maintenance, care, compatibility
Starting the aquarium from scratch: step-by-step instructions for creating a new aquarium
From admin: About ten months ago, Irene appeared on the site FanFishka.ru Iren2321 – a girl with a kind and sympathetic heart, dreaming with all her soul about her first aquarium. It was communication with her that finally shaped my opinion then that the key to success of any site is: kindness, love for everything that you do and selfless help to your neighbor.
Now, FF is a huge circle of friends, it is a lively, interesting communication, it is an exchange of experience and emotions, AND THIS MEANS THAT THE STRATEGY OF RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IS TRUE!
The following article is a report of Irina, the result of the help of all members of the forum of FF set out in this forum thread – / forum / 4-243-1.
* * * The last 5 years, one of my most cherished wishes was to acquire an aquarium! I really wanted to see – this is a “murmuring gurgling” miracle, with bright inhabitants and beautiful design inside.
Sit in the kitchen, drink tea and admire. And so!
Dreams Come True! Thanks to the forum users of our beloved FF, I decided to purchase an aquarium.
At once I will say that pleasure is not cheap, so having a fairly limited budget I tried and I can try to balance my own as much as possible.
The aquarium itself can be bought cheaply, but everything, even the most necessary, equipment and accessories will fly into a pretty penny.
The first thing that I pushed off when choosing the shape and size of the aquarium is the place where it will stand. Based on the recommendations of Feng Shui equipment, personal preferences and maximum efficiency of space use, the only place in our small apartment that was suitable for an aquarium was only the kitchen.
It is quite large and spacious, moreover, there was a free space between two windows with a width of 70 cm.
In my opinion, quite a good option:
1. Kitchen – it is always convenient to maintain the aquarium.
2. The flow of the filter does not interfere with sleep (as a result, it turned out to be noiseless).
3. A great place to properly admire the aquarium – just opposite the dining table. The center of the aquarium is at eye level.
It turns out that you need an aquarium that would fit in the width between the windows, but was not too small to be in harmony with the interior of the kitchen.
The second thing I was thinking about for a very long time was how much I could properly equip the aquarium without having the slightest experience in aquarism.
After much deliberation, consultations with experienced aquarists, I stopped at an aquarium of an average volume of 100 liters. This is not much, but not enough. A larger aquarium will be of unacceptable size for me, and a smaller one will cause a lot of difficulties in setting up a biosystem.
The next question is the shape of the aquarium.
I liked the traditional rectangular shape of the aquarium and the lens (with a convex front glass). The decisive factor in determining the shape of the aquarium was the financial aspect.
To save money, I decided to order the manufacture of an aquarium, so the choice fell on a rectangle. He glued him not a professional (as I understood later), but simply a man who had already pasted several aquariums and had succeeded.
The size of the aquarium is 70 * 35 * 40 cm, i.e. in fact, not even 100 liters, but 90 liters.
Yes, it came out cheaper than buying an aquarium in a store, but there are still some flaws. Stiffeners were glued at the top of the aquarium with a height of 7 cm, which visually and functionally reduced its height.
Self-adhesive was glued poorly and during transportation scratches were made on the glass. All this, of course, made me very upset, but this is my FIRST aquarium. After 3 months, no problems with the quality of glued seams have arisen, which means that everything is not so bad! 🙂
Installation of an aquarium For the time being, she adapted an old Soviet book table as a pedestal for the aquarium: they removed the castors and extendable supports, put pieces of linoleum under the legs, checked both sides of the table with a level. A piece of polystyrene 5 cm high was put under the aquarium (which house they found).
Later disguised him with MDF sheets. Already 3 months is so aquarium, the table cover is not bent.
Preparing to start the aquarium Aquarium washed without diligence, i.e. without washing and cleaning, filled with water for a day to check the quality of the seams. All is well!
Lighting The question of coverage was my husband. He took out a Soviet lamp from the bins and glued it to the glass, the dimensions of which corresponded to the width of the aquarium, but less than its depth, so that there would be a gap for the wires and the possibility of feeding the fish. To the inside of the lamp pasted mirror as reflector.
The luminaire has built-in 2 LD fluorescent lamps of 20 W each (which were also available).
Equipment While I was waiting for the aquarium, I ordered the most necessary equipment in the online store:
one. Internal filter, Aquael FAN 3 Plus.
2 Thermostat Xilong AT-700, 200 watts.
3 Timer Feron TM12 – timer daily electro-mechanical compact.
four. The background is two-sided.
The filter, in my humble experience of a novice aquarist, copes well with cleaning 100 liters of water.
The timer is a necessary thing, you can buy it at an electrical appliance store, it costs 5 cu very helpful. Set the lighting time and the light turns on and off when needed.
With gluing the background did not work out. The background was pasted together with her husband in a hurry, they hurried to launch the aquarium. Husband insisted glue on the soap, he just knew how to do it.
Glued from the outside of the aquarium.
– the background never stuck.
– there were terrible soap stains, which were perfectly visible in the foreground of the aquarium.
In the end, I watched this unpleasant picture for another month, and then spat – peeled off the background, rubbed the back wall dry and glued it on the sides with adhesive tape, temporarily. It became easier for me, even if the terrible white divorces are not visible.
Conclusion: you need to glue the background correctly and from inside the aquarium. See the article on FF – here.
The choice of soil and its preparation. Errors made. Soil I chose the black basalt fines.
I needed 20 kg of soil for my volume of aquarium, which is, of course, right next to it, and a little more.
Soil I washed 3 times. Tired and decided that would be enough. Was wrong.
After she poured water into the aquarium, a terrible murk rose and settled on its walls. Dirt had to tear off around the perimeter of the aquarium, which, in turn, settled on the equipment and plants.
The spectacle is not pleasant!
. The soil must be washed until the water is completely clean.
In addition, for good plant growth, you need to fill the top dressing layer in the ground. I did not do this, which I later regretted.
Decor Though I am a novice, I did not imagine artificial decorations in my aquarium. I dream of a chic herbalist, created by hand.
Therefore, a beautiful snag, entwined with moss – the most it!
One snag, I ordered via the Internet, already ready for placement in the aquarium, and the second my husband and I decided to do it ourselves.
Since I was just delighted with somics (and later it turned out that all the other family members, too) chose a vine for this purpose. Her husband cleaned and brought me for further processing.
I boiled a snag in a solution of salt for half a day, and after two days I soaked it in water.
Selection and planting plants For me, an aquarium without live plants is not an aquarium, so I read information about plants for beginners, which were not particularly demanding in terms of water parameters and lighting, I had seen photos and descriptions of aqua design and acquired the following plants:
1.Parthorn Thailand – 2pcs.
2. Cryptocoryne (I don’t know which one) – 10 pcs. (I don’t remember exactly).
3. Moh javanese – 1 sp. Box (attached to the snag)
4. Anubias -nana – 3 pcs. (attached to snags)
5. Indian Indian – 2 pcs. (while floating on the surface)
6. Limnobium – 5pcs.
7.Pissures – 3pcs.
I filled the soil in the aquarium, as it should be – to the back wall the ground level is higher than in the foreground (to enhance the effect of the depth and volume of the aquarium). Filled the aquarium up to half defended water, with the addition of Tetra AquaSafe.
She weaved a snag with a fishing line, securing Yavan moss on it and planted the plants. Completely filled the aquarium with water.
A week later, I became the happy owner of a whole bucket of plants that our beloved admin Oleg sent me.
There were the following plants:
1. Cryptocoryne – 8 pcs.
2. Vallisneria – a lot.
3. Echinodorius – 1 pc.
4. Ludwig red.
All gladly landed.
Basic aquarium accessories After the launch of the aquarium in the next few days in the store of my city, I bought the following accessories for the aquarium, without which one can not do:
1. Thermometer – JERO sticker (the most expensive one that was in the store).
4. Magnetic brush.
The only thing I am pleased with is a net, but, strictly speaking, there are no serious technical requirements for it.
Due to my inexperience, I did the stupid thermometer – I stuck it inside the aquarium, not outside. I learned about that much later after I threw such an expensive purchase in my product category into the urn.
Placed in the water, he showed it is not clear that, one could only guess, at the same time several temperature indicators were glowing at once. Behind him was going to the dirt, which terribly annoyed me.
As a result, I peeled it off, but he did not stick back … threw it out. At the moment there is no thermometer in the aquarium.
I repent, I forget to buy, I hope for the excellent work of the thermostat.
Siphon bought the only one that was in the store – the cheapest for 35 UAH., There was no choice. I am not happy with it. I plan to buy this:
From the magnetic brush, I was at first simply delighted with a calf. After she quickly cleaned all the dirt that had accumulated from the start of the aquarium, I considered it one of the most successful inventions of mankind. Then I noticed that all this mud settled on plants, soil and decor.
This sight resembled the terrain near a metallurgical plant. Fortunately, the filter did not let us down and in a few days cleared everything up.
After a while, I made this brush scratches on the inside of the glass. If even the slightest little cave, even the most imperceptible will fall between the teeth of the brush – all terrible scratches on the glass are inevitable. And to my utter disillusionment with this device, I noticed that as it was used, its cleansing abilities fade away.
As a conclusion, you need to look for an alternative to it.
Aquarium dwellers The following inhabitants live in my aquarium:
1) Som Antsitrus – the very first resident, settled on the launch day, despite all the prohibitions and warnings. Moved great!
My little son’s favorite fish!
2) Angelfish – the main in the aquarium, periodically chasing everyone, fish with character.
3) Swordsmen – 5 pcs.
4) Algae – just a wonderful fish, bringing a lot of benefits to the aquarium.
5) Apistogram ramiresi – a beautiful and unusual little innocent Tsykhlida.
6) Chery shrimps – I don’t know exactly how many pieces there are at the moment, because they are rarely even seen one by one. There is a fear that the scalar is hunting for shrimp.
7) Ampularia – 2 pcs., Got into my tank in a very neglected state – the greenest! Their husband brought from the kindergarten aquarium where he works.
I even scared to imagine what kind of water there is! A month later, both snails are almost completely pretty orange!
There were 2 Gourami – Honey and Marble. Marble did not grow at all and died before my eyes, and Medovaya lived for a long time behind the filter, her other aquarium inhabitants somehow didn’t complain much, and then suddenly and completely disappeared (she didn’t know that this was the case).
Difficulties after launching the aquarium During the first two days after the launch of the aquarium, a part of the floating plants turned yellow and Cryptocorynes began to actively stratify. I did not place any fertilizer for plants in the aquarium, so I immediately ran to the store and bought Aqua Bio Start and PlantaMin. The first, opening 1 capsule, I sprinkled into the water, and the second poured as indicated in the instructions 5 ml per 100 liters.
I do not know how effective these actions were, but a month later half of Kryptocoryn died (apparently, they started Kryptocorynous disease).
Today, 3.5 months after the launch of the aquarium, the state of the plants is as follows:
– Cryptocoryne narrow-leaved hilinkie and especially do not multiply.
– Pistia was gone, apparently Limnobium squeezed it out.
– Fern Thailand on the last breath.
– There are almost no red plants.
– Javanese moss barely holds on.
– The Indian fern breeds and grows.
– Limnobium is growing.
– Anubiasas nano is growing slowly but surely.
Aquarium care problems. My observations.
The problem of lighting and alga Blackbeard
The worst news in the second month, after the launch of my aquarium, was the appearance of one of the nastiest algae – Black beard. After reading the recommendations on FF and other resources, I took action. After 2 weeks, only short, whitish hairs remained from the terrible long hairs of the Blackbeard, barely visible on a couple of plants.
I hope there will be no relapse. I analyzed and realized my mistakes, I mean the reasons for the appearance of such an unpleasant aquarium guest.
As I guess, as a result of poor lighting, the plants in my tank felt bad. Therefore, 2.5 months after launch, I replaced one ordinary one with a special Sval Aquastar F18W / T8 / G13 special aqualamp. At first, for joy, I left the lighting for 10 hours with a break of 2 hours.
After 3 days, all plants turned brown – reduced daylight hours to 6 hours. Honestly, I did not see any positive changes.
The plant grows poorly (in my opinion it is even worse than before), the red ones did not turn red, and besides, the pleasure of observing the aquarium is much less, because the illumination is only 6 hours. What to do? I don’t know yet.
But, I will definitely follow the instructions of this article. Aquarium lighting and choice of lamps.
Pleasant surprises and impressions from the new hobby At the end of the second month of my aquarium life, my husband and I made an installation for supplying CO2, using the instruction. The result is very pleased – the plants are significantly accelerated in growth.
I didn’t dare to acquire an aquarium for a long time, not only due to financial reasons, but also as a result of doubts: Can I ?, Do I have enough time for that, because I have a small child ?, is there enough patience ?. I could!
Enough of everything! Care of the aquarium takes a little time.
I have about 1 hour a week. Of course, it is possible to replace water faster and siphon a primer, but I get tremendous pleasure when picking up plants, replanting them, so I do everything slowly. At the same time, I do the cleaning of the aquarium not when the child sleeps, but with it.
He likes to click on the siphon’s pump so that some water begins to flow, sit and wash his hands in a bucket or touch the remains of plants. Time can always be found.
After all, it’s still better to care for the fish with your child than to sit in front of the TV.
Sometimes the aquarium helps me a lot when I need to distract my son for a while, I begin to ask: Where’s the catfish ?, Show me the new fish we bought together yesterday ?, And what are the snails doing now? The child instantly runs to the aquarium and can get stuck near it even for a few minutes!
And for a young mother with a huge pile of cases every minute counts!
My child is not yet two years old, until she speaks, but she is perfectly distinguished by the names of the fish – what is not developing a lesson with a baby?
The aquarium fell in love with our whole family, even the husband who buhtel, that it is expensive, where to put it, when you take care of it, that you fall into childhood, sometimes puts a chair to the aquarium and sits watching TV.
The aquarium has become part of the life of our entire family! I would like to thank Oleg once again – adminaff and all concerned forum members who gave me the opportunity to enter such a mysterious and magical world of aquarism!
The appearance of aqua world has been happening for thousands of years, so it is not possible to instantly create an optimal microclimate in the aquarium. It is not enough to buy a rack with specialized chemicals and equipment.
Start the launch of the aquarium by determining the place where the artificial reservoir will be located and only then can the issue of settling and other filling of the aquarium be resolved. However, this is still far away. Place the aquarium in its place and pour water to the top.
This is necessary so that traces of sealant and other hazards dissolve. Now drain it completely.
Together with the water will leave the remnants of dissolved materials. After that, you need to go to laying soil. Pour water into the aquarium for a third of its volume and lay the prepared material on the bottom.
It is best to use small round stones, the grains of which do not exceed 5 millimeters. Try to find a soil with a neutral alkaline environment.
You can check it without special devices, just drop vinegar on it, if it starts to sizzle, then the rigidity in such an aquarium will be alkalized and faded.
Properly selected soil allows you to create an organic microclimate and will not allow to form places of stagnation where water does not circulate. Since the soil is considered a natural biofilter for all microorganisms, the continued success of the launch of a new aquarium depends largely on the correct actions for choosing and laying the ground. The bacteria that appeared in it take part in the process of ozonization and nitratization of water, therefore it is important to keep track of areas that are difficult to access for changing water.
In order not to accidentally bring harmful microorganisms and diseases into the aquarium, the soil must be treated. Starting an aquarium from scratch begins with the ignition or boiling of the washed soil. To prevent the bottom of the aquarium from cracking due to the temperature difference, the ground is lowered into the poured water or previously cooled.
After it is in place, add liquid to the required level.
For starters, you can ignore aeration, filtering and lighting. It is enough to turn on the heater if necessary. After a day, the chlorine content will return to normal, the water will acquire the desired temperature, and the excess gases will come out.
You can start planting plants. For their existence, you must properly highlight the water.
Try to put the lamp in the range of 0.35 watts per liter. For the beginning of the 8-hour daylight will be enough.
Plants that help form the right microclimate:
- Cut or pterygoid carrots;
- Indian fern;
- Rapidly growing grass.
The launch of the aquarium is complicated by the lack of bacteria that are responsible for processing the waste products of the inhabitants. Thanks to the above plants, more precisely, the death of their leaves, these microorganisms become larger. No matter how much you want to run fancy fish at this moment, you have to wait.
The first stage has been completed – the plants are in place, now it is necessary to wait for time, so that they adapt, take root and go to growth. All these actions among aquarists are called – setting the primary balance.
Stages of microclimate formation:
- Active reproduction of microorganisms leads to turbidity of water;
- After 3-4 days, transparency returns to normal;
- The absorption of oxygen and organics leads to the accumulation of ammonia;
- Bacteria begin to work hard and normalize the environment.
Many are trying to find the answer, how much time should the aquarium stand before launching the fish. In fact, there is no optimal time limit.
It all depends on temperature, plants and volume. It is necessary to wait for a light smell of fresh grass, and not a new aquarium with a silicone impurity.
It is time to launch the first fish. If you are not sure that the aquarium is fully prepared to accept the inhabitants, then start with a pair of Guppy or Danyushki. However, if you did everything according to the instructions, then boldly plant a whole flock of young individuals into the pond.
Up to 15 teens can be released into the one-hundred-meter aquarium.
This must be done correctly:
- Bring a jar or bag of young stock home;
- Wait a couple of hours, setting aeration of water in a jar or bag;
- Drain some of the water and add the one in your tank;
- Wait an hour and repeat the procedure;
- Gradually, within a few hours, change all the water;
- Send the fish to the general aquarium.
If possible, try to measure the parameters of water first time. To do this you will need testers for acidity, nitrates and ammonia.
Fish pioneers need to be fed live food, if there is none, then ice cream is allowed. Feeding dry food is not desirable.
If there is no other choice, then enter it for not many, arranging fasting days for the inhabitants. It is imperative to observe this rule so that a bacterial outbreak does not occur.
In the beginning, you should not build a schedule for changing and changing water, just watch the inhabitants. You can change 10-20% of water if:
- All fish have fallen into the lower layers;
- Melting in pairs or flock;
- Presses upper fin.
To make sure you need to change the water, check the acidity and temperature. If the thermometer scale is above 25 degrees with a pH of more than 7.6, then change part of the water.
It is important to make sure that all the fish have fallen to the bottom, and not just one individual. In the event that one of the fish descends low alone – drop him into quarantine and continue to observe.
Experienced aquarists offer another way to normalize balance. Sow all the fish for a day and wait for the decrease in ammonia.
Then the inhabitants come back.
Running the aquarium and settling fish in it affects the quality of the water. Each individual creates a chemical cloud around itself that affects its neighbors.
The higher the density of fish, the greater the impact of harmful substances.
So that the launch does not turn out to be a waste of time, it is necessary to carefully plan the follow-up care: the number and frequency of changes in water or part of it. Tap water is completely unsuitable for creating optimal water. Tap water is too aggressive for sensitive fish.
It is strictly forbidden to change all the water (except for the “patient”). In the aquarium is established its own environment, like the one that is familiar to the type of fish.
The optimal amount of water added is no more than 1/5 of the part. Fish will be able to restore the normal microsphere after a couple of days.
If you change ½ the volume of water at a time, this inept action can lead to the death of fish and plants. Recovery of hydrobalance large amount of water is possible only in 2-3 weeks.
Complete replacement of water will lead to the death of all living things, and it will be necessary to launch the aquarium from the very beginning. Use separated water, the temperature of which will be approximately equal to the aquarium one – this will reduce the chance of fish killing.