maintenance, care, compatibility
For which diseases salt solution is used
- It is impossible to carry out treatment using iodized salt and salt with additives.
- Increase the temperature of the water in the tank to 28-30 degrees Celsius, gradually, 2-3 days before the start of treatment. Include a constant aeration (consider also the physiological features of the fish).
- Many infectious bacteria die in salt solution 4-5 percent, but the fish can not withstand this concentration of the solution, even a few minutes. Salt procedures should be carried out in liquids with a salt concentration of 1.5-2%, 10-30 minutes.
See how to treat aquarium fish with salt.
How does salt water filter and update?
How to treat semolina in fish :: treatment of aquarium fish from semolina salt :: Treatment
Ichthyophthyriosis, or semolina, most often affects fish for inexperienced aquarists. After all, it is enough to run one infected individual to the rest of the inhabitants of your aquatic world, without keeping it after the purchase, the allotted time in quarantine, and it is likely that in a few days the ciliates will flood the aquarium.
This is manifested by rashes in the form of semolina, fish rub against stones, on the ground, stop eating and die. If time to carry out treatment, they can still be saved.
- – salt;
- – drugs against ichthyophthiriosis;
- – activated carbon filter.
1. To effectively combat decoy, familiarize yourself with the development cycles. Unicellular ciliates (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis) is a parasite that has an ovoid body as small as 0.5-1 mm. His life cycle is 12-16 days.
Adults, being on plants, soil, aquarium equipment, are covered with a gelatinous shell, creating a cyst. Inside it is divided several times, then the daughter cells (“roaches”) search for the victim for three days. In case of contact with the fish, they penetrate the epithelium, create a cavity and parasitize for several days.
Then they fall away from the victim, and the cycle repeats. Those ichthyophthiriuses who did not find fish perish.
2. If you have a few fish, then deposit them in a container without algae and soil. Since the parasites are still in their body, then add salt to the water at the rate of 1 tbsp. 10 liters of water. To do this, pour the right amount of salt with a small amount of warm water, wait until it is completely dissolved and pour it into the aquarium.
In this procedure, remember that not all types of aquarium fish are well tolerated for a long time in salt water. For example, barbs, some catfish, tetras, labyrinths and others.
3. In salt water, infusorians outside the body of the fish quickly die, but for greater reliability it is better to change the capacity after 12 hours. After another half a day, transplant the fish into another water again. With this method, you can not even add salt or other drugs.
Since the parasite in the body of the fish can be only a few days, then gradually, within 5-10 days, the infusoria will all die.
4. After you have planted the fish, in the aquarium, raise the temperature to 32-34 degrees and stand in this mode for a little more than three days. During this time, all the “strollers” will die.
5. You can treat the fish from the semolina and in the aquarium itself, especially if you have it big and it is just difficult to remove all its inhabitants. In this case, you can also use the salt, but it is better to buy a special tool, for example, Faunomor, Super Ick Cure, Ichthyofor, Malachite Green. Dilute the preparation according to the instructions in the package.
If repeated processing is required, then spend it.
6. After some drugs, water can be stained, for example, after applying malachite green – in a greenish color. Usually it doesn’t bother the fish; after a course of treatment, lighten the water with an activated carbon filter.
It should be remembered that only those parasites that are outside the body of fish perish from drugs.
Sick fish acquire immunity against ichtiftirioza (semolina). But they can be carriers of the parasite, that is, the signs of semolina will not manifest themselves, and the ciliates themselves will long remain on the body and gills of the fish and, under favorable conditions, will cause a new outbreak of the disease.
Do not raise the temperature of the water very much, some types of causative agent of semolina from this only develop faster.
Aqua – aquarium.
Africa, America, Asia – fish are endemics of this habitat.
Aquascape – Aquarium composition, made in different styles. As a rule, it is used when talking about the design of “Natural Aquarium” – in the style of Takashi Amano.
Amman Aquarium – “Natural Aquarium”, the composition is made of live aquarium plants, according to the rules and principles of the founder of the style of Takashi Amano.
Apists – apistogramma (Apistogramma).
Antsik – Antsistrus (Ancistrus).
am / s – ammonia / ammonia content test / ratio.
Hell launch – launch of an aquarium on ADA soil and hellish products.
Astriki, Asters – Astronotus.
Amanka – shrimp breed Amano.
Anuby – hard-growing slow-growing plants
Bacterium – bacterial infection of fish.
Brules – Tsikhlasoma diamond.
Biotope – characteristic habitat conditions for a certain type of fish, as a rule, is inextricably linked with fish habitat.
Watchdogs – Barbus (Barbus).
Granny – Babaulti Shrimp (Caridina Babaulti).
Bank – aquarium.
Butsiki – Bucephalandra (plant) (Bucephalandra).
Braga, Braga – A makeshift system for supplying CO2 to an aquarium, based on the well-known fermentation process.
Besy – invertebrates.
Botsiki -fighting and their relatives.
Bicolor – horned snail.
Beeline – brahigobius goby or still-neritin snail (aka horned).
Toptop – plants floating on the surface of the water.
Valka, Valya – Vallisneria.
Seaweed – the lower, which usually have to fight, not to be confused – with plants.
Water pole – the height of the water in the aquarium from the ground surface to the water surface.
Exterior – external filter.
Inner – internal filter.
Cherries – Shrimp Cherry – Cherry.
Reed – capacity, aquarium, intended for further cultivation. fry; at the fry growth stage, the reed volume should increase.
Head – external filter head.
Galagenka – metal halide lamp.
Hydrobionts – the totality of all living things in the water and aquarium (fish, plants, mollusks, crustaceans, protozoa, bacteria, fungi, etc.).
Warmer – aquarium heater, usually with thermoregulation.
Warmer stuck – The thermostat failed on the heater, which leads to an uncontrolled rise in temperature.
Galaxy – can be implied both as a micro-selection and as danios (most often used for the first option). A micro-selection of a galaxy, a rasbor galaxy or just a galaxy is a common name of a fish, the correct Latin name of which is (Danio margaritatus).
Granules – dry food.
Gupaki, gupeshki – petillium guppy fish.
Traffic cop – Acantoftalmus.
Hex – Hexamitosis disease.
Drop checker – indicator of CO2 concentration.
Diffuser – CO2 sprayer, nozzle.
Direct – Baktopur Direct, drug.
Distillate – distilled water.
Muzzle – filter outlet.
Rain, sprinkler or flute – the nozzle on the filter outlet in the form of a tube with holes, creates the effect of rain over the aquarium.
Savages – caught in nature (fish, shrimp), but not grown in an aquarium.
Discs – discus.
Discussion student – Aquarium with disks))).
Dunky or danyuhi – Danio.
Firs, Yelou – Malawian cichlid Labidochromis (Lab / Live-bearers – viviparous fish, pezillium (guppies, swordtails, mollies, etc.).
Iron – fertilizer for aquarium plants, ferrous iron.
Scrofula – the whole family of goldfish.
Frost – frozen live food.
Zelenka or Malahitka – malachite green dye used to treat fish
Launch – The process of installing an aquarium, until the final filling it with water.
Ihtik, he’s semolina – Ichthyophthyriosis, disease.
Aquarium kings – discus.
Cuba – Hemianthus Cuba, a soil-blooded plant.
Coil – snail coil.
Ceramics – filter filler with the properties of biological water filtration.
Kostik – kosoz, disease.
Corridors – catfish corridors.
Floor mats – carpet eleotrises.
Krusik – cruciatus (dwarf war).
Crypt – cryptocoryne.
Kubotayka – microassembly cubot.
Kondrashka – Polyustrovsky (Kondatyevsky) market in St. Petersburg, where they sell live goods.
Carb – carbonate hardness Kh.
Shrimp, krill – shrimp.
Cube – a small aquarium in the form of a cube, a nano aquarium.
LL – Fluorescent Lamp.
Loriki – Loricaria (Rineloricaria) or the family Loricaria.
Lyalki – lyalius.
Luda – Ludwig plant.
MG – metal halide lamp.
Methylenka – methylene blue.
Microspider – micro-rabbit spider.
Bast – filter sponge.
Swords – swordtails.
Molly moth – Mollies.
Moshnik (msharnik) – aquarium dedicated to (exclusively) growing moss
Malachit or Zelenka – malachite green dye used to treat fish.
Makriki – shrimp macrobrachia.
Macro and Mico – this is parole, it’s just a complex of macronutrient and microelement fertilizers that can be purchased separately, for example, potassium or iron, it already depends on the needs of growth and the type of aqua.
Madriki – catfish Madre De Dios.
Malawians – cichlids of lake malawi.
Manka – ichthyophthiriosis.
Mastics – mastacebelus
Malechnik – capacity, aquarium intended for fry.
Nanik – nano-aquarium (this is a compact, small-sized aquarium that can be easily placed on surfaces that were not originally intended for an aquarium (table, chest of drawers).
Spawner – tank, aquarium, intended for spawning fish
Osmosis – Osmotic water extracted from under the reverse osmosis filter.
Otik – catfish otsinklyus.
Otsadnik – Auxiliary aquarium, usually without soil and decorations, is used for spawning, quarantine and treatment of fish.
Lights, sakura – Cherry shrimp color quality gradations
Substrate – nutrient substrate for aquarium plants, fit under the main ground.
Bubble, Perling – the process of oxygen production by aquarium plants in the process of photosynthesis. Beautiful visual action)))
Pelvic, parrots – pelvicahromis.
Pterik – pterigoplicht.
Suckers – catfish of the loricarium family
Ground cover – low aquarium plants that cover the soil, creeping along it and rooting along the entire length of the stem, which can creep, including under the ground.
Substitution – recommended weekly share of water changes for this aquas.
Little bird – market where they sell live goods.
Catch the balance – at each stage, your balance. Balance is formed and established no earlier than in 3–4 months (maybe longer) Balanced environment in an aquarium is when all activity in the aquarium (dying off, leaf rot, waste from fish and food) does not cause outbreaks of bacteria and algae growth and does not turn the aquarium into swamp.
Moreover, it is necessary to start living creatures, and to plant the plants – their interaction and forms water (meaning not fish and plastic plants – there is no balance there).
Pyh – Ph (acidity value)
Purge – compressor operation mode / oxygen supply.
Pokemon – Snail. Found under the names: tropical pond snail, Radix, Radix rubiginosa.
This is a tropical analogue of our domestic pond snail.
Ramirezka – apistagram Ramirezi.
Riliki, most often Rilki – Riley Shrimp
Rastyuchka – aquarium plants.
Backpack – mounted filter, waterfall.
Salting fish – apply salt baths to treat fish.
Siphon – cleaning the aquarium bottom (primer) with the help of a siphon.
North – severum.
Scalars – scalar.
SD – LED lighting, tape, prozhetora.
Blue green – cyanobacteria, blue-green algae.
Blue – methylene blue dye used to treat fish and incubate caviar.
CO2 – carbon dioxide forcibly supplied to aquas to enhance plant growth
Sturiki – starisom.
SAE – Siamese seaweed.
Stripe – zebra shrimp.
Drying (crackers) – dry food
Trophies – trophy
Tilka, tilochka – tilomelaniya.
Cockroach, torex – catfish thoracatum The phrase Cockroaches is still applied to shrimp.
Tigers – tiger prawns.
Tanga – Lake Tanganica cichlids
Trumpeter – tube maker, live food.
Herbalist – an aquarium in which the advantage is given to plants.
Grass – aquarium plants.
Tank – huge aquarium, more than 300 liters.
Parole – fertilizers for aquarium plants.
HC – ultraviolet sterilizer.
Flute or rain – nozzle on the output of the filter.
Hardscape – basic aquarium composition or the process of decorating an aquarium with stones and snags, until it is filled with water.
Harazinka – fish haratsinovyh family.
Cichlids, cichlids – cichl fishes.
Black stripes – black-striped cychlasoma.
Chips – dry food.
Ehi – ekhinodorusy.
Elki – numbered (L) soms.
Javanese – Javanese moss.
Jacobin – Angelfish Jacobins, the form of a scalar.
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