maintenance, care, compatibility
All aquarium plants are conventionally divided into three groups: rooted, bushy, and those that swim. Plants that get food through the root system need special planting methods.
Such greens have developed roots and are most often found already rooted. Bush sold without roots and in need of an independent disembarkation.
Separate category – floating. Their distinguishing feature is the absence of the root system, so they do not need any soil at all.
The main rule for colonization of flora in an aquarium is to maintain the optimal distance between specimens. If you plant the plants too thickly, the sunlight will not fall on the lower leaves, and they will disappear. Creeping plants can uncontrollably occupy all the space, so they are recommended to be planted only in large aquariums and periodically remove a part.
To make the plants feel good and not occupy all the space, place them in such a way that the leaves barely touch each other.
Rosettes are those rocks that grow as a “broom” from the ground. These plants are of large size and developed root system. These include:
It is important to choose the size of the plant, based on the size of the aquarium. If you purchased greens of medium size, then leave between them by 8-11 centimeters, ate larger – 15-25 centimeters.
There are such species, where from 20 to 40 sheets are located on one plant, it should be taken into account and planted only in huge aquariums.
For planting most often use shortened plants. They are buried in such a way that the neck remains slightly sprinkled with soil. These plants look beautiful and singly, moreover, this situation allows them to grow freely.
Learn and the fact that in the future, the plant will cover the lighting device or natural lighting, so it is preferable to place it in the background. In addition, if you put it in the foreground, the aesthetic component of the reservoir will suffer.
Plants in an aquarium perform not only the role of a decorative, exotic element, but also bear a number of useful and necessary functions. They contribute to the biological equilibrium of water, its enrichment with oxygen, metabolism, purification from harmful substances that appear in the process of vital activity of fish, as well as from the residue of decomposed food.
Living algae for the aquarium are both useful and harmful. Useful types of algae in aquariums or harmless ones are green, brown and quartz.
Dangerous species of algae for the aquarium are blue-green or red – they quickly adapt, and because of them instantly the water begins to bloom.
Depending on what kind of algae got into the aquarium, you should either fight them or simply control their number.
Plant the plants correctly
Many people confuse algae with aquarium plants. Therefore, when asked how to plant algae in an aquarium, the answer is one – plants should be planted, algae enter the aquarium in the form of spores, with live fish food or with new plants.
How to plant aquarium rooting plants?
- each plant before planting should be cleaned from rot, snail eggs, then washed with water and disinfected with a solution of manganese. Long roots need to be cut according to the layer of soil, this will encourage them to grow rapidly;
- plants should not be planted very close, they need a place for development, it is best to plant them in a checkerboard pattern;
- no need to squeeze the roots, while they must be completely covered with soil, and the growth bud must be on the surface;
- It is more expedient to plant some types of plants not in the ground, but in a pot; this is convenient when cleaning the bottom soil;
- should be familiar with the compatibility of plants.
A very useful and common plant for an aquarium is Anubias, its leaves serve as fish first as a substrate for spawning, and then as a shelter for it from fish.
Plant elodea will be a great filter, it will collect some of the turbidity and will pull out harmful compounds for its growth, thus cleaning the water.
Vallisneria and richie will provide additional oxygen into the water and reduce the possibility of algae entering the aquarium.
The number of fish and plants must be biologically balanced, but it must be remembered that the plants should not occupy more than 1/3 of the aquarium.