maintenance, care, compatibility
Aquarium lighting and choice of lamps, which is better to choose?
Duration of aqua illumination and options to facilitate control
Much really depends on the correct lighting of the aquarium. The fact is that the vast majority of plants and fish that can live in an aquarium, come from the tropics.
And in these latitudes, the length of daylight is almost 12 hours year-round. Consequently, it is necessary to arrange the lighting in the aquarium so that the fish live in the conditions of their usual daylight hours.
Is it necessary to organize breaks in the lighting during the day? In fact, there is simply no unequivocal answer to the question of how much light should be switched on. However, the presence of such interruptions will not play a special role.
It is only for convenience that they advise you to turn on the lighting around 10-11 o’clock in the afternoon, which will allow you to enjoy funny games of fish in the aquarium lighting in the same period of time in the evening.
How to correctly determine how exactly the aquarium will be equipped with lighting? As a rule, novice aquarists choose a method of organizing lighting in which the light in the aquarium is provided for a long time. True, this method is not always combined with the necessary way of life for fish and plants.
The second method involves the organization of breaks, as we said above. Those. This is a method in which the light is interrupted during the day for an hour or two.
Finally, the third method is stepped. The step method (as the name implies) is based on the fact that for a certain period of time the lamps shine at full power.
Subsequently, the stepwise method implies a gradual decrease in the light intensity, its complete shutdown and further switching on with a gradual increase in intensity. For many, the step method is the most acceptable.
In general, it is possible to transfer the functions of switching on-off the lighting throughout the day to the automation. To date, there are very convenient outlets, timers, which allow you to fully automate the management of the lighting process.
The principle of operation of this kind of timers is quite accessible: they are inserted into the outlet and set a specific lighting mode.
How to determine the acceptable intensity of illumination in the aquarium? You can meet with the information that the optimal calculation is 0.5 W per liter of water in the aquarium.
However, this calculation can not be called the only true. The depth of the water, the individual characteristics of the habitat familiar to the fish and the plant, all have an impact on the final calculation of how much power is needed to determine the intensity of the backlight. After all, it is obvious that aquarium inhabitants, accustomed to life at depth, need much less light than residents of shallow water.
It is also quite clear that at a depth of about 20 cm, the intensity of light is greater than at a 60 centimeter depth.
Therefore, the final calculation of the intensity of the light flux in the aquarium can be selected exclusively by a kind of experiment. It is recommended to take as a basis a typical calculation of 0.5 V / l, after which to increase or decrease the intensity. As a result, you can choose how much is the optimal calculation for your particular case.
If the lighting is excessive, the water in the aquarium will begin to bloom, the filament will develop, the walls will be overgrown with algae. With a lack of light, fish will find it difficult to breathe, small-leaved plants will start to die, and the aquarium will be covered with brown spots.
In this case, you may need additional lighting.
When installing lighting in the aquarium, you need to decide on the lamps used. Their types are diverse, but each is characterized by both advantages and disadvantages.
We study this question in more detail.
For a long time, the aquarium was equipped with ordinary incandescent bulbs. Subsequently, they were replaced with energy-saving lamps.
However, it should be recognized that providing lighting in an aquarium with such lamps is an outdated option. The fact is that the use of lamps (including energy-saving) does not give enough light. In addition, these lamps heat too much, which ultimately leads to an imbalance in the heat balance in the aquarium.
The situation is similar when using energy-saving lamps.
Fluorescent lamps can produce good light intensity. However, we have already noted above that it is impossible to provide the light spectrum required by plants with fluorescent lamps.
Modern phytolamps can be a good option. Such illumination should provide optimal light intensity, as well as organize the necessary spectrum.
True, equipping an aquarium with such lamps is not the cheapest pleasure.
LED (LED lighting, ICE) is a new, convenient and perfect way to supply light. The fact is that LEDs are as close to natural sunlight as possible. When lighting the aquarium through LED lighting ICE is obtained to maintain the stability of the temperature of the water.
In addition, the resource at LED significantly exceeds the factory life of other types of lamps.
There are two more positive aspects of using LEDs. First, ICE is the ability to self-adjust the brightness of the lighting. Secondly, LED provides a variety of lighting colors.
As a result of the use of ICE obtained beautiful pictures of underwater life.
As you can see, the lighting of the aquarium is an important stage. Successful solution of this issue depends on the type of lamp chosen and on the characteristics of plants and fish inhabiting the aquarium.
And with the right approach, all aquarium residents should be unusually comfortable.
LIGHTING FOR AQUARIUM PLANTS, LEDS AND LED MASSIFES.
INSTALLATION AND STARTING OF THE AQUARIUM CARE CONTENTS CLEANING REGISTRATION.
SOIL FOR AQUARIUM- SPECIES NATURAL NEUTRAL ARTIFICIAL
So, acquiring an aquarium, it is necessary not only to have knowledge about maintaining water temperature so that the fish would be comfortable but also to know and understand exactly how to feed and care for the bottom inhabitants. Also, it is not unimportant to have knowledge about the lighting in the aquarium.
In ready-made aquariums purchased at points of sale, namely, in markets and zoological stores, they are supplied in lamp kits of the aquarium spectrum corresponding to the normal life.
Remember that any lamp can not be screwed into the aquarium. Not all of the white light emitted by a lamp can have a beneficial effect on the life of plants and inhabitants.
Everyone knows that white color consists of a whole set of colors, such as red, blue, yellow, green. The predominance of any of the constituent colors affects the light.
Based on the above written, it is necessary to make a choice what kind of light is needed for the aquarium.
For plants, as well as possible, suitable lamps emitting white light. Of the spectral component and the predominance of blue and red. This is necessary so that the plants do not die and become covered with unpleasant green mucus.
Therefore, when choosing a lamp, if the previous one has burned out, study the information provided to the manufacturers on the characteristics of the work of this production site.
You can also ask the professional breeders what kind of lamp company they prefer to use when maintaining and lighting their aquariums. If you are constructing a lighting with your own hands, choose fluorescent lamps in the light of which the colors of the red-blue spectrum predominate.
So, what kind of light is better for an aquarium, we understand on the basis of the proposed information.
But the conversation was mainly about fluorescent lamps, it is also necessary to pay attention to energy-saving lamps. They are gaining particularly strong popularity in recent times with a number of positive qualities and advantages over ordinary lamps.
Choosing an energy-saving lamp, pay attention also to the spectral indicators.
This type of characteristic is suitable in which the lamp should emit light in a red and yellowish gamut. In addition, plants lining the bottom of the aquarium need ultraviolet light in order for photosynthesis to occur at the pace they need. UV lamps are different.
It is necessary when choosing to pay attention to the characteristics of the lamp and choose those that emit a soft, non-aggressive ultraviolet, which has a beneficial effect on all life.
So, you have an aquarium and you are overwhelmed by a whole host of questions regarding its maintenance and care for the inhabitants. One of the main issues requiring careful study and attention is strangely the question of lighting.
Light plays an important role in maintaining the life of plants and mollusks. But the fish do not need it.
It is also recommended to adhere to natural lighting.
And of course the question arises whether the lighting is necessary in the dark. Of course, the choice remains for the owner of the aquarium and the fish living in it.
Earlier, when there were no different innovations in the world of fish keeping and aquarium arrangement, small round specimens were used without any kind of lighting.
How much light is needed in an aquarium is determined based on natural indicators. It means that in the natural habitat of course there is no such amount of light as from lamps, and nevertheless the fishes feel absolutely comfortable.
In winter, however, an extremely small amount of light enters the water.
Therefore, the intensity of illumination is determined from the fact that it must be in the soft ultraviolet spectra and have colors from red to blue. Do not neglect to turn off the lights in the night as the fish need to sleep and feel that they do not have an eternal day in order for all the biorhythms to be normal and to function as it should be and laid in them by nature.
It is not necessary to leave the light in the aquarium at night, because, as is well known, most of the light is necessary for the growth of living plants in the aquarium, at night, plants do not need to synthesize light. In the marine aquarium where corals grow light, synthesized into chemical energy by the smallest plants that usually grow in corals, you also do not need to highlight the bottom at night.
So, whether it is a fresh or salty aquarium, it is not necessary to illuminate it around the clock. And if you need to leave the house for a few days, then in this case you can turn off the backlight without harming the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Therefore, quietly turn off the backlight and do not worry about the fact that the aquarium will stand for a few days in the dark on the natural light in the living room or office.