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Pumps for the aquarium: the choice of devices for pumping water

Make an extraordinary marine area with colorful fish and amazing shape plants is not difficult. But in order for an artificial reservoir to become a subject of special attention, it is necessary to use special equipment. The main element is a pump for the aquarium.

The device creates favorable conditions for the life of aquatic inhabitants and vegetation, close to the natural environment.

The pump is one of the main elements of the aquarium, it is necessary to maintain optimal conditions for the fish.

For breeding fish in captivity, it is necessary to ensure the supply of oxygen to the tank. Improper aeration leads to turbidity of water, which negatively affects the health of the inhabitants, spoils the appearance of the aquarium. Over time, the water begins to smell like a swamp, silt appears in the soil, a white or green patina on plants and decorations.

Fishes begin to grab the air or behave excessively actively, try to lie down on the bottom.

Aquarium pumps perform several functions simultaneously:

  • maintain the purity of the water;
  • provide stable air saturation and circulation of water flows.

The importance of pumps for the development of the water world is undeniable. It is especially important to provide air supply at night. During the day, oxygen is released under the influence of light, and at night there is an excess of carbon dioxide.

With the help of aerating devices air enters around the clock. If a foam sponge is provided in the pump, the system acts as a filter.

This increases the speed and efficiency of cleaning. In a balanced aquarium special equipment can not be installed.

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Be sure to use the pump when:

  • the aquarium is overpopulated;
  • capacity is narrow and deep;
  • plants are absent or too thick;
  • disturbed water biofiltration;
  • there is a tight-fitting lid on the tank.

Aeration devices create certain environmental conditions necessary for aquarium fish. Pumps increase soil flowability, which contributes to the normal vital activity of snails and soil bacteria. They have a significant benefit for an aquarium, but with an excess amount of living things organic waste increases, more oxygen is consumed.

Good soil flowability prevents rotting of food residues, reduces the likelihood of the formation of harmful gases (methane, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide).

Thanks to the operation of the device, the oily film on the surface is destroyed. Aquarium pump for pumping water performs mixing of the lower and upper layers, which helps to equalize the temperature conditions at all levels.

Pumps increase soil flowability, which contributes to the normal functioning of snails and soil bacteria

The water pump performs a decorative function. Spectacular cascading streams of bubbles become part of the composition, imitating a fountain or waterfall.

In the natural environment, oxygen enters the reservoir due to wind flows and water oscillations. In a confined space, this function is performed by the pump.

Aquarium pumps are classified:

  • structural components – piston (vibration) and membrane;
  • according to the type of installation – external and submersible type.

Piston units are durable and much more powerful than membrane ones, but they create more noise and vibrations. Such a mechanism is advisable to use for tanks exceeding 200 liters.

The main advantages of membrane devices are noiseless and low power consumption. But such pumps have poor performance and are used for tanks up to 150 liters.

Submersible-type devices are fixed under water with special suction cups or clamps. An external aquarium pump is mounted outside the tank, and air tubes are drawn into the water. This option is used for tanks of small volume and for the maintenance of very demanding fish.

This saves space without creating discomfort for the inhabitants of the aquarium.

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The appearance of the aquarium may be spoiled by improper equipment. Noisy pumps and heavy traffic will cause discomfort to the surroundings. In order not to disturb the harmony in the interior and get the desired decorative effect, When buying a pump you need to consider:

  • the volume and location of the aquarium;
  • composition of water (fresh or salt);
  • number of inhabitants;
  • vegetation level;
  • type of device;
  • power.

The pumps in the aquarium work all the time, so it’s best to choose silent models.

The pumps work constantly, so it is better to choose silent models, especially if the aquarium is installed in the bedroom. Compact device is easy to hide behind the scenery, make part of the composition.

For aquariums less than 100 liters suitable piston units.

Depending on the model, aquarium equipment varies in power and performance. Thanks to improved design solutions, the capabilities of aerating devices are greatly expanded.

Universal pumps are created that function equally well in sea and fresh water, under water and outside the aquarium.

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The most popular:

  1. Aquael – Polish models with capacity from 500 to 2000 l / h. The devices used modern energy-saving engines, sealing rings of high quality, which significantly reduce the loss of efficiency. The devices have a smooth flow control, can be used as a circulation pump.
  2. Juwel Eccoflow – blade pumps manufactured in Germany. The device has a low noise level, automatic cleaning of the impeller chamber. The kit includes two adapters for installation in the filter brand Juwel. Productivity is from 300 to 1500 l / h.
  3. Aqua Medic is a powerful pump designed for seawater aquariums. Some models are equipped with a controller with which the device simulates a surf wave. Reduce vibration with a magnetic holder. The series includes models with mixing functions, equipped with a device for dispensing fertilizers and minerals, and convenient adjustment of water pressure.

When choosing a pump, you need to pay attention to the manufacturer and the power of the device.

  • AquaClear – submersible models of compact size. Used to circulate water in an aquarium and saturate it with oxygen. Depending on the model, the maximum pressure ranges from 0.7 to 1.7 m, capacity from 480 to 1500 l / h.
  • Deltec – automatic devices for use in aquariums, terrariums and florariums. The pump is designed to work in any liquid, dispense and supply fertilizer, watering vegetation or filling the drinkers with insects and rodents. Produce two-and four-channel pumps, there is a controller. Each channel is easily programmable for 24 turns per day. The interval between inclusions is a maximum of 30 days. Installation type – immersion and dry. In models with a lifting pump, there is a pause button for feeding.
  • Eheim – immersion devices used for continuous circulation of water. Performance is easily changed with a power regulator. With the help of Eheim water pumps, you can create an artificial waterfall, increase circulation. Suitable for use in ornamental gardening, lawn irrigation.
  • An important criterion for selecting a pump is its principle of operation.

  • Jebao – mixing pumps with a controller and holder. It is used for freshwater and saltwater aquariums. Equipped with a timer to stop the device for 10 minutes and a light sensor. By means of the controller force of a stream and power are programmed. With the Master / Slave function, several pumps can be simultaneously controlled.
  • Oase – a reliable series of aquarium equipment. Productivity is from 300 to 5000 l / h, the maximum pressure – 3 m. Is suitable for long operation.
  • Tunze – products have original design, low energy consumption, the ability to service aquariums of any level. High-strength pumps are mounted with a magnetic holder, work quietly, do not transmit vibration. The device with the function of the wave generator ensures uniform circulation of water, distributes heat, and fights the accumulation of nitrates. On some models installed protective grille.
  • Xilong – let out a series of the pumps intended for hashing of water in an aquarium and street reservoirs. Easy to install and disassemble, in containers mounted on suction cups. The devices are safe for plants and fish, fully meet the requirements of modern aquarium.
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    Before fixing it is necessary to choose a place. These can be the walls of a container, a lid, or a table. When placing the device it is necessary to exclude the formation of stagnant zones, where the flow is low or completely absent.

    Water flow should not be blocked by decorations or plants.

    Ideal – to place the pump near the heater. At the same time, the water layers will be heated and mixed.

    On the glass device is attached with:

    • suction cups;
    • additional bracket;
    • suction cups and bracket.

    Submersible pump is installed in the off form below the water level by 2−4 cm

    The submersible pump is installed in the off state below the water level by 2-4 cm, but so that it does not reach the bottom. The air intake hose is inserted into the device and the other end is taken out of the tank.

    The flow controller sets the average intensity.

    External aquarium pump – more cumbersome and expensive unit. Usually, a cabinet of the appropriate size is purchased for it, in which there are compartments and shelves to accommodate the necessary equipment.

    Two pipes are supplied to the device: long – for the intake, short – for the release of water. The aquarium is filled with drift so that the air from the tubes does not interfere with the operation of the device.

    After installation, the device must be accessible for cleaning and maintenance. Timely care and compliance with the rules for operation will ensure a long service life and high-quality equipment.

    The main care is to regularly rinse the filter element and thoroughly clean the mechanical parts. It is impossible to leave an idle machine in the water, otherwise all inhabitants of the aquarium will die.

    How to clean the pump:

    1. The device is disconnected from the network, removed from the water (internal pump), the external valves overlap the hoses, and the tubes are disconnected.
    2. The pump is disassembled in parts, it is folded into a container so that small parts are not lost during washing.
    3. The filter element and the walls of the container are washed. On external devices, waste fiber material is removed and replaced with a new one.
    4. Using a toothbrush, the magnetic rotor with blades is cleaned.
    5. Bacterial sticks remove bacterial mucus from the inside of the mechanical block.
    6. A needle cleans the air supply adapter.
    7. After flushing, all parts are assembled, the pump is installed in place and is included in the network.

    All elements of the device are washed with water. Do not use soap or detergent.

    Aquarium transforms the interior, gives a feeling of harmony and tranquility, and special equipment helps to maintain life in a small pond, creating optimal conditions for the growth and development of living organisms.

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