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How to monitor the aquarium: the basics of care and maintenance

Beautiful and clean aquarium – a wonderful element of the interior. A piece of the underwater world gives aesthetic pleasure, and observing the life of fish calms the nervous system and charges with positive emotions.

But for a homely pond to look spectacular, and its inhabitants to be healthy, it is necessary to bring order to it in time. Caring for an aquarium is completely uncomplicated, the main thing is to do it properly and regularly.

Basics of care and maintenance of the aquarium

After filling the reservoir with water, planting plants and launching fish, biochemical processes begin to occur in it and a stable ecosystem is gradually formed, ensuring the normal functioning of its inhabitants. Therefore, you should not unnecessarily disrupt this process, it is enough to devote a little time to the reservoir every day, and once a week to clean the inventory and the inner surface.

Every day you need to monitor the aquarium and check the operation of all equipment. Do it better in the morning after turning on the lighting. It is necessary to make sure that the thermometer displays the normal temperature, the filter, the lamps, the heater are working, and the air from the aerator is freely supplied.

The external surface of the tank should also be checked., to ensure there are no streaks, chips or cracks.

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It is necessary to pay attention to the aquatic environment in the vessel. It should not be muddy, have a putrid odor or contain foreign objects.

From time to time it is advisable to test the fluid in order to ensure its normal parameters.

Every day you need to inspect the inhabitants of the aquarium. It is recommended to do this during feeding, since then all the fish get in sight.

Present inhabitants should be counted, and if someone is missing, try to find the missing ones. It is important to consider each fish and make sure that they feel good.

Healthy pets are always active, vigorous, have a bright color and eat food with appetite.

If fish with obvious signs of disease are found in the aquarium, they should be transplanted into another vessel with the same water parameters and tried to cure. The dead must be removed immediately with a net, because the process of decomposition in water begins very quickly.

It is worth remembering: you can not overfeed water pets, as uneaten residues of food begin to rot, which is a very negative impact on water quality.

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Every week a thorough cleaning should be carried out in an artificial reservoir. The basic rules for caring for an aquarium are as follows:

  • washing the filter and other equipment;
  • cleaning of the walls and decorative elements from plaque algae;
  • collecting dirt and food residues from the ground surface;
  • pruning and weeding plants;
  • substitution of water for fresh.

It should be remembered that the fish and other residents of the home aquarium during the harvesting is not necessary to plant. It is only necessary to turn off electrical appliances, open the lid and begin the process of cleaning. In order not to bring dangerous germs into the aquarium, you should thoroughly wash your hands using soap.

To clean the devices, it is recommended to use a fresh cloth, which must then be thrown away. It is important to carry out all manipulations carefully, without haste, trying not to frighten the inhabitants.

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First you need to put in order the entire inventory. Then inspect the interior of the vessel. If algae appear on its walls, they should be removed without fail, and then proceed to the next stage of harvesting.

It is necessary to remember that the use of soap or cleaning products is strictly prohibited. You can wash the tools only with running and warm water, and clean the glass with special tools.

The aquarium is usually equipped with a filtration system, a heater and a thermometer. The filter performs a very important function – cleans the water from all sorts of pollution.

Inside it are colonies of special microorganisms that neutralize toxic substances in the liquid, which is very important for the health of the fish. Therefore, too often the device should not be washed; it is enough to do it once every 7–10 days.

The degree of clogging can be judged by the trickle of air flowing out of the filter: if it is too weak or supplied with uneven jolts, then it is time to put the equipment in order.

Filter aquarium clean no more than once a week

Rinse the sponge of the internal filter should be careful not to destroy the beneficial microflora. It is necessary to use clean water for this, and at the end to rinse it with liquid from the aquarium.

And also with the help of a small brush or a cotton swab, each compartment of the device must be cleaned, paying special attention to the space around the motor. After that, all the details of the filter must be assembled and installed in its original place.

The thermometer and heater should be cleaned as needed, since they do not get dirty very often with timely care of the aquarium. To remove dirt, remove the devices from the tank, rinse gently with running water and return to the vessel.

Placing green algae on glass does not pose any danger to fish. It may appear due to too much light, excess organic matter, or rare water changes.

Such growths spoil the appearance of the aquarium and interfere with the monitoring of pets.

Cleaning the aquarium and removing excess algae

This contamination must be disposed of using such tools:

  1. Small washcloth. Cheap and affordable tool that can quickly solve the problem. Initially, it should be new and used only to care for the aquarium. However, the washcloth is not very convenient to work and it is difficult to clean the far corners of the walls of the reservoir. In addition, this device is not recommended for Plexiglas.
  2. Magnetic scraper. The most popular and effective tool for the removal of algae. It consists of two magnets, one of which is a material with a hard surface. Details are mounted on a long handle, so it is very convenient to carry out the cleaning procedure. The device copes with its task, and you can buy it at any pet store.
  3. Fixture with a blade. It is a scraper with a metal blade inside. They can thoroughly clean even heavily soiled glass, especially in small vessels. The disadvantage of the tool is that the blade is too sharp, therefore it sometimes scratches the transparent surface.

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Algae particles that have fallen to the ground after the procedure are usually removed during cleaning. If some pieces still remain at the bottom, they can serve as food for snails and fish.

It is advisable to settle catfish that eat algae into the home water reservoir, then it will be necessary to clean the glasses much less frequently.

Proper care of the aquarium includes cleaning the decorative elements of the water space. If the house or artificial plants are covered with dirty bloom, they should be removed from the vessel and treated with a brush, and then rinse with tap water and place back.

A mandatory stage of weekly cleaning is to clean the bottom and replace water. This should be done on a regular basis, otherwise, due to the accumulation of organic matter and dirt, many harmful substances are formed in the water, and protozoan parasites can appear, which will cause various diseases in fish.

Cleaning at the bottom of the reservoir should be carried out using a siphon. This tool consists of a long bulb and a hose, at the end of which there is a pear with a hole. To collect the garbage, you need to lower the device into the water by the side where the funnel is located, and direct the other end of the hose to an empty bucket.

Then you should press the pear several times, after which the water from the bottom of the aquarium will begin to flow into the hose and pour into the bucket. Siphon should be sent to different places, collecting debris from the entire surface of the soil, not forgetting to pump out the dirt from the farthest corners of the vessel.

It is important to know that during this procedure you do not need to drain too much liquid, 25% of the total volume of the aquarium is enough. Full replacement of water should be carried out only in emergency cases – with a very strong pollution, violation of biofiltration or making drugs during the treatment of fish.

After cleaning the bottom, you need to top up with fresh, prepared water. It can be dialed from the tap, then put to stand for 3-4 days and do not cover with a lid. Immediately pour the tap liquid can not, because it contains chlorine and harmful compounds, detrimental to fish.

But within a few days, these substances evaporate and water becomes suitable for replacement.

Soil cleaning and water change

It is necessary to add fresh liquid in small portions in order not to disturb the pets once again. New water should not be too cold to prevent temperature changes in the aquarium, as this negatively affects the health of the fish.

Living plantings in an artificial reservoir are of great benefit. They emit the oxygen needed by pets, participate in biochemical processes and serve as an ideal place for spawning fish.

In addition, lush greenery is an excellent decoration of the underwater space, and in order to preserve its beauty, it is necessary to properly care for the aquarium flora.

During general harvesting, it is necessary to remove all withered leaves, as well as old and lifeless grass. Strongly overgrown plants need to be thinned out in order to free up space for the vital activity of the fish.

Plantations that grow in height may become too stretched, reach the surface of the water, begin to climb along it, and prevent light from entering the aquarium. In this case, you have to cut unnecessary sprouts.

It is desirable to do this so that later new shoots are formed, then the plant will begin to branch beautifully and will look more compact.

During the general cleaning, all faded leaves should be removed.

Once every two weeks the underwater greens need to be fertilized. For this purpose, special formulations are used, which are sold at the pet store.

It is necessary to feed up a live decor carefully, bringing fertilizer under a root of plants. Such manipulations require some experience, so it is best to consult with a specialist in this area.

In order for the aquarium to look well-groomed and function perfectly, you need to give it enough time and energy. It is especially difficult for those who have a reservoir with living creatures appeared quite recently. In this case, you can give some tips to novice aquarists:

  • To keep the fish, it is better to get a tank of the usual form, with a lid and a light in it.
  • A small aquarium (10−25 liters) requires more frequent maintenance than a large (50−200 liters), because it accumulates dirt faster.
  • Serve home water should be at least 1 time in 10 days. Poor care guarantees water spoilage, and this is fraught with fish poisoning.

You need to clean the aquarium at least 1 time in 10 days

  • It is necessary to acquire waterfowl pets only at a pet store or from trusted breeders. If during visual inspection there is a suspicion that the fish are sick, you need to abandon the purchase.
  • You can not make noise near the glass house, make sharp movements and turn on the bright light in the middle of the night – this may cause stress for the inhabitants.
  • It is necessary to subdivide new residents taking into account compatibility with the pets present.
  • If in summer the temperature of the liquid in the tank rises above normal, then the degrees can be lowered with clean ice bottles. They need to be dipped in water, and it will become much cooler.

Anyone who loves animals and is not indifferent to everything beautiful can learn how to take care of a home water reservoir. Therefore, a great desire, a little experience and further practice will show that it is not difficult to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, and the bright fish, having fun frolicking in it, will delight with their beauty for many years.

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