maintenance, care, compatibility
In order for aquarium plants to feel good, from time to time they need to prepare a top dressing with their own hands, in which there must be mineral fertilizers, including iron. It is not difficult to do this, the main thing is to choose fertilizers correctly.
The microclimate of the whole aquarium depends on the condition of algae and other representatives of the underwater flora. If you know the rules for the selection of mineral podkorm for algae, then you can without any hassle to maintain the ideal state of the flora of the underwater world in your aquarium.
The selection of fertilizers for aquarium plants depends on a number of factors, including:
- how many plants are in the aquarium;
- What is the volume of the water tank?
- light level;
- carbon dioxide indices;
- water temperature.
Aquarium plants are different from ordinary terrestrial species. The latter are fed with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium.
In the water of such substances should not be contained in large quantities. These trace elements are products of fish life, therefore, with the addition of top dressing with ordinary minerals, the balance of the microclimate in the aquarium will be disturbed.
Feeding vegetation, you need to strive to respect the balance of minerals in the water. To do this, take into account that all representatives of the flora are living organisms and can themselves extract from the water the substances they need. It is necessary to maintain a suitable balance of mineral elements in the soil of the aquarium and in the water.
Plants themselves will take them in the right quantity.
If the balance of trace elements in the habitat is disturbed, then their appearance deteriorates. With a nutritional deficiency, the vegetation may die.
Lack of nutrition can be seen on the plant itself. It ceases to multiply, changes shape and color.
Not only nutritional deficiencies are dangerous, but also an overabundance.
See how to make microfertilizers for plants with your own hands.
In water, plants need oxygen and carbon dioxide. They also need nitrogen, which they use to make protein.
Mineral substances such as phosphorus and trace elements such as silicon, magnesium, iron, etc. are less needed.
If the plants lack potassium, then they will slow down photosynthesis, there will be a shortage of proteins. In this case, they lose the color of the leaves, lose them. Since the potassium is quickly disappearing from the water, you need to constantly take care of its quantity in the aquarium when doing your own feeding.
It is possible to judge what fertilizers representatives of aquatic flora are lacking by the state of their leaflets. If there is a shortage of top dressing, in which there is iron, or other trace elements, the leaves begin to be covered with bright spots and stop growing, the seedlings may lose some of their stems.
With a prolonged shortage of food, they may simply die.
If plants have a strong root system, then fertilizer should be placed in the ground. Sold special tablets that contain iron, potassium and other trace elements.
You should buy fertilizers for aquatic species, otherwise it will be difficult to properly feed.
Special tablets for feeding water greens contain the right amount of iron and other trace elements. They need to be properly placed in the soil so that the nutrients are evenly distributed in the water and the soil.
Solid fertilizers should be buried in the ground to the desired depth with your own hands, according to the instructions. This will ensure proper nutrition to the roots.
There are also liquid preparations that also contain iron, potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus and other elements necessary for the development of seedlings. They are added directly to the water.
They are intended for species that freely swim in the water. They are easier to use, as the control over the amount of nutrients can be controlled. To do this, you can simply change the water to the fish.
Applying a liquid feed should be done regularly, it will also provide control over the amount of nutrients in the water.
You can make your own hands nutrient solutions and mixtures for aquatic flora. To do this, you only need to know what trace elements they need. For a cocktail containing iron and other trace elements, you need to buy a special preparation containing ferums and vitamin C. These preparations should be mixed and diluted with distilled water.
To supply the vegetation you need to add only 5 ml of 200 liters of water.
See how to make clay dressing.
You can also make vitamin balls from clay. They are made from blue clay.
This is a very soft fertilizer that will gradually dissolve in water, supplying nutrients to plants. Making it yourself is very easy. To do this, dry clay should be mixed with ascorbic acid and hellum ferum.
Then roll up the balls to bake in the oven. Putting such dressing is necessary in the ground, under the roots of the seedling.
When using dressings for water greens, you need to know that for proper nutrition of the plant it is necessary to properly organize the lighting. It is also required to take into account the temperature, capacity and a number of other factors.
It is necessary to follow the dosage in order not to cause uncontrolled growth of the plant. Before starting a home artificial reservoir, you need to ensure that new seedlings are gradually getting used to nutrients.
Need to start with potash supplements. With each change of water in the tank, you need to add the appropriate ratio of the amount of water and feeding.
A very important condition for the growth and life of aquatic plants is the presence of natural nutrients in the aquatic environment. Consider how at home you can independently prepare fertilizers that allow plants in an aquarium to extract micro and macro elements necessary for life from the aquatic environment.
Sooner or later, there always comes a time when special solutions must be added to the aquarium environment to ensure the vital activity of the aquatic flora. Such additives or fertilizers, designed to feed the aquarium plants, can be purchased as a finished product, and cook yourself.
To ensure the vital activity of plants in the aquatic environment are necessary:
- macronutrients (potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen);
- trace elements (manganese, boron, iron, molybdenum, copper, zinc);
- salts based on magnesium, calcium or bicarbonate.
Manufacturers of fertilizers for aquatic plants offer a fairly wide range of liquid solutions containing both one of the listed elements and a complex of useful substances. For example, the main element of fertilizers such as BIO VERT NANO or AQUAYER Udo Yermolaeva IRON + is iron, and Tetra PlantaPro Macro is a solution containing potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus.
As a rule, such tools are available in the form of ampoules, the contents of which are designed for a certain amount of aquarium water. Another type is branded fertilizers in liquid form, which must be added in exact doses for a certain amount of water.
There are also solid agents, the main representative of which are the tablets of the TetraPlant line. In any case, the procedure for the use of a fertilizer is specified in the attached instructions for use.
But many aquarists independently prepare nutrient fluids for feeding the flora in their aquariums.
Iron for the aquarium is an important plant nutrient. If it is small, plant growth is inhibited, the leaves begin to curl, brighten and die.
Allowable concentrations of iron in the aquarium do not affect the health of the fish. Since its excess is rare, do not worry about it.
Usually aquarists are concerned about increasing the concentration of iron in water, since its presence plays an important role in the process of photosynthesis and the development of plants.
Iron is consumed in densely populated aquariums quickly enough, and if there are fast-growing plants in the aquarium, this process goes even faster, so aquarists should constantly monitor the amount of iron in the water. To determine the concentration of iron in water there are special tests that can be purchased at the pet store.
Typically, the level of concentration should not be below 0.2 mg / l. Its excess is also undesirable, as well as a disadvantage.
If there is a lot of iron, the rapid growth of green algae can begin in the aquarium.
To increase the iron content in the aquatic environment, it is necessary to use special fertilizers that are sold in pet stores. Some aquarists use iron-containing chemist’s such as ferrovit or ferroplex.
Add iron to the tank a couple of times a week. The growth rate and the number of plants in the aquarium affects the frequency of fertilizer addition. The addition of ferrous sulfate also makes it possible to increase the concentration of iron in water.
1 mg of ferrous sulfate should be added to 10 liters of water every 7 days. The norm can be doubled if there are fast-growing plants in the aquarium.
Each time before adding iron for plants, it is necessary to check its concentration with the help of tests.
With a lack of iron, chlorosis of plants can occur, which leads to a change in the color of the plants, as a result of which the leaves weaken and gradually die off.
Sometimes the concentration of iron exceeds the norm. In this case, you should replace some of the water or add a little manganese to the water.
It is also desirable to do this under the control of testing.
Leaf plates with an excess of iron also deteriorate, but remain a natural color.
Plants develop properly, if the concentration of iron is chosen correctly, therefore it is necessary to control this process.
Fertilizers are important for normal growth of aquarium plants. Available are ready liquid and dry fertilizers.
But you can always make homemade fertilizers for aquarium plants on the basis of a set of chemical elements purchased in stores for gardeners and gardeners.
We will use the following fertilizer recipe for aquarium plants:
- Fe – 2.67 g / l;
- K – 4 g / l;
- Mg – 1.1 g / l;
- Mn – 0.3 g / l;
- Сu – 0.05 g / l;
- Zn — 0.17 g / l;
- Mo – 0.02 g / l;
- B – 0.1 g / l;
- Co– 0.012 g / l.
In order for our future fertilizer to contain all the necessary substances in the right concentration, take 700 ml of distilled water and dissolve the following reagents in it:
- Lemon acid – 30 g. This organic acid has complexing properties, it is necessary to prevent the transition of a metal ion into an indigestible form. It is sold in any food store.
- Ferrous sulfate (iron vitriol) – 10 g. Source of bivalent iron. You can buy in stores for gardeners and chemical stores.
- Manganese sulphate – 0.5 g. Source of manganese. You can buy in the agro and chemical stores.
- Copper sulphate (copper sulphate) – 0.05 g. Source of copper. You can buy in the agro and chemical stores.
- Zinc sulphate – 0.6 g. Source of zinc. You can buy wagro shops and chemical stores.
- Magnesium sulfate – 10.54 g. Source of magnesium. You can buy in the agro shops chemical stores.
Here when adding it is necessary to pause at 1 o’clock.
To make fertilizer for aquarium plants with your own hands, you only need to consistently dissolve all these substances in the water, waiting for the complete dissolution of each previous chemical.
Fertilizers for aquarium plants. Aquarium plants for beginners.
Unpretentious aquarium plants. Homemade fertilizer for aquarium plants
Today it has become fashionable to have a home aquarium. Buy it is not difficult, but that care can confuse anyone. Beginners have hundreds of questions about the fish themselves, water, soil and plants.
Having spent a lot of time choosing beautiful fish, we often forget about plants. But they are extremely important for creating a favorable environment in the aquarium.
Beginners aquarium lovers prefer to buy ready-made fertilizers. This is justified by the lack of knowledge and skills. However, over time, you will learn to use homemade aquarium fertilizers.
They have many advantages. You choose the composition and number of elements.
In addition, they are much cheaper than ready-made mixtures. One of the most important elements is magnesium.
If the water is hard, then it can be enough. But in most cases, magnesium is not enough.
It is used in the form of sulfate and is sold in pharmacies and flower shops.
Another essential element is potassium. It is added in the form of potassium carbonate, chloride or sulphate.
This element can be used together with potassium nitrates, which serve as a source of nitrogen. This mixture will look as follows: 0.5 liters of water (from a tap or distilled), a tablespoon of trace elements (6% iron), two tablespoons of potassium, a tablespoon of magnesium.
To prevent the growth of bacteria add hydrochloric acid. The mixture is stored in a dark place.
This is due to the fact that some elements are decomposed into light. Do not make a large supply of the mixture dissolved in water.
Keep it dry. Homemade fertilizers for aquarium plants are added gradually. Concentration is increased every day.
The first two weeks it should be 1 milliliter per 100 liters of water. Then the dose is reduced three times.