maintenance, care, compatibility
COMPRESSOR FOR THE AQUARIUM AND EVERYTHING THAT IS NECESSARY TO KNOW ABOUT THIS.
Also compressors are adjustable and not adjustable.
How to install a compressor in an aquarium?
Install the compressor in the aquarium is quite simple. First of all, it is necessary to determine the place where it will be located. This may be the aquarium itself, a cover or a table.
The device is placed on top of the water, or below the water level, but then a non-return valve is always installed on the air duct. It is desirable that the aerator is located next to the heater.
So the heating water will mix, and the conditions for the fish will be the best.
When the noise of a running compressor causes discomfort, it should be placed on foam or foam rubber. This will reduce the noise, but will not give 100% of the result. Some act cardinally: put the device away and stretch a long hose.
Any compressor needs to be cleaned periodically. If this is not done, the performance will decrease and eventually the device will break.
Also pollution increase the noise level.
Required compressor capacity depending on the size of the aquarium
Capacity of the installed compressor depends on the volume of the aquarium. Dependence is directly proportional – the larger the aquarium, the greater the performance of the compressor.
The optimum performance of the compressor is 0.5-0.7 liters of air per hour per liter of water. But, this is the bottom bracket.
As a rule, it is recommended to purchase high capacity compressors. Why? For example, you decide to install a second nebulizer in the aquarium.
This, as you understand, requires additional power from the compressor and additional performance. More powerful compressors must be purchased in those cases, if the aquarium is high.
Here the compressor will need to overcome the water pressure. In addition, the compressor power depends on the diffuser.
The smaller the holes, the more pressure must be created by the compressor.
Compressor care, preventative maintenance
As an alternative to compressor You can offer an oxidizer. It is extremely simple in design and operation of the device. It does not require the supply of electricity or the installation of batteries, and it is absolutely silent because only chemical reactions occur in it.
The principle of operation of the oxidizer is the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into water (H2O) and active oxygen (O), under the action of a catalyst. As a catalyst, there are metals that, when oxidized, take a part of the active oxygen, and the excess oxygen is released into the water.
read also mollies.
The compressor for the aquarium allows you to create comfortable conditions for the life of the fish. Before you choose this equipment, you need to understand why this device is necessary. The compressor allows for additional aeration of water in the aquarium.
It is necessary for containers of absolutely any size. Even small round aquariums are also equipped with modern quiet devices.
Thanks to this device you can save the health of fish. That is why the answer to the question of whether a compressor is needed in an aquarium is obvious.
The main requirements that must be placed on the device when choosing it
Often the aquarium is in the same room where people relax. Therefore, for the aquarium it is better to choose a silent compressor.
This device operates continuously. To reduce the noise level of the device, you can remove it into the cabinet. But then you need too long duct.
Therefore, it is worth thinking carefully before making the compressor silent, by isolating it. It is better to purchase a silent device at once.
The air compressor for the aquarium is the most silent.
Compressors should have a smooth adjustment of the air flow. Such a device can be easily adjusted to a different number of filters and nozzles. Compressor capacity is calculated on the basis of the following parameters: 0.5 l / h per 1 l of water.
This is the way to solve the question of which compressor is better suited for a specific tank capacity. For a large aquarium (over 100 liters) use a piston compressor. For such an aquarium, it is better to take a device with low-voltage power (12 volts).
In the event of a power outage, it can be connected even with a car battery.
You can make a quiet compressor using old equipment by yourself. So, in order for a home-made device to work as quietly as possible, you will need a wooden box and a box from under the film. In this case, a quiet compressor is obtained by compensating the shock wave with a jar.
The very same homemade compressor hides in a wooden box.
Installing a compressor in an aquarium is a fairly simple task. Before you install the device in the aquarium, you must determine the place in which it will be located.
The device can be placed both in the aquarium itself (above the water) and in the lid or pedestal.
What type of compressor should be used for a round shaped aquarium?
The choice of a compressor for the aquarium, and even more so, a round shape is a rather difficult question. A round aquarium does not allow you to install too powerful equipment.
The high power of this device can be detrimental to the inhabitants of the aquarium: water will circulate very quickly, which will adversely affect the health of the fish. Compressor for a round aquarium is better to use one that is sold in a set with a capacity.
As a rule, it is a very quiet compressor with a small capacity.
There are situations when urgent transportation of fish is required. However, do not deprive the fish of such important oxygen for them.
Otherwise, they may simply die. You can use the road device for a small aquarium.
Such equipment operates on batteries, which are very easy to replace at the right time.
The battery-powered compressor allows you to protect against the death of fish that are outside the stationary aquarium. Such equipment has small dimensions, so taking it with you on a trip is very convenient.
A battery-powered device may also be necessary if the power is often cut off in the room. Such a device is recommended to keep in reserve absolutely all aquarists.
This is due to the fact that even short-term oxygen deprivation is fraught with fish for death.
The question of how to choose a compressor, even experienced aquarists are asked. Choosing a compressor you need to focus not on its price category, but on the amount of water that it can drive in one hour. It is desirable to acquire powerful silent compressors.
You can use a homemade device.
The main types of professional aquarium compressors
Manufacturers of different countries have developed a wide variety of aquarium air pumps that can satisfy any owner of ornamental fish. Structurally, these devices can be divided into 2 main types:
Piston professional compressors are more powerful and are designed for aeration in large-capacity aquariums, over 200 liters, for example. At the same time they are the most noisy, since the movement of the piston is always accompanied by a rather loud sound.
Membrane Air pumps are almost noiseless, their work is based on the movement of a rubber membrane that pumps air into the outlet tube.
Compressors differ in the type of power source: either from a household electrical network or from batteries. There are also external and internal devices, if we consider the method of installation.
The price range of these technical devices is also quite wide – from several hundred to 20 thousand rubles (for example, the Italian pump Sicce MULTI), depending on the design, equipment, power and other characteristics.
If the aquarium is small and there is no pet shop nearby, then for the first time a homemade air pump will help to save the situation.
Such a device can be assembled, if you understand the basic principle: first you need to somehow accumulate air, and then gradually submit it to the aquarium. This is the fundamental difference between an improvised unit and commercial piston or diaphragm pumps operating from an electric motor.
But how can you accumulate air? The answer suggests itself: in a balloon, car chamber, soccer ball camera, etc. By the way, it is the inflatable ball that some homemade craftsmen use in such cases.
So, in order to quickly and without special difficulties to assemble an aquarium compressor, you need:
- rubber chamber (like an air battery);
- car (or bicycle) pedal or hand pump;
- three-way faucet (tee);
- plastic tube from a medical dropper with a clip.
Three tubes should be taken from the tee: the first to the hand pump, the second to the inflatable ball, and the third tube (a dropper hose with a clip) will be the output hose. The end of this hose must be firmly plugged, and in front of it a tube must be punctured with several small holes, from which air will flow.
Of course, all connections must be reliable and tight.
To collect air using a tee, the pump-chamber line opens first. The ball chamber is very durable in itself, so you can pump it up to failure.
Then this direction is blocked and the “camera-outlet tube” line is turned on. In order for the air to enter the aquarium gradually, the diameter of the outlet tube in one place is regulated by means of a clamp. Naturally, this clip should be outside the aquarium, closer to the tee.
Experienced way selects the flow rate of the air flow.
In principle, a homemade compressor is ready. The disadvantage of such a device is that the battery chamber must be periodically pumped. As a rule, for normal aeration of an aquarium with a capacity of up to 100 liters, such pumping should be carried out 2 times a day.
Consequently, a homemade compressor can not be left unattended for a long time.
Before you start making a compressor device for an aquarium, you need to be well aware of why your fish need it. Its main function is to oxygenate water.
In addition, the bubbles rise to the upper layers and seem to form some kind of elevator, causing the surrounding fluid layers to move upwards. Water is thus additionally stirred, and its temperature becomes more uniform.
Bursting on the surface, the bubbles break off the film of bacteria and dust, thereby slightly improving overall aeration. Even from a decorative point of view, an aquarium with a working compressor looks better than without it.
The bubble chain represents an entertaining and pacifying spectacle that always attracts the viewer.
The scheme we want to offer you was used in the old days by many people trading in aquarium fish. The simplicity of its work and cheapness become apparent even with a superficial glance at the drawing, and many elements of the design are either lying around in a closet, or you can buy it at any nearby store.
Conventional models of compressors operate on the principle of a forcing pump. The engine rotates the pump shaft or the electromagnet causes the membrane to vibrate, causing oxygen to flow through the tubes to the right place.
The whole thing is to change the noisy mechanism for a kind of air accumulator.