And so, why do you need regular care for the aquarium, and how to carry out this care? You purchased an aquarium, put soil in it, plants, scenery, flooded the water, launched fish, adding a few snails to their company.
And you got a neat, clean aquarium with clear water and beautiful fish – that is why regular care of the aquarium is needed – it seems, and so the aquarium is good.
But everything is not so simple, after a few days, you will notice that food and fish remains accumulate at the bottom, excuse me, poop, which naturally will not cause joy, because it will have a very negative effect on the aesthetic appearance of the aquarium – who will like poop as decoration? They definitely will not please the eye. After a few more days, you are already resigned to a pile of shit growing gradually from day to day, and convinced yourself that they do not smell much, do not catch the eye, and calmed down.
But then it turns out that nothing. After some time, you notice that visibility has dropped in the aquarium – the glass has become covered with green and brown fouling, and the behavior of the fish has become strange.
In general, it is necessary to do something – you decide, and here another question arises – and what to do? The answer is simple – time to think about care aquarium, and, moreover, regularly take care! Although, naturally, in a good way, you need to think about it before buying an aquarium, but as they say, “Thunder does not burst out – the peasant will not cross himself”, of course, although you need to look for good things in people – we hope that you read this article before purchasing an aquarium, and not after.
You can of course use the services of cleaning and maintenance of freshwater aquariums. But it is better to do it yourself, following our simple recommendations.
So, let’s see what they mean by regular care of the aquarium and how to care for it.
After two or three weeks, and sometimes a little earlier, you notice that the glass in your tank has become less transparent and some dirt sticks to it. Attempts to remove the dirt from the outside are unsuccessful, and you understand that the dirt is from the inside of the glass of the aquarium. No need to panic and be afraid – everything is fine, everything is correct.
You have algae. Algal fouling on the glasses does not pose any danger.
They can not be removed, but on the glass algae significantly worsen, and over time they generally make watching the fish impossible, and therefore it is necessary to remove the algae from the glasses. And this should be done regularly, as algal fouling accumulates, and the review worsens. Those. almost every one to two weeks, and less often.
From algae clean the aquarium glass is very easy. Use for this special scrapers for glasses.
In case a scraper is unavailable for any reason, you can use a regular dishwashing sponge (you only need to take a new one) razor blade or use a plastic card such as a credit card, the edge of such a card is perfectly cleaned from algae glass. However, of course it would be better to take advantage of the aquarium. glass scraper.
And a better option is magnetic scraper, they can clean the glass from algae, even without wetting their hands.
Composed magnetic scraper for glasses of 2 parts, which are equipped with magnets, striving to stick to each other at a convenient opportunity. This desire and allows you to remove from the glass algae, without getting into the aquarium with his hands. Outside, the magnetic scraper is equipped with a special handle that moves the scraper.
Its inner part, which is cleaned from the inside of the glass from algae, is applied to the inner surface of the aquarium glass, then at the same point to the same glass, but from the outside is applied to the outer part of the magnetic scraper. Both parts, when attracted to each other, are pressed on both sides tightly to the glass.
Now, if you pull the handle in any direction on the outside of the magnetic scraper, then the inside of the magnetic scraper will follow the outside, while pressing tightly to the glass from the inside and perfectly cleaning the algae from the aquarium glass. In general, with the possibility of choosing the best choice – a magnetic scraper.
Ground siphon in the aquarium (remove dirt from the bottom of the aquarium).
The second important point is soil siphon in aquarium. In other words, removing the dirt that accumulates on the bottom of the aquarium over time.
For this use aquarium siphon, but it is quite possible to do with only one hose.
Aquarium siphon – This is an elongated flask, also called a “glass”, and a long hose 1.5–2 meters in length and 1-2 centimeters in diameter. Connect the hose to the top of the flask to the hole, the bottom of the flask is missing the bottom, representing, in fact, a rigid continuation of the hose, having an enlarged diameter. Then the siphon is immersed in the aquarium, and from the other end of the hose they suck air, after which the water pours itself, the task of the aquarist will only consist in supplying the bucket in time and sticking a siphon into the dirty ground places – you need to stick the siphon into the soil, wait until it leaves most of the dirt, then move on to the next section, etc.
At the time when the siphon is transferred to another area, the outer end of the hose is clamped with a finger (some models are equipped with special taps) in order to avoid an increase in water consumption during the siphon. The truth is there is one subtlety – the end of the hose, from which water flows out (into the bucket from the aquarium), must be below the water level in the aquarium so that water flows out of the aquarium.
In addition to the above siphon, there are also other designs of siphons for aquariums. Recently, it is often possible to meet siphon which is supplied with an electric pump, in which water is drained back into the aquarium, passing through a fabric bag – dirt remains in the bag, and water returns to the aquarium.
Why is a siphon rather than a simple hose (implied without a “glass”)? The thing is that using the “glass”, when cleaning the soil, the soil that falls into the “glass” “boils”, rising to a small height, but because of its own gravity, it can not rise above. On the other hand, the dirt is much lighter than the ground and easily rises higher, passing through the hose into the bucket, the ground itself does not get into the bucket.
Such “seething” is called “ground siphon”. This process effectively removes dirt from the soil.
When using a simple hose that does not have a “cup”, it is almost impossible to achieve such efficiency — with such cleaning, the water flow is higher, and a large amount of the finest soil is in the bucket.
In the aquarium is necessary periodically replace the water. During a water change, substances that are harmful to fish and other inhabitants are removed from the aquarium and they do not accumulate over time.
The volume and frequency of substitutions depend on certain conditions of detention and vary from weekly substitutions of 20-30 percent (in some cases more) to the 1st substitution per month with the same volume. In many cases, water changes may be appropriate once a week for 20-30 percent of the total volume of the aquarium.
In an aquarium, water changes are often combined with a ground siphon. Massive changes (more than 30 percent for 1 change) of water in the aquarium should be avoided – this is bad for the health of the fish. For water changes it is better to defend 1-2 days.
It is recommended not to use bottled water and water from shallow wells. Particular care should be taken in the spring.
The standard type of equipment for the aquarium can be safely attributed to the aquarium filter, often internal (located inside the aquarium). Like other equipment, the filter requires periodic maintenance, or rather, cleaning. It is necessary to clean the filter fillers (basically, this is a special sponge designed for filters).
In such fillers is collected dirt, which absorbs the filter from the aquarium water. It is advisable to clean the filter filler in the aquarium once a week.
They must be cleaned by rinsing with water taken from an aquarium. Such careful attitude to the filter fillers explains the need to clean the filler from dirt on the one hand, and to minimize the damage caused by washing the beneficial bacteria in this filler to the minimum, for the same reason, do not delay cleaning the filter.
If in an aquarium there are living plants, then very soon you will notice that they can grow and multiply. In other words, the plants in the aquarium should be periodically weeded and also pruned.
Aquatic plants can be cut with simple scissors, but most aquarists are treated with their bare hands.
That’s basically all wisdom. Actually regular care of the aquarium is precisely this, and, despite the rather long description, in general, it is quite a simple matter.