Hello dear friends! In today’s material we will talk about the preparation of the aquarium soil before laying in akvas.
This is quite an important topic, because wherever you buy soil, in any case, you need to rinse well, because in it, in any case, there is a variety of garbage and suspensions. Even if it seems clean to you at first glance, during packing it could get needles, shavings or dust, which are removed by washing.
Pour the substrate into a plastic bucket and fill it with water. I highly recommend not using enameled or chrome-plated containers when washing, since the weight of the substrate itself and its sharp edges can scratch the enamel.
The first thing we need to do with the selected substrate is to rinse it thoroughly. It is best to do this in portions, washing each kilogram of 4-5 at a time.
Of course, it will take more time, but you wash the soil more thoroughly this way. Rinse under running water by carefully mixing the substrate in the container.
You need to wash until the drainage water after the procedure is clean and clear.
Do not forget to change the water in the washing bucket as often as possible, this is very important. Why do I pay close attention to this step? The fact is that if you poorly wash the substrate, the water in the aquarium will become muddy, a bacterial film will appear on it, which will interfere with the normal gas exchange.
And do not think that your filter will solve the problem. Of course, some of the dregs will settle on the ground, some will fall into the filter, but the bulk will rise from the bottom every time you clean up the aquarium or when your fishes cuddle up in the ground.
You can check the quality of washing in a simple and straightforward way: throw a handful of soil into a bucket of water. If you do not observe any turbidity, then everything is in order.
With the first moment we figured out what’s next? Next, we need to properly sanitize the substrate so that all organic matter and harmful microorganisms can be removed from it.
If you took the soil from a natural reservoir and did not disinfect it, then you can infect your fish with any serious infection or parasites. Yes, and the presence of heterogeneous organic matter in the soil from a natural reservoir abound.
And in order not to risk, it is better to substrate as it should be treated by calcining, this is the most common method.
In addition, with the substrate, you can bring to your aquarium caviar snails and other filth. Disinfect the soil by chemical disinfection, boiling and calcination. If you decide to boil, then you need to do this for 15 minutes by carefully mixing the soil.
After that, the treated substrate should be washed in warm water. Calcination is carried out by laying the substrate on a baking sheet, which is placed in the oven for half an hour, heated to a temperature of 100 degrees.
Calcination is not suitable for plastic soils, then only wash. It remains to mention the third method of disinfection – washing with 10% chlorine solution. Fill the soil with the solution for two hours, and then thoroughly wash it in running water until a trace of chlorine odor remains from the substrate.
After that, pour into the water tank again, add dechlorinator. Soil and stones should lie in such water for 15 minutes, after which this mixture is stirred, the water is drained, and the substrate is dried.
If you have gotten the soil which contains a huge amount of magnesium and calcium carbonates, and your aquarium is softwater, you can remove the carbonates by treating the substrate with a 30% solution of sulfuric or hydrochloric acid. Pour the soil into the container and treat it with an acid solution, while thoroughly mixing the contents until gas bubbles are no longer evolving from the mixture. After that, the soil must be washed for two hours under running water.
Just be careful and careful when working with acids.
Before acquiring an aquarium substrate, it must be tested for suitability for a soft-water aquarium using hydrochloric acid. The substrate is considered unsuitable if during the treatment with acid on the surface of the soil will emit gas bubbles. Accordingly, carbonates will increase the rigidity and pH.
Here are the things here. Who will have any questions after reading the article, write in the comments, be sure to discuss.