If the interior design of your home is based on unusual and non-standard lines, what style of decoration of the aquarium would be suitable in such a case? The only true option that comes to mind is the marine aquarium. Only the “sea” can harmoniously fit into the cacophony of white, blue and gray tones of your apartment.
However, a beginner aquarist marine aquarium will be overwhelming for many reasons: the subtleties of marine aquarium, the difficulties of its proper arrangement and large financial costs.
And if you keep the sea style, but pour fresh water into the aquarium and launch freshwater inhabitants? It turns out the most real psevdomore.
To equip a pseudo-sea aquarium will require corals and shells of unusual shapes and sizes, which are brought from warm edges. However, this option is also not true. If you mix completely opposite styles, you will not achieve a positive effect.
As for me, I think experienced aquarists will agree with me, a combination of green plants and shells in a freshwater aquarium. Agree, corals in a freshwater aquarium from a plant will be out of place at all.
But here you can meet a wave of criticism from experienced aquarists about the absurdity of keeping in one tropical aquarium Amazonian angelfish and South Asian gourami. But, these are the lyrics and peculiarities of each individual biotope.
We are now discussing the topic of design, and not on the compatibility of certain types of fish in the same aquarium.
An experienced aquarist can at first glance distinguish marine fish from freshwater. The kings of pseudo-sea aquariums are the African cichlids of the lakes Malawi, Victoria and Tanganyika. The reason lies in their appearance: in nature there is such a large variety of species and colors that they are not inferior to the inhabitants of the coral reef.
In addition, the vast majority of iris from Australia can also boast a magnificent decoration. In fact, the pseudo-sea aquarium, by its design, composition and mood, copies the sea beyond recognition, only it is simpler to maintain and design.
Psevdomore differs in type of perception. The created picture can have very motley colors with expressive contrast, as well as calm and cool tones.
In this case, the aquarist must choose design options based on the interior design of their home. Far from each interior fit sea water with an abundance of bright colors. The nautical style can perfectly fit into the brightly decorated children’s room, office and bathroom.
If your home is dominated by brown tones and the color of the tree, then in this case you should opt for a typical tropical aquarium.
To create an aquarium in the style of a pseudo-sea, an aquarium of any size and shape will fit (a cylinder, a prism, a ball, a panorama aquarium, classic rectangular cans and “delts”). In this regard, there are no clear recommendations, because this design style is truly unique and universal.
For registration psevdomorya fit the same materials that are used in the design of a conventional marine aquarium.
Marble aggregate, various colored and synthetic primers are used as primer. The size of the fraction does not play any role, because the planting of living aquatic plants in this case is canceled.
White marble aggregate fits most harmoniously, which is sprinkled on top in some places with a gray or beige substrate. Given that the pseudo-sea aquarium is quite contrasted, I would not recommend using artificial substrates in it, especially for unnatural colors – green, blue, red and others.
We are working with you to make our aquarium look as natural as possible, and not like a Christmas tree with a bunch of strange toys.
For processing banks need to use natural materials (porous limestone rocks and dead corals). It is necessary to buy non-living aquarium accessories in special aquarium shops, as in this case you will be sure of the quality of the desired decoration for the aquarium. Before you buy a particular decor item, check with the seller whether it has undergone pre-sale preparation (varnishing and dressing) or not.
For souvenirs such activities are harmless, but for aquarium dwellers can be fatal, triggering a poisoning from its inhabitant.
If by some miracle you managed to get the sea corals brought by you or your friends personally, they must first be carefully processed before being loaded into the home aquarium. The easiest and fastest way is to digest, though after this procedure, the corals become quite fragile.
After digestion, the corals are washed under a strong stream of water and cleaned with a brush to remove soft polyp residues. A longer, but gentle method is the treatment of corals with a concentrated bleach solution, after which the corals are soaked for several weeks in regularly replaced water.
If you have sinks, then it is better not to boil them, because they lose their nacreous color. To remove the remains of the mollusk tissue from the inside of the shell, you can put the shell in an anthill for several hours, then rinse it well. Ants will do their dirty deed and eat all organic.
But to get rid of the constant leaching of calcium from corals, unfortunately will not succeed. As a result, the water in the aquarium will have a constantly high rate of hardness, therefore, the inhabitants in this aquarium should be appropriate.
Synthetic decoration elements for aquarium water are absolutely inert, so a free choice of the inhabitants for the aquarium is offered in front of the aquarist, even though apistograms from the Brazilian soft waters of the creek. Moreover, a large variety of colors in modern artificial aquarium soils and decorative elements allows you to create a beautiful and unforgettable landscape with a variegated population of any color.
To make the relief more picturesque, terraces and grottoes can be installed at the bottom of the aquarium. For the aquarium decorated in the style of “psevdomore” used stones of irregular and irregular shape with sharp corners, which will be in harmony with the interweaving of coral branches.
A similar situation is with the design of the terraces: the number of floors and their height play no role, the main thing is the attractive shape. But do not think that in a pseudo-sea aquarium, you can poke anything of irregular shape and color.
The decorations in the aquarium should be arranged in such a way that the basic norms and requirements of the composition are observed (compliance with rule 1/3, asymmetry, composition visual centers, and others) are respected. All secondary elements of the decor should be attractive and comply with the key principles of the design of the aquarium.
When you make an aquarium, you must remember that the fish you will live there are very mobile and have impressive dimensions. Accordingly, you need to leave enough space for free swimming.
It is better not to clutter the aquarium with decorative elements and very large stones. In general, pseudo-sea aquariums do not burden the scenery, which is not true for aquariums designed in the style of “equator”.
If you overdo it with the decorations, then the fish will be simply invisible against the background of plastic plants, heaps of stones and jungle corals.
For the back wall of the aquarium need pokleit background film. Ideally, it is a monochrome film of blue or black color. It looks pretty good picture with the sea underwater landscape.
Aquariums with voluminous backdrops, which are designed for saltwater aquariums, are the most attractive. The main question is the price of such jewelry, it bites painfully.
To add beauty to your pseudo-sea aquarium, you can purchase high-quality synthetic plants from Hagen and other manufacturers that specialize in the production of plastic plants for marine aquarism. It is better not to use artificial ambuliums, people, echinodoruses and cryptocoryne for the arrangement of “psevdomorey”; they will be out of place there.
And now let’s talk about the technical component of pseudo-sea aquariums. The main requirements are imposed on the inhabitants of the aquarium. The iris and Malawian cichlids love running fresh and warm water, so you need to take care of a powerful pump and thermostat that will maintain the temperature in the aquarium from 25 to 27 degrees.
But the majority of viviparous (mollies, patcilia and swordtails) are more tolerant to the temperature regime.
Get ready for the fact that due to the large number of rough and porous surfaces, you can begin to actively develop algae. To prevent algal outbreaks, you need to take care of high-quality biochemical and mechanical purification of aquarium water. That is, it is necessary to use various fillers for filters other than foam sponges.
At least, it is necessary to place activated carbon in the filter. The optimal filter performance should be at least 2 volumes of the aquarium per hour.
With regards to lighting, in psevdomorskih aquariums it is not needed for lighting plants. Light in such aquariums serves for decorative purposes. Therefore, as an option, you can use lamps like PowerGlo or something like that.
Quite an interesting effect can be obtained when using halogen lamps. Due to the directional light in the aquarium, you can notice the distinct shadows of fish and decorative elements on the ground. As a result, the landscape has great dynamism and relief.
But with the light you need not to overdo it, otherwise you risk getting a flash of green algae. If such an attack nevertheless came to your aquarium, it is unreal to clean the corals and lime decorations from this filth.
In addition, even if you picked up the perfect light, achieved high-quality biological and mechanical filtration, it is also impossible to preserve the natural whiteness of the corals. The only consolation is that corals in the sea are also not perfectly white. Periodically, you can try to process the elements of the decor by boiling, but you remember what happens to them as a result of thermal exposure.
That’s right, they burst and become unusable.
But with synthetic elements of decor, the situation is much simpler, because the surface is even and they can be cleaned of algal fouling without any problems. In addition, such decorations can survive multiple boils without any problems.
In general, I have already spoken about the choice of fish for the Psevdomore, but it will not hurt to remind you once more. In view of the fact that you will use lime materials, you need fish living in hard water. These include: lamprologusy, pseudotropheusy, haplokhromisy, cichlids lakes Victoria / Malawi / Tanganyika, viviparous.
Their bright colors will contrast well with the gray color of the corals and the light substrate.
If the color of the fish to create a bright picture is not enough, then the lack of colors can be compensated by brighter decorations. For example, apistograms do not have such bright colors, unlike cornflower haplochromis, but if they live in an aquarium with white soil and bright seashells, then you will be able to achieve a fairly decent picture. In pseudo-sea aquariums, you can also contain glossoleps and melanotenias.
If only synthetic elements of decor are present in the aquarium, then large tsikhlovyh, for example, diamond tsikhlazom and parrots can be kept as inhabitants.
Since pseudo-sea aquariums are a purely decorative element in the design of a room, there is no point in trying to create a biotope in it. Yes, if you place a large number of shelters in a jar of Malawian cichlids, the fish will definitely like it, but the aquarium will immediately lose its decorative value due to the fact that most of the fish will hide.
With regards to the care of such an aquarium, there are several basic requirements that must be strictly followed if you want the bank to look healthy and not lose its decorative effect. First of all, do not allow the accumulation of organic matter.
Accordingly, there should be no overfeeding of fish, and weekly it is necessary to replace 1/5 of the water volume with fresh water with a mandatory ground siphon.
Lighting in such an aquarium is better to include only when you are at home watching the aquarium. That is, the duration of daylight should not be the same as in our usual tropical aquarium, which is 10 – 12 hours.
In our case, this option is unacceptable, because it faces an algal outbreak. The less light in such an aquarium, the less overgrown corals and decor algae.
Well, if it wasn’t possible to protect oneself from algae, then in pseudo-sea aquariums one can safely use various preparations to fight lower plants.