maintenance, care, compatibility
The self-made external filter is constructed on the basis of aerolifting: air bubbles that come from the compressor, rise to the tube, from which they come to the top, and lower with them the water flow from the filter. Clean and oxygenated water enters the upper compartment of the glass, and passes through the gravel.
Then the water enters the bowl through the hole, goes down the tube, and enters the tank. Synthon here functions as a mechanical filter.
This material prevents the silting of the gravel substrate.
External filters chemically and mechanically purify water. It is better to install such structures in a large aquarium with a volume of 200-400 liters.
For more spacious aquariums with a capacity of 500-1000 liters will need several such devices. Branded external water treatment systems are expensive, so it’s best to do it yourself.
Materials are inexpensive and accessible to everyone.
Water in the aquarium should be constantly filtered. This is known to all owners of home decorative fish.
In pet stores there is a fairly large selection of aquarium filters of various designs. However, such a device can be made independently of the available material.
Some aquarists believe that it is not worth saving on the fish and the food for them, but you can find a replacement for expensive equipment for the aquarium. Some accessories and accessories, including a water purifier, are quite capable of making with your own hands.
Of course, for this you need to know the basic principles of filtration of water, as well as have some skills as a home craftsman.
Making such a device at home will take more time.
- As the case you can use a round high plastic canister.
- If there is none, then a section of a large-diameter plastic garden tube will do. True, the upper and lower covers will have to cut and mount yourself.
At home, you can make a bottom filter or, as it is called, false. However, this is a more difficult task, which can be done by real craftsmen.
Quite a large number of owners of aquariums prefer not to spend money on expensive equipment. Aquafilters, diligently made with their own hands, work no worse than expensive branded devices. And the technology and the frequency of their service is the same as in the sold models.
In addition, a self-made device has a slightly different moral value. Is not it?
Video on how to properly make an external aquarium filter:
Filter for aquarium do it yourself. How to build a filter for the aquarium: schemes, tips
Before you get the fish, you need to take care of the presence of not only the suitable aquarium, soil, vegetation, some kind of decorative elements, but also a filter. You should understand that this is not only a water purifier, but also an item that is essential for the vital activity of your home aquatic inhabitants.
And if you do not have the opportunity to purchase one or another model in the store, you can consider how to make a filter for the aquarium with your own hands.
No matter how clean the water in the aquarium you do not fill, it will eventually become dirty. This is due to the appearance of dead algae particles, waste and other small debris in it.
In order to get rid of all this and maintain cleanliness in the aquatic environment, it is necessary to install a water filter in the aquarium.
This mechanism has the following functions:
- purifies water from inorganic particles;
- removes all sorts of solutes from water (for example, tablets or other drugs after treating aquarium inhabitants);
- fills water with oxygen, without which no fish can survive;
- creates water circulation.
Undoubtedly, no fish or other aquatic animals can be launched into any aquarium without a pre-installed filter. But, considering all of the above, it’s still worth remembering, but if you know how to install a filter in an aquarium and have already decided which model to buy, it will not create natural running water for you anyway.
After all, each filter pumps the same fluid.
Before you install the filter in the aquarium, you need to decide on its appearance, installation location and functionality. Indeed, in every specialized store you will encounter a large selection of these devices.
All of them differ in design features and applications.
Some do not want to face such a choice and prefer to make a filter for the aquarium with their own hands, simply by examining all the features of the purchased structures and finding out which model is suitable for a particular situation.
According to the principle of operation, modern aquarium filters of the following types are distinguished:
- Mechanical able to clean the water in the aquarium from the turbidity and floating particles that were raised from the bottom by the movement of fish and compressor. Without installing such a device is not enough. After all, the dirt in the aquarium gradually accumulates and, as a result, decomposes, making the water turbid. Such a filter should be washed as it is contaminated. The first sign of clogging will be a reduced flow of water through this device.
- Chemical filters to a greater degree purify aquarium water from organic matter. They remove phosphates and nitrates. For excellent results, these filters must be periodically changed.
- Absorption-chemical filters contribute to the purification of water from the waste of fish and other “animals” of the aquarium. As a rule, such a device includes a constantly circulating pump, a special sponge and a substrate (usually gravel) located directly next to it. It can be installed both inside and outside the aquarium. It should be noted that the main component of each biological filter are nitrifying bacteria, whose vital activity must be maintained without fail. This means that such an external filter for the aquarium should be washed only under running water. And in no case can it be dried.
A good filtering device will never be cheap. What to do?
How to save? In this case, we advise you to make the simplest filter for the aquarium with your own hands.
To make it you will need: a sponge (you choose its size depending on the capacity of the aquarium), a nebulizer, a suction cup, a rubber tube, two 20 ml syringes, a small compressor.
Take one syringe. In one part of it, in which the medicine should be taken, make holes with a heated awl.
You need to connect the second syringe with the first one. This can be done with spikes.
To do this, hold the widest ends on the hot plate for a bit, quickly connect them and hold for 5-7 seconds. Cut from both ends the part into which the needle should be inserted.
You should have a long plastic pipe.
Take a sponge, make in one of its sides not a wide, but deep incision, insert into it a part of a syringe with holes. Get into the resulting “tube” rubber tube, connect it to the compressor.
Attach a suction cup to one side of the syringe. It will be attached to your filter to the wall of the aquarium.
Is it possible to make a run for the filter aquarium?
No filter can fully clean the water in the aquarium without a pump. The simplest such device can also be made by hand.
To do this, you must have at hand: the nozzle, fitting, pump core and tee.
The nozzle can be replaced with a simple pipe. It must be in one of the holes of the tee.
After that, take the valve with a thread, screw the fitting on it, and pull the hose from above. On the opposite side, you need to carefully attach a small hose, which will later serve to drain the water. A siphon is put on the end of this hose.
It will help protect the pump itself from falling into the ground, which can cause serious damage to the device.
How to install a filter in an aquarium?
So, you bought or made a filter for the aquarium with your own hands. Now what? How to install it?
What rules should be followed?
First of all, everyone should understand that in no case should a filter be installed in an empty aquarium. The container should be at least half filled with water. It is also worth noting that before you assemble the filter for the aquarium, all the details of this device must be carefully dried.
And only after that, proceed to install it. The filter is usually attached to the wall with suction cups at a distance of 3 cm from the surface and in such a way that it does not touch the bottom.
First, it must be submerged in the water off.
The tube that takes in air must be brought out. It is very convenient if a fastening is provided for this tube.
In a fixed state, it will not move and fall into the water.
If you understand how to install the filter in the aquarium, and did it correctly, then only now it can be plugged into an outlet. If the filter began to circulate and saturate the water with oxygen, then you should have no doubt that you did something wrong.