maintenance, care, compatibility
It so happens that the aquarist has carefully thought out the internal design of his home pond, correctly picked up plants, fish and other inhabitants, but the aquarium does not look complete and complete. But the fact is that an important detail was missed – the background. Performing this part harmoniously and at the same time non-standard is a rather difficult task.
Let’s try to figure out what are the current design options.
Background is the most important element of aqua design. Its main role is to hide everything superfluous from view: a wall, wires, equipment and create a general holistic impression of design.
He himself remains unobtrusive, but allows to diversify the compositions inside the home pond, without interfering with imagination and not eating valuable space.
The pinnacle of mastery is when the background and all other decorations create a spatial perspective, a single composition, smoothly flowing into each other.
Will be required: dark-gray plate from rigid PVC by the size of the back wall of the aquarium, stones, snags, silicone rubber, a small knife.
- Place the plate on the table. Place stones on it and glue them with silicone rubber. Wait for hardening.
- Squeeze polyurethane foam on areas free of stones. Pre-soaked driftwood press into the foam and hold for a few minutes. Leave the construction for several hours until the foam cures.
- Remove excess foam with a knife, giving the background a more natural look.
- Plate miss the mark on the perimeter and glue to the back of the aquarium.
Will be required: foam concrete, silicone sealant, large flat stones or plexiglas plate.
Work sequence: from the foam to perform the reefs. Using a sealant, stick them to the stones or plate (so as not to emerge).
You can install the structures on the bottom of the back wall and press them down with a base or stick them on the back wall of the aquarium.
Create a dry diorama with backlight installed behind the aquarium. To do this, first make a box of plywood or cardboard with a depth of 5-10 cm. Its inner surface is painted in a dark color and decorated with snags, branches, bark, stones, etc. It depends only on the performer’s imagination.
The cavity of the box is illuminated with small light bulbs.
pros such a structure: you can hide the equipment, it looks spectacular.
Minuses: its construction requires experience, it is difficult for a beginner to create a harmonious diorama. Also, the design accumulates dust inside that is difficult to clean.
In conclusion, I want to say that you should not underestimate the function of the background for the aquarium. The time and effort spent on this business will surely pay off. What it takes to take care in advance is about additional tanks for the inhabitants during the renovation of their main home.
If the installation of the background occurs before the launch of a new aquarium, then this problem is removed. On the Internet you can find a lot of detailed descriptions and workshops on how to install a ready-made background, and create your own unique one.
Dare, and all must succeed!
Useful video: the background for the aquarium foam with his own hands.
The main types are as follows:
External. The main reasons for the fact that it is most often found in aquariums: low price and high availability.
In addition, it does not deteriorate the appearance due to fouling algae.
Interior. It looks more natural, but when installing it there are a number of nuances that you should definitely take into account.
All materials must be non-toxic and do not affect the chemical composition of the water. Such a background is installed in the aquarium before pouring water and should be well attached to the glass to avoid its falling or the penetration of the fish behind it.
Both types can be bought or made by hand.
Its manufacturers promise non-toxic materials. There are different options for mounting it inside the aquarium:
- with the silicone glue included in the kit (as with Juwel),
- by pressing a layer of soil or stones to the back wall (as in Rochepierre).
Such design is expensive, and it often looks too prim and academic. The background most often has standard sizes.
If the aquarium does not correspond to them (say, homemade), then it will be very difficult to choose an option. This is what concerns flaws.
From the advantages of this background can be noted the ease of installation. Also, it does not look as primitive as the previous ones, and makes it possible to add volume to the contents of the aquarium.
For example, you can paint the back wall of the aquarium. This is not only the easiest, but also the cheapest way.
It is better to choose dark monochromatic colors, such as black, brown, blue, green. Paint can be taken oil or aerosol for the car body.
Pros: non-toxic because the painted surface does not come into contact with water.
Minuses: the background can be made only before installing the aquarium and then it can not be changed.
The third way is to set a decorative volumetric background. It imitates natural materials: stone, sand, plant roots, and more.
It is made of polymeric materials that are non-toxic and, unlike natural materials, do not affect the chemical composition of water, and also have a small weight.
It is installed along the back wall. But often it is placed on the bottom of the aquarium, pressed down with a primer, and plants are planted in the hollows.
The main disadvantages of the volumetric background include the following:
- It is difficult to clean and rinse. Behind the background, water can stagnate and rot organics, which will not add to the health of the fish. Yield: either glue as tightly as possible, or ensure good water circulation and regular extraction and washing of the background.
- It may grow algae.
- It takes a lot of useful space in the aquarium.
- Causes injury and death among fish. Pets can swim between the background and the glass. Exit: close all openings and openings with silicone glue.
There are different options for the design of the aquarium. They can be found on the Internet, and you can do it yourself, taking advantage of a rich imagination, well, and even better – find it on the Internet and add something of your own.
This design aquarium certainly no one will.
Making the back wall of the aquarium will not take too much time, you just need to tune in to perform the work. The most important element is the background of the aquarium.
It can be bought at any specialized pet store, there is usually a huge selection. And we will try to decorate the aquarium, creating an imaginary waterfall in it.
There are many options for how to arrange the back wall of the aquarium. For example, a carpet made of real moss will be very original and beautiful.
In this case, a mesh is attached to the back wall of the aquarium, and moss is attached to it. At first, this spectacle will not be very impressive, but after a couple of months, the moss will cover the back wall completely, creating the effect of a green carpet.
Making an aquarium is very interesting, if, of course, there is a desire.
Aquarium decoration cannot be imagined without such an important detail as the background. With him home water corner looks much more beautiful, neater and more alive. To choose this element of decor today is not difficult – the range in pet stores is impressive.
Here and film of all shades, which is easy and simple to glue on the aquarium, and finished bulk designs. But still, sometimes it’s impossible to find what the soul desires, and then a simple decision is made – to decorate the background for the aquarium with your own hands.
Before discussing the advantages and disadvantages of self-made backgrounds, it is useful to find out why an internal background is needed. Moreover, you should immediately make a reservation: what kind of décor you will glue on your aquarium, you need to take care in advance before you start planting trees and settling the tank.
The background has a number of positive qualities, thanks to which you can call it an integral element of the aquarium. In general, its background performs the following functions:
- Practical function. The background can be used as a completely utilitarian detail. Especially if it is a volumetric background. If you stick such a background in the aquarium, you can mask the wires and hoses from the equipment and “fill” the tank if you are experiencing a lack of decorative elements.
- Decorative function. Not only the shape of the tank, the exoticism of the plants and the brightness of the fish affect the appearance of the aquarium – it also depends on your decision – which background you decide to glue. Properly chosen decor will hide some flaws and vice versa put an emphasis on the pros, make the coloring of rare and exotic fish brighter, give your aquarium exclusivity.
Variants of making a homemade background, there are many, as well as materials that are suitable for creativity. Armed with quite affordable and simple materials, you can even make a 3d background for an aquarium with your own hands.
The background for the aquarium with your own hands can be made of the following materials:
- polyurethane foam;
- stones, snags and other natural materials.
Making the background may not be so difficult compared to the next step: stick it in the aquarium to the back wall. This question is especially important if you are the owner of a large aquarium, which stands firmly against the wall, and it may be simply problematic to glue the background again.
Depending on the material and structure, the background can be fixed with silicone sealant, glycerin or scotch tape.
If we are talking about the film, then attach scotch – the easiest option. But you need to purchase a film with a margin – so that it protrudes several centimeters from each side of the aquarium.
The background must be taped to the back wall on one side, then neatly smoothed and attached on the remaining three sides.
Glue a flexible background glycerin more reliable than one tape. To begin with, the surface of the aquarium wall is carefully wiped, then one edge of the background is glued with tape.
The back wall of the aquarium is smeared with glycerin – evenly distributing it with your hands or a brush. On the greased surface gently begin to impose a background – smooth out the irregularities and bubbles with a spatula.
With the help of adhesive tape you need to attach the edges – for greater reliability.
A volumetric background made of material that is heavier and denser will have to be attached to the inner surface of the aquarium using silicone sealant. This background must be glued properly, because it is inside, and the remaining gaps can cause injury to the fish.
Aquarium background – an integral element of the aquarium, especially if it is standing against the wall. You can choose a variety of options: attach a finished volume panel or stick a beautiful film with a photo collage.
You can also make the background yourself, having on hand quite affordable tools. However, if you are not 100% sure of your abilities, it is better not to risk it – a poorly made construction can cause illness and death of the fish.
In an aquarium, it is important not only to think over the internal design and pick up the fish and plants, but also to complete the complete impression of the aqua design using the background. Decorating the back wall of the aquarium will allow him to create the look of a real corner of wildlife.
Non-volumetric ways to design the background of the aquarium
The easiest way is to paint the outer side of the back wall with a paint of the chosen color: blue, dark green, black, or brown-beige. Monochrome backgrounds are used by amateurs who want to pay attention to the beauty of fish, plants and interior decor.
The black background is most often used for an aquarium when decorating the back wall in solid colors. With such a background, the viewer’s attention is focused on fish and plants, the details of stones, snags are visually highlighted. Black color creates depth, and the interior of the aquarium looks more natural.
Juicy green algae and bright colors of fish on a black background look just great.
Blue or green background color adds brightness and creates a depth effect, often used to decorate saltwater aquariums. All types of fish on this background will look very beautiful.
On the modern market offers a large number of backgrounds made of film. It can be monophonic or with original images (views of the seabed, underwater landscapes, algae, fish).
Background film is attached to the outer side of the back wall with a special glue to simulate underwater landscapes, rocks and marine plants in an aquarium. The advantage of this design is that it can be easily replaced when it gets bored.
They are very inexpensive and look pretty impressive.
Now on sale, embossed backgrounds have appeared that can give volume and make the underwater landscape more natural and realistic. Polyurethane structural backgrounds for an aquarium are attached to the back wall with silicone glue, imitate the natural habitat – stony and short-haired landscapes, corals and create a fascinating effect.
Relief (volumetric) flexible backgrounds from polyurethane will be the best effective decoration for a marine or freshwater aquarium. Such design maximally imitates natural elements – rocks, stones, snags, shells, unique underwater landscapes.
Polyurethane copies of natural elements do not differ from natural ones. Inside they are completely hollow and allow you to hide the internal communications of the aquarium.
A background with a 3d effect for an aquarium is created using an external dry glass box with backlight. Inside it creates an imitation of the sea or herbalist, highlighted by lamps.
Such a vessel is glued behind the aquarium, visible through the water column and gives a volumetric effect. 3d effect can be done inside the aquarium with colored foam, moss, stones.
Background for the aquarium, collected from various elements, is called decorative. This design is created using various decorations: moss, stones, bamboo, snags, shells, underwater castles, sunken ships, coral reefs.
They can also mask the aquarium equipment.
Which background is better to choose for the aquarium, each fan chooses himself, considering all their advantages and disadvantages. Film and painted monochromatic backgrounds are inexpensive, do not become dirty, and do not occupy space in the aquarium; they can, if desired, be painlessly replaced.
Volumetric backgrounds – the most beautiful, but not cheap solution. They become dirty and difficult to clean.
In any case, the aquarium will look spectacular, and the background will emphasize the beauty of the fish and the decoration of the home pond.
Making an aquarium is a big and time consuming job. To further home water kingdom delivered less trouble, before starting the aquarium, all the details are carefully thought out: lighting, filters, aerators.
Any aquarist knows that you need to determine in advance the decorative elements and decide what the background for the aquarium will be.
Before starting to move in and out of the aquarium, it is necessary to solve the problem with the design of the rear part. The internal background in the aquarium is of great importance, and it does not matter whether a film or a relief sheet of polyurethane foam was used for it.
The main functions of the background include:
- Decorative. The overall appearance of the aquarium depends on the background you choose. Playing with flowers, you can easily shade both the plants and the inhabitants themselves. You can smooth out some of the flaws in the interior design, diverting attention to the background. You can also add to the look of your aquarium a certain zest and originality.
- Utilitarian. Using the background allows you to gently divert attention or even completely hide the wires, tubes and hoses and other internal inventory. In addition, the embossed background allows you to create the effect of fullness in the aquarium, if the internal decorative elements are not enough.
Such designs are offered in most pet stores. Polyurethane volumetric backgrounds repeat different textures – stone, wood and others.
This relief sheet allows you to give a certain color to the aquarium. Naturally, the backgrounds of polyurethane foam are more expensive than, say, film, but many aquarists are not afraid, and they choose only this option.
This type of background has a number of advantages: high-quality panels look really beautiful, give a certain charm to the aquarium; due to its volume, the embossed background allows you to hide the wires and hoses from the equipment. The disadvantages include the difficulty of cleaning the panel itself (which needs to be done because it becomes dirty, as well as the walls).
The panel is fixed from the inside, at the back wall, with the help of silicone sealant (it often comes complete with the panel, but you can also buy it at the hardware store). When choosing a relief ready-made background, keep in mind that after installing it, the volume of the aquarium will become slightly smaller.
It is also important to fasten it well, so that there is not the slightest gap and crevices – fish can get stuck in them.
Aquarium: do-it-yourself design. Styles and design options aquarium
The most fascinating and laborious task for all of us in the process of installing and filling the aquarium tank is its correct and beautiful design in the same style with the design of the room.
To date, there are a huge number of accessories that can be placed in the aquarium. Making your own hands will allow you to recreate as precisely as possible the exact setting that you want to see there.
Just do not forget that the main inhabitants of the aquarium are fish. And they need the maximum amount of free space in order to be able to swim freely.
The main components that allow for the design of the aquarium (200 liters and all others) are:
- natural and artificial algae;
- various wooden elements;
- artificial decorative elements such as locks, chests, etc.
When designing an aquarium with the help of decorative elements, it is necessary to remember that they must be environmentally friendly and have no harmful impurities, and in no case can they be supersaturated with an aquarium.
You can use both purchased and self-made decor.
Today there are various styles of aquariums. All of them are very richly represented in the pictures and photos posted in our article and in various books on the aquarium business.
Also in Russia they can be seen in dolphinariums. Among them are the following options for the design of an aquarium:
- Biotope, representing the landscape of a single reservoir.
- Dutch design style, which focuses on the richness of the underwater flora, and not on the fish.
- Geographic – an aquarium with representatives of the animal and plant world of a single region.
- Psevdomorskogo aquarium stylized under the seabed without plants, and its inhabitants are small fish bright colors. Since such a tank is decorated with large-scale decor, such as stones, corals, artificial polyps, shells, and almost no vegetation, it is excellent for cichlids. After all, this design aquarium for cichlids is ideal.
- Children’s aquariums are designed in accordance with the favorite theme of the child (games, cartoons, stories of books, etc.).
- Marine aquarium with inhabitants living in salt water.
- Futuristic aquariums saturated with luminous elements, including special hybrid fluorescent fish.
- Household and thematic containers created on the basis of human fantasy.
The design of the angular aquarium is made according to the same principles as all the others. A variety of types and styles of work of experts in the aquarium business, known throughout the world, will help you in this difficult matter.
We hope that the recommendations given in this article will help you to get a clear idea about the future interior design of the fish house. In addition, the photos offered by us will help you to correctly and beautifully design the aquarium.
They will serve as an excellent visual aid.
Let’s look at the following steps and examples of aquarium design:
- laying the bottom with primer;
- decoration of the aquarium with stones and grottoes;
- Aquarium decoration with a properly selected background;
- the use of various plant species;
- correct selection of the backlight;
- decoration of the aquarium with the elements of decor.
Each of them has its own specific rules, which will be described below.
How is the design of the aquarium stones and grottoes? These parts selected for decoration should be made only from natural, natural materials.
They should not contain harmful or poisonous impurities that, if released into the water, can lead to the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
In the case of self-collecting elements of the decor in the aquarium, the decoration with your own hands is made only after pre-processing of all previously collected material in order to disinfect and check for the absence of all elements harmful to health of the reservoir.
Aquarium decoration with the right background
The so-called background is an important element of the decor of the aquarium. Since the background coverage sets the mood for all your offspring, it is not necessary to choose dark and dark tones that bear the spirit of despondency and sadness.
There are several options for the background for aquariums:
- You can simply paint the back wall of the tank in the color you chose beforehand. This path has its pros and cons. Indisputable advantage can be called the originality and 100 percent originality of your child. The list of minuses includes certain difficulties with changing the already existing background (removing it with a solvent).
- The background is in the form of a colored plastic film, having an unlimited number of different variation solutions, among which everyone can choose the most suitable one for him. In addition, the price of such a film will be practically imperceptible for your pocket, and it can also be installed or removed very quickly.
- Panel and diorama in the aquarium. Making your own hands in this case is an ideal option, since these parts can not only be purchased at the store, but also be made by yourself using the following materials at hand: small pebbles, snags and branches, foam plastic and mounting foam. But we must not forget about the environmental cleanliness and natural origin of the selected materials, so as not to harm the fish. Such decorative elements will always be unique.
Such a film can be attached to both the outer and the inner side of the back wall. If you want to get more saturated colors, then, of course, it is better to stick it from the inside.
Before applying the film, you must make sure that the surface of the inner wall of the back of the aquarium is completely dry (to avoid the appearance of pimples). Treat the purchased film around the perimeter with a special transparent silicone sealant, previously purchased at the pet store.
In no case do not use a conventional sealant, since the consequences of its use may be irreparable for aquatic inhabitants.
If you decide to stick the film inside the aquarium, then you should not feel sorry for the silicone: it is better to miss the film very carefully, especially its upper edge, to avoid the possibility of peeling it off. After fixing, wait until the material is completely dry, and only then fill the tank with water.
Registration of an aquarium by different types of plants: live or artificial
Making your own aquarium: ground, snags, accents
Of course, in a fashion now aquascaping – registration of an aquarium in the form of a beautiful natural (and not necessarily underwater) landscape. However, it is unlikely that everyone needs to pursue fashion.
If you want, you can create an urban picture or a psychedelic landscape with a bright pink bottom, ultraviolet lighting and phosphorescent fish in your pond.
In general, when you design an aquarium, everyone acts to the best of their imagination. I met aquariums decorated according to the motives of literary works: especially the one that was made in the style of “Roadside Picnic” was sunk into the soul.
Therefore, the most correct decision is when the aquarium reflects the character and interests of its owner.
The sequence of actions in the design of the aquarium
- Preparation of stones and snags.
- Set the background.
- Equipment installation.
- Placement of stones, snags and grottoes in the tank.
- Sleeping ground.
- Planting plants. Sometimes this is done with a small amount of water (according to the rules for launching, plants are planted several days after pouring water, but if there are many of them and among them there are small and ground covers, it is very difficult to plant them in an aquarium full of water).
- Pouring water.
These are the basic principles of design aquarium. Of course, independently making your aquarium a masterpiece of aqua design is not easy, but this is not the main thing.
It is important that you like him and you enjoy looking at him.
Of course, the simplest thing here is to stick a dark-colored film with a low-key natural pattern on the back wall outside and plant tall plants in the background.
If the aquarium without plants, then often resort to using relief backgrounds, mounted inside the aquarium. This can be a ready-made background of polystyrene foam or fiberglass.
It has a drawback: if it is glued loosely and its edge somewhere moves away, fish and shrimps can get under it, and it can be difficult to get them out of there. Once I tried for several hours to pull or lure a freshwater stingray teenager from under such a background.
As a result, it was necessary to destroy, and then re-restore almost the entire aquarium decor and equipment.
Instead of a ready-made embossed background, you can stick yourself on the back wall with silicone stones of various shapes or ceramic tiles on the back wall. It will be beautiful, but it is a time consuming procedure, and such a background will heavily weight the aquarium and reduce its internal space.
After buying an aquarium, the first question is how to decorate the aquarium. To create a stunning design you need imagination, careful planning, diligence and, of course, the desire to create a miracle.
I will give examples of the design of aquariums, talk about styles, materials and give useful tips that can help you in the future. I wish your beautifully decorated aquarium became the center of attention!
Earlier, in the period of the beginning of aquarism, there was no suitable equipment and specific information about the design of the aquarium. Most kept their fish in ordinary jars, not even dreaming of more.
But time passed and everything changed. The world of modern technology has brought automation and new trends in fashion.
There was a whole direction in the design of aquariums, called aquascape. Now in the tank you can recreate any natural environment, landscape, even be fantastic.
It all depends on the idea and the right material.
Let’s talk a little about styles. In the world of art design there are many, and each is something unique.
Consider only the main ones.
The basis of the Dutch style are lush and dense thickets. About 12 species of plants are involved in its formation.
For the depth of perception, stem plants selected in color, texture and growth rate are planted in groups from the back wall to the front. A Dutch-style aquarium needs careful care: periodic pruning of plants, supply of carbon dioxide, proper selection of fish and abundant bait for plants.
Pet shops dazzle with an abundance and a variety of artificial plants for an aquarium. Here you can buy everything. By biological properties, artificial plants, of course, are inferior to natural ones.
But with the help of them, a beginner can quite quickly and originally decorate an aquarium. In addition, artificial plants have many advantages:
- quickly and easily cleaned from algae;
- will never be eaten by denizens;
- always look new;
- tolerant to the composition of water.
You can combine artificial and natural plants. So you will visually expand, enrich the landscape, make it brighter in perception, and at the same time you will maintain biological balance in the aquarium.
To the decorative design of the background proceed first. This is usually the back wall. Two side walls can also be decorated.
It all depends on the wishes and initial ideas.
To create the background, you can use sheet backgrounds printed on a strong film. Photowall-paper of different themes, colors, shades are sold by the meter of different widths.
It is better to take with a margin of several centimeters.
Fasten, as a rule, from the outside. If a thin base, you can simply moisten with water and carefully level. If you plan to frequently change the background, it is better to use scotch.
If desired, the wallpaper for the aquarium can be glued on the inside with a special sealant designed for this. But here there are certain inconveniences – the film, no matter how you stick it tightly, will be peeled off in water.
It is possible to add volume to the back wall using the embossed background. Recently, he has gained great popularity. The price for it is quite high, but still it is in considerable demand among aquarists.
Mounted inside the aquarium with silicone glue.
As a background, you can lay stones or put cork tiles.
The easiest way is to paint. And you can any.
As you paint the outside of the aquarium, it will in no way affect the quality of the water and the health of the fish. But this method has its drawback.
If you decide to remake something in the background design, then after painting it will be more difficult.