Dear colleagues! In today’s article we will talk about aquarium fish food, or rather, how to prepare it yourself.
If your fish feed only on Gammarus, grits, or dry daphnia, then keep in mind that this diet is not the best. As a rule, fish grow poorly from such feed, breeding problems appear, or they may even die.
Trouble can overtake you even if you feed fish with live food. They can become rotten, as a result of which the fish gets sick and dies.
To avoid future problems with feeding, every novice aquarist needs to know what to feed their pets, how to get this same food and how to store it.
We begin, perhaps, with the chimney because it is extremely popular among aquarists of all stripes. This dish is a ring-shaped worm, between 20 and 40 millimeters long.
The body color of the worms is dirty red. It is extracted in the bottom mud of a natural reservoir, where it is collected into lumps. It so happened that the laborer is very common in our country.
It can be found in especially polluted water bodies and in places where sewage flows into these same water bodies.
As a rule, the pipeker is in huge quantities of the upper layers of silt accumulations and forms a fluffy carpet, which is lost from sight if this mat is disturbed. The worms head is immersed in the sludge, and the rest of the body hovers in above the bottom. The worm passes through its digestive system a soil saturated with bacteria and other organic inclusions.
There are places where a huge amount of organic waste accumulates, and there, in turn, the bottom is literally littered with a pipemaker and it is red. If you plan to feed your aquarium pet with a pipe maker, always remember, as it is able to accumulate various toxic substances in itself, which can provoke the death of all your fish.
In aquarium practice, there are several ways to collect the ringworm. If you need a little pipe scrubber, it’s enough to lower the net onto which the spoiled fruit, corncobs and boiled potatoes are laid onto the bottom of the reservoir.
A few days later these baits will be covered with a pipe maker.
But if you need a lot of a pipe worker, then you have to rake out the worms with a silt shovel and pour it all into a bucket. You can also use a shallow net, where they collect the top layer of silt, rich in worms.
When the sludge is settled in a bucket, the remaining water can be drained. Then for the remaining sludge spread gauze or sprinkled with washed river sand. Next, you need to put the bucket in a bowl filled with hot water or put on fire.
As a result, because of the heat, the poor pipe worker finds no place for himself and begins to crawl to the surface, where a careful aquarist carefully collects it. After the pipemill is assembled, it should be flushed away from residues of silt and sand.
To deliver the pipemaker to the integrity and security of the home, it is best to use a special suitcase, equipped with a wooden retractable frame, covered with a grid. If the frames are made of wood, then they need to be saturated with hot linseed oil.
If the substrate is maintained in a humid environment, the worms will be alive for several hours.
At home, you can keep a straw pipe in flat cuvettes filled with water. The water level should be such that after tapping on the cuvette, the pipemaker will begin to pop out of the water.
Just make sure that the bacterial film does not accumulate on the surface of the water. The water in the cuvette needs to be changed several times a day, and in the meantime the pipe maker needs to be transplanted into a clean cuvette.
It is better to keep the worms in a cool place, but in no case do not freeze it.
In view of the fact that the trumpet is mined in dirty waters, you can feed the fish only after a week’s exposure to clean water. If the water does not deteriorate during the exposure time in the cuvette and the dirt does not accumulate, it means that you can safely use the clod.
If you keep a bunch of worms in a cool place, then in this state it can live up to three months.
If you feed the fish with a pipe worker, consider the fact that it very quickly digs into the aquarium soil, where it dies quickly. This, subsequently, leads to damage to the aquarium water. To prevent this, it is better to use a bottom or floating trough.
If you need to feed the fry, then the strawsmith is finely cut with scissors and washed in a nylon net.
For such aquarium fish, such as viviparous (mollies, swordtails, petilles and guppies) or haracin (red and blue neons, minors, ornatuses, rhodostomuses), this food will not work, but for large fish (cichlids, tetragonopteruses and goldfish) . In our country, you can count more than 50 species of earthworms. These guys are hermaphrodites and they multiply by cross-fertilization.
The earthworm lays a cocoon from which about 10 embryos emerge. They feed, as a rule, with fallen leaves, humus and other organic compounds in the soil.
You can find them in damp places that they leave after the rain. They can also be mined in vegetable gardens and gardens, and especially where the land is fertilized with manure.
Harvested worms can be safely stored for more than one month in a cool place by placing a container with animal matter in a damp canvas bag or in a wooden box filled with turf, moss, wet sand and hardwood chips. Just fine worms are stored in the humus with fallen leaves.
Feed worms can be cornmeal or milk. Before feeding the fish with worms, the latter are given a few days to live without food, so that their intestines become free from the entire contents.
Also worms can be placed for a couple of hours in a container of water. Then they are rinsed for mucus, cut or given entirely to their fish.
Motyle are the larvae of the mosquito of the family Tendipedidae and Chironomidae. Larvae are mined in ponds with a large amount of sludge, which is collected from the bottom and washed in a sieve from various small particles and sand.
When only the bloodworm and various garbage remains in the sieve used, the sieve should be dried a little and dipped in water. As a result of this, the bloodworm will begin to float to the surface and it can be collected by a net.
This procedure continues until you remove all the moth from the sieve.
To finally clear the bloodworm of various debris, it spread on a sieve or cheesecloth, and placed in a bowl of water. Bloodworm will sink to the bottom, and all remaining garbage will remain on the gauze or sieve.
In this way, you can sort live and dead larvae. Live bloodworms can be safely stored in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf for two to three weeks.
To save it for your fish, the larvae are wrapped in a damp and well-wrung rag and put in a plastic jar with tiny holes. You can also mix bloodworms with already used tea brewing.
Just fine mosquito larvae are stored in the pelvis with running water, at the bottom of which sifted and washed sand is laid. The larvae will be buried in the sand, and you will not wash them out of the pelvis when you change the water in it.
Moth is removed from the sand with the same net with which you sifted the sand when the larvae were harvested. Moth is also successfully stored in a tissue bag, which is placed in the drain tank.
For feeding fish, mosquito larvae can be placed in a floating plastic feeder, which has holes at the bottom, through which they enter the aquarium. In no case do not allow the moth to fall into the ground, as in large quantities it will spoil the water, slowly decomposing in the substrate. If you want to arrange a mini-tiller moth on your backyard plot, then a small ditch is pulled out, which is flooded with water.
To attract mosquitoes and provoke mosquitoes to lay the larvae, a lantern can be installed above the water, and hay can be laid out on the surface of the water. Feed the larvae can be yeast.
Corette is also a mosquito larvae, but of a different species (Chaoborus), whose length is 10-12 millimeters. If the bloodworm is harvested at the bottom of the reservoir, then the corelet floats in the water column and does not dig into the ground. From natural reservoirs it is caught by nets in the cold season.
If it becomes warm outside, the choke becomes a pupa and then a mosquito. You can store the larvae in a wet rag, which is placed in a vessel with cold water. The best option to put in the bottom of the refrigerator.
When you feed the cortex fish, know that these larvae are predators, and they can harm the young.
That’s basically all the main types of live food that are used in aquarism today. Of course, you can experiment with various bugs and worms, but at your own risk.
I in the article cited the most popular and most accessible.