maintenance, care, compatibility
Black scurf on plants can appear as a result of infection with the so-called “black beard”. This is a dark brown alga, which covers the leaf plates of plants, soil, glass and decorations. Thin threads of dark shade on plants does not look aesthetically pleasing.
Blackbeard can damage the plant, causing it to fade quickly.
The alga is rapidly spreading, and it is hard to fight it. Some chemical means and dimming of the light can give a partial result, but do not eliminate the root of the problem. For the destruction of the beard need to include comprehensive measures.
The first thing to do is regularly update the water, from 10 to 25% of the total volume of the aquarium. There should be no nitrates and phosphates in the water; make measurements with indicators before pouring into the aquarium.
The second procedure, which will help to eliminate black scurf in the aquarium, is to clean the soil from the remnants of food, to clean the dead leaves of plants. Next, you should increase the power of lighting up to 1 W per liter of water, turn on the light for 12 hours.
Additional help will be provided by some species of snails and fish that can clean the aquarium from algae and their livelihoods.
It is important to control the proportions of the feed: if you give the fish more food, then the non-eaten remains will dissolve, the level of ammonia in the water will increase. You can plant in the ground fast-growing plant species that absorb nutrients well.
The first sign that the alga dies off – changing its color to faded. Over time, the affected beard will disappear.
The universal remedy for aquarium black beard is on sale – it is JBL Algol. It in a few days will destroy fouling that formed on the surfaces.
To make the drug in the tank according to the instructions.
It is considered to be completely impossible to remove from the aquarium a dark bloom in the form of a black beard, but there are a number of additional measures that will help reduce its growth. The main thing is not to settle a lot of fish in a close tank. To oppress the beard, you can use the supply of CO2 (carbon dioxide).
In order to avoid infection by this pest, when buying a plant, carefully inspect its stalks and leaves. The slightest swaying of black beard hairs and brushes when moving or submerging in water indicates that it is impossible to buy a plant.
If conservative methods of dealing with black bloom do not help, then serious measures should be taken:
- Transfer the fish to another, previously prepared aquarium.
- Pull out all the plants along with the ground.
- Rinse the soil thoroughly under water, then boil it or calcined in an oven at 300 degrees Celsius.
- The aquarium walls should be washed and wiped with cotton wool dipped in potassium permanganate solution, then washed several times with glass.
- Start the aquarium again, having examined all the plants. Affected areas of the plant can be removed. Or take their uninfected shoots, re-plant in a separate container and grow.
- It is better to plant new and healthy plants in the newly launched aquarium.
See how to get rid of black beard.
There are so-called “biological” ways of dealing with harmful algae.
- Reduce the number of fish in the tank, you can distribute them to different aquariums.
- Turn off filtration and aeration. After that, the remaining organic matter in the water gets on the black beard tassels.
- If snails live in the aquarium, they should be removed immediately. The fact is that on their shells a beard feels fine. Reinfestation of the aquarium may occur. You need to take melang from the aquarium at night, when the snails crawl and sit on the aquarium walls.
- Temporarily do not feed fish with dry feed. During the fight against parasitic alga, do not give your pets even branded feed in the form of flakes or tablets. It is advisable at this time to feed them with live, washed food (bloodworms, pipeworm, pipe worker), or frozen daphnia. Portions should be such that the fish eat them in 3-5 minutes.
Dark bloom on plants and aquarium decorations may appear as a result of the development of brown diatoms. They settle on the walls of the reservoir, on the soil and leaves of plants. Brown algae are harmful because they shade the leaves, as a result of which the nutrition of the plants is disturbed, they do not receive enough light and nutrients.
Brown plaque is embedded in the structure of the plant, which is why it is not so easy to get rid of. Often it is formed in the first months after the launch of a new aquarium, and after a few months it disappears by itself.
There are a number of methods that help in the fight against dark patina.
Watch the video how to deal with brown algae.
- When there is insufficient light, brown algae rapidly multiply. If you pick up the lamp of the correct lighting power (0.5-1 W per liter of water), then they will disappear. Fluorescent and LED lamps can stop the growth of brown plaque. The recommended duration of daylight hours: from 8 to 10 hours, no more. It is better to use lamps with red spectral light.
- Take care of aquarium vegetation. If it is enough in the reservoir, then brown algae will not multiply so rapidly. Higher plants absorb all the organics, and parasitic formations simply do not leave feed. Mangrove plants and kaulepra perfectly cope with this task.
- Proper feeding of fish and clean water affect the growth of brown plaque. Since the brown algae feeds on organic matter, water must be passed through a filter and 10% should be replaced with fresh water during the week. A large amount of organic compounds appears as a result of over-feeding of pets who do not have time to eat portions. Reduce the amount of feed, and clean the soil with a siphon.
- The temperature of the water in the aquarium should be 22-28 ° C, because brown diatoms like cool.
The maintenance of aquarium fish occupation is rather troublesome. And one of the most common problems faced by fish lovers is a brown coating on the walls of the aquarium, soil and plants.
It not only spoils the aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also indicates that there are some problems in it.
And he is nothing more than diatoms. They look exactly like a brown patina in an aquarium, and can cover its walls, stones, plants and decorative ornaments. The reason for their appearance can be:
- not enough light;
- wrong combination of spectra of red and blue light;
- aeration of water without filter with irregular removal of food residues and excrement. From this, a slurry is deposited on the glasses, which contributes to the development of algae.
In addition, diatoms are very often formed in new aquariums and disappear on their own after 2-3 weeks.
But to answer the question of why a raid appeared in your aquarium, you need to try it yourself by analyzing a specific situation.
Algae in the aquarium are a sign of an established biobalance. They appear on plants, stones, glass walls, and even on equipment. However, their rapid growth means that fundamental changes are taking place in the aquatic environment.
In an aquarium where there are a lot of plants, algae will not appear in large quantities. Good aeration and water filtration will stop their growth.
Timely removal of food residue and dirt contributes to the purity of water. If you notice that brown formations appear in the reservoir, it means that brown algae have settled in it.
How to get rid of kelp and suspend their reproduction?
The origin of brown algae, symptoms of formation
If you notice that brown algae appeared in a newly launched aquarium, and they began to spread in large quantities, then the fight with them will be easy. Observe the correct mode of maintenance of the tank, and in 2-3 weeks the problem will be solved.
Carry out regular cleaning of the aquarium, change 20-30% of water once a week. When aquarium plants begin to grow, the algae will disappear due to the large amount of dissolved oxygen.
When an algae outbreak happened in an aquarium with “old” water, it is necessary to replace water already 2 times in 7 days, changing 30% of the volume of water. When replacing it is necessary to thoroughly clean the tank from excess food, waste products of fish.
Use a scraper to clean the glass of the aquarium, wipe the bottom, clean the decorations and plants with a toothbrush or a clean sponge.
Check the degree of contamination of the filter, if the filtration rate has decreased, then the filter is clogged. Clean the filter, but do not change its contents.
Reduce the length of daylight hours to 6 hours a day for several days, and the next 2 weeks bring it up to 10 hours gradually. If the lamps work for 1 year, it is better to replace them with new ones, but not all at once, but in turn.
Brown scurf appears in the tank in a week, and it takes almost a month to fight it.
There are chemicals that can affect diatoms. Some funds worsen the situation, delay the reproduction of beneficial microorganisms, from which the fish will suffer.
Drugs that can help with the removal of brown plaque, should be used according to the instructions. Be careful and cautious – some chemicals can harm not only parasites, but also plants with fish.
- Tetra Algetten – drug in the form of water-soluble tablets, used for the prevention and destruction of algae. It dissolves gradually over a month, the number of parasitic formations decreases gradually. After 4-7 days, the first changes will be noticeable. Dosage – 1 tablet per 10 liters of water.
- Sera Algovec – the tool destroys all types of algae in the aquarium. Dosage: 5 ml per 20 liters of water. After applying the drug, it is necessary to slice away all dead residues mechanically, there should be good aeration in the water.
The raid in the aquarium, on the walls and stones: green, brown, brown, white, mucus in the aquarium!
All types of aquarium plaque.
Green scurf in aquarium,
white bloom in the aquarium
mucus in the aquarium.
This article is devoted to such a problem of “aquarium hygiene,” as plaque on the walls of the aquarium. So:
First of all, Plaque on the aquarium walls or glass is not formed from the good life of the aquarium world – in other words, in your aquarium, something is wrong. And to eliminate any plaque on the walls of the aquarium, you first need to restore balance of aquarium environment. This is achieved by proper and regular cleaning of the aquarium, as well as the use of necessary drugs in case of deviation from the norm.
It should be noted that excessive care: cleaning and changing aquarium water can also lead to adverse consequences. Accurate recommendations regarding this issue are difficult to give, because it all depends on: the volume of your aquarium, the types of fish, plants, the location of the aquarium, etc.
In general, you should follow general recommendations – i.e. recommendations on weekly cleaning of the aquarium and cleaning equipment. I would also recommend you to remember that old aquarium water is always better than fresh water – do not overdo it with cleaning and changing water. Remember the balance of plants and fish, never overload the aquarium, do not make him a hostel.
In your arsenal should always be the primary means of response: aquarium coal, methylene blue or malachite green.
Secondly, all types of raids – “clouding of the aquarium walls”, are caused by various factors or pests. Actually, therefore, all the attacks can be divided into color: on green raids in an aquarium (green-brown), white raids in an aquarium (whitish) or aquarium mucus.
How to deal with them. Simple enough!
Relative to green scale on the walls of the aquarium, which can also be formed and the decorations of the aquarium (artificial plants, stone). This plaque is caused by excessive “water blooming” – the formation of an uncontrolled amount of algae.
This plaque is caused by the lack of care for the aquarium and as a result of an excess of organic matter (ammonia decomposition products).
Remedy: clean the aquarium, replace the aquarium water with fresh water, turn off (do not turn on the backlight), increase the filtration and aeration of the aquarium; in the pet store you can buy tablets from flowering – from algae. I will cite as an example, one of them – TETRA tablets for algae control.
TetraAqua AlgoStop depo – These are soluble pills for controlling algae development. Effectively destroys various algae in freshwater aquariums, including black beard ” and blue-green algae, and also prevents their further growth.
Mode of application: Tablets are placed on the ground in the free flow area. The drug lasts for 6 weeks, after which the tablets are removed from the water.
Tablets contain a complex of substances that are gradually released into the water. The tablet does not dissolve completely, but retains its original shape.
After 6 weeks, it ceases to release the active substances and must be removed from the water. The slow dissolution of the drug in water allows you to use the active substances AlgoStop depot, for a long period of time.
With proper use of the drug does not harm aquarium fish and plants.
Dosage:For prevention: 1 tab. on 50 l. water. For the destruction of filamentous algae: 1 tablet per 25 liters of water.
The article on other Tetra algae tablets is here!
The above preparations also cope with other types of algae with brown patina (diatoms), filament (green threads), black villi (black beard).
Aquarium: walls, decorations or equipment covered with white bloom – whitish mucus, what to do?
Quite often, even with proper care of the fish, there is a raid on the walls of the aquarium. There are various reasons causing this phenomenon.
In addition to the fact that the aquarium itself will have to be washed, it will be necessary to try to get rid of the problem causing the plaque itself. Much can be determined by the color of the plaque itself, as well as by the place of its localization.
Important! The appearance of plaque on plants and the walls of the aquarium always indicates a clear disruption of the natural balance in an artificial ecosystem.
To eliminate any type of plaque, it is necessary to return the balance of the aquarium environment.
Such plaque can be formed not only on the walls, but also on plants and stones. Most often it appears due to the fact that water actively blooms, that is, a large amount of algae appears in it.
Most often, the green plaque appears due to the lack of proper regular care of the aquarium.
How to fix: Cleaning is carried out, water is replaced, the backlight is turned off. You can buy in the store special pills from flowering.
This is the kind of bloom in the aquarium that appears exactly on the walls. All because of excessive activity and activity of small parasites: crustaceans, hydras and others.
How to eliminate: Clean the aquarium and change the water. In the store to buy a special drug of small parasites.
Important! White plaque some confused with just clouding.
It is often associated with frequent water changes, and such a plaque itself passes after only a few days, which is not the case with the white formation due to the activity of the parasites.
If you increase the white plaque, you can see a cluster of shapeless lumps resembling worms or slugs. This is a collection of bacteria that eat organic matter, which is always in the ecosystem of the aquarium.
Often, this type of education, if left unchecked for a long time, becomes even black. The appearance of such a plaque indicates too strong or weak lighting, it is likely that the fish were overfed.
It will be problematic to find out a specific problem, but there are ways to get rid of it.
How to fix: Buy cleaner fish. For example, perfectly suited all the fish “suckers” (Antsistrus and others).
They eat such a raid, especially when they are hungry. After a couple of days from the brown formation will not remain a trace.
Get rid of education will help and various means.
Black bloom appears in the form of mucus, often not only on the walls, but also on artificial or living plants. Most often, the mucus says that someone in the aquarium died in a secluded place and the owner did not notice.
It is possible that the plants began to rot.
How to eliminate: Find dead fish and remove it, replace the water, add a little methylene blue.
Important! An exceptionally black bloom often occurs because of a black beard, which could be brought into an aquarium with a live ball or new plants. To eliminate the need to pull out all the decorations, and damaged live plants to throw.
Then in two dozen liters of water to dissolve the pill of the drug “Tetra Algizid.” Put next to the filter.
After a month, repeat the cleaning procedure.
If there is a black or green, white bloom on the walls of the aquarium or on plants, the phenomenon can be eliminated with ordinary cleaning and water replacement. It is also important to buy special preparations and carry out prophylaxis so that in the future the aquarium will be pleased with its purity and freshness.