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Rules for feeding aquarium fish

Beginners aquarists, without having the necessary experience, often make a mistake – they overfeed the fish. Such zeal entails a number of unpleasant consequences.

Not always directly overfeeding provokes problems in fish, but it always affects the quality of aquarium water, which directly affects the health of aquarium inhabitants.


It is better not to feed the fish than to feed.

Excess food increases the level of ammonia in the water for two reasons:

– ammonia is produced by the decomposition of uneaten feed;
– overfed fish themselves begin to release ammonia.

Useful bacteria that live in the filter and carry out biological filtration, can not cope with the amount of ammonia produced, which is a poison for fish. And even if the filter will completely purify the water, organic contamination from the remnants of food will still not be avoided.

And it results in the reproduction of parasites, the formation of nitrates and the mass reproduction of algae.


It is better to set a specific time for feeding, convenient for you and stick to it.

Fish need much less food than other living creatures of the same size. This is due to cold blood of fish that do not process food into heat.

Some species have neutral buoyancy, thus not expending energy for movement.

With the accumulation of experience, every aquarist learns to determine the amount of food needed by the fish. But beginners should follow a simple rule: the whole amount of food the fish should eat in about 5 minutes.


Try to diversify the diet of your fish by changing the types of feed.

The frequency of feeding depends on the contained species of aquarium fish, but since most of them feed continuously, it is better to feed more often, but little by little than once in large quantities.

It is necessary to ensure that all the fish got their portion of food. Leisurely and timid fish, as well as eating at night can skip meals.

Feeding is an opportunity to observe the well-being of aquarium inhabitants, their behavior and appetite, the lack of which signals a disease.

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