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Is it possible in the aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility



one. Where can I buy an aquarium? It is recommended to buy aquariums exclusively at pet stores in your city (no one has yet canceled taxation, checks and guarantees), in other words, you will have someone to make a complaint in case of anything.

Aquariums can also be purchased online and in bird markets. With this option, you will save, but you risk getting low-quality, defective goods, think and weigh everything well – is it worth the risk?

2 What can be done from the aquarium? How can I use an aquarium?

In fact, the direct purpose of an aquarium is “a house for fish”, so that in the logic of things you can only do this from it. BUT, in aquariums also contain all sorts of reptiles: turtles (red-eared), newts, iguanas, chameleons, hecons, crocodiles, frogs and other vermin. Also, the aquarium can be adapted for hamsters, mice, rats and other jerboas (the main thing is to make holes in the lid so that the latter do not suffocate).

Another aquarium can be used as a greenhouse – plants will grow and multiply well in it.

3. Who can be kept, made, settled, maintained, planted in an aquarium?

Actually in the previous answer this secret was revealed;) It can be added that for snakes and other “reptiles” special equipment is sold for their heating, as those are cold-blooded.

4. How can I wash the aquarium? How can I clean the aquarium?

Can I wash aquarium soda? You can wash and clean the aquarium to everyone! Although bleach.

The main thing is all well and thoroughly rinse several times. Once I spoke at a pet store with one seller, so he was categorically against him. tools for cleaning the aquarium (and began to send me some kind of special figure) Do not go on about!

I have cleaned aquariums with a housetostos for a dozen years and all of O. Keu! By the way about soda – baking soda is a great option for cleaning and disinfecting an aquarium! I repeat, the main thing is to thoroughly wash everything several times and make sure that there is no chemistry left.

All of the above naturally applies to washing an empty aquarium. If we are talking about cleaning a fish tank, then here is another story.

Such cleaning excludes any chemistry. Aquarium only siphon, clean the walls with glass beakers and wipe with a clean cloth.

By the way, the aquarium walls are perfectly cleaned with an ordinary dishwashing sponge, I advise you!

5. What are the stones in the aquarium?

What snags can be in the aquarium? What can be put in the aquarium? Actually in the aquarium as a decor you can cram anything, the main thing is to think about the consequences.

I hope you understand that decorating an aquarium with rubber, plastic, metal products, etc. – ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN! Some put silver in the aquarium, they say it kills bacteria. Nonsense and nonsense.

If the aquarium starts, what kind of infection, then believe the silver ring inherited from the grandmother will not help you. Viruses and diseases should be treated with medical preparations (in this case aquarium chemistry), and not with grandmother’s plots.

As for the stones, I’ll come up with stones from the “street”, except for limestone and the like, i.e. which crumble and dissolve. Before you lower the stone into the aquarium, I boil it for at least an hour. It is better to throw seashells or large shells into the aquarium (note that they increase the rigidity of the aquarium water) but look aesthetic than stones.

As for the snags. Here I will not tell you much, because this is a separate topic for conversation.

In general: snags should be hardwood trees, initially dry, then boiled and dried. Keep in mind that even properly boiled and dried snags will still tint aquarium water in the beginning. What can be put in the aquarium – at least that mirror as a background.

The main thing is to check that it is not sharp, does not oxidize, does not dissolve and does not emit other filth in the aquarium.

6. How can I decorate an aquarium?

How can I arrange an aquarium? This is a question of your financial capabilities.

In general, most aquarists, tend to the natural – the natural design of the aquarium: without locks, ships and other divers. But this is a matter of taste! The most important role in the design of the aquarium is played by the colors and tones, so imagine first of all what “mood” your aquarium will have.

And then, based on this, select the ground, background, lighting and scenery.

7. How can I glue, glue up the aquarium? Aquarium silicone sealant to help you.

This sealant is sold in any pet store (it is black, white and transparent color). Do not use a construction sealant-silicone in it a lot of chemistry, which later gets into the water.

8. Where can I put the aquarium? Where can I put an aquarium?

There are unshakable rules for installing and placing an aquarium. Do not believe newspaper sites and fiction – they say an aquarium in the bedroom, and even a child is a miracle!

The baby is supposed to sleep better. Nothing like this. From the “working” aquarium at night you can go nuts – aeration, filtration, fish gurgle and flop.

A nervous tick will be in a child, not a dream in a month. There is a way out of this situation – to turn off the aquarium every night or to get labyrinth fish, but I think this is not the best option. Do not believe those who say that the aquarium should be put on the window or opposite it.

First, in a week your aquarium will turn green from the growth of uncontrolled algae, and secondly from the sunlight on the aquarium glass will be glare and in the afternoon it will be difficult to see. The best place for an aquarium is the living room (a frequently visited room not designed for sleeping). You can also place the aquarium in the kitchen or in the hallway.

Aquarium is usually tried to put in a corner, rather than in the middle of the room. The aquarium can be built into the furniture, but the surface on which the aquarium will stand must be durable and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water.

I wish you success!

Should I turn off the pump and aeration of the aquarium at night?

The filter with the aerator cannot be turned off. They should work 24 hours a day.

On the filter material is a colony of beneficial bacteria and it lives due to the influx of oxygen.

Even a brief shutdown of the light and stopping the filter leads to the fact that it simply dies and after switching on the filter, instead of purifying the water, it begins to release food substances dangerous to fish, resulting from the death of the colony.
To all this I will add that the constant on and off can lead to the fact that the coil “starting torque” will quickly burn and you will have to buy a new

Why not turn off the pump and aeration of the aquarium at night?

Some novice aquarists turn off filtering and aeration for the night, “so that aquarium equipment does not buzz at night.”

Disabling the filter is fraught with problems. In principle, fish and plants can suffer for 7-8 hours without air and filtration, but the beneficial nitrifying bacteria will die in 3-4 hours and, as a result, the biological balance will be broken.


Nitrificators – a group of autotrophic (autotrophy – nutrition of organisms with inorganic substances, carried out by means of photosynthesis or chemosynthesis) of microorganisms capable of obtaining energy for life through the oxidation of inorganic nitrogen compounds. Divided into two groups.

The first group oxidizes ammonia to nitrites to form nitrous oxide as a by-product. The second group oxidizes nitrites to nitrates.

Question: What if, for example, guests arrived, and in the room is a humming aquarium?

Answer: It so happens that well, you just need to “turn off the aquarium” for a while. It is undesirable, but you can still disable something.

For example, reduce the power of aeration. Or disconnect / plug the filter aeration tube.

In the case when such manipulations are inevitable, it is desirable to use hydrogen peroxide – in the appropriate proportion, spray it from the syringe along the bottom of the aquarium.

QUESTION – Today, I finally launched a new akvaruim, however, this is not a dream-aquarium for 150 liters (there is not enough money for it yet), and a new house for a goldfish and a golden catfish for 60 liters (this is not common, but “useful “Volume, i.e. 60 liters of water). In this connection, several questions immediately arose, please help:
1. The seller advised the internal filter with Atman aeration, AT-F301 (to my request for a noiseless filter), when it was turned on, it turned out that it was making a decent noise, but this noise is created by aeration, the air supply power regulator does not save the situation.
ATTENTION, the question is: is it possible to turn off aeration at least for the night (not using the regulator, but to remove the oxygen supply tube itself) so that there is no noise? Do not choke fish because of this?

Maybe someone is familiar with the operation of this filter: it seems to me that it creates a strong current and a lot of bubbles, all the plants and walls of the aquarium in small air bubbles – this is how it should be (the regulator does not help, but if you remove the aeration, it is better)?
2. I bought a thermometer, which showed that the temperature in the aquarium is 20 degrees, is it not enough for a goldfish and catfish and how can I increase the temperature without a thermostat (I, by the way, wanted to buy it, but the seller said it was for gold, since it is cold-blooded, not needed)? What should be the optimal temperature?
3. Well, and the third question, I ask you not to swear strongly, I know that for complete happiness a goldfish needs 50 liters per nose and without any neighbors, but my husband caught fire to buy her a girlfriend, and the sellers’ opinions on this issue were divided. Question: Is it possible to plant another goldfish in this jar, or is it better to take a few catfish, which, as far as I know, are still schooling fish, and maybe someone else can be hooked (I want my husband to please the new fish, he deserved – I bought an aquarium, put it home, and honestly helped install, yes, and after 20 liters a new aquarium really seems to be just huge and empty, because its inhabitants are still very small)?
4. Question to Pikera: I bought a frozen bloodworm on your advice, treated the fish: I was very pleased with the gold one, gave you many thanks, but I can’t feed the catfish, because Gold has time to eat everything, but somehow I don’t want to leave the bloodworms at the bottom for the catfish. How can you feed him?
Thank you in advance for all the help!

ANSWER – Aeration for a night at T = 20 can be turned off, although I would first advise to turn off for a day on a day off and look at the behavior of the fish: if they swallow air from the surface, then alas. I can also advise you to put the L-shaped tube on the filter outlet pipe and direct it to the surface of the water so that there are breakers (even a fountain at will).

This will help saturate the water with oxygen. About the strong flow is the same.

If the flow interferes with the fish (or you) make an outlet through the sprinkler (piece of pipe or hose with holes).
Temperature. I can say one thing – for a catfish, of course, a little, 25-27 are needed. Gold is more difficult – how many people, so many opinions.

I kept both at 17-20 and at 27. No difference. By the way, the seller probably said cold-water, because all the fish are cold-blooded. Without a heater with a thermostat you can not do.

Buy now.
Fish can be planted if the filter manages and you can provide regular maintenance. Moreover, I realized that you have a fry, and not an adult fish.
The main thing is not to get carried away in the future. Best the enemy of the good.


Tuff is a natural mineral, a type of limestone. Because of the rough, uneven surface, it is practically not installed in aquariums.

Despite this quality, nevertheless tuff stones can be used to create light decorations where fish can hide. But it is prohibited to place it in a spawning aquarium.

Shale aquarium stones are dangerous – it breaks easily into different parts when struck. Pieces of pure slate are suitable as decoration, the rest of its varieties easily exfoliate due to the content of other impurities.

Minus slate – its edges are sharp, but after processing, it will turn out a cave or grotto. Common minerals are gray, brown and dark green.

Look at the aquarium, decorated with slate and petrified wood.

Sedimentary rock white or yellow. The composition of the shell rock consists of pressed shells of mollusks attached to each other by cement limestone.

The structure is porous, filled with air. Shell stones are suitable for salt water and high hardness aquariums.


Stone decorations are the perfect complement to your home aquascape. The main condition is that they should not change the chemical composition of water, which can affect the health of fish, plants and other animals. Stones for an aquarium help to create a natural biotope: African and South American freshwater fish are used to the rocky bottom.

A prerequisite for an aquarium stone is its smoothness, hardness and durable structure. Smooth and flat stones in an aquarium are necessary if cichlids live in it.

They serve as nests for future eggs.

What stones can I use? Answer: those that are characterized by a uniform structure and smooth color. Bright paint can wash off, dissolve in water or partially paint it.

Impurities and minerals contained in it are not suitable for the reservoir, where living creatures constantly live. A smooth, treated surface does not harm the fish.

If you do not specialize in geology, do not understand the rocks, then you have the opportunity to buy artificial stones for an aquarium in a pet store.

Stones purchased in specialized retail chains are often safe, suitable for any type of tank. But they are much more expensive, and the choice is not very large.

Slate and tuff are most commonly found on the shelves, although not all types of slate are acceptable. Before you start decorating the aquarium with stones, you need to know what their features are.

See how to choose stones for the aquarium.

Close to the structure of granite rock. Gneiss has white, pink or grayish-green stripes.

Gneiss stones are suitable for any aquarium because the edges of the rock are smooth and the size of the stones is small.

Calcite (another name – limestone spar), this mineral is found in various structures and shades: from transparent and solid to yellow, brown and liquid. It is undesirable to place stones in the aquarium of calcite, because it is easily leached with water rich in CO2. Marble is one of the variations of calcite.

Mineral is not suitable for aquariums with plants.

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