifying bacteria require a lot of oxygen and a heater (set at 24-25 °). In this form, with the lights off, the aquarium is left for 5-7 days. All these days they spend only monitoring the operation of the equipment: check whether oxygen is supplied, measure the temperature of the water.
- After 5-7 days, unpretentious fast-growing plants are planted, after which they turn on the lighting for 4-5 hours a day.
- After 1-2 days you can start the first aquarium animals. This may be small unpretentious fish (viviparous or, for example, danios), but it is better to use snail ampoules or hymeno-viruses that are more resistant to water quality. There should be few animals. Feed them once a day in very small portions. It is necessary to constantly monitor their behavior and appetite. Ampulyaria, for example, are excellent indicators of water quality: in clean, good water, they rush around the aquarium at cruising speed, straightening antennae and looking for food. At this stage, the light is turned on for the whole day (8-12 hours), you can add special bacterial cultures to the aquarium to start (they are from different companies, for example Sera Nitrivek).
- After a week, the remaining plants are planted and begin in parts (at intervals of 1-2 days) to launch the main fish population. For each released party you need to carefully monitor, feed moderately.
That is, in fact, all science. True, nothing complicated?
Of course, the equilibrium in the aquarium is still unstable, and some time after the launch such unpleasant phenomena can occur, such as outbreaks of diatoms. But if the launch was carried out correctly, these problems are usually not catastrophic, do not lead to a massive freezing of fish and are solved in working order.
To combat these diatomies, for example, a small charming catfish otozinclus is successfully used.
Above, we wrote that for the reproduction of beneficial bacteria need nutrition and substrate. And, of course, the initial number of the bacterial colony matters.
Thus, in order to accelerate the maturation of the biofilter and, accordingly, the launch of the aquarium, you can immediately add a significant amount of bacteria to the artificial reservoir and prepare a large area substrate for them (there is enough nutrition for the bacteria in the starting aquarium).
Bacteria are introduced with the help of industrial starter culture (we also mentioned about them above) or with water, soil, filter filler from the existing, safe aquarium. To ensure a sufficient area of the substrate for bacteria, it is recommended to use filters with fillers made of porous ceramics or filters of considerable volume with other fillers, plant plants with narrow, feathery leaves, and use fine gravel of even size as the soil.
All these surfaces will inhabit nitrifying bacteria.
Startup control of the aquarium greatly facilitates the use of tests for aquarium water for ammonia and nitrite. These tests are produced by different manufacturers and are not uncommon in pet stores.
With their help, you can track the level of these toxic compounds in the water and adjust the population of fish in the running aquarium.
As you can see, the correct launch of the aquarium takes not so much time – it is quite possible to suffer two or three weeks. It does not require a colossal amount of strength and special academic knowledge.
But it helps to avoid many problems in the future, preserves the life and health of the fish, and therefore, the nerves and good mood to their owner.