maintenance, care, compatibility
Skat is one of the most amazing and unusual creations of nature. You can admire them not only in the natural environment, but also in your own apartment.
It is not by chance that the creators of the cartoon “Finding Nemo” were depicted as a skate teacher. Being one of the oldest creatures on Earth, he is intelligent and friendly. Having survived global catastrophes that have killed many species, the ramp has gained unique adaptability and good immunity.
Now he cuts through the rivers of South America – Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Less common in Asian and African states.
The body of the waterfowl is flattened out, with pectoral fins that have grown together with the head. The eyes and gills are located in the upper half of the body, and the mouth – at the bottom. The abdomen is white and the back can have a color ranging from light gray to deep brown and dark black.
Spots adorn it – from pale to bright brown or yellow.
The second name of the motor river brook arose because of the elongated limb on which the needle thorns are located. Their poison is toxic.
Therefore, when communicating, the main thing is caution and accuracy. It is excluded to take the fish in your arms, as a domestic animal, and to frighten.
Needles are regularly discarded, but violent damage can cause painful shock, which sometimes ends in death.
Most of the large and non-aggressive waterfowl are boldly hooked to the tails. The main thing is that the content requirements are similar.
They coexist with discus, mileus, arovan, panak, tiger perch, catfish, carapace, and others.
Each ramp has a different behavior. They are graceful, very curious, love to play, quickly begin to recognize people and get used to them, eat from the palm, in general, bring true joy to the owners.
Video, where a professional aquarist tells about his experience of keeping a ramp motor:
In general, the creature that emerged tens of millions of years ago is strong and enduring. Of course, the fry are weak, but as they mature, they become tenacious and unpretentious.
The owner will not have time to look back, as a 15-cm teenager will increase by another 20 cm. This happens in less than a year.
In 5-7 years, the slope reaches a diameter of 45-50 centimeters with a length of 100 cm (with a tail). Given this, the aquarium is bought for growth.
For one pet enough capacity for 250-300 liters. For a couple-three, they equip a larger space – at least 500 liters.
The house will need elongated and wide. But the depth may be small.
Ideal – 150 cm in length, 60 in width and the same (or slightly less) in height.
Top tightly fix the cover or glass. When the ramp eats, it moves at tremendous speed, protruding outward.
There is a danger that after chasing a piece, it will fall to the floor.
Also, the fish love to frolic on the surface, begging for food or just having fun, and at the same time spits out the liquid. Therefore, let his possessions stand on moisture-proof material and away from electrical appliances.
A variety of freshwater stingrays today are becoming much more popular among aquarists. They are perfectly combined with most large and non-aggressive fish that require similar conditions.
Most often, the slopes side by side with the discus and arovanami.
The ramps belong to the extensive Elasmobranchii class, as well as sharks and saw-fish. Most (and there are more than six hundred species) of skates are saltwater fish living in the oceans and seas of the tropics. Only a few species of stingrays (Dasyatidae and Rhinobatidae) were able to adapt to the ambiguous living conditions in the rivers.
Potamotrygon, Plesiotrygon and Paratrygon species have learned to dwell in completely fresh waters.
Potamotrygon is a genus of so-called big-eyed stingrays. They are characterized by sticking high, large, high above the surface of the body eyes – bulging eyes. Typically, the length of the tail of these fish is the same or slightly larger than the diameter of their bodies.
In aquariums (private or in zoos) most often contain P.hystrix, P.motoro, P.leopoldi and P.reticulata.
The freshwater motor ramp is one of the most elegant ramps. It enjoys such wide popularity due to its relatively compact size.
Motor ramps form about five different color options.
All forms of skates are characterized by large spots (like eyes) located on the body. Males have a much more contrasting color than females.
The dimensions of the slopes: their maximum length is (with a tail) about 100 centimeters, the diameter is 25 centimeters.
The distribution area of stingrays is Uruguay, Colombia, Bolivia. Feeding of skates: motor skates usually feed on insects, weed fish, small pieces of fish and meat fillets, various frozen foods, and also eat dry, sinking food.
Adult stingrays, thanks to strong teeth (pharyngeal), are happy to eat sliced beef, bottom fish, amnulyaria, and so on.
Motor ramps have a great flair; they literally “flit” to an edible object in seconds. Before absorption, they assume the bell pose and, with their “vacuum suction,” quickly retrieve tasty prey from the aquarium soil.
The slope of the motor: content in captivity. These stingrays get along well with each other, and with other non-aggressive, large fish (Mileus, Arvanov, Notoptera, etc.).
The most important condition for keeping a motor ramp is the presence of a large aquarium (from 200 liters per individual). Also an important condition is the ideal system of water regeneration.
Skates actively release urea, and it, in turn, accumulating in water, often causes poisoning of fish.
These fish – just a godsend for lovers of catfish. Their non-standard original appearance leaves no one indifferent and causes constant interest.
Keep them is not so difficult. This will be a force for aquarists, even with not very great experience.
But to distinguish the fish among themselves is quite difficult. About the fact who such psevdoskaty, their varieties and features of the content and will be discussed in our article.
These fishes belong to the family of balorites from the order of carps. They come from Asia, where they chose shallow, fast, clear and transparent streams and mountain streams. They lead a near-bottom lifestyle by sticking to rocks.
Eat only vegetable food.
The structure of their body is adapted so that the fish can be held on smooth stones in a strong stream of water. They are from 6 to 10 cm long.
The body is flattened from top to bottom. Outwardly resemble scat.
On the abdomen there is a wide powerful sucker formed by pectoral and abdominal fins. There are no scales on the head and lower body.
The color in the yellow-gray-brown gamut in the form of stripes and spots masks fish well, making them invisible to birds.