maintenance, care, compatibility
So, in the specialized shop with the help of a consultant, the necessary internal water purifier was selected. Before this, you should carefully check its completeness and read the tips on installing and running into work.
First, the device must be assembled according to the recommendations set forth in the instructions for use. Can’t wait to check it at work?
You should not hurry, because the filter must first be properly fixed in an aquarium filled with water. And, beginners, as a rule, have some questions. How deep should the glass be dipped?
What is plastic flexible transparent tube for?
The vast majority of internal water purifiers are attached to the wall of the aquarium in a vacuum way using special suction cups. These suction cups are included in the package.
Prerequisite: the filter must be completely submerged in water, the height of the water level above the top of the device must be from 2 to 5 cm.
A transparent flexible tube serves to supply air to the device and is attached to its “nose”. The other end of the tube should be outside the aquarium, outdoors.
It would seem that you can already run the “glass” in the work. However, experts recommend making the first inclusion, removing all living creatures from the aquarium. You never know what!
What if the device has a manufacturing defect? It is better not to risk and move all the fish for a short time in a small sump.
If the first inclusion showed the normal operation of the technical device, pets can immediately run into their water house.
After the first power up, it is recommended to set the power regulator, which is available on each filter, to the middle position. It takes some time to observe the condition of your pets and then empirically determine the optimum power of the filtering device.
Already from the name of this cleaner it is clear that it is installed on the bottom of a water house for fish. But the choice of this type of filter is resorted to only when there is very little or no decorative bottom aquatic vegetation in the aquarium.
Such a device is a relatively thin plate with an internal filter material and a multitude of holes through which water flows. Some believe that such a plate with tubes attached to it can be simply put on the ground and that will be enough.
This is a misconception – the bottom cleaner should be installed, not just put.
First, remove the soil from the bottom of the aquarium (or from a separate section) and put a plastic frame that will raise the false-bottom by 2-3 mm. Only then can the technical device be closed with a primer, and then put it into operation.
Not only the purity and high-quality chemical and biological composition of water, but also the degree of air saturation depend on the proper installation of any aquarium filter. In addition, it determines the reliability of the device itself.
In any case: before the water purifier is put into operation, you need to carefully read the instructions attached to it and strictly follow the rules specified in it.
How to install the internal filter in the aquarium, see the video:
How to install the aquarium filter :: how to run the aquarium filter :: Equipment and accessories
If you decide to install an aquarium at home, then you cannot do without an aquarium. filter. His choice should be treated with special attention, since the quality of water in your underwater kingdom will depend on this device.
1. Today, there are many varieties of aquarium filters: internal, external, bottom, aerator filters, as well as filters that produce mechanical filter(as filter used filter thread, sponge or crumb), chemical filter(using activated carbon or zeolite), as well as biofiltertion (microorganisms are used in the filter that purify water from harmful impurities).
2. The filter must be selected based on the volume of the aquarium, as well as the functions that it will have to perform. For example, external filters are easy to use, and bottom filters help create a more favorable microflora in the aquarium, and they need to be cleaned every two to three years. For small aquariums, an ideal option would be a filter aerator, which combines the functions of cleaning and saturating water with oxygen.
In any case, before you choose any specific filter, you should consult with a specialist.
3. Before installing the filter, carefully read the instructions. If you purchased a chemical filter, you must fill it with the adsorbent that comes with it.
4. Before installation filter prepare an aquarium. Rinse it thoroughly and fill it with water to see if the seams are leaking.
Drain and place pre-prepared soil on the bottom of the aquarium. If you purchased a bottom filter, you must first install it under the ground.
Pour about one third of the water, then plant the plants. If you choose an internal filter, then you need to install it at this very moment.
Attach the filter with special velcro or retaining bracket, then fill the aquarium with water to the required level. An external filter can be installed after filling the aquarium with water.
5. After filling the aquarium, turn on the filter in order to check its operation. While the aquarium will be balanced (about two weeks), the filter must be kept on.
As soon as you see that the water has disappeared from the water, then you can safely inhabit your underwater world with fish.
An aquarium is a biosystem, a living organism, in order to maintain its viability it is necessary to have special equipment. It is internal and external, basic and additional.
The main equipment is considered to be: compressors that saturate the water with oxygen, filters for water purification, water heaters, to save the selected temperature mode and lamps to illuminate the aquarium.
Internal filters combine two functions: supplying oxygen and purifying water. Internal filters include a pump that pumps water and a filter element, which can be located both outside and inside the filter housing.
Installation of the internal filter is extremely simple. The location of the filter in the aquarium is as follows: it is attached to the side wall of the aquarium, next to the rear window.
The pump of this filter must be completely in the water. Above the surface of the water there remains only an oxygen hose for taking air and passing it through the pump to the aquarium.
External filters are placed in a cabinet – stand. In the aquarium there are 2 tubes for drawing water into the filter and for supplying clean water.
The filter consists of a pump that is installed on top of the filter, as well as a filter housing with filter material in it. During the installation of the filter in the cabinet – stand, you need to make sure that the hoses that connect the tubes and the filter are located freely.
The intake tube is placed vertically in the aquarium, about 5 centimeters from the ground, in turn, the tube for feeding water from the filter is installed in the upper part of the aquarium and can be located both under water and above water, taking into account the tasks assigned to the filter.
External filters are designed only to purify water, and a compressor is used to supply oxygen to water.
How to put the filter in the aquarium:
Open the filter, unfasten the covers, then remove the engine.
Pull out the basket with filter elements. In the penultimate basket – activated carbon, remove the packaging from it.
Then put the mesh with coal in the basket.
Lower the basket into the filter.
Reinstall the engine and close the covers.
Install the water intake tube into the aquarium through the technological opening, putting the tip on it beforehand. For fixing you need to use suction cups.
Attach to the tube a hose of the desired diameter. This hose can be immersed in hot water for a short time, so that it is easier to put on the tube.
Additional mounts here is not required.
Place an “in” tap on the hose. Hold the end of the hose in hot water before installation.
Install a water supply pipe in technological opening 2. Attach to it the hose with the smallest diameter “out”.
Taps should be attached to the filter with gray washers.
Place the filter next to the cabinet.
The best filter for aquarium: types of filtering, photo-video review
– These are the simplest and at the same time effective filters for an aquarium. Some “old-fashioned” call them “glasses.” The essence of their work is very simple – the filter has a pump (motor) and an absorbent sponge.
The pump pumps the aquarium water, which passes through the sponge, is cleaned. Such filtration effectively copes with the removal of large contaminants: food residues, fish excreta, residues of dead organisms, etc.
If you have a small aquarium and not very large fish swim in it, such a mechanical filter will be quite enough.
Biofilters filters and aquarium biological filtration
– This is a compromise between the internal and external filter. The hybrid of both is “hanging from the outside, but working inside.”
These filters are not so popular among aquarists, because they work according to the principle “not yours is not yours,” perhaps its only distinguishing advantage is compactness and space preservation both in and under the aquarium.
So, summing up the above, we can recommend internal filters for small, medium and not very large aquariums (up to 200 liters). For large aquariums, external aquarium filters will be good.
Of course, this statement is relative, because no one has yet canceled individual aspects and wishes.
Concluding this article, I would like to note that there are other methods, mechanisms for filtering aquarium water, such as – a bottom filter or “false”. Such methods are less popular and have a number of advantages and disadvantages.
In the future, if necessary, you can make them yourself.
I want to believe that this article has helped you determine the choice of the best aquarium filter. But, remember that no even the coolest filter will not replace the banal weekly replacement of aquarium water.
AQUARIUM WATER SUBSTITUTE IS THE BEST FILTRATION