maintenance, care, compatibility
Love anatomy? Want to see the structure of the body right through it?
Or have you always dreamed of seeing through objects? If so, then there is a fish that will simultaneously satisfy all these needs and desires.
Small, exotic and … absolutely transparent glass perch. Further, it will be about him.
Another indisputable plus of glass perch is its unpretentiousness and peacefulness. It is equally well tolerated by fresh or slightly salted water, so if he gets the sea neighbors, the perch can easily adapt to them.
For the content of glass perch can withstand the following parameters:
- aquarium with a volume of 50 liters,
- water temperature should be 22-26 ° C, gH 8-20, pH 7-8.5,
- You can add salt in the calculation of 3-4 Art. l 10 liters of fluid.
The only thing this type of fish is sensitive to is the change of water. Its weekly replacement should be made in small portions at 10% of the volume.
Water should be old, that is, settled for a week. Therefore, you need to take care of the next batch with each replacement.
Filtration and aeration is also an important condition. In the wild, glass perches prefer the middle and upper layers of water bodies, they will not like the gloom and dusk in their new home.
Therefore, additional lighting aquarium will not be superfluous, and even better to put it so that sunlight falls directly on it.
As a primer, in order to emphasize the unusual natural beauty of the glass window, dark river sand or fine polished gravel with logs, stones or artificial houses placed on it are optimally suited.
There should also be a lot of plants. Thick green plantings of the aquarium serve as fish not only as a shelter, but also as a place for spawning.
And there should be a lot of such nooks, because during the mating period the males, first of all, choose a place for the future laying of caviar (most often it is a bush of some overgrown small-leaved plant) and zealously protect it from the invasion of other males.
If the female gets in his field of view, the perch begins its marriage dances, inviting it to the bush for spawning. The ratio of females and males in the pack should be 1: 2.
Glass perch (Parambassis ranga), formerly known as Chanda ranga, got its name from the transparent skin, through which the bone structure and internal organs of the fish are visible. However, for many years, painted glass perch is found on sale.
These are colored fish, but the color has nothing to do with nature, they are artificially painted on farms in Southeast Asia, introducing luminescent dyes. This procedure involves the injection of a large needle and most of the fish do not live longer than a couple of months, after that, and not colored fish can live up to 3-4 years.
And this color quickly turns pale, by the way. Unfortunately, in our country, they are sold freely, but in European countries have banned selling painted glass bass.
Also dispel the myth that according to which for the successful content of glass perches, salt should be added to the water, since they live only in brackish water. This is not true, although on most sites they will say the opposite.
Indeed, they can live in brackish water, and in nature they are even found in water of medium salinity, but for the most part still live in fresh water. Moreover, in most natural water bodies, the water is soft, acidic.
When you buy glass perches, do not forget to ask the seller what conditions they contained. If in fresh water, then do not add salt, this is simply not necessary.
If your perch was kept in brackish water, you will have to slowly acclimatize them to fresh water. This is best done in a separate, fully functional quarantine aquarium with brackish water.
Gradually lower the salinity for two weeks, replacing about 10% of the water.
An aquarium of 100 liters is quite suitable for keeping a small flock of glass perches. Water is better neutral, soft (pH 7 and dH of 4 – 6).
To reduce the water content of nitrates and ammonia, use an external filter, plus it will create flow in the aquarium. In addition, help with weekly water changes.
If you want to create a biotope that mimics the reservoirs of India and Pakistan, be sure to use a large number of plants, as the fish are shy and keep shelters. They like dim, diffused light and warm water, 25-30 ° C.
In such conditions, glass perches behave much calmer, more active and brightly colored.
Peaceful and innocent fish, glass perches themselves can become a victim of predators. They are shy, keep shelters. These little fish live only in flocks, and in the aquarium they need to be kept at least six, so that they feel safe.
A single or a couple will experience stress and hide. As already mentioned, before buying, find out what water they were contained in, and ideally see how they eat.
If willing, you can take. And remember, it is better to start glass perches in an already established aquarium, rather than in a newly launched one, as they are rather capricious.
Suitable neighbors for them are zebrafish, wedge rasbor, small barbs and iris. However, the selection of neighbors also depends on the salinity of the water. In brackish, you can keep with mollies, bull-bee, but not with tetradons.
Perfectly get along with peaceful catfish, such as corridors and shrimps.
In nature, Indian glass perch breeds during the rainy season when the water is fresh and soft. Ponds, lakes, streams and rivers are filled with water, overflowing and the amount of feed increases significantly.
If in the aquarium glass perches are contained in brackish water, a large substitution of water for fresh and fresh, can serve as an incentive for spawning.
In general, they spawn regularly in an aquarium, but the roe is eaten. To raise the fry, you need to plant the fish in a separate aquarium with soft water and a temperature of about 30 degrees Celsius. From plants it is better to use Javanese or another type of moss, since they lay eggs on small-leaved plants.
In advance in spawning run females and abundantly fed live or frozen food, about? a week After that, the males are started, preferably at night, as the spawning begins early in the morning.
Fish scatter eggs among plants, and after spawning they must be removed immediately, as they can eat it. In the water it is better to add a few drops of methylene blue, in order to avoid the defeat of the eggs by the fungus.
The larva will hatch in a day, but the fry will remain on the plants for another three to four days until the yolk sac dissolves.
After the glass perch fry begin to swim, they are fed with small feeds: infusoria, green water, a microworm. As they grow, they give naupilii artemia.