Главная 7 Aquarium 7 Making a small aquarium

Making a small aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility

You can decorate a nano aquarium in a different style. Iwagumi styles are popular among aqua-designers – different types of stone decoration forms, ryubekuka – decoration with snags, wabikusa – in the form of a hummock with plants.

But here the taste and preferences of the owner are crucial. For example, if an aquarium is in a child’s room, it is appropriate to place a mermaid’s castle or a sunken ship and toy scuba divers into it.

The main thing is that the scenery should not take up too much space (as a general rule, not more than a quarter of the bottom surface and half the height), hide the aquarium equipment and leave room for plants and fish. In addition, if there are shrimps in the aquarium, it must be borne in mind that any objects protruding from the water may contribute to their escape from the aquarium.

Soil in small aquariums usually use a two-layer one: the bottom layer is a nutrient substrate, the top one is gravel, the total thickness of the layer should be 3-4 cm.

Making your own aquarium: ground, snags, accents

Aquariums are different, but most people keep them in order to decorate their home or office with a corner of nature. And then the main task of the aquarium is to be beautiful.

It is good if you have the opportunity to turn to professional aqua-designers to design your home or office pond. And if not?

Then you have to act independently, but how, we will tell you now.

Of course, in a fashion now aquascaping – registration of an aquarium in the form of a beautiful natural (and not necessarily underwater) landscape. However, it is unlikely that everyone needs to pursue fashion.

If you want, you can create an urban picture or a psychedelic landscape with a bright pink bottom, ultraviolet lighting and phosphorescent fish in your pond.

In general, when you design an aquarium, everyone acts to the best of their imagination. I met aquariums decorated according to the motives of literary works: especially the one that was made in the style of “Roadside Picnic” was sunk into the soul.

Therefore, the most correct decision is when the aquarium reflects the character and interests of its owner.

The sequence of actions in the design of the aquarium

  1. Preparation of stones and snags.
  2. Set the background.
  3. Equipment installation.
  4. Placement of stones, snags and grottoes in the tank.
  5. Sleeping ground.
  6. Planting plants. Sometimes this is done with a small amount of water (according to the rules for launching, plants are planted several days after pouring water, but if there are many of them and among them there are small and ground covers, it is very difficult to plant them in an aquarium full of water).
  7. Pouring water.

These are the basic principles of design aquarium. Of course, independently making your aquarium a masterpiece of aqua design is not easy, but this is not the main thing.

It is important that you like him and you enjoy looking at him.

This is a separate huge topic, but the basic principles are quite simple:

  • low plants are planted in the foreground
  • at the back and side walls – tall, long stem,
  • sprawling bushes are usually placed on the middle plan on the sides.

As for the maintenance of the aquarium of small size, here you can get under the influence of stereotypes. Often, parents buy aquariums for their children, considering that a small aquarium is easier to clean than a large one. Rather, the “underwater world” of small size is subject to temperature changes and requires frequent water changes.

If water is rarely changed, the waste products of fish begin to accumulate on the walls and it will be rather difficult to clean the container with your hands. In addition, the slightest excess feed, stale at the bottom of such an aquarium, instantly spoils the water and shifts the biological equilibrium.

But if you decide to start a small aquarium, get it “fully loaded.” Specialists will select all the necessary equipment for lighting, water filtration and water heating.

And, despite the equipment, place the aquarium in a room whose temperature is constant. With such a small amount of water, a drop of even 1-2 degrees negatively affects the fish. When feeding fish, give off a small amount of food so that after feeding there will be no leftovers.

Remove excess feed immediately.

When caring for an aquarium, you will have to carry out frequent water changes, until the bacteria stabilize their numbers in the filter. Bacteria convert waste decomposition products into safe substances.

A stock of settled water should always be at your disposal. Water in the aquarium should be changed every three to four days, replacing at least a quarter of the volume of water in a small aquarium.

To prevent algae, an aquarium should not be placed close to the window. Direct sunlight should not fall on it, and the duration of the active daylight should be smoothly increased from six hours immediately after the arrangement of the aquarium to ten hours by the time the biological equilibrium is stabilized.

Creating and maintaining biological balance – the optimal ratio of plants, decor and fish for a small aquarium is quite a laborious job. Residents of the aquarium should feel comfortable in a small space.

To do this, do not overload the small aquarium inhabitants.

Fish for a small aquarium is chosen depending on their size and nature. Small fish with a calm, peaceful nature are preferable.

You can combine several species of fish with the same content requirements or create ideal conditions for one breed.

Guppies, small golden and cherry barbs, gourami, glowing tetras are fish for a small aquarium. The aquarium looks good with one goldfish or a cockerel.

Also in such a reservoir, you can settle danios or neons.

Keep track of the size of your pets. With good care, the fish grow in a small aquarium, and it becomes crowded.

Catch large fish in large domestic reservoirs and replace them with young.

There are many forms of a small aquarium: a cube, a glass, a trapezium, hexagons, etc. The smallest aquarium in the world, for example, has a rectangular shape, which only emphasizes its uniqueness. If you still choose a small round aquarium, remember that externally round and rectangular aquariums may seem the same size, but the round aquarium always has a smaller volume.

Choose decorative elements for a small round aquarium according to its volume, small snags and stones, which can also be used as a foundation for fastening plants. For decoration of small aquariums, most often use moss (small pieces) or Hemianthus, and from plants – Anublas, Microsorum and Vesicularia.

In the case of small aquariums, a good solution would be to completely abandon the fish and populate the pond with shrimp. The aquarium with young ampouleries will also look impressive.

A mini-aquarium, like a spark in the dark, will illuminate your apartment with natural peace and beauty.

Today it is easy to embody the design decisions of the internal and external design of turnkey aquariums. Modern studios offer the most unusual variations in the artistic design of hidden depths. However, if you wish, you can create your own design project, making a truly unique aquarium.

The design, realized with your own hands, will allow to realize any idea, making the created underwater world a basic element of the interior of the room.

It is best to keep aquarium fish for people who see it as a pleasant activity and rest, and not a hassle or problem. After all, it is not enough just to buy an aquarium and run inhabitants into it.

It is also important to be able to care for him so that he would not just like him, but deliver aesthetic pleasure.

The underwater world at home or in the office is a kind of living picture, it is a way to emphasize the individuality of the interior. Aqua design is an integral part of aquarism.

The special uniqueness of it guarantees its own vision of the design of the underwater world. Thinking over their artistic project, real aquarists approach it with all their hearts. Their main goal is to create an original landscape and a comfortable environment for the life of aquatic inhabitants.

Such artistic design allows the most harmonious pour into the interior of the room aquarium. The design, made by hand, allows you to embody the most incredible design options for compositions, from which it is simply impossible to tear your eyes off.

It can be fabulously beautiful sea, rocky scenes, mountain valleys, mangrove forests.

By virtue of your hectic imagination, you can create the most incredible decoration projects. However, they all require a clear concept – from their development to implementation.

First of all, you need to decide on the style of the aquarium and its features. It is also important to take into account the size of the aquarium and its shape, so that the chosen style would be appropriate for a particular area.

The selection of the internal filling of the aquarium and its appearance should harmoniously blend into the environment.

Fish are also of great importance. The design is developed for them, with the obligatory consideration of their habitat.

Compositions are depending on the type of fish. Many of them need shelters, without which they can die. Some of them like to hide in a sandy bottom, some prefer small thickets.

The role of shelters is perfectly performed by snags and grottoes. These decorations with special lighting give a special charm and mystery to the underwater world.

They allow you to create unique compositions and a real paradise for exotic inhabitants, a new habitat for which has become your aquarium. Design, made by hand, makes it possible to implement any creative ideas, there would be a desire.

In 1980, Takashi Amano, a famous Japanese aqua-designer, presented a new direction in the design of aquariums – the natural style. The philosophy of these aquarium paintings lies in the understanding and perception of nature, recreated according to the principle of “Wabi – Sabi” (“modest beauty”).

This style draws inspiration from mountain and forest landscapes, water streams. With the help of various decorative elements (koryag, stones) that define the focal points of decoration, small architectural forms are created.

Their asymmetrical placement, based on the “golden section” rule, makes it possible to set the direction of the natural (natural) sense of perception of the entire composition.

The schooling fish will effectively emphasize the recreated landscapes, will bring diversity to the underwater world and will literally catch up to pay attention to the aquarium. Do-it-yourself design (100 liters volume, at least) of a miniature version in a natural style is better to start with the use of no more than 5 types of plants.

You can decorate a nano aquarium in a different style. Among aqua-designers, the Iwagumi styles are popular – they are decorated with stones of various shapes, the dressage is decorated with snags, and the wabicusa is in the form of a bump with plants.

But here the taste and preferences of the owner are crucial. For example, if an aquarium is in a child’s room, it is appropriate to place a mermaid’s castle or a sunken ship and toy scuba divers into it.

The main thing is that the scenery should not take up too much space (as a general rule, not more than a quarter of the bottom surface and half the height), hide the aquarium equipment and leave room for plants and fish. In addition, if there are shrimps in the aquarium, it must be borne in mind that any objects protruding from the water may contribute to their escape from the aquarium.

Soil in small aquariums usually use a two-layer one: the bottom layer is a nutrient substrate, the top one is gravel, the total thickness of the layer should be 3-4 cm.

Aquariums in their appearance can be of various shapes, sizes and even colors. Today, the approach to the design of aquariums has changed somewhat, and along with the classical options, the decorators offer truly unusual, original and stylish. The shape of all the aquariums can be divided into several categories:

  • rectangular and square;
  • round or oval;
  • in the form of a drop or leaf;
  • non-standard design solutions such as an aquarium in the form of a large mug or a ship.

The size also directly affects the role of the aquarium in the design of the room, because the bigger it is, the more noticeable and effective it is. A few years ago it was very fashionable to use large aquariums in the design, and really huge aquariums built into the wall were especially popular and admired.

Today, the focus is not so much on the size as on the shape and design of the aquarium – the more creative the approach, the more interesting. Such an aquarium may be quite small, but it is impossible not to notice.

There are a lot of options for aquariums, and it is important to choose the one that fits the interior of the room, which will perform not only practical but also decorative functions. So, in modern design of aquariums the main role is played by the form, and sometimes you can find breathtaking solutions that delight with their unusualness.

But the traditional options retain their positions, because the classics in interior design, as well as in clothing design, are out of fashion and trends.

So, a few ways to design and design aquarium:

The original version. It does not matter the size or location – the imagination of designers is so insane that the aquarium today can be found in completely unexpected places.

For example, the design of an aquarium in the form of an old TV, when instead of a “blue screen” there is an aquarium with colorful fish. Even more creative is the aquarium in the toilet, in place of the cistern.

It is likely that the guests will be sincerely afraid to turn the water down. Or a very small aquarium in the form of an incandescent bulb, which will be a spectacular detail on the desktop.

Something big is always easier to decorate, because the imagination is where to roam, and a large area suggests more possibilities. But what about those who cannot find a place in a flat or a house for a luxurious aquarium, and be content with a small one? How to decorate a small aquarium neat and stylish?

There can be lots of solutions, but they all have to follow two main rules: a combination of decorative elements between them and a small number of them.

For example, if in the design of an aquarium you use large stones, then large algae will already be superfluous, they will only close the space. It is better to pick up small plants and arrange them along one of the walls, thus creating a kind of “curtain”. Making a round aquarium and a small size (for example, tabletop) does not generally involve the use of plants – it is better to give preference to small details at the bottom.

Coins, stones, shells, ornaments, small figurines – all this can be used for decoration.

Today, the interior design is very specific, it is very fashionable to reflect its qualities, hobbies, and worldview in the decor and details of its home. In the design of aquariums, this trend is also noticeable, so thematic design is very popular.

For example, if a boy lives in a room, then an aquarium can easily be turned into an unusual garage, or you can make a clear textbook if you laminate letters printed on leaves and put them into an aquarium.

How to make an aquarium for a girl? If she likes vintage, a small ceramic box-chest with a pearl necklace peeking out of it will be an effective solution. Nearby you can put a small toy crown or a vintage mirror.

A different technique will be a different size stones with openwork patterns, which are painted in stencil technology with the help of lace.

When making an aquarium, do not be afraid to choose unusual solutions, because such an element of the interior is a great opportunity to try something original, even if the whole decor of the room is quite calm and cozy.

Round aquarium – design care design photo video.

After equipping the aquarium with everything you need, you should proceed to the selection of “tenants”. The classic version is a goldfish, it is worth sweeping away immediately.

She needs space, so a volume of at least 40-50 liters is needed for one individual.
Before you buy fish, you need to calculate how many people fit in the aquarium, taking into account its volume and features.

Small fishes that can live in a round aquarium: petsilia, gupi, neons, molines, swordtails, cockerels, daneo, corridor, lyalius, ampoule.

The most ideal option is cherry shrimp. They only need lighting from the equipment, and oxygen and a filter are not necessary for them.

If you decide to settle cherry shrimps in the aquarium, place the ground, crown, moss clump on the bottom. Note that you have to change the water every 2-3 weeks.

The round-shaped aquarium and the goldfish floating in it is a constant attribute of the interior of a small apartment from the last century. But the size of the vessel and its shape impose a lot of unpleasant restrictions on the process of keeping the fish.

For example, it will be extremely difficult to place special equipment in it, so people do without it. And the cons of the vessel are too obvious:

  • The standard diameter of the aquarium is about 25 cm with a volume of 15 liters. In such dishes can not put a filter and water can quickly become dirty. In order to solve this problem, you will have to change the water every day. This procedure causes stress in fish, and its implementation is rather troublesome;
  • the area of ​​the water surface is small due to the narrowing of the capacity upwards. This leads to a decrease in the amount of oxygen dissolved in water and the appearance of oxygen starvation in fish;
  • small volume and lack of space for the heater leads to a significant fluctuation of temperatures, and this in turn causes stress in the fish;
  • the size of the vessel does not allow to put in it plants and shelters for fish, which would allow them to feel safe;
  • also, a small volume makes it impossible to place in the tank more than three small fish that would not be comfortable in such conditions;
  • because of the curved walls, the free movement of the fish will be impossible. And because of the refraction of light and shadows in them, there will be an illusion of constant extraneous movement outside the vessel, which will also become an additional reason for stress.
  • Due to these factors and many other stresses, the immunity can be significantly reduced, diseases can occur and even the death of fish that will be placed in a small aquarium. After all, a vessel containing less than fifteen liters is absolutely not suitable for the maintenance of living beings. And such a goldfish common among lovers needs a minimum of fifty liters of water. Some countries, including Austria and Germany, have banned the use of round aquariums, and the fact of keeping fish in them may fall under the article KK “Cruel treatment of animals”.
  • Therefore, before you buy a round-shaped aquarium, you should think twice. After all, few people will want to deliberately torture the unfortunate fish in a tiny vase. Yes, and the very content of this punishment cell clean every day will require a serious investment of effort and time. So it would be wiser to save more money and get a good rectangular copy with a volume of at least 160 liters. In this vessel, in addition to fish, you can place beautiful underwater plants, various decorations and equipment necessary for the maintenance of aquatic inhabitants.


The specific shape and small volume do not allow creating thematic landscapes with large-scale decoration in the form of fragments of a ship or ruins of a castle. However, when designing a round aquarium, you can use other design techniques.

For example, among the stones you can place a miniature model of a chest from a pirate ship.

Or lay out a few fragments of ethnic pottery. The main principle on which the decor of the aquarium space of this form is based is minimalism.

Otherwise, for all the elements you will not be able to see the underwater inhabitants.

The cover for a round aquarium performs several functions: it prevents fish from jumping out, getting into non-typical objects, protects animals from children and cats, and also serves as a place for mounting the backlight. Therefore, it is better to purchase an aquarium immediately with a lid than to search for the desired model.

The cover for a round aquarium can be purchased only in specialized stores. It is more difficult to find a cover only for a semicircular aquarium.

The content of most species of fish in such a capacity will have to be abandoned: sensitive fish will quickly die from stress, large (goldfish, cichlids) and fast-swimming (barbs, tandems, neons) will not have enough space here, and bottom (baty, catfish) will not have a bottom area because the lower part of the round aquarium is very narrow.

Cockerel fighting fish and small viviparous fish – guppies, mollies, petilia can live in a glass ball. Their life will not be comfortable, but due to their simplicity and resistance to stress, they adapt to the spherical capacity.

Shrimps, snails and small water plants feel quite well in round aquariums.

To improve the quality of life of aquatic inhabitants in a round aquarium, it is worthwhile to install special equipment – miniature submersible filters that can be placed on the bottom, or cascade mounted, mounted on the edge of the tank, lamps on clothes pegs and heaters in the form of carpets.

There is a more convenient option. You can buy a complete round aquarium with built-in equipment (better known companies).

Such aquariums already have a solid support, convenient lighting, a well-thought out filtration and aeration system, as well as instructions for starting and operating the aquarium.

As for plants, it is better to choose live in a round aquarium, since in the absence of equipment they will be a source of oxygen. For example, many fish, including molines will die without living algae.

Artificial plants have their advantages: they do not need special care, so they stay beautiful longer; it is easier to lay eggs on them when spawning. Therefore, a pair of artificial branches in a round aquarium does not hurt.

Here are the plants that can be purchased for a round aquarium: elodey, piste, cryptocoryn, nyas, rovolnik, valisneriya spiral.

The third stage in the “habitability” of a round aquarium is its design. Equipment for the aquarium as much as possible to hide the plants.

Pebbles also need to pick wisely. It must be remembered that in the round aquarium all the details look more convex.

Therefore, any, even the smallest defect will immediately be noticeable.

In specialized stores you can buy a special color primer. If your aquarium is large, you can put a snag or artificial house on the bottom.


In a round container, light is refracted peculiar. According to the widespread opinion among aquarists, not all fish are able to survive in such conditions.

Firstly, living beings may experience stress due to distortions of the surrounding reality, and secondly, it shortens the lifespan for nerve fish. Although the main limiter is the amount of space.

Fish for a round aquarium fit only small size.

Be sure to put here a little catfish, so that it clears the glass from green scurf. Neons, males, and lilies will feel great in the water.

Small-sized goldfish grow badly and often get sick. The number of small fish should be maintained at the same level.

Before you run neons here, you must make calculations: the number is determined by the volume of the aquarium. Overpopulation will immediately affect the health of the fish and the general appearance of the artificial reservoir.

The power of equipment for the aquarium is selected in accordance with the requests of a particular group of fish. It is better if the fish for a round aquarium will be bright, visible.

For example, some species of guppy.

And so, you read my article on the launch of a nano-aquarium, or you just wanted to start your own little water world for a long time and now you are thinking about who to settle there.

Quite a lot of options)

All the inhabitants of the underwater world can be divided into vertebrates, invertebrates and mollusks.

Vertebrates include various types of fish. To invertebrates – shrimp, crabs and crayfish.

To mollusks – snails.

You can choose one of these kingdoms (for example, make a shrimp maker), or you can combine two or even all three.

The traditional is an aquarium populated by fish. Only here you cannot plant everybody in a small aquarium; you will have to choose small schooling fish or one or two medium ones.

Possible options for settling the FISH Aquarium:

1. Petushki:

Very famous and common fish. Males are very beautiful, have luxurious fan fins. Females are less elegant, but also very brightly colored.

Breeders are constantly working on breeding new colors of males.

They are satisfied with small amounts of water (but, you see, keeping the fish in an aquarium of less than 5 liters is both cruel and ugly). Water temperature – ideally 26 degrees. The cockerel breathes atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface.

Therefore, care must be taken that the air in the room is not too cool. You can cover the aquarium cover, but leave a few inches from the surface of the water.

Male males are very pugnacious, so it’s best to keep them alone or in families (1 male and 3-4 females).

The body length of an adult cockerel is about 6 cm.

2. Neons

Also known Russian fish. Neons prefer to live in flocks, so it is better to settle them in groups of 5 individuals.

The water temperature is 22-25 degrees (ideally); at higher temperatures, the lifetimes of these fish are reduced. In principle, neons are unpretentious, like soft water and an abundance of plants.

Prone to obesity, so they should be fed very moderately.

Adult neon can reach a length of 4 cm.

3. Danio rerio:

As a rule, these small fish are always recommended for beginners. Moving, fun and unpretentious danios feel best in flocks.

They can live in the temperature range of 15-30 degrees and be content with 1 liter of water per 1 fish (that is, even in a five-liter aquarium, you can run a group of 5 zebrafish). Easily spawn in an aquarium.

There are several color forms of this fish.

Body length up to 5 cm (but more often 3-4).

4. Guppy:

Probably, it is from this fish that aquarism begins for most people. It was the guppies living in three-liter banks that became frequent inhabitants of Soviet (and then Russian) apartments.

They are loved by millions for their unpretentiousness (they can live even in the most extreme conditions), beauty (thanks to the many unique colors, everyone can find the fish of their dreams =)) and fertility (you can buy only one female, and in a month she will give birth to you 20 fry ).

Viviparous guppies, i.e. they do not spawn, but give birth to live fry. They eat absolutely everything.

Water temperatures are undemanding.

At first, I really liked them, but now they multiplied uncontrollably. It even annoys me that every week I find at least 20 newborn fry in the aquarium.

The males are guppies slender, with a bright body and a luxurious tail. Samochki larger, thicker, gray and inconspicuous.

But there are quite beautiful purebred females.

Breeders are constantly working on new breeds of guppy.

Dimensions: male – 3-4 cm, female – up to 6 cm.

(last 2 photos – females)

5. Guppy Endler:

In fact, the same guppy. But Endler’s guppy is a wild form that breeders did not manage to work on. Such fish are found in Venezuela. easily interbreed with simple guppies and produce very cute hybrids)

Endler’s guppies are smaller than ordinary guppies: males reach 2-3 cm in length. Look great in small aquariums with a dark background!

6. Corridor:

The so-called speckled catfish. In fact, the corridors are very many species, just speckled – the most famous of them.

The corridors love the company, buy at once 3-5 individuals. These harmless catfish do not exceed 5 cm in length, some species (such as the corridor panda) do not grow more than 3 cm at all.

Unpretentious, can live without aeration. The soil should be without sharp stones so that the fish do not hurt their delicate antennae.

The optimum temperature of the content – 24-26 degrees.

Water volume: at least 3-5 liters for 1 fish.

7. Corridor Pygmy:

View corridors, which is worth to say separately.

Pygmies are small schooling fishes, seemingly gray and inconspicuous, but very cute and interesting in behavior. They feel good only in a flock, they like clean, oxygenated water.

Unlike other corridors, they do not sit only in the bottom layer of water, but prefer to flutter all over the aquarium, like a flock of birds.

8. Cardinal:

Prefers neutral water, rather cool (18-21 °). For 1 fish requires 3 liters of water.

Small fishes, 3-4 cm, quite mobile. They love the abundance of plants, omnivores.

9. Micro disassembly:

An ideal fish for a nano-aquarium. Body length rarely exceeds 2 cm. Water temperature is 22-28 degrees, unpretentious to the composition of water, 1 fish requires less than 1 liter of water.

Unfortunately, micro-assemblies are now rarely available, aquarists have been waiting for these fish to be delivered to stores for months.

10. Norman Blue-Eye:

Cute schooling fish that grow up to 3-4 cm. Their eyes glow brightly with neon light, which gives the aquarium a kind of dynamics and charm.

Peaceful schooling fish, water temperature 20-25 degrees. I live at a higher temperature, very active and playful.

And so, we looked at fish that would be happy even in a small aquarium of 10-30 liters.

Approximate settlement options:


• 5-7 guppies Endler;

• 5 Norman blue-eyed;

• 7 micro-sampling + 5 danio-rerio;

• 3 Endler guppies + 5 danios-rerio;

• 3 neons + 3 guppies.

• Family of cockerels (1 male and 3 females);

• 1 cock + 3 corridors;

• 10-15 guppies or Endler’s guppies;

• 10-15 Norman blue-eyed;

• 7 pygmy corridors;

• 5 guppies + 5 neons;

• 15 Danio-rerio + 15 microassembly;

• 10 guppies + 3 corridors;

• 7 neons + 3 corridors.

Here the possibilities are even greater) For example, such fish may be settled, which I did not tell about here. A pair of macropods, a couple of honey gouras, a pair of pelvicahromis or apistograms.

The remaining combinations – we look at 10 liters and multiply the number of fish by 3.

Naturally, it is better to run less fish than planned. Overpopulation is very dangerous for such small volumes. In any case, filtration, aeration and a weekly water change of 20-30% should be provided.

Nowadays, shrimpers are coming into fashion – aquariums populated with freshwater prawns.

Shrimps are unpretentious, cute and very interesting.

Aquarium SHRIMPS:

1. Cherry shrimp (cherry):

Small (up to 3 cm) red shrimp. Extremely unpretentious.

It breeds well in an aquarium.

2. Amano shrimp (Japanese pond):

More than a cherry (up to 6 cm). Gray, perfectly fights with algal fouling.

In an aquarium where shrimps live, the plants are always clean and well maintained.

In captivity do not breed.

3. Shrimp Crystal:

Small (2 cm), expensive, rather demanding to water, but very beautiful shrimp.

4. Shrimp Cardinal:

Very beautiful and very rare shrimp. Considered difficult to maintain.

5. Yellow shrimp:

Unpretentious small shrimp bright yellow. If it is undernourished, it can begin to spoil the plants.

If you want to keep only shrimp (without fish), then you can plant a rather large flock in a small volume. For example, 20-25 shrimp-cherries will feel great in 10 liters.

Shrimps do not touch the fish, but some fish are not averse to eat shrimp. Therefore, the ideal neighbors for shrimp will be small fish, such as the Endler guppies, microassemblies, neons, corridors and Norman blue-eyes.

The calculation is approximately as follows:

20 liters: 10 shrimp-cherries + 5-7 guppies Endler (or other small fish).

Shellfish in an aquarium:

Some snails are also quite cute and even useful. They will be excellent neighbors for your fish or shrimp.

1. Helena:

Cute striped snail that feeds. other snails. It helps to get rid of the invasion of pond snails and coils that spoil the plants. In the absence of live food feeds on the remnants of fish feed.

It breeds well in an aquarium.

2. Neretina:

Beautiful and useful snail. Helps to clear a raid from walls and plants.

It lays caviar, but the whites do not appear in fresh water.

3. Ampularia:

The most favorite snail, very often found in aquariums.

Unfortunately, some types of ampoulyaries spoil the plants. And there is a lot of dirt from them.


I tried to introduce you to creatures that will feel great in a small (10-30 l) aquarium. Aquarium with small, nimble fish or business-like shrimps will greatly decorate your apartment or office.

With proper and timely care, he will long please you.

About how to run the aquarium, I wrote in the article Underwater World on your desk.

I repeat once again simple rules that will help you to always keep your aquarium in good condition:

1. DO NOT HURRY! The launch of the aquarium should last at least 2 weeks (from the water up to the launch of the fish).

2. Down with artificiality! Plants, soil and decorations in the aquarium should be NATURAL.

No plastic!

3. The filter should work around the clock !.

4. Water changes should be done once a week, at 20-30%. Never change all the water at once!

Never wash the scenery with chemicals!

5. Feed the fish a little! One day a week – unloading.

6. If after you install the filter, there was a dregs – do not rush to change the water! All is well, the appearance of turbidity suggests that a balance has begun to be established.

After a couple of days the water will be clean.

7. Do not overdo it with fish! Less is more.

8. Remember: an aquarium is a complex biological system. Do not climb there once again with your hands, do not make chemistry or other drugs.

9. Fish – also alive. And you are responsible for her life.

There is nothing difficult in aquarism. Learn to be patient, do not neglect the advice, do not forget to devote half an hour a week to your underwater world – and he will thank you.

Coming home, you will enjoy the lush green plants and frolicking fish.

Successes to all who decided to start an aquarium!

Next time I will try to tell you something else interesting from the world of aquarism)

О admin


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