maintenance, care, compatibility
Until that brocade catfish has reached 11-13 centimeters, it is best to keep it in an aquarium with a width of no more than 90 centimeters. When the fish has exceeded the limit – replant a large individual in a 300-liter aquarium 120-130 centimeters wide.
To make the content in the aquarium more natural for them, use different arranging tricks. Reproduction of the natural river environment favorably affects the inhabitants. To recreate a familiar environment, use:
It should be said separately about the algae. They need to be fixed very reliably, because in the case of a hunger strike, the brocade pterygoplicht must necessarily encroach on them. Vigorous actions on his part will destroy the loose plant.
He can dump, break, dig. With regard to the choice of species of algae, the catfish are not picky.
Select the photos that you like, and create a similar plantation in your tank.
Please note that this type of catfish should only be in the aquarium. He gets along well with other fish, but does not tolerate their own kind.
Wait a while with the establishment of the second individual until the water is clear, and you do not get content with ideal conditions.
An interesting fact that the brocade catfish is not distinguishable by gender at first glance. Only experienced aquarists are able to distinguish the male and the female by the sexual hair papilla.
To deal with the individual you have, look at the photos in which this element is shown and carefully consider your catfish. Unfortunately, no matter how much the breeders would like, it will not be possible to breed pterigoplicht at home. Since females can only lay eggs in deep burrows, which are practically impossible to create at home.
Therefore, each of those put up for sale was caught in natural waters.
Brocade pterigoplicht grows very slowly and does not live long, about 15 years. Looking at the photo of this beautiful representative, many mistakenly assume that soma is safe for other inhabitants.
The duel of two soms can be very bloodthirsty. The stronger one grasps the other by the pectoral fin, and begins to drag it. This can lead to serious injury to the opponent.
You can see how this happens in the photo, which is very much on the Internet.
Aquarium fish pterigoplicht was imported from South America. In the wild, it lives in the fresh waters of the Orinoco and Amazon, but is also interesting for home aquarium lovers.
Som pterigoplicht is not only beautiful in appearance, but also useful.
Pterygoplicht has an elongated, slightly oblate body with pronounced fins and cheerful coloring. His entire body – up to the tail and fins – is covered with brown spots, and the spots, in turn, are bordered with yellow edging.
In the wild, catfish pterigoplyhts live up to 15 years and grow to 50 centimeters in length. In the third year of life, individuals mature and are able to produce offspring.
However, at home the situation with these fish is a little different.
Pterigoplicht: maintenance and feeding should be as close as possible to natural conditions. Pterigoplichts are heat-loving fishes, as their homeland is the warm waters of Orinoco and Amazon. Therefore, they should be kept in warm water.
At home, catfish can grow to sizes of 40 centimeters, so the aquarium will fit 100 liters (but not less) for it. The most optimal water temperature in the aquarium is 24-27 degrees Celsius.
Water must be constantly filtered and aerated. You should also change up to 30% of the water in the tank every day.
Catfish feeds on both plant and animal food. Therefore, you can give him food of plant and animal origin, or a combined bottom food.
If you decide to have a catfish, you should know what to feed. Pterigoplicht is not picky, but needs a sufficient amount of food, otherwise it may behave aggressively towards other inhabitants of the aquarium.
Plant food should be included in the daily diet of pterigoplicht – otherwise it begins to eat algae in the aquarium. But do not forget about animal food. By eating food of animal origin, catfish grows and develops faster.
It is better to feed the catfish in the evening or at night, as it is not very mobile during the day, and the food goes to the more agile fishes. You can use and combined bottom feed.
With proper maintenance, care and feeding, catfish can live in an aquarium for up to 10 years and grow up to 40 centimeters. And due to the fact that he eats the waste products of other fish and growths, he is an excellent orderly and cleaner aquarium.
Som pterigoplicht was introduced to Europe for keeping in aquariums from the countries of South America. In nature, he lives in the waters of the Orinoco and Amazon, reaches the size of 50 centimeters and lives up to 15 years.
In aquariums, brocade catfish contain for cleaning from the excrement of other fish and growths on the walls, artificial plants and other decorations. In such an environment, catfish reach sizes of 40 centimeters and live up to 10 years.
The appearance of pterigoplicht is very attractive, which is why it is very popular with aquarists. The whole body of the fish is covered with brown spots with a yellow border.
This also applies to the fins and tail of the catfish.
The brocade catfish pterigoplicht leads a peaceful lifestyle. The catfish spends more time at the bottom of the aquarium, where during the day it hides behind snags, stones, buries itself in sand and small stones, finds a shadow from the plants.
Therefore, you should create all necessary conditions for the life of a catfish in the aquarium. It is recommended to pour small stones on the bottom, place several pipes in which catfish could hide or several large stones, and also decorate the aquarium with artificial plants.
As for the temperature, it is worth noting that the brocade catfish is a heat-loving fish and loves water with a temperature of 27-30 degrees. Every day should be changed in the aquarium water by 30%.
Because of the large size of fish, it is better to choose aquarium more spaciously – at least 100 liters. Water is recommended to constantly filter and aerate.
Aquarium fish pterigoplicht feed on both vegetable and animal feed. In aquarium conditions, catfish can be fed with a combined bottom feed.
Som is a peaceful fish, but in conditions of lack of food it can attack and fight with other representatives of the aquarium over the territory. Therefore, if there are other more nimble fish in the aquarium, it is worth feeding catfish with vegetable feed at night.
For faster growth, you can give animal food.
With proper care, the brocade catfish can please with its presence in the aquarium for up to 10 years, clean the aquarium from growths and waste products of other fish.
Most fans of aquarium fish give birth to catfish at home. But few people know that there are a great many varieties of catfish.
Therefore, in this article we will talk about one of their variety, which is called pterigoplicht, or plexostomus.
Pterigoplichts belong to the variety of catfish plexostomus. Their color is usually gray-black or completely black, has some stains all over the body in the form of black dots, for which many aquarists call it a brocade catfish.
Habitat catfish living at home involves creating an environment for its habitat in the aquarium. This catfish grows large enough, so it needs a lot of space for life.
So, at home in an aquarium, its size is about twenty-five centimeters.
A feature of this breed of fish is the functional ability to attach to the walls of the aquarium (as well as to its other elements), therefore, in the aquarium, which will contain pterigoplicht, you should put various elements of the decor. They can be caves, grottoes, stones, shells, as well as living aquatic plants with abundant root system, planted in decorative pots for an aquarium.
This type of catfish is a fairly aggressive aquarium fish. This is due to the fact that the aquarium fish plexostomus hunt and eat all fish that are smaller in size.
Therefore, when keeping this catfish in the general aquarium with other representatives of the fish world, it is necessary to select the neighbors of appropriate size so that pterygoplicht does not eat them or torture them.
The aquarium for this type of catfish should be large in size – approximately one hundred and fifty liters or more. This is necessary for the movement of pterigoplicht across the expanses of the aquarium.
The activity of this catfish breed usually occurs at night, when it is dark in the aquarium, and other inhabitants of the aquatic environment are sleeping, then this catfish begins its hunt for small representatives of the aquarium.
Pterigoplicht feeds on virtually all types of fish food, both live and combined. All feed can be found in a specialized pet store.