Paludarium is a transparent reservoir with an artificially created ecosystem. It harmoniously combines various moisture-loving plants and animals.
This decorative design can not only decorate the interior of the room, but also give the owner positive emotions from observing it. Paludarium can be created with your own hands.
This will require the minimum amount of available materials and imagination.
Before you make your own palyudarium, it is necessary to select all the materials correctly. It is on their quality that the attractive appearance of the finished product will depend.
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A tank of any type can be bought without any problems at any pet store or ordered online. However, this option is rarely used, because it does not give the right to choose the plants to be planted and the animals to be launched.
If the purchased design does not fit the interior of the room, then you can make your own palyudarium.
Step by step instructions for making:
- The first step is to select the optimal type of tank. It can be open and closed. The first type is an aquarium in which the front wall is made below the rest. This design provides the owner with ease of access and care, and also gives additional attractiveness. Closed type is most often made of sealed glass containers with minimal access. A person can open it only for feeding the inhabitants or care for the ecosystem. A feature of this type is the maximum isolation of animals and plants, as well as providing them with the possibility of independent existence. In such paludariums, conditions are created that are as close as possible to the natural ones.
- Then select the appropriate reservoir. To create an ecosystem, you can use the containers of absolutely any shape and size. Their choice depends only on the available space in the apartment and personal preferences of the owner. If you want to save a similar vessel is made by hand. This will require a minimum of materials and the ability to work with glass.
- After this, the background design process (the back wall of the tank) begins. The choice should be made in favor of foam or foam. These two materials are ideal for such purposes. If foam is used, it should be applied with a thin layer on the glass and give the necessary relief form. When choosing foam it is necessary to deform it with a blowtorch.
- The next stage of the background is the coloring of the material. For these purposes, it is best to choose a dark color paint (black or brown), paying attention to the toxicity indicators. Preferably the one for which this value is minimal.
- After painting and complete drying, you need to decorate the background with all available natural materials (twigs, leaves, small stones, coconut chips, etc.). You can attach them to the base with any non-toxic glue.
- The next step is to install the necessary equipment. For the normal functioning of the paludarium, an irrigation system, a thermal cord for the soil, lighting devices, and a water filter will be needed. To create a closed ecosystem, it is necessary to additionally install a ventilation system, and for an open one, steam generators and irrigation devices. All used equipment is masked by decorative elements, displayed behind the rear wall or buried in the ground.
- Then artificial land and water are created. To do this, the soil is filled in the right place, which is pre-fenced with plastic mesh. This will allow a piece of sushi to maintain its appearance while interacting with water. You need to fill in at least 5 centimeters of soil and fill it with a fifteen centimeter layer of liquid. To decorate and strengthen the coastal zone, you can use a variety of stones.
- At the next stage of work, plants are planted. This action can be performed in two ways – by placing certain species in a pot or by digging into the filled soil. The first option is more appropriate, as it provides all members of the flora the opportunity to grow freely and not interfere with each other. In the case of planting greenery in an artificial reservoir, you need to add a small amount of mineral fertilizers. They will help the plants to move the procedure well and quickly take root in the new conditions.
The basis of any paludarium is exotic plants. They exist a considerable number, but not all are able to take root in an artificially created ecosystem. Because of this, you should opt for representatives of the flora that grow in Australia, India, Africa, Asia.
Among them is to prefer plants living in the marshy regions and the coastal zone. The most popular among paludarium fans are the following:
- Lagenandra. This genus of plants includes 16 species that live in the wild on the territories of India, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. A distinctive feature of this representative flora is the ability to dwell only in a humid climate. For its landing, it is necessary to choose places with a minimum water level, as a full immersion can greatly harm the green “pet.” The most famous species are Twitesi and the egg-shaped lagenendra.
- Anubias. This African representative is ideal for creating any wet ecosystem. It does not require special conditions of detention and is able to fully develop even in the most extreme conditions. In the wild, Anubiases grow on shores with a sandy or rocky foundation, but in the paludarium they are able to live even under water. It is very important to create a plant such conditions that are characteristic of its familiar environment. If everything is done correctly, then Anubias will fully reveal his potential and elegantly decorate the composition.
- Bucephalandra This exotic representative of South Asia is one of the most popular among experienced aquarists. He gained his fame thanks to the ability to bloom under water. The plant is found with leaves of various shapes and many shades. Depending on the species, you can choose bucephalandra, which will take the form of a bush, a small tree, or a plant crawling on the ground. Under optimal conditions, this green can grow quickly and bloom continuously.
- Cryptocoryne. This type is typical for small reservoirs with stagnant water. Its homeland is Southeast Asia, where it is widely distributed. The most famous are brown and green cryptocoryne, which are easy to maintain and quickly adapt to environmental conditions. The main feature of this plant is the ability to change its appearance.
- Hygrophil. Such a paludarium plant can feel good both in water and on land. This inhabitant of Asia belongs to the light-loving species and requires a long (more than 12 hours) bright light. Otherwise, external changes will be immediately visible, the state of greenery will deteriorate. In addition to the decorative function, hygrophil is able to clean water and soil from nitrates. This is very useful when using a small tank. Planting plants will help get rid of additional filtration equipment.
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