maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium decoration: photos, video examples, styles and options
Making an aquarium is a worthy and fertile topic for conversation. This is not surprising, because this is the primary question asked by people who have just bought an aquarium.
Unfortunately, on the Internet, this question, surprisingly, is poorly lit, briefly or fragmentary. We hope this article will reveal all aspects and nuances of the design of the aquarium and will help you create your aquarium kingdom.
In connection with the volume of this issue, let’s divide the article into two sections:
1. MATERIALS REQUIRED FOR REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM: soil, stones, grottoes, snags, background, artificial and live aquarium plants, aquarium lighting, shells, castles, ships.
2. MAIN DIRECTIONS, TYPES AND EXAMPLES OF AQUARIUM DECORATION.
And so, as you know, in order for fish to appear in your house, you need a vessel and water. However, aquaria is not just a banal maintenance of fish, it is the creation of a closed ecosystem, an imitation of the natural conditions of the maintenance of aquatic organisms.
It is trite, but aquarian art begins with fish. Before you think about the design of the aquarium, first of all you need to decide on your desires and those fish that will swim in your pond. And this is very important!
Each individual fish needs its own housing conditions, its own water parameters, and other conditions. And it is for them that one needs to build an “aquarian house,” it is from this that one must make a start. For example, if you decide to start African cichlids and at the same time want to see a garden of living aquarium plants in your aquarium … You initially doom yourself to an actually impossible task.
The natural habitat of most African cichlids is the rocky shores of the r. Nyasa and r. Tangany, there are no plants, no algae – this is the “stone desert”. If the cichlids in the aquarium put the plants, they will pull them up and destroy.
Based on the foregoing, we advise first of all, decide on the fish that will live in your aquarium, study their characteristics and habits, read and learn the conditions of their maintenance. And so after embarking and thinking about the design of the aquarium.
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM GROUND The soil is one of the most important elements of the aquarium, it is his mood. It is very important to approach the issue of his choice with particular attention, because in addition to the decorative functions, the soil plays the role of: a substrate for plants, for spawning and fish life.
It is important to choose the desired fraction of soil, it is important to choose the required volume of soil, and only then the color of the soil. On our site there is a good article about the selection and selection of the soil, we suggest to read – HERE.
Speaking about the decorative properties of the soil, it is recommended to choose the soil of darker tones, so that the bright and light colors of the aquarium bottom do not overshadow the charm and beauty of the “main heroes of the day” – fish. REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY STONES AND GROUTES.
An important technical nuance when designing an aquarium with stones, grottoes, caves, etc. is the use of non-toxic, non-toxic materials. If stones, snags are selected and made independently, you need to do everything according to the rules and make sure that they do not emit harmful substances into the water.
Certainly the decorations should not be made of limestone, rubber and metal, no paints and enamels.
Speaking about the aesthetic part of the pond, you should always remember that stones, grottoes, snags take in the aquarium “living space” – living space. The number of such decor is calculated based on the volume of the aquarium and the needs of the fish themselves. In addition, it should be borne in mind that large decorative elements are placed on the edges of the aquarium or into the background.
You should not put a huge castle in the middle. This is equivalent to having people put a refrigerator in the middle of the kitchen, and not into a corner.
Aquarium is an amphitheater of life!
REGISTRATION AQUARIUM FONOM. The background of the aquarium for the aquarium dwellers themselves is not so important.
In fact, the fish can live without it. The background is more important for a person, it can be said – these are “aquarium curtains”, which play a more aesthetic role than a technical one.
For information on what are aquarium backgrounds, how to make and attach them, see HERE.
REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM OF LIVING AND ARTIFICIAL PLANTS.
Continuing to use the metaphors, we can say that if the background of the aquarium is “curtains”, then the plants are “indoor flowers on the windowsill”. From what they will be, how many they will be, depends on what your aquarium “window” will look like.
We recommend to see a wonderful article on this topic – HERE.
LIGHT REGISTRATION AQUARIUM
The power and spectrum of light is important for aquarium plants – this is their source of life. Speaking about the design of the aquarium, the color of light is important. To date, there is a huge variety of colors of aquarium lamps.
Choose to taste! Moreover, there are various bottom aquarium lights in the form of volcanoes, lanterns and LED aerators.
Here they are.
REGISTRATION OF THE AQUARIUM BY OTHER DECOR. Aquariums can be decorated with shells, locks, ships, divers, skulls, etc.
In this case, it is not necessary to buy all this in the pet store at a crazy price. Using such decorations you need to adhere to only two rules: non-toxicity and safety.
Shells should not be sharp, and figures of divers made of rubber. See also article Seashells in the aquarium.
MAIN DIRECTIONS, TYPES AND EXAMPLES OF AQUARIUM DECORATION
The classic design options for an aquarium for fish are:
Biotope – such an aquarium is made under a certain water landscape of a lake or stream.
Dutch – Aquarium, the main place in which allotted to plants. Such an aquarium is popularly called “herbalist”. The most famous Dutch aquariums creates a mega aquarist Takashi Amano, here are his works:
Geographical – such an aquarium is designed for a specific region, it contains fish from this region only.
In the vastness of our country, you can most often meet “Household aquarium” – where the above principles are not respected. In such aquariums, you can often find castles, amphoras, the same divers, skulls, etc., etc., etc.
In addition, there is a whole industry children’s aquariums. Here is an example:
There are other directions in the design of the aquarium.
As they say, so many people have so many opinions.
Next, let’s see the design options for the aquarium.
Pseudo sea aquariums Such aquariums are formed and imitate marine aquariums – the seabed. The prefix “pseudo,” says that in such a reservoir does not contain sea fish.
Only an entourage is created!
As a rule, in such an aquarium, fish of a bright color are chosen, which cichlids often possess, for example, spruce, demanosi, parrots, etc. The aquarium itself is formed by corals, artificial polyps and sea shells.
Dutch aquarium “light option” Aquarium close to the natural habitats of fish. It contains live aquarium plants, snags, stones, but “in a lightweight form.” Such aquariums do not require special knowledge of plant life from an aquarist.
Elementary care for them is the key to success and achievement of goals.
True Dutch Aquarium – Herbalist These are densely planted aquariums. Fully imitating all the beauty of freshwater bodies.
To create such an aquarium, you need knowledge of plants, you need to study the issue of feeding aquarium plants and applying the CO2 system for an aquarium.
Household, children’s, themed aquarium Such aquariums are made out under a certain idea. As a rule, it is a fiction and fantasy of man.
Futuristic Aquariums or Glo Aquariums Relatively recently, the fashion for creating Glo-reservoirs has entered the aquarist. Where everything glows with neon and plays with phosphorus.
Even exist fluorescent live fish. Such aquariums look beautiful in the evening and at night.
More about Glo-fish is here.
Saltwater aquariums These are aquariums that contain sea, saltwater fish. The aquarium is permeated with marine themes.
The disadvantage of such reservoirs is the price and the huge cost of maintenance.
Cichlid Species aquarium in which only fish of the cichl family are kept.
Watch TSIKHLIDNIK – cichlids in the aquarium
Also there are industrial and show aquariums ”
What kind of fish can you keep in mini aquariums? In a small 10-20 liter tank you need to settle pets with miniature body size.
Fish 2-6 centimeters in length will carry such a volume of water. But remember that even small fish want to swim in a spacious environment.
They can not be kept in containers that will restrict movement. Territorial and aggressive fish cannot be accommodated in mini aquariums. Which do not need to settle in a 10-liter aquariums?
These are swordtails, barbus averages, cichlids, gourami, danios. They have an active and energetic disposition, they need more space for shelter.
In the aquarium of 10-20 liters, you can settle small barbs, pseudomogil gertrudy, rice fish, cherry barbus, rasbor, erythrosalonus, neon, tetra Amanda. Also there you can keep such fish and shrimp: catfish ottsinklyus, corridor, shrimp amano, cherry shrimp, copper tetra.
A representative of the genus Pecilia, viviparous fishes get along well in mini tanks.
You need to buy breeds of fish with a strong immunity, that is, not actually thoroughbred, but hybrids. If you do not have the opportunity to buy a spacious “house” for your small pet, you need to buy a small aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters. There are also often settled well-known Siamese cockerels.
The cockerel can live alone, does not get along with relatives, this is after all a fighting fish.
See also: Small aquarium fish.
Aquarium: do-it-yourself design. Styles and design options aquarium
The most fascinating and laborious task for all of us in the process of installing and filling the aquarium tank is its correct and beautiful design in the same style with the design of the room.
To date, there are a huge number of accessories that can be placed in the aquarium. Making your own hands will allow you to recreate as precisely as possible the exact setting that you want to see there.
Just do not forget that the main inhabitants of the aquarium are fish. And they need the maximum amount of free space in order to be able to swim freely.
The main components that allow for the design of the aquarium (200 liters and all others) are:
- natural and artificial algae;
- various wooden elements;
- artificial decorative elements such as locks, chests, etc.
Today there are various styles of aquariums. All of them are very richly represented in the pictures and photos posted in our article and in various books on the aquarium business.
Also in Russia they can be seen in dolphinariums. Among them are the following options for the design of an aquarium:
- Biotope, representing the landscape of a single reservoir.
- Dutch design style, which focuses on the richness of the underwater flora, and not on the fish.
- Geographic – an aquarium with representatives of the animal and plant world of a single region.
- Psevdomorskogo aquarium stylized under the seabed without plants, and its inhabitants are small fish bright colors. Since such a tank is decorated with large-scale decor, such as stones, corals, artificial polyps, shells, and almost no vegetation, it is excellent for cichlids. After all, this design aquarium for cichlids is ideal.
- Children’s aquariums are designed in accordance with the favorite theme of the child (games, cartoons, stories of books, etc.).
- Marine aquarium with inhabitants living in salt water.
- Futuristic aquariums saturated with luminous elements, including special hybrid fluorescent fish.
- Household and thematic containers created on the basis of human fantasy.
The design of the angular aquarium is made according to the same principles as all the others. A variety of types and styles of work of experts in the aquarium business, known throughout the world, will help you in this difficult matter.
We hope that the recommendations given in this article will help you to get a clear idea about the future interior design of the fish house. In addition, the photos offered by us will help you to correctly and beautifully design the aquarium.
They will serve as an excellent visual aid.