maintenance, care, compatibility
How to prepare water for an aquarium :: how to prepare an aquarium for fish :: Care and education
Aquarium – transparent tank for the constant maintenance of fish. The water in the aquarium plays a huge role for the organisms and plants that live in it.
Try to follow the purity of the water and adhere to the recommendations.
The question “How does a little girl retrain to go to the tray (she is 4 months old)? “- 3 answers
1. Before planting in a new aquarium, plants and fish should be prepared not only water, but the aquarium itself. The framed aquarium is thoroughly washed with warm water at room temperature with baking soda or laundry soap.
Then it is filled with water at room temperature, depending on the putty for a period of two to three to ten days. After two or three days the procedure should be repeated.
Water needs to be changed two or three times until the smell of paint disappears.
2. Organic glass aquariums are washed with warm water and salt or 5% solution of acetic or hydrochloric acid is added. After that, they are again washed with warm water.
When filling out a new aquarium It should be remembered that it is first filled with water to half, and after two or three days water is added so that the top edge remains 4-8 cm. Thereby pressure on the glass aquarium increases gradually, and they do not burst.
Filling a small aquarium with water, a wide plate, a hand, a piece of plywood, and a piece of cardboard should be put under the stream in order not to blur the ground.
3. It is better to fill a large aquarium through a hose. At the same time, the water should fall on a deep plate placed on another plate, standing upside down on the ground.
Sometimes aquarists fill the tank with water immediately after planting, and not before it. In this case, when filling aquarium water will have to use a funnel with a reflective plate.
For aquarium need to find a coating (usually thick glass). It will protect it from dust, will not allow fish to jump out, will prevent too fast cooling and evaporation of water.
If the air in the room is too dry, you can use the aquarium to humidify it. In this case, you can not cover the aquarium, but you need to lower the water level so that the fish can not jump out of it.
For air inflow into the aquarium and for rust protection of the steel frame, the coating is not placed on the walls aquarium, and on a small stand height 5-15mm. It can be pieces of an eraser, strips of organic glass, clips of non-oxidizing metal.
But the aquarium, which contains fish that can jump well or climb walls through the gap, should be tightly covered.
4. How to make an aquarium beautiful.
Interior design aquarium should be close to the natural habitat of the fish, as we usually create an aquarium in order to have a corner of nature in the apartment. Sometimes it is possible to see blocks of marble imitating a flooded city or divers, from whose helmets air bubbles strike, but all this can be allowed only to a child in the children’s room.
An aquarium not for kids should look as simple as possible outside and bright, but naturally inside. It is desirable to hide all devices and technical devices.
Generally, choosing jewelry for aquarium, one should strive, first of all, to recreate the natural picture, emphasizing only the beauty of the main inhabitants aquarium – fish and plants.
5. It looks good soil, located steps, and the sand creeping into the water can be fixed with stones or hidden behind them strips of glass.
Trays of flowers, set along the back wall, create a good background. They can be placed steps: in front of plant low plants, and behind them are high.
Another variant of multi-tiered planting is possible: low plants are planted in front, and large ones are behind and from the sides. For lovers of asymmetry, you can suggest to plant in front, almost at the front glass, some large plant, and in the middle or side to put a stone or snag, while throughout the aquarium, let plants of different sizes grow.
When choosing, remember that different plants require different lighting. Plants with the same requirements can be grouped at different levels and equip terraces (steps), which are usually made of wood and stones.
In the overall composition of your aquarium there should be one or more eye-catching bright spots. The rest of the decorative tools should not be evident, they are better placed in the background.
Sometimes the big picture aquarium It has only one element that attracts attention. It should be a bush of a lush plant, for example, Japanese sagittaries or cryptocorynes. It needs to be planted slightly away from the center. aquarium, so as not to create unpleasant symmetry for the eyes, as well as make room for feeding.
Then around the edges will look good plants with ribbon-like leaves, normal vallisneria or branching elodeya and peristolistnikom that, growing, will create a frame in the background. Several bushes, not cluttering the middle aquarium and foreground, it is possible to arrange isoethis, helix vallisneria, and marcilia; the ground must always have a slope with the deepest place in the free, unplanted part aquarium, where the dirt will be collected.
On the surface of the water is good to let Ritchie, salvinia and a few bushes water cabbage or frog.
6. If you have two or three around aquarium, When planting plants, it is necessary to think not only about creating an underwater landscape in each of them, but also about the general impression made by the living area as a whole.
The underwater picture, of course, reaches its greatest charm only when the plants start to grow: leaves oriented in relation to light, processes that occupy the most brightly lit areas, give the aquarium landscape greater naturalness.
7. To recreate the river landscape, round stones are used, to imitate rocks, flat stones of irregular shape, fragments without sharp edges. AT aquariumx with fish digging in the ground, large stones serving as grounds for high terraces are placed directly on the bottom, they are sometimes glued with epoxy or cement.
Stones intended for aquarium, must not contain metals and calcium salts. It is best to use stones of basalt origin, as well as granite and some types of sandstone.
If the chemical composition of the stone is suspicious, it can be treated with a solution of hydrochloric acid, like gravel.
The roots and branches of the trees look beautiful in the aquarium. For registration, you can use snags, which for a long time lay in running water or peat bogs. The best breeds are alder and willow.
You can not put in the aquarium rotten tree, lain some time under a layer of silt. Fully unusable live wood. Roots or branches, even if they were in running water for a long time, should be boiled in a saturated solution of salt before being placed in an aquarium.
Such processing disinfects the wood and compacts its structure – the boiled snags become dense, heavy and sink in water.
For tropical decoration aquarium You can use coconut shells, bamboo stalks and reeds.
8. In aquariumx For twilight, nocturnal or territorial fish species, cover should be made for each such fish. To do this, put on the ground snags (again, alder or willow); individual or folded in the form of caves, grottoes large stones; sanding, gravel, stones or driftwood trimming ceramic pipes or pots.
9. For the period of spawning in an aquarium it is necessary to create shelters or a substrate for caviar. These can be flower pots lying on their sides, coconut shells, pottery, cutting glass, synthetic tubes, fibers, tiles, etc. However, these items should not have sharp corners and emit harmful substances in water.
In the fry tag set by females of viviparous breeds of fish you need to hang a piece of glass. It should hang obliquely on aluminum or galvanized steel wire so that its side edges are adjacent to the walls. aquarium, and the bottom had a gap of 3-4 mm, through which the fry would have the opportunity to fall down.
It is impossible often and the more completely to change water in aquarium. For most species of tropical fish water simply update, and this is done no more than once every seven to ten days.
For this rubber hose from the bottom aquarium suck debris and remnants of food, drain no more than 1/3, and preferably 1/5 of the total volume of water, topping up water with the same characteristics as the water in the aquarium. Fresh water should be added in small portions, gradually.
In cold water aquariums when pouring water should not be heated. For warm-water aquariums, it is best to use water 1-2 degrees warmer than water. aquarium.
Partial change of water is carried out in violation of the oxygen regime (if the fish suffocate), while cleaning the bottom and glasses. But you should try to minimize even a partial change of water.
When changing water or cleaning aquarium fish do not need to catch.
A complete change of water is a last resort and should be carried out in exceptional cases: in case of illness and death of fish, the appearance of parasitic microorganisms, etc. After a complete change of water, biological equilibrium must be established anew. And with a well-established stable regime, water may not change over the years.
Before you start a fish in the aquarium (or even buy them), find out how these fish get along with each other. And do not immediately run into the aquarium a lot of fish – they are too much upset the biological balance of the aquarium, as a result, they may die.
Before placing the fish in tap water, let it stand at room temperature for at least two days, so that chlorine escapes from it. Water is defended in enameled, glass, clay, plastic dishes for food.
An aquarium with fish not only decorates the interior of any home, but also helps to relax after a hard day. Although the fish and silent, watching them is very, very interesting.
If you are thinking about whether or not to get a fish, you need to remember that you need to take care of them, and very carefully. It is necessary to choose the aquarium itself, the fish, the necessary accessories, to adjust the access of light, air, and, of course, the main point in the care of the fish is water.
Before you prepare the water for the aquarium, you need to prepare the aquarium itself for further settling with fish.
To do this, wash it thoroughly with soap or table salt, pour water into it and allow it to stand, so that all traces of the substances used to clean it are completely washed off the walls.
After the aquarium itself has been prepared, you can start decorating it with stones, soil, plants, and then pour water into it and launch fish into the aquarium to test their new home.
It is worth noting that the preparation of water for the aquarium varies depending on whether you make the aquarium with sea or running water.
In most household aquariums pour the usual running water, before it is thoroughly cleaned. Normal water contains many chemical elements and compounds that can negatively affect the life of the fish, so water must be defended for from two to seven days.
One of the main elements of this is chlorine.
To minimize the amount of chlorine in the water, pour the water into the vessel in which it will settle, with a powerful jet or with the help of a shower – this way chlorine will evaporate more quickly. You can warm the water to 70-90 degrees, and then leave it for a few days in a strong vessel.
It is worth noting that when boiling in water all microorganisms die, which can be useful for the existence of fish, therefore, dechlorinators are often used to disinfect water from chlorine – they are sold in pet shops. You can also use activated charcoal – special charcoal for the aquarium is also sold in stores.
Another adverse compound for fish life is ammonia. For the purification of water from it, a phytomethod has recently been used: a submerged rocole can absorb ammonia.
This plant is also advised to use in new aquariums – they will absorb all that is not necessary.
If you want to completely disinfect the water from all aggressive elements for the life of the fish, you can also use special filters – both at the stage of water preparation and in the future, with an already existing aquarium.
Anyway, the main thing in water preparation is its settling and its room temperature: only after that you can safely run the fish into their new home.