Natural composition in an aquarium
Using plants, stones, gravel, snags and background in a single aquarium, you can create a variety of landscape options. The composition of the aquarium can be faded and dull, or vice versa attracting attention.
For an outside observer, the reasons for the attractiveness of the aquarium interior can be incomprehensible, but an aquarist who creates an internal composition must plan it carefully and know which aquarium plants and decorative elements will be appropriate and properly combined, and which ones should be abandoned.
The first and main rule of the composition of natural / natural elements in an aquarium is that the plants should be planted so that they do not close each other. Stunted planted at the front wall, then medium, and the highest plants – at the rear window.
This arrangement opens each leaf to the overview.
The second rule is the absence of symmetry. Home aquarium should look natural, but in nature there is no symmetry: stones and snags are located chaotically, plants grow without a specific plan.
In an aquarium composition one must adhere to this principle – the arrangement of decorations and plants should be as if random, but not chaotic. To create a natural landscape will have to carefully consider the “natural mess.”
For example, a stone laid clearly in the middle of an aquarium will be unnatural, and two stones of different shapes and sizes will look more harmonious.
Planted next to plants, the shape of the leaves which complement each other or emphasizes rather than suppresses. You can experiment with plants of different green shades, creating color nuances, or put a number of plants of different colors, creating a contrast.
Aquarium decoration that plays on contrasts.
Compositions, built mainly on nuances of colors, look quieter, but at the same time a bit boring. On their background, several separately planted plants of contrast in color and shape of leaves, snags or stones will look good.
The general view of the aquarium composition is strongly influenced by the compatibility of plants and soil with the background.
For example, using black gravel, the background should also be made black or dark. With properly selected lighting, fish and green plants will look brighter, underlined by deep shadows.
In such a color composition, the contrasts in the plants look more advantageous than the tint nuances. On black soil, single rosette plants will attract attention.
The combination of the background and the internal composition in the aquarium.
The composition with light gravel is planned differently: the background is rather light, the light is of a yellowish tint, close to the natural sun. In such an aquarium, the landscape should be built in shades, because any leaf is well lit.
One or two contrasting plants will revive the composition.
The use of reddish gravel is a more difficult option to create a successful composition. Soil of such a shade itself attracts the eye, so the background should emphasize fragments of the composition, and not distract attention to itself.
The landscape will be successful if the bulk of the plant has reddish leaves, and as a contrast several large-leaved bright green plants are planted. The background should be combined with the ground and have a brownish tint.
Black background color will give the aquarium gloominess, and light – excessive motley.
The use of stones as a layout / frame and as the main elements of the composition in the aquarium.
Quartzite soil is very beautiful. Its delicate pink shade will win on a light background of neutral color.
In such a composition, green plants look particularly bright and intense, reddish bushes in such a reservoir can not be planted at all, they will be invisible. Black or other dark background tones will make the landscape too contrasting.
In addition to group planting of plants in the composition should be a strong point. This is a place that stands out and draws attention.
For its creation, a single large-leaved plant with expressive and bright leaves is usually planted, creating a contrast with the rest of the undergrowth or other basic decorative elements – stone / snag.
Any composition, no matter how carefully it is planned, will not be successful with the wrong lighting. Light creates shadows, textures and volumes of the aquarium landscape.
Cold light creates deep shadows, highlights the tops of plants, emphasizes the coloring of the fish. Such lighting is suitable for contrasting compositions, creating a dramatic effect.
Warm light close to the sun. With such lighting, reddish plants benefit the most, but some fish may look faded.
When white neutral lighting composition loses volumes.
The composition in the aquarium – the game of shadows.
In other words, it depends on the lighting whether the composition created is successful and harmonious, and therefore it should be chosen deliberately.
In aquariums whose landscape requires cold light, lamps of a different spectrum should be installed: some will promote plant growth, and the latter will give the composition completeness and harmony.
There are two main directions when designing an aquarium in a natural / natural style that dominate the aquarium world today – this is a well-known “Dutch Aquarium” and younger “Nature Aquarium”.
Basics of “Nature Aquarium”, aesthetic concepts were introduced by a Japanese aquarist Takashi Amano back in the 90s and remaining the most popular until today. The style itself, its origins originate in Japanese gardening – the direction of “Wabi Sabi”.
This style is characterized by special attention to the location and layout of stones, driftwood and aquatic plants in order to create an underwater miniature depicting in particular terrestrial landscapes. In most cases, a Nature Aquarium-style aquarium presents reduced versions of tropical forests, mountains, hills or valleys.
When you design an aquarium in the style of “Nature Aquarium”, elements of Japanese gardening are usually used, one of them is the Golden Section.
Red lines – Grid of the golden section
Green and Blue lines – working with triangles
Imagine that there are four lines (two horizontal and two vertical) passing through your aquarium, dividing it into nine equal sections. Where the lines intersect, this is the golden point of focus for your creativity.
The Golden Section was first implemented by the ancient Greeks and has been used in all forms of art for many years. The term “Golden Section” (goldener Schnitt) was introduced by Martin Oom in 1835.
This is a guide to achieve the perfect balance in works of art, or any other task that involves placing objects in space.
There are three choices of styles used. “Nature Aquarium”:
1. Concave or ‘U-shaped’ shape.
The location and height of the plants / composition decreases to the central lowest point, so that the final appearance represents the impression of open space in the middle.
2. Convex shape or “Isle”.
This layout is often referred to as an “island” because the plants / composition are formed — low on the sides and high in the middle, which is very aesthetically pleasing and can be used with stones to look at them like mountains.
3. Shape – Triangle.
This type of layout creates a very harmonious video sequence; The height of the plant / composition varies smoothly from high on one side of the aquarium to low in the opposite side.
Style “Nature Aquarium” – soaring stones.
Remember, it is not always necessary to follow the rules when you design an aquarium, think creatively, turn on the fantasy – as a result, you will get a truly amazing effect.
Even more photos on the decorative design of Aquariums – Aquascape, see here >>>.
The following are suggested thumbnails for which you can try to recreate interesting solutions for decorating compositions in your own aquarium: