maintenance, care, compatibility
In captivity, he sits in the corners and caves, among the algae, pebbles and shells. Therefore, there are many shelters for her to make her feel comfortable.
Accommodation needs a roomy, with a volume of about 100 liters, because the smaller the space, the angrier those who inhabit it.
Do not forget about lighting. It is necessary to provide pets more light (preferably white).
Aquarists are fond of not only the content, but also the breeding of predators. To this process was successful, they give high-quality food with the maximum number of animal feed.
To prepare for spawning, the pair is placed in a separate container of 300 liters. For more comfort, future parents will need a cleaning filter pump.
It gives the effect of flow, and reproduction occurs as if in a natural environment.
At the bottom of the ground poured a thickness of about 5 cm. In it, the male digs a hole where the female will begin to spawn.
Water temperature should be plus 28-30 degrees. Every day it is changed by about a quarter of the total volume.
After the birth of the offspring of adult fish is deposited so that they do not eat their own children. Malkam fed nauplii and daphnia, gradually adding pipelines and bloodworms.
3 weeks after the appearance of the babies they are sorted. So, the stronger will not start eating the weak.
After 3-4 months they are transferred to a standard feed.
Owners in one voice say that piranhas are amazing and interesting. For hours you can watch them hide and hunt. The guest from Amazon ceases to be a wonder and becomes familiar.
One of the main advantages of its content – unpretentious and easy care.
Piranha in an aquarium: content, compatibility, video review
Order, family: haratsinovye.
Comfortable water temperature: 24-26 ° C.
Aggressiveness: aggressive 100%.
Compatibility: preferably kept separately.
Useful tips: Fish is a legend, a terrifying fish, causing instinctive fear in people. In natural conditions, piranha is really dangerous, but its aquarium relatives adapted are calm and less aggressive.
But for some reason people’s fear of this does not disappear. Somehow Pirani Paku started – the excitement and furor among friends and guests was deafening. But no matter how much I tried to convince, no one dared to put his hand in the aquarium: winked:
Live in the rivers and reservoirs of South America. Size 30 cm. And more.
Piranha predators are literally armed to the teeth. Teeth lamellar and sharp as a razor.
Piranha’s jaws are powerful, an adult can bite a wooden stick as thick as a human finger.
It is worth noting that aquarium piranhas lose their aggressiveness, but retain their formidable appearance. In the aquarium with piranhas, you can safely lower the hand.
In the aquarium, piranhas can get along with other members of the haracin family. Piranhas are a great aquarium fish, therefore it is better to keep them with a school of 5-8 fish of the same size and age.
The volume of the aquarium should be at least 150 liters.
Comfortable parameters of water for the content: hardness 12-16, pH 6-7, water temperature 24-26 ° C. Aeration and filtration will be useful.
Aquarium is equipped with soil and shelters of snags, large grottoes are large bushes of plants.
In the aquarium, piranhas live long enough for about 10-12 years.
Piranhas are fed with meat, squid fillet or sea fish. I recommend feeding beef heart (not fat, diet, not expensive) – eat with a bang.
Especially cold-blooded owners feed piranhas with inexpensive aquarium fish: guppes, swordtails, “Goldfish”, etc.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Common piranha has many variants of the name – red-bellied, red or Natterer. If you apply one of these names to piranha, you will not go wrong.
The first predators appeared in aquariums lovers of exotic more than 65 years ago. They were brought to our country in the middle of the last century from the waters of the Amazon and Orinoco.
It is worth noting that the most beautiful appearance of the aquarium piranha becomes at the time of full puberty. The photo clearly shows the play of colors from the steel back to the silver body and red belly, throat and anal fin.
Red-bellied reaches about 30 centimeters in length in the wild and 25 in the aquarium. In their natural environment, they live in flocks.
The minimum number of individuals in one group is 20 tails. They are combined to facilitate the search for food. Piranhas are brutal predators, so they choose a victim and attack it in a flock.
This species is considered the most ferocious of the inhabitants of the waters of the planet.
Despite the fact that piranhas are not difficult to maintain and are hardy enough, they are best kept by an experienced aquarist. Do not underestimate her sharp fangs and deadly grip.
Inexperienced breeders can get to her tooth out of ignorance and negligence. In no case can not put the aquarium with predators low, if you have small children.
Piranhas are not suitable for aquariums with several types of fish. They prefer the company of “their own”, but even there tragic cases are not excluded. If you carefully look at the habits, you can find a leader.
He always eats first, takes the best places, shows who is the master in the home aquarium, and, most often, is the largest in size. It is not uncommon that scuffles may occur during clarifications. It is not excluded aggression and cannibalism.
The only option with which you can try to settle piranha is a black pacu, provided that the latter has not reached puberty and is considered a teenager.
One piranha will live in an aquarium, but it is better to start several individuals at once. For large fish, you need to choose the right volume of the aquarium.
There is about 150 liters of water per individual, the same parameter should be taken into account if you decide to settle several fish in an artificial pond. Piranhas are very voracious, and, as a result, produce a lot of waste, so be careful about the choice of filter and its power.
Active killers live in aquariums for at least 10 years, this should be taken into account before the organization of the aquarium.
- 150 liters per individual;
- A large number of shelters;
- Pure water and daily substitution;
- Powerful filter with active filter element.
Carefully monitor the behavior of pets and regularly do tests to determine the ammonia content of water.
As a rule, such fish, photos of which can often be seen in some magazines, live in the basins of the Orinoco, Amazon and Eisquibo rivers. Representatives of this species can boast a gray-green body color and a red belly.
Also, as they mature, their dorsal and anal fins are somewhat lengthened, which is why the name of these fish actually appeared.
The maximum size of adults is 150 mm. It is also worth noting that this is a rather aggressive fish, so keeping it in the general aquarium is absolutely not recommended.
It should be noted that the highest level of their aggressiveness is observed during stress. To which can be attributed:
- lack of food;
- small space;
As for the conditions in the aquarium, young fish can be kept in small flocks, but as they mature they should be seated separately. In addition, the circulation of water should not be strong.
They feed mainly on worms, meat, shrimp. The ideal temperature range is 23-28 degrees with a water hardness up to 15.
Important! During any work in the aquarium with this predator, you should ensure that the fish do not damage the hands.
Representatives of this family that are contained in an artificial reservoir, as a rule, have a more peaceful nature, unlike their wild relatives. But It is worth noting that most of them are schooling fish.
Therefore, keep them in a vessel, recommended in the amount of 8-10 individuals. If this is not done, the piranhas are very difficult to endure loneliness and become more withdrawn and shy, which further seriously affects their further development.
You also need to emphasize that these fish are very susceptible to loud sounds, bright objects and even new decorative elements. Sometimes they are so scared of change that they are able to bite their owner.
Probably there is not a single person who has not heard anything about the evil piranha fish that inhabit the Amazon River and keep the locals at bay. There are legends about numerous attacks by piranha schools on cows who have come to the Amazon to drink water and on their abilities to gnaw the hand of an inattentive tourist to the bone for a second.
In fact, these stories are greatly exaggerated and almost half of all existing types of piranhas are vegetarians. The real danger to animals living on land, but having frequent contact with water, may be only 4 species of these fish.
The following species are suitable for keeping piranhas in an aquarium: slender piranha, dwarf, flag and red-bellied piranha, red pacu, ordinary and lunar metinnis.
Aquarium piranhas are rather cowardly, which does not at all correspond to the legends about their wild relatives. They are afraid of sudden movements and blows on the glass, loud noises.
Therefore, it is advisable to plant dense vegetation in the aquarium, mainly near its rear wall – this will provide shelter for the fish.
Appearance and characteristics of aquarium piranhas
It is possible to call piranium with a big stretch simple fish in maintenance. They require an impressive space – on average one fish should have at least 50 liters of water.
Also in the aquarium, you can contain only one species of piranha, otherwise, when sharing another species there, conflicts between them are inevitable.
Piranhas do not tolerate sharp fluctuations in water parameters. Ideally, the water should be clean, slightly acidic, soft, well saturated with oxygen.
Water temperature should be in the range of 24-26 ° C. The main ration of piranhas is earthworms, meat, squids, as well as swordtails, guppies and other inexpensive fish.
As a spare food can be considered the heart, poultry and beef.
An important condition for fish breeding is the volume of the spawning aquarium – one pair of fish per 300 liters of water. Stimulation of reproduction is achieved by raising the temperature of the water, daily replacement of a quarter of the volume of water in the aquarium and enhanced feeding with live fish.
Having decided to become a piranha breeder, be sure to follow all precautions and restrict children’s free access to the aquarium.