maintenance, care, compatibility
How to wash the soil for the aquarium :: preparing the soil in the aquarium :: Fish aquarium
On how well chosen and prepared priming for aquarium, depends on the well-being of its inhabitants, and the plants growing in it. That is why the task of selection and preparation primingbut it turns out to be more complicated than it seems at first glance.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
1. The main problem is that most aquarium fish feel good only in soft water. If taken for aquarium priming contains soluble calcium salts, they will gradually go into the water and increase its hardness, which will adversely affect the inhabitants aquarium.
2. That is why the algorithm “find beautiful priming, rinse, pour into the aquarium “is wrong. Beautiful doesn’t mean good, so for aquarium you can not use coral sand, small shell rock, marble chips, no matter how beautiful they look.
3. For aquarium fine sand with a diameter of sand grains smaller than 1 mm will not work either. Such priming it will be too dense, almost impenetrable to water, it will surely begin rotting processes.
In such primingThe plants do not feel bad, their leaves will be small and faded.
4. Alternatively, in the case of using fine sand in the aquarium, it is necessary to arrange a second plastic bottom with small holes drilled in it. Distance between bottom aquarium and the second bottom is 1-2 cm. A fine mesh (not metal!) is put on the second bottom in two layers, and sand is poured onto it.
Water is pumped out from the space under the second bottom of the pump, thereby ensuring its forced circulation through priming. This second bottom is useful for anyone. aquarium.
5. The best choice for aquarium primingand it will be small, with a diameter of 1 to 5 mm, gravel of quartz or feldspar. Pour it into the basin, fill it with water, drain the surfaced trash.
Then rinse, stirring actively, until the water is completely clean.
6. In the event that there is a suspicion of elevated calcium, priming It is necessary to additionally process with hydrochloric acid, the bay for a couple of hours in a plastic basin. Then it should be washed for at least half an hour with running water to remove all traces of acid.
To check whether there is primingf calcium, sprinkle it with hydrochloric acid or even regular vinegar. If bubbles appear, priming needs acid treatment.
7. Aquarium priming, prepared in this way will not saturate the water with calcium salts, therefore its hardness will for a long time be kept at the optimum level. Sometimes novice aquarists just add water to replace evaporated – this is wrong, as it leads to a gradual increase in hardness.
It is recommended not to top up, but to change at least 1/5 of the volume of all the water in the tank every week.
Which soil is better for an aquarium? Aquariums large and small: clearance
What is the best soil for the aquarium – the first question a person starting to breed fish
If there is an aquarium of 200 liters, then before laying the ground it is necessary to prepare its bottom. This is especially true of the aquarium soil, which is collected “on the street.”
Mandatory washing and boiling are the main procedures that prevent infection.
Shopping purchase to boil is not necessary, but it needs to be washed and pour boiling water. It eliminates the use of soap or other cleaning products, since subsequently it will be very difficult to wash the chemical impurities out of the soil.
At the very least, it will take a lot of time and effort that you can use for other efficiencies.
These procedures are fundamental. If you have properly processed and prepared the ground for the aquarium, the price for it, even if it was substantial, will not be of particular importance to you later.
It should be noted that it is not necessary to wait for the complete drying of the future “stone bottom”, since the wet state is natural for it.
If you follow the recommendations of experienced aquarists, the soil should be laid in three layers. Moreover, the content and nature of the placement should correspond to a specific sequence.
The bottom layer should consist of gravel, which is enriched with laterite iron or clay. Its thickness should be from 3 to 5 cm and include balls with fertilizer.
In addition, there may be a mixture of trace elements that do not contain phosphates and nitrites, which are so destructive for plants and fish.
It is desirable to focus on the iron in the soil mixture, which is present in chelated form. Otherwise, it will simply not be available for food representatives of flora and fauna.
In addition, ferrous sulphate, usually used for feeding garden bushes, will not work, since it will significantly reduce the acidity of water.
If heating cables are used, they are also laid in this layer. They should not be located directly on the bottom, because uneven heating leads to cracking of the glass, and the house aquarium can quickly deteriorate.
In addition, sand and clay in this case will be inappropriate – they will also be heated unevenly.
The middle layer should contain land with admixtures of peat, constituting 15-25% of the total volume of bottom soil. Its thickness can be no more than 2-3 cm, since an overabundance of soil enriched with peat can provoke the process of decay.
If in the ground there is a large amount of organic matter, then it can be supplemented with sand.
In addition to everything, the middle layer can be filled with microelements and clay balls. However, for this you need to conduct thorough training of peat and earth.
Strictly speaking, such a rule holds for each layer.
The top layer should be of fine gravel mixed with sand. About 5 cm of this soil prevents the turbidity of water due to peat contact with the ground.
It is here that used stones for the aquarium, which can be purchased at the same pet store.
If in the aquarium there are snails or fish digging in the ground, then you need to grow plants in pots or increase the thickness of the upper layer. This will prevent significant damage to their root systems.
It should be noted that usually the soil in the aquarium is uneven. Although it can be distributed in such a way that it will look like a slide that rises towards the back wall.
This option of laying the bottom can visually give the aquarium a volume and a more spectacular appearance.
Most novice aquarists lay out various patterns from the ground. Since they are gradually moved by the action of water, these compositions are short-lived.
Of course, this is not so scary, but the overall appearance of the aquarium can still deteriorate.
The final procedures that will make the aquarium 200 liters perfect will be the installation of the decor, pouring water and planting plants. This should be taken care of in advance, so as not to “slow down” the overall process of arrangement.