maintenance, care, compatibility
A snail of 40 liters in volume is enough for the maintenance of the snail ampoule, but for several snails a large nursery is needed; for each individual, 10 liters should be allocated for each individual. Rapidly multiply – you will be very surprised when you notice a huge amount of caviar.
Before breeding ampoule, think about how caviar will settle down, and how many fry it will turn out.
Many aquarists buy a pair of snails so that they do not get bored. You have to get a large aquarium so that each ampulyary feels comfortable. If both fish and snails live in a water container, then count on a volume of at least 100 liters.
Let better a lot of space than closely.
A yellow snail ampulyary is a peaceful creature that does not disturb other inhabitants of the reservoir. Someone spread rumors that they eat fish, but this is not true.
Like most snails, ampouleries are scavengers, eating only dead fish while cleansing the water. Of course, the slow clam is hardly able to catch up with the fish, and grab it, which would be noticeable.
Another thing is when the fish can disturb the ampoule, cutting off their antennae, piercing the shell. If someone has torn off a part of the body, then it will quickly recover. The ability to regenerate – the best than awarded their nature.
Ampularia restores all parts of the body, even the eyes.
Incompatible with Sumatran barbs, green tetradon, fighting clown, fakaka, large tsikhlovymi. Shrimps and crayfish also bring trouble to snails – they are able to pick out the snail’s body from the shell and eat it.
See how catfish antsitrus is fighting with ampulyaria.
Mollusks tolerate parasites, however, compared with other snails, much more enduring. They transfer nematodes, and if a person eats a raw snail, it can become infected.
Sources of infection are rodents (rats) from polluted rivers. In the home, this is rare, because at home the snail lives clean.
Moreover, they do not come into contact with rodents in an aquarium.
When infecting fish with parasites, you need to be careful with the use of drugs – which is useful for fish, it is deadly for the mollusk, since aquarium species are biologically closer to parasites than to fish. When treating fish, temporarily remove the snails from the aquarium. Settle them in a glass jar of 5 liters or more, covering it with glass.
Between the glass and the jar should be a hole for air access.
Aquarium snails ampouleria: maintenance and care, breeding
It is possible to breed snails of this species, as well as aquarian small fishes. They reach sexual maturity by 15 months. To breed ampulyarii, you must prepare the aquarium, creating in it 10-15 centimeters air gap.
To do this, it is necessary to drain part of the water and cover the container with glass. Water temperature – + 26 – 28 degrees.
Ampoule females lay their eggs in the form of a bunch on the wall of the aquarium or on the glass to be coated. It matures 7–15 days, and the process of procreation takes 5 days.
It is very important to protect the eggs from drying out, as with the lack of moisture the clutch dies. After two weeks, a young emerges from it, which moves to the aquarium water.
Newborn snails should be heavily fed. Initially, they are given soaked and pounded dry food for fish, gammarus, daphnia, boiled yolk, shriveled meat (beef).
Then they are gradually transferred to adult food, and when the kids grow up to 5 mm, they can be seated in other aquariums.
These are the funny creatures of snail ampoules. Keeping and caring for them does not constitute a lot of work, and with their presence they diversify your aquarium and will bring a lot of pleasure to watch them.
Despite the fact that this type of mollusks gets along well with fish, it is better to keep them in a separate aquarium. The fact is that not only some species of fish, but also other animals, for example, red-eared turtles, eat even adult snails, not to mention caviar and offspring.
Snails ampouleries, maintenance and care of which are quite simple, can live in a not very large aquarium (30 liters), but this is on condition that you have one pet. But since the ampulyaries do not contain one by one, 3-4 individuals will need a more spacious capacity – one hundred liters.
It is necessary to know the owners, who already live ampoules: their reproduction should be under their control. Otherwise, a myriad of mollusks will soon appear in the aquarium.
In addition, care should be taken to ensure that dead snails do not remain in the water.
You need to cover the aquarium with a lid, because if your pets do not like something in their new home, they will come out and go for a walk. In such a situation, it is necessary to find out what triggered their escape, and eliminate the inconveniences.
Periodically, the ampoule comes out to breathe air, therefore, between the cover of the aquarium and the surface of the water must be left free space. It is very interesting to watch the tricks of the colorful beauties. They look very funny, especially when there are several individuals in an aquarium.
Initially, the snail picks up the air, floats, then exhales, and with the noise falls to the bottom.
Often, newcomers, having seen such tricks for the first time, are terrified and frightened, believing that the unfortunate creatures breathed their last and fell dead to the bottom. This is not so, just the “stags” breathed the air and went to rest.
In the last century, snails such as ampularia were brought to Europe from South America. This species of snails is especially common in countries with tropical climates. In nature, the habitat is stagnant ponds, for example, ponds, rivers, swamps, because they love low-quality water.
If we talk about size, then it is worth saying that among this species there are also large individuals, the size of which can be more than 10 cm. In their appearance, they resemble our Prudoviki.
The color of their shell is usually light brown with dark and wide stripes. The overall shade of color is either light or dark.
The peculiarity of the snails ampoule is that their sense of smell is very developed. In this regard, they can immediately feel the appearance of feed and quickly move to it.
With the content of ampoules usually there are no problems. As for food, they eat everything. When snails live in nature, they eat mostly plant food, and in an aquarium, animal food is ideal for ampu- larii.
Although these snails are very agile, but if there are also fish in the aquarium, the snails will be constantly hungry. Fish should be peaceful, though, if they are hungry, they can pull the ampulyary behind the antennae.
With aggressive snails fish do not keep, if you want a quiet life for them. The content should not be made in an aquarium with expensive plants, since this species can destroy or break them because of its weight.
Thus, the content of the ampoule should be in a large, tropical aquarium with large plants. If, however, ampulyarii are in the general aquarium, it is better to feed them with plant food. For example, you can give them carrots, cucumbers, cabbage, lettuce leaves.
Rough food scald with boiling water. In rare cases, you can throw up bread, because then they will not be hungry and will not want to spoil the plants.
The number of individuals in the aquarium should be at least 3 individuals for further offspring.
If you look in general, this view is not very capricious. For them, the composition of the water is not important, but make sure that it is not very soft, since in adults, the shell can be destroyed because of this. The temperature of the water can be from 15 to 33 degrees, but preferably a temperature above 20.
If they are kept at a low temperature, then the snails may become lethargic, that is, they will move slowly, and then it is possible not to wait for reproduction of ampoules. And if the water temperature is high, then their lifestyle is very active, but then the duration of life is reduced by about a couple of years.
Caviar ampulyarius is usually deposited on the air. The female for this explores the surrounding area (the walls of the aquarium). So she is looking for the most suitable place for laying caviar.
Make sure that individuals are not outside the aquarium, nothing terrible will happen, but still do not allow it. Ampularia is more habitual to lay eggs in the evening.
It is better not to touch the caviar and not to transfer it to another place, only if the female did not put it down near the lamp, the calf will die there due to overheating. The size of the eggs themselves is large, about 2 mm in diameter.
Their color is usually pink, but as the eggs of the ampoules ripen, they become darker. Maturation occurs in about a month.
But note that the life of young snails ampoules in the general aquarium will not be long.
What is the role of snails. It is rare to find an aquarium in which aquarium snails would not live.
Slowly moving gastropods can decorate the underwater garden and bring him a lot of benefits. But, in some circumstances, they become a shaped disaster.
The useful qualities of these creatures include loosening the soil, the destruction of unwanted algae on the walls of the aquarium and the bacterial film on the surface of the water, as well as eating food that was not eaten by fish. At the same time, some species of snails can damage aquatic plants and even cause fish to die.
If suddenly snails appeared in the aquarium, and this happened “not according to plan”, then, most likely, their caviar was originally introduced into the aquarium. She could get with live food or with new plants transplanted into an aquarium. And how many snails live, hitting the aquarium?
Depending on the type and conditions, from 1 year to 4 years.
So are snails needed in an aquarium? Provided they have the right choice and content, this question can be safely answered in the affirmative.
How do snails breed in an aquarium? Reproduction of snails in an aquarium often does not represent any difficulties.
Most of them are hermaphrodites, and even a couple of small snails that came to be in the underwater garden are able to initiate a population. But there are exceptions.
Such snails as ampoules are dioecious, and for their reproduction the presence of a male and a female is necessary. Soil melania are viviparous and able, after a single fertilization, to produce offspring several times.
The unique process of breeding aquarium snails – toothless. Females literally shoot the larvae – glochidia – on the bodies of fish swimming by.
This almost always leads to the death of the carrier fish.
If you have a desire to contribute to the reproduction of aquarium snails (most often artificially reproduce ampoule), then, having noticed that the eggs appeared in the aquarium (on the walls, stones or cover glass), you should carefully cut it with a razor and place it into a small one (up to 10 cm deep ) tank filled with warm (26-28 degrees) water. In 15-45 days the young of aquarium snails will appear.
What do snails eat right after birth? Juveniles of your aquarium slug should be fed with small-fraction fish food with the addition of scalded lettuce leaves or cucumber slices. The nursery capacity for young snails should be well lit.
Light contributes to the formation of algae, which must necessarily be included in the diet of young individuals.
What is the use of a snail aquarium? To answer this question, you first need to answer the question of what do snails eat?
First, aquarium snails successfully eat food that was not eaten by fish and hit the bottom of the aquarium. Thus, they prevent its rotting and the ingress of toxic substances into the aquarium water (aquarium catfish perform similar functions).
Secondly, the snails clean the aquarium from algae. Especially in this work, horn coils and young ampoules are zealous.
It should be noted that the snails eat algae haphazardly. If the aquarium is markedly overgrown with algae, the result of the activity of the snails will be the emergence of a kind of “tracks” on the walls.
Melanias lead a secretive lifestyle. They spend the day light digging in the ground and draining it.
Thus, melania improve gas exchange at the bottom of the aquarium. These snails do not damage the roots of plants, feeding only on organic remains. Melania breathe gills.
If the aquarium begins to lack oxygen, then first of all it is felt in the ground. In such a case, melania begin to creep into the walls of the aquarium during the day.
This behavior serves as a signal for the aquarist that it is necessary to increase the aeration and filtration of the aquarium water, and to clean the bottom.
By the way, snails – a good indicator of the status of the aquarium. If you notice that your aquarium slug-shooters are increasingly found to be out of the water on the walls or cover glass of the aquarium, then you should wonder why they crawl out of the aquarium. The reasons for this behavior of aquarium snails can be several.
Perhaps your pets are starving, and you need to decide what to feed the snails in the aquarium. It may also indicate excessive water contamination.
And for individuals with pulmonary respiration, this behavior is absolutely normal, they crawl out to ventilate the lungs.
If a massive death of snails has begun in your aquarium, it is imperative to understand why the snails die. The most common reason for this is the pollution of the aquarium with nitrates or excessive accumulation of CO gas in the water (it destroys the shell). It happens that the death of snails is due to the fact that the distance between the surface of the water and the cover glass is too small.
Many snails are not able to breathe and reproduce normally.
Snails such as perloves may also be useful. In fact, they are live filters for aquariums.
Along with ampoules and tiger snails, pearls have aesthetic value.
Than aquarium snails threaten underwater garden? As we have already indicated, the breeding of perlitsy can cause the death of fish.
Species such as pond fish, perlovitsy and fizy damage aquarium plants and are not suitable for maintenance in “green” aquariums.
In addition, under favorable conditions, the population may exceed reasonable limits. If there are a lot of snails in an aquarium, then even coils, ampoules and melania can also begin to harm the plants.
In this case, it is necessary to solve the problem of how to remove the snails from the aquarium or control their numbers.
In the least severe cases, it can be done mechanically. Melania will be very convenient to remove at night.
It was at this time that these snails crawl out onto the walls of the aquarium.
Well help to restrain the growth of snails, many species of catfish. Eating fouling, they destroy the snail caviar.
The same eggs, which were deposited in inaccessible for somik places, allow you to maintain the population.
If before you there was a question how to remove snails from an aquarium completely, then it is worth resorting to the help of macropods. A pair of macropods will successfully cope with this task in 2-3 weeks, having rid the snails of a 200-300 liter aquarium. Snails are their favorite food.
But the complete removal of snails should be carried out only when gastropods multiplied in the aquarium, causing harm to other inhabitants of the underwater garden. Remember that they make biological balance in the aquarium more stable and contribute to the harmonious development of your aquarium.
Snails in an aquarium perform an important function – they help clean up the aquarium soil, remove algae growths, pick up food not eaten by fish. At their core, snails are natural sanitation for an aquarium – easily penetrating into hard-to-reach places, they help maintain cleanliness.
The design of the aquarium becomes more diverse and interesting with the presence of snails in it, but you need to carefully monitor their reproduction, which occurs rather quickly. The glut of aquariums leads to a lack of oxygen, and, in the event of a shortage of food, snails will begin to eat up aquarium plants, so you should know how snails reproduce in the aquarium and how to control this process.
The choice of snails for the aquarium should be treated very responsibly. The biggest and most attractive snails are ampoules.
It is interesting to observe how snails ampoule reproduce in an aquarium. The impetus for this process is an increase in temperature.
This type of snail is dioecious, therefore mating occurs between the female and male. Then the female begins to explore the walls of the aquarium in order to find the optimal place where she will lay the clutch.
This happens most often in the evening, the snail lays its eggs above the water level. Kids snails are born in 2-4 weeks, the water temperature for this must be at least 25 degrees.
Yellow snails have become widely popular, they are an albino variety of ampoules. How do yellow snails breed in an aquarium? The principle of reproduction of the yellow snail, of course, is exactly the same as the ampouleries of any other color.
The reproduction of this type of snails is not difficult and does not require the intervention of an aquarist.
Often found in aquariums and snail coils. To understand how coil snails breed in an aquarium, you should know that they are hermaphroditic. After self-fertilization, the snail lays its eggs, using plant leaves.
Eggs deposited on the inner side of aquarium plants are very hard, most species of aquarium fish cannot use them for food. Therefore, the breeding of coil snails occurs at high speed, the aquarium can be filled with them to such an extent that they occupy most of the space, so the breeding process should be carefully monitored, while getting rid of excess eggs.
Ampulyaria (Latin Pomacea bridgesii) is a large, bright and popular aquarium snail.
Keep it easy, but there are important details in feeding. It comes from the Amazon, where it lives throughout its length, over time it spread to Hawaii, Southeast Asia and even Florida.
In nature, ampouleries spend most of their life in the water, getting out only by chance and during reproduction, put off the eggs. And yet, although they spend most of their life under water, they need atmospheric oxygen for breathing, after which they rise to the surface.
You can often observe how in an aquarium the ampoule rises to the surface, pulls out the breathing tube and starts pumping oxygen into it. Her respiratory system is comparable to the lungs in fish; she has gills (on the right side of her body) and lungs on the left side.
Aquarium snails ampularia very well adapted to life in the tropics, where dry periods alternate rainy season. This was reflected in their body, they developed a muscular leg with a protective flap attached to it.
With this sash, they close their sink to survive in the remnants of water and dirt during the dry season.
They live in all types of reservoirs, in ponds, lakes, rivers, canals. Despite the fact that many snails are hermaphroditic, ampulyarii are opposite-sex and for reproduction they need a partner.
Although the most common color is yellow, they nevertheless exist in very different colors. In addition to the yellow ampoule, you can find white, brown and even almost black.
Now blue ampoules have become fashionable, but they are not particularly different from yellow ones in keeping and breeding.
When you buy it, it is important to remember that it grows much more than other snails. They are sold quite small, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, but can grow to a size of 8-10 cm.
There are larger ones, which are very well fed, and they become so large that they can compete in size with other giants – snails marizami.
The aquarium contains several different types of ampoule, which differ from each other in shell shape. Life expectancy of an ampoule in an aquarium is 2 years.
If kept alone, a very small aquarium, about 40 liters, is enough for them. Since snails eat aquarium ampoules, they are very much, as well as a lot of waste after them, it will be right to allocate at least 10-12 liters of volume to one.
Considering that they multiply rather cheerfully, it is not worth keeping them much.
But, since amphulyaries themselves are rarely contained in an aquarium, it is better to rely on a larger volume of the aquarium. So, for 3-4 snails + fish, you need about 100 liters. Of course, much depends on your conditions and details.
But usually, 10 liters per ampoule will not let you down.
Yellow ampouleries are completely peaceful, never touching fish or invertebrates. There is a misconception that they attack fishes.
But, this is due to the fact that snails are scavengers and eat up the dead fish, and it seems that they killed the fish. No snail is able to catch up, catch and kill healthy and active fish.
But fish ampulyarius is even worried. They can tear off their mustaches, such as Sumatran barbs, or even completely destroy them, like a dwarf tetradon, fahak, a green tetradon, a clown combat or large cichlids.
Some will not be able to eat large snails, but small ones will be brought under the net. And large ones will be nibbled at any opportunity, which will not add to their health either.
Also invertebrates can become a problem – shrimps and crayfish, they skillfully pick out snails from shells and eat.