Hello dear novice aquarists! I am glad to welcome you again on the pages of my aquarium blog. Today we will talk on the subject of siphon soil.
Very often, newcomers who have just started to develop an aquarium ecosystem make some mistakes when caring for their jar. In order to avoid them, I recommend them to read the article on my blog.
First, check the transparency of the water and the presence of a large number of different suspensions, turbidity of water and its flowering. If the water is still slightly dirty, install a mechanical filter, and if you already have a similar device, remove the filter material from it and clean it.
In case of uselessness of this procedure, you need to increase the performance of your filter. Sometimes you can advise to change the filter to a more powerful one.
In the case of blooming water, you will need to take other measures, which I wrote about in this article.
When you have just set up your aquarium, there we will be able to observe the turbidity of the water, which will be caused by the rapid development of unicellular organisms and bacteria. This clouding will pass in a couple of days, nothing needs to be done.
Turbid milky-white water can become due to the large-scale reproduction of various microorganisms on feed residues. Green water becomes due to the development of green algae in an aquarium; this is usually observed in stagnant and strongly heated water.
So how does siphon soil? In stores for aquarists, you can buy the device you need – a cylinder with a hose and a funnel at the end. The diameter of the purchased hose must be such that the garbage along with the water passes quietly along it.
Such a thing is called a siphon, despite the fact that it is considered a kind of funnels. With the help of a siphon, an aquarist will be able to remove detritus from the soil surface, drain the soil by removing a mulma from it.
Just in the middle of the ground regularly fall through the portion of the uneaten food and fish shit. If this organic matter starts to rot there, you will get a lot of problems with algae which are often difficult to get rid of. Understandably, not all organics will adversely affect biological balance, some will use aquarium plants in their photosynthesis.
Flush lightly the soil and see how much it rises from the bottom of the bubbles. If their number is small or not at all, then the ground is not siphon yet.
If a thick murkiness and a bunch of bubbles rises, then when you siphon the soil, periodically poke a funnel into the soil.
If the size of the soil fraction is chosen normally, then with the soil siphon you will remove the uneaten food and excrement. Under normal conditions, it will not penetrate into the bottom layer of the substrate.
Do not worry, it is observed in any healthy aquarium, which are essentially neutral and formed as a result of bacterial treatment. But it is better not to allow soil to be clogged with these residues and preferably siphonte.
Just when it all starts to rot, it will produce harmful and toxic hydrogen sulfide gas, which has no place in the home aquarium.
In such cases, aquarists say that the substrate is soured. Determining this is very simple – slightly turn the ground and sniff the water afterwards. If it stinks rotten eggs, then you need to urgently do a general cleaning in your aquarium.
It also happens that the soil coalesces and also rots. The reason for this is the poor circulation of water in the substrate layer. Do not allow algae to completely cover the entire soil on the surface, otherwise you will have to heat or boil it, and then dry it on the newspaper.
In fact, it will launch the aquarium on a new one.
To siphon soil, you need a bucket besides a siphon. Remove the uneaten food, excrement and mulmas from the aquarium together with ¼ – 1/5 of the water. Siphon he substitutions is different only in that you have to regularly plug the funnel into the ground so that it boils inside the glass.
The substrate itself is very heavy in order to be sucked into the slug, but the dirt is perfectly there.
If you have fish fry in the aquarium, look carefully not to send them to float freely. For example, I divorced a bunch of red cherry shrimps, they are so hard to see sometimes (I’m talking about youngsters), that I suck them in bundles and pack them into the toilet.
It turns out that this is how I regulate their population, since they divorced decently and I don’t know what to do with them in such numbers.
I do not recommend that you disrupt the structure of the soil and turn it upside down, as this may cause harm to your tank due to the inability of the substrate to process organic matter. The fact is that on the surface of the soil live aerobic bacteria that take an active part in the nitrate cycle.
Just on the surface layer of the soil there is oxygen, which is vital for these bacteria for vital activity. Anyway, the violation of the structure of the soil can lead to a lot of problems with ammonia and nitrite.
Well, that seems to be all. What missed, remind me and other readers in the comments.
See you soon!