Aqua design in modern aquarists is honored, it’s not a matter of fashion, but of wanting to give your aquarium an original look and at the same time make it a comfortable environment for the life of aquatic creatures. Rarely among people for whom aquaria is more than a hobby you can find only artificial plants or cheap plastic decorations, naturalists approach the design of an aquarium with all their hearts and with full responsibility.
Often, the color scheme of the reservoir is given by plants and the ground, but the focus should be on the fish, so the design should match. You can emphasize the saturation and beauty of shades with the help of lighting: in addition to the top lamp, set the backlight with different color shades. Set the aquarium in front of the window – the fish need daylight, in addition, in natural light, too, has its own charm.
Compressor (aerator), filters and other technical devices should be present in the aquarium – it is better to give preference to small models, they are easier to disguise with snags or plants. After you have equipped the tank with the necessary equipment, it’s time to start decorating.
Choose the decor style of the aquarium in accordance with the general direction of the room. For example, in a room in the style of minimalism the aquarium decorated in the same theme looks quite harmonious. One or a couple of decorative items (a beautiful snag, a minimum of plants, small stones) – this is quite enough.
This option also has a significant drawback – it is very difficult to decorate wires and tubes.
An antique aquarium can be an interesting choice; you can place reduced ceramic copies of elements of the ancient world architecture (like columns, amphoras, caryatids, or even a mini-Colosseum in a tank) as decorative elements. However, it should be remembered that ceramics should be cleaned regularly, and it should be of high quality, not emit harmful substances – this is dangerous for the health of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
You can do it only with plants – pick up beautiful and exotic algae, this is as close to nature as possible, however, it will require considerable care.
It will be great to have a treasure chest in your house: put a “sunken” ship, several chests, coins at the bottom, but there may be few plants. “Sea” aquarium is an excellent option for people who want to have a real marine area in their house – corals, sea pebbles, shells, ceramic starfish, several exotic plants – this is what will give the reservoir a special flavor. Another option – a “rock garden” under the water or an aquarium in the Japanese style, also looks quite interesting, and does not require special care.
Against the background of stones and small plants, fish with bright and unusual coloring look best of all. Read more in the article Styles design aquarium.
Making your own aquarium begins with the background. The unique background of the back wall of the reservoir will appeal not only to you, but also to the inhabitants of the underwater world. The easiest way is to use purchased films that are attached using double adhesive tape to the back wall – you can buy them in many pet shops.
Be careful, because the pictures with the 3D effect often look unnatural.
Another way to design – take matters into their own hands and turn on the fantasy. Moss, beautiful snags, pebbles, plants – everything will have to be the way.
Cover the back wall with black or deep blue film – it will give the tank depth and contrast. You can go the other way, having decorated the background with picturesque stones, rocks, coral reefs, make cozy caves and grottoes – fish will thank you for shelters, and you can easily hide all ugly tubes, hoses and wires.
The soil is a substrate, sand, gravel or crushed volcanic rock – the range of modern pet shops is surprising with its diversity. Choosing the color of the soil, be guided by the general style: if the reservoir is made in a natural style, then the soil should be dark brown or gray, but certainly not acid-pink.
Pour the soil with a uniform layer (4-5 centimeters) across the bottom and only then place the pebbles and decorative elements you like.
Be very careful, because not every stone is suitable for an aquarium: some minerals increase the level of water hardness, as a result of which a plaque appears on the walls of the reservoir, which cannot but affect the health of the fish. The easiest way to check the suitability of a pebble is to drop acetic acid (about half a teaspoon) onto its surface: if vinegar foams, it means that there is lime in the structure of the mineral, it is better to set it aside. “Fit” pebbles must boil and then lay on the bottom. You can build whole towers, improvised rockeries or alpine slides under water – that really depends on your preferences.
Basalt, granite, gneiss, porphyry and other rocks are most commonly used for aquariums.
It is worth remembering that in nature there is no symmetry, so you should not place the composition of stones in the corners of the tank or strictly in the center, but the chaotic heaps of stones – not the best choice. Select a few tall tall stones, and place smaller ones around them. “Drown” large stones deeper into the ground – so they will look more natural, do not put them absolutely exactly – they look more interesting at an angle.
No matter how funny it sounds, even snags or pebbles should be special. Snag necessarily treated so that it does not float to the surface and reliably lay at the bottom. Water is poured into an enamel bowl, after which the salt is gradually poured until it stops dissolving, after which the driftwood is placed there, pressed down to the bottom with something heavy and boiled over low heat for about an hour.
After that, carefully washed with salt and immersed in an aquarium, in order to make sure that the wood has lost its buoyancy. On snags, Javanese moss survives well – it is possible to take advantage of its properties and give the reservoir a natural appearance.
Modular houses, stones, vases, turrets are also quite appropriate, but the main thing is not to overdo it, because first of all they serve as shelters for the inhabitants of the aquarium, and only then delight the eyes of the owners and their guests. Be careful of seashells and corals – they can increase the level of hardness of the water, so carefully monitor this indicator.
The choice of plants depends not only on the subject of the aquarium, but also on the conditions in the pond, your experience in aquarium: if you are a beginner, be content with hardy and unpretentious plants, they should differ in height. The lowest algae are planted in the background, and the lowest – near the front wall, avoid absolute symmetry.
Several low plants can be planted surrounded by stones – they will look very natural.
Having planted the plants before you pour water into the pond, periodically spray the algae so that they do not dry out. After all the elements of the decor have taken their places, you can cover them with an oilcloth so that they will not be affected by the flow of water. Pour water slowly, with a watering can or a small dipper.
When the water level exceeds 15 centimeters, you can safely fill the tank faster. Clean the oilcloth after the reservoir is full.
And finally, advice: carefully choose the location of the aquarium, consider the placement of the main lines of the interior, otherwise the beauty of the underwater world will simply be lost against the backdrop of high or fancy furniture. The best choice is near the wall, in the empty corner, you can position the aquarium in the center of the room or even use it when zoning a room as a partition.