Hello friends. Today we will talk about such a moment as muddy water in an aquarium.
This phenomenon is very common and many beginning aquarists are afraid of it and do not know the reasons for this phenomenon and how to actually fight it. In today’s article, I will try to shed light on this mystery and I hope newcomers reading this article will be as they say “in all weapons.”
And so, let’s start to understand.
Take your time to panic when you see a suddenly dimmed aquarium. This is the most reasonable thing to do in this situation.
It is necessary to remember what you did with the aquarium on the eve and compare with those causes of turbidity, for which I will tell you now.
Water clouding appears after the wrong actions of an inexperienced aquarist, which lead to a shift in biological equilibrium and the nitrogen cycle. The main causes of turbidity include:
- Late launch of aquarium fish in a new aquarium
- Insufficient or missing water filtration
- Improper cleaning of the aquarium or lack of maintenance
- Incorrect water change
- Over-population of the aquarium
- Over feed aquarium feed
Waste from fish and plants is decomposed into constituent chemical elements by beneficial bacteria that inhabit the soil and the filter. Bacteria convert wastes into nutrients that other bacteria and aquarium plants need. This closed transformation cycle is called the aquarium nitrogen cycle.
This is the basis of a healthy aquarium.
After this small preparation of a grateful reader, I will explain the causes of the turbidity of the water and how to eliminate them.
What is the aquatic environment characteristic of new aquariums?
A few days after installation and start-up, the water in the aquarium dimmed dramatically. Why it happens?
- The fact is that in the “immature” reservoirs the biological environment has not yet formed, the beneficial bacteria have not spread enough, and are in a state of “stress.” While they multiply massively, and after a few weeks, their colonies will adapt to the new reservoir. In old aquariums, bacteria do not multiply abundantly.
- The water in the new aquarium also becomes cloudy from the light particles of soil, which rises under the influence of frequent water changes. When pouring water directly on the ground, its pellets rise sharply, floating for a long time. This process creates a visual turbidity of water. To avoid this, it is necessary to make a careful and gradual injection of fluid into the tank. After this, the sediment will “calm down” and settle to the bottom. Purchased fish are unlikely to create a “hurricane” in a new home – they are shy and often hide in shelters. Water with sand sediment is harmless to fish and plants.
- Newbies in aquarism can overfeed the fish, because of what food remains to swim in the middle layers of the water, or settle to the bottom, mixing with the ground. Later, putrefactive bacteria that produce toxins multiply in the water. Ammonia, nitrates and nitrites – their decay products, which can poison all the inhabitants of the aquarium. It is better to give pets less food than to overfeed.
- Why do small particles of white precipitate appear in water? To purify water from turbidity, some owners of home aquariums immediately add water purification chemicals to the water. Before being introduced into the tank, they must be diluted in a separate container until completely dissolved. These substances, in addition to filtration, change the parameters of water. White sediments appear on snags, decorations and in the water itself, and the fish are not feeling well. In this case, pets are better moved to another capacity.
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- New water may cloud due to reproduction of single-celled algae. After the launch of the reservoir, where the lighting is too bright and the aeration and filtration system is poorly adjusted, the algae actively multiply, causing dregs.
- It is necessary to remember about ciliates – microscopic orderlies of water. In the early days, they also multiply rapidly, giving the water a milky white color. At this time it is impossible to colonize the fish, for a start let the parameters of the reservoir stabilize.
- The gray color of the water after start-up indicates insufficient washing of the gravel before laying. It is necessary to do the washing until it becomes crystal clear in running water. If the sediment does not disappear, it means that the stone contains impurities of phosphates, silicates and heavy metals. For accurate problem detection, it is better to use litmus paper with an indicator of an alkaline environment. Perhaps, it is worth getting rid of such gravel, replacing it with quality.
- After the launch, the water became dull brown, what to do? The reason is obvious – wooden decorations can paint water, and the use of peat to soften water or filter the soil imposes its brownish color on it. Tannin and humus are safe for fish, but they change the pH level, which may not be suitable for some types of pets. The following actions – get the snags from the water, and soak them for several days in infused running water. Fish evict, and replace the soil.
- If the water is dimmed and painted in an unnatural color (pink, black, blue) – look at the color of the soil and stones. Activated charcoal will help to bring water into ordinary color – it discolors the paint.
The causes of muddy water in an aquarium can be varied, and it is not as easy to deal with them as it seems at first glance.
- Turbidity can occur due to swimming in the pond of small particles of algae, solid organics and cyanobacteria. There is another unobtrusive reason – poor washing of the aquarium soil and inaccurate pouring water from a clean tank. This type of turbidity does not threaten the water and the fish, you can do nothing with it. After some time, the muddy part of the water will settle, or seep into the filter, remaining there. The formation of turbidity can provoke fish who love to plow the ground, but these actions for the reservoir are completely harmless.
- Turbid water in an aquarium can be caused by cichlids, goldfish and tail finch fish – their active movement in a reservoir is the cause of the resulting turbidity. If a filter is not installed in the tank, it will be difficult to clean the water.
- Often, muddy water appears after the first start of the aquarium, after the fresh water inlet. Nothing to do, in a day or two the sediment will fall to the ground and disappear. The mistake of novice aquarists is a partial or complete renewal of water, which is considered a gross error. When adding new water to a newly launched aquarium, the bacteria will become even more! If the aquarium is small, you can install a sponge filter that quickly cleans the pond.
- Malicious bacteria in an aquarium can also be causes of turbidity. When the water becomes green, then it’s time to draw conclusions – this is an unnatural color. Muddy and green water is formed due to overcrowding of the aquarium with fish or plants. That is, the aquarium fluid passes through the filter, but is not cleaned. The abundance of metabolic products provokes the formation of putrefactive microorganisms, ciliates and other unicellular. If ciliates are beneficial, the bacteria can harm the plants – they will start to rot. In order not to be surprised why fish and plants often get sick – watch the aquarium clean and tidy.
- Why still breed single-celled? Because you do not have time to clean the tank after heavy feeding. For aquarism it is better to underfeed than to feed. This rule will protect the fish from problems. After overfeeding again the water got cloudy – what to do? Arrange a pet unloading diet for a couple of days, the bacteria will die out, the water biobalance will be restored.
- Incorrectly installed decoration. Snags, plastic materials of poor quality dissolve in water, forming a muddy shade. If the scenery is new wooden, but untreated – they can be boiled or infused in salt solution. Plastic snags should be replaced with new ones.
- In the old, stagnant nursery with fish, sediment is formed due to “whiteness after fish treatment”, this is when drugs and purification chemistry for aquarium glass were used in the pond. Such substances have a number of side effects, they disrupt the biological equilibrium, neutralizing the favorable microflora.
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The main method of dealing with flowering is the use of a good skimmer. With strong flowering, his work should be helped by an ozone generator, or at least a powerful UV light.
Ozone also helps to solve this problem, but if you do not have it, then a dose of activated carbon with an active stream of water will help.
Is it possible to measure the transparency of the water in the home aquarium? Of course, electronic devices can be used for this, but they are not cheap, and the high accuracy of the measurements that they provide is not so important.
Such measurements can be performed differently, much cheaper.
A quick assessment of the transparency of water can be achieved using the so-called Tyndall effect, which consists in forming a light cone in a colloidal suspension. In a darkened room direct the beam of light from one side of the aquarium. The more visible the light beam, the less transparent the water and the more impurities it contains.
You can also measure transparency by throwing a piece of paper at the bottom and trying to read what is written on it.
These measurements will not give a very accurate result, but will allow to evaluate the transparency of water “by eye”. This can be done periodically, so as not to miss the moment of strong turbidity.
Many people strive for perfectly clean water. This, of course, has its justification in some cases. However, remember that floating particles in moderation are quite natural.
Too muddy water is always an alarm. Then it is necessary to act quickly, because in extreme cases it can lead to choking fish.
It is desirable to have on hand a device for additional aeration of water and use it in these conditions, and also it is necessary to increase the circulation of water by pumps.
Intensive aeration will give you some time to have time to connect the ozone generator and filters. Prolonged turbidity can affect the health of aquarium inhabitants, especially fish and corals.
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