maintenance, care, compatibility
Installing an aquarium in the house is a rather time-consuming process, but with an effort, you will soon be admiring beautiful fish. All aquariums can be divided into two types (depending on the water that is in them) – fresh and saltwater.
To determine for yourself which aquarium you should install, first think about which fish will inhabit it. Some species of fish simply cannot exist in fresh water and will die.
If exotic bright small fishes become inhabitants of your home sea deep, then, most likely, you should get an aquarium with sea water.
Preparing water for a saltwater aquarium is no different from preparing water for fresh water. Water must be defended for from two to seven days, cleaned from chlorine, ammonia and other harmful chemical compounds. Then salt is diluted in water.
It is better to buy one that is designed specifically for aquariums. Such salt is sold in every pet store and has instructions.
In order to understand how to maintain a marine aquarium, you need to understand that there are some requirements that, undoubtedly, need to fulfill.
Fish that are accustomed to seawater love space, so longer pools should be chosen for them; at the same time on one fish of medium size, should be about 25 liters of water.
During the preparation of the tank aquarium it is better to wash it without the use of detergents – instead it is better to use dichloride. Before filling the water, prepare the soil and the objects that will be in the aquarium.
If you plan to install synthetic plants or houses for fish, pay great attention to how these items react to salt water: if they react with sea water, immediately abandon them, because harmful substances can lead to the death of the fish.
Also, before filling the aquarium with water, take care of lighting. After this, you can fill the aquarium with separated salt water, but do not rush to let the fish into the aquarium.
The water in the marine aquarium should be settled for another month – this period is necessary so that the environment of the aquarium is completely transformed into the sea. When this period is over, gradually launch fish into the aquarium, but not more than two species per week.
Any aquarium requires maintenance. How to care for a marine aquarium?
Yes, just like fresh water: make sure that the aquarium always has the right water level, change the water once a week, by about 20%, clean the walls of the aquarium (also once a week), keep the aquarium filter clean. All the time, check the temperature of the water – it should be in the range of 22-27 degrees.
Subject to the fulfillment of these requirements, your fish every now and then will please your eye every day!
Sea Aquarium in your home! How to start and how much?
What can you do to buy and install a marine aquarium?
How much time and effort will take further care of the marine aquarium?
How do marine aquariums differ from each other, and which one is best suited for a particular interior?
Not every aquarist keen on his business will be able to thoroughly and clearly answer such questions to you, let alone those who are just beginning to think about such a purchase. We will try to present in this article the main and secondary points related to the purchase and subsequent maintenance of the aquarium.
In the aquarium market there are a considerable number of manufacturers. Each of them practices its own marketing policy and has certain advantages over competitors.
German aquariums AquaMedic, “Israelis” RedSea, the Japanese company ADA, the Chinese brand Anubias – by clicking on the link AQUARIUMS, You will note more than a dozen other companies and countries where these firms are located.
For an example that will help us estimate the estimated cost of the entire list of accessories and materials that you will need to fully maintain your piece of the sea, take the inexpensive 30-liter AQUAEL NanoReef aquarium from Poland. Let’s explore what features and properties we can get for 7225 rubles (after reading the list, you can immediately walk HERE)
– Dimensions – 30x30x35 cm
– Existence of the external filter of backpack type.
– Equipped with two 11 W lamps each.
– Cover glass and rear tinted wall in blue
Now we will start filling our aquarium with all sorts of useful things and materials that will add to this glass vessel the effect of a real seabed. They can be divided into three categories:
– What you need to purchase at the very beginning.
– The fact that you can buy a little later.
– Animals, which we want to populate the aquarium.
List number one:
– Sea salt. A seven-kilogram bucket of Red Sea Coral Pro Salt, which is really long enough, will cost you 1.730 rubles.,
– Hydrometer for measuring the density and salinity of water. The inexpensive model of production Fluval costs us 590 rubles.
– Living stones. We take 4 kg, at a price of 1.350 rubles. for 1 kg.,
– Live stones, small / fight 1 kg., They will cost 940 rubles. ,
– Live sand. 10 kg. for 2.200 rubles.,
List number two:
osmosis for saltwater aquarium
– Installation of reverse osmosis, for example, Dennerle Professional 130 model for 5.295 rubles. It will filter the water and maintain the ecosystem of your aquarium.,
– A set of tests that read important water parameters (such as pH). Estimated cost – 6.150 rubles.
List number three:
– Two three-tape clown Ocellaris, each fish costs 645 rubles.,
– Two strombus – black Nosy and / or Canarian Guido. 535 rub. for one snail.,
– Cancer hermit. Small (blue), but at 630 rubles.
Or large (diogenic), but at 885 rubles. Take for a start small.,
– Actinia brick. The most exotic tenant of your aquarium will cost 3780 rubles.,
– Granulat XL dry granulated feed. 400 rub. for 250 ml.,
We calculate the total estimate and the cost of each list separately.
Now let’s analyze the main points of our lists in more detail:
In no case can you use ordinary cooking or cosmetic salts for aquariums. Harmless to the inhabitants of your aquarium will only sea salt, sold in specialized stores.
The most versatile and high-quality options can be the products of the companies Red Sea and Tropic Marin, its composition is perfect even for aquariums, recreating the ecosystems of coral reefs.
Instruments for measuring and monitoring parameters in the marine aquarium
live rocks for saltwater aquarium
live rocks for saltwater aquarium
Living stones are a very important component of the marine ecosystem. Actually, why are these stones called “alive”?
Each such stone is in fact not a real stone. In most cases, it is a piece of the surface of a coral reef and has a porous structure, becoming a large apartment building for a great variety of microscopic algae and animal organisms.
They pass seawater through themselves, converting potential pollutants (nitrates, phosphates, various organic acids, etc.) into chemically and biologically neutral compounds. The water becomes cleaner, safer and healthier for fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium.
This also contributes to the chemical composition of living stones, enriching the water with calcium ions, magnesium, bicarbonate ions and other minerals. Such stones can be located directly on the aquarium floor (some of them look damn impressive) and lie in the biofilter.
And over time, the microorganisms inhabiting them will gradually leave their native stone apartments, finding new places in the tiny cavities of the soil or scenery, without ceasing to carry their beneficent filtering mission.
Live stones small / fight.
Exactly the same stones, only crushed to the state of a large crumb. They are used in the cavities of aquarium filters, where they become an excellent replacement for the sponge located there by default.
Unlike standard sponges, small live stones are a much more powerful barrier against harmful substances such as nitrates.
live sand for marine aquarium
Living sand has in its composition, as an inorganic substrate, and tiny forms of living organisms – invertebrates and bacteria. A 3-6 cm layer of sand at the bottom of the aquarium will carry both an aesthetic function, creating a feeling of a real seabed, as well as a whole range of practical functions that benefit the whole aquarium.
– Many fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium use living sand as an abundant and permanent source of food – living organisms contained in it multiply with enviable speed, maintaining a stable amount of organic matter in the sand. Some other fish swallow sand in order to improve digestion.
– Living sand helps in maintaining the balance of chemicals in the water. Its alkaline structure has a positive effect on the pH level, and new calcium and strontium ions, important for many inhabitants of the aquarium, are continuously released into the water.
– Of course, living sand itself is home to many biological species – starfish, snaketails, bottom digging fishes, and crustaceans. They will not be able to live in an aquarium without a sufficient layer of live sand at its bottom.
Like living stones, sand also has the ability to “age” over time. Experts recommend either to completely change it, or just periodically fill up some fresh live sand to the bottom.
It is impossible to keep the tank with live sand in the open state for more than a day, otherwise it could end in death for the organisms inhabiting it.
Summing up, we can conclude that creating a piece of the sea at home is not at all difficult and relatively budget-friendly. Completely ready system on 30 liters, will leave to you in 36.550 rubles.
A marine aquarium has one property that is very related to freshwater: the greater its volume, the more stable the balance of the ecosystem within it. But in the pursuit of large volume, it is important not to forget about the proportions of the aquarium: it is very difficult to care for the aquarium if it has too high walls.
Equipment marine aquarium should be placed so that, performing the functions assigned to it, it does not spoil the interior space. That is why, very often you can find sea aquariums, installed in niches or on special podiums: below, under it, and on the sides all external equipment is placed.
In the niche above the sea aquarium should be free space: it will be easier to clean it, feed the fish and carry out other manipulations.
From what living organisms will inhabit the aquarium depends on the complexity of creating favorable conditions and care for the aquarium. According to the species inhabited by their organisms, marine aquariums are divided into fish, mixed and reef.
Among all possible types of saltwater aquariums, the simplest and most convenient for beginners is fish. It is necessary to adjust all conditions of life exclusively for fish, which, moreover, can equally feed. That is why it is considered the best marine aquarium for beginners.
True, most aquarists do not stop at this, and because such aquariums become only the starting point in marine aquarium.
It is difficult to maintain balance in an aquarium populated by plankton-eating fish and fish that are active predators.
The marine aquarium for beginners begins with its launch. This process is quite different from running a freshwater aquarium.
In order for marine aquarium fish to feel comfortable and not sick, they need to create all the conditions even before they are launched into the water.
It is necessary to run the marine aquarium in several stages, each of which takes a certain time. At this stage, you need to be patient.
First all the decorative elements are installed. They should not be metal. Due to the fact that sea water is more aggressive in comparison with fresh water, such decorations are destroyed and poison fish.
Marine aquariums need to be grounded.
The water in them goes through several stages of settling, only then salt is added. If the aquarium is not fish, but mixed or reef, then to create a sufficient population of plankton, it must “live” for a sufficiently long time without large organisms (fish, mollusks, corals).
If you decide that something is missing in your interior: a lively, eye-catching, fascinating – do not worry. A marine aquarium is what you need. It is worth remembering that care for him will require patience and time.
But believe that the maintenance of a marine aquarium will not only put the responsibility for its inhabitants on your shoulders, but also will seem even a fascinating and interesting occupation.
The main types of marine aquariums.
- Only for sea fish. Such an aquarium will be populated by sea fish that can harmoniously exist together.
- For invertebrates only.
- Mixed type.
Successful maintenance of a marine aquarium will depend on several main factors: compatibility, lighting and use of special food.
More carefully, these conditions should be maintained in tanks that contain invertebrates. That is why, it would be wiser for a novice to purchase a marine aquarium for fish, and eventually (when experience accumulates) go to invertebrates.
The mixed type system is one of the most complex. Indeed, in one tank it is necessary to provide comfortable conditions for invertebrates and fish.
It is worth remembering about purchasing the necessary equipment.
It is very difficult not to harm the invertebrates when injecting the necessary medicines to the fish. Compatibility of the inhabitants also take a lot of trouble.
Over time, you will master the first two types of saltwater aquariums and after that you can begin to study the system of mixed type.
It is clear that it is more difficult to maintain such an aquarium than a freshwater one. On the other hand, the probability of any wrong action on your part will be less.
After all, you will more closely monitor each stage of preparation. In the beginning, the actions will be the same as for the freshwater aquarium, but the differences will still be.
During the ripening period, it is necessary to load the freshwater system. In addition, do not forget about the need to add a reagent that will accelerate the maturation of the marine system. Even the toughest fish should not be colonized for several reasons.
The first settlers could easily die, and this, at least, is unfair to the fish. If they can survive, they will consolidate their territory, and this will adversely affect the health of the new inhabitants.
Also, the maturation of a saltwater aquarium depends on the colony of bacteria and temperature. Full maturation can reach up to 12 months.
Here came the housewarming. Divers and quickly hiding in the vegetation of the sea fish.
You will look a little on the other side, and you will see sea snails slowly moving in an aquarium. All this is beautiful and pleases the eye.
But do not forget that the care of the marine aquarium should be correct and timely.
Seawater may not always be freely available for different places of residence. Therefore, most owners prepare seawater themselves.
There are two ways to saturate the water with salt for a marine aquarium: bucket and aquarium.
The necessary equipment for the marine aquarium, you can buy at any specialty store. In order for the maintenance of a marine aquarium to occur correctly and safely for its inhabitants, it is necessary to read the special literature and to take information from other available sources.
So, as you become a frequent visitor to a specialized store, you will quickly learn to understand many things: what to buy, so that the snails feel comfortable and at the same time the fish do not suffer.
Such a marine aquarium, beautifully designed will look great in any environment.
Despite popular belief, caring for a marine aquarium is not much more complicated than a freshwater one. Of course, there is a fundamental difference between them. And most importantly – for the care of the marine aquarium you will need more powerful, sophisticated and expensive equipment and more expensive consumables.
More expensive and cost themselves marine inhabitants.
For the preparation of sea water using special mixtures, distilled water or water that has undergone several degrees of purification. Just defended tap water here is no longer pour.
Every day, in a marine aquarium, you need to measure the parameters, simulate the natural flow of water using centrifugal pumps and change a quarter of the volume of water in the aquarium once a week. Lighting is the most important component of marine life.
Caring for exotic plants and fish is quite laborious. It is necessary to regularly clean the bottom of the aquarium from food debris and waste with a siphon.
Periodically it is necessary to change the soil, control the density of the sea solution, and maintain the chemical properties of the ecosystem of the marine aquarium.
In short, this case is more likely suitable for experienced aquarists and for enthusiastic people. If you do not have time, but you love fish, it will be much easier to master the care of a small aquarium.
However, in this case, you need to monitor the optimal number of fish, so that they are not crowded in a small space.
In general, it is an artificial reservoir that imitates a part of the sea with its inhabitants. It has great differences from the freshwater counterpart.
This is a complex system that requires serious equipment to maintain certain water qualities, create currents and other conditions in order for creatures to live in it.
Marine aquariums have their own varieties. Here are the main ones:
- Only for fish. The cheapest and easiest to clean compared to others. It focuses on fish, so the scenery is small. Most often, predators (lionfish, moray eels, triggerfish), coral (angel, butterfly) and small flocks like clowns are placed in it.
- Mixed, in which the fish coexist with invertebrates (starfish, sea anemone, shrimp), soft corals, some intestinal cavities and live stones. Such reservoirs are more interesting, but they have their drawbacks: it is problematic to combine fish and invertebrates, brighter and longer lighting is required, which contributes to the rapid formation of plaque, it is difficult to treat fish because of the toxicity of drugs for invertebrates and so on.
- Coral, in which these polyps are adjacent to a few fish.
- Reef, which mimic the landscape, lighting and population of the coral reef. It is the most expensive and most difficult to maintain aquarium. It will be available only to specialists in marine aquaristics.
- Shark, in which (it is clear from the name) live sharks.
How to prepare the water and launch the aquarium?
Only a marine aquarium can fill an apartment with so many bright colors that you can see live, only in the depths of the sea or ocean. Properly designed and equipped marine aquarium will not only look amazingly beautiful, but will also become a particularly unique element in the interior of the apartment.
Also, nowadays, the creation of a personal marine aquarium has become popular. The benefit of information about creating an aquarium with your own hands is enough.
You can also take care of the aquarium yourself or you can entrust it to professionals who will do everything necessary to maintain beauty and cleanliness in your sea corner.
A ready-made marine aquarium will become a favorite entertainment of a child, especially if one of its inhabitants is the hero of a favorite cartoon. Marine Aquarium can be an amazing element of the interior of any dwelling, office, salon.
It always attracts the great interest of the guests and is pleasing the eye of the owner of the apartment.
A living room is perceived in a completely different way if it contains a piece of sea with its inhabitants.
Sea fishes, accustomed to a certain environment, require careful maintenance and maintenance of certain conditions. The main rules of their content:
- Do not overcrowd the aquarium. For every 10 cm of a small individual there should be 35 liters of water, and for every 10 cm of a large one – 60 liters;
- change water frequently. Usually requires a change of 20% 1 time per week;
- follow the work of all devices: filter, pump, heater, lighting devices;
- feed only high-quality food;
- use live attendants (for example, hermit crabs) and an absorbent;
- Do not colonize incompatible fish species.
You can be proud of the aquarium where healthy marine aquarium fish live. Although it takes quite a lot of work to bring it to perfection, all the efforts are justified by the incredible pleasure from their contemplation and the effect that bright and unusual sea fish will produce on guests.