maintenance, care, compatibility
The best filter for aquarium: types of filtering, photo-video review
As a rule, such a question arises from a conscious aquarist before purchasing and choosing a filtration system for your water body. Of course, it is possible to let everything take its course, as many do – go and buy a filter in the pet store, which is available and offered by the sellers.
But, only then do not have to complain about the sellers and regret their wasted money. Sellers have such a job – to sell the product and it doesn’t matter your fate and the fate of your filter.
Glad you looked at this page! This means that you approach this issue correctly – first read, learn, and then make a decision.
After all, this approach to the business level almost all the risks of acquiring a not-good aquarium filter.
In this article, we will not tell you in detail and boringly the details of the various aquarium water filtration processes, but try to focus on the quality characteristics of the filter and the nuances of its choice, to give advice. To the same readers who are looking for where to buy a good filter for an aquarium, at a reasonable price, we recommend you pay attention to the time-tested aquarium shop ReefTime.ru, there is just a huge selection of filters.
From recommendations we suggest to pay attention to a line of filters from Hydor, details of which are written here!
So, before choosing a filter, you must understand, and which filter is good for your aquarium ?! For this you need to think about what fish, what plants will live in your pond, how many will be.
If the aquarium is large, there will be a large number of large fish swimming in it, there will be a lot of plants, then the filter should cope with this and most effectively remove all “sewage” from the aquarium water. But, if it is a small aquarium, and you are not going to breed “sharks” in it, then I personally do not see any reason to take a filter with a powerful filter, you can do with a “standard” filter and thus save a considerable amount of money.
I think everything is clear here, so let’s move on to the next question.
Before buying an aquarium filter, you need to find out what filtering mechanism is used in it.
There are four MAIN TYPES OF AQUARIUM WATER FILTRATION:
– MECHANICAL FILTRATION;
– CHEMICAL FILTRATION;
– BIOLOGICAL FILTRATION;
– COMBINED FILTRATION;
Let’s briefly review the principles of each filter with a specific type of water filtration.
– These are the simplest and at the same time effective filters for an aquarium. Some “old-fashioned” call them “glasses.”
The essence of their work is very simple – the filter has a pump (motor) and an absorbent sponge. The pump pumps the aquarium water, which passes through the sponge, is cleaned.
Such filtration effectively copes with the removal of large contaminants: food residues, fish excreta, residues of dead organisms, etc.
If you have a small aquarium and not very large fish swim in it, such a mechanical filter will be quite enough.
– These are filters that provide filtering through various absorbents. The most common absorbent is aquarium coal.
Also in the aquarium used and other absorbents – ion exchange resins, for example, zeolite. Filters that provide for the possibility of such filtering are more practical than mechanical ones.
Since the pores of absorbent materials are able to absorb smaller particles of pollution of aquarium water, and ion exchange resins can effectively fight even the most harmful poisons – ammonia, nitrite and nitrate, which are formed and gradually accumulate in the aquarium.
Biofilters filters and aquarium biological filtration
– Perhaps this is the most valuable filtering for the aquarium. Its essence lies in the presence of a special compartment in the filter for breeding a colony of “beneficial” bacteria, which multiply on a special substrate, for example, ceramics.
These bacteria are important and very useful hydrobionts of any aquarium. They are involved in the denitrification process, to put it simply – they feed and decompose ammonia, nitrites and nitrates to a gaseous state.
And, as many people know, NO2NO3 are the worst enemies of the aquarium inhabitants, in most cases they are the root cause of the fish disease.
– These are filters that combine the possibility of using various types of filtration of aquarium water. Some filters have all three of the above filtering types.
But it is worth noting that even the simplest mechanical filter can be used as a combined one. That is, use in it and absorbent sponge, and for example aquarium coal.
– these are filters that are located and installed outside the aquarium, only the tubes are lowered into the aquarium. It is difficult to give a positive or negative assessment of such a filter – someone is happy with it, some is not. Therefore, I will simply list the advantages and disadvantages:
– a large amount of filter materials, thereby achieving maximum water purification;
– combined filtration with purification rates;
– this is a huge “bucket” near the aquarium;
– there is always the likelihood of a flood (as a rule, if the assembly is incorrect);
– This is a compromise between the internal and external filter. The hybrid of both is “hanging from the outside, but working inside.”
These filters are not so popular among aquarists, because they work according to the principle “not yours is not yours,” perhaps its only distinguishing advantage is compactness and space preservation both in and under the aquarium.
So, summing up the above, we can recommend internal filters for small, medium and not very large aquariums (up to 200 liters). For large aquariums, external aquarium filters will be good.
Of course, this statement is relative, because no one has yet canceled individual aspects and wishes.
Concluding this article, I would like to note that there are other methods, mechanisms for filtering aquarium water, such as – a bottom filter or “false”. Such methods are less popular and have a number of advantages and disadvantages.
In the future, if necessary, you can make them yourself.
I want to believe that this article has helped you determine the choice of the best aquarium filter. But, remember that no even the coolest filter will not replace the banal weekly replacement of aquarium water.
AQUARIUM WATER SUBSTITUTE IS THE BEST FILTRATION
Every aquarium owner is interested in his device working stably and efficiently, and the fish lived for a long time. An important role in achieving these goals is played by good water filtration. What is the best filter for the aquarium and what rules to consider when choosing it?
Let’s try to figure it out.