maintenance, care, compatibility
If you carefully examine any rectangular aquarium, you can understand its simple design. In principle, this is an ordinary container made of pieces of glass. Make such a capacity is quite capable of a person who knows how to handle household tools.
There are, however, some rules and subtleties that need to be known before work begins.
Acquisition of a finished aquarium of almost any form does not pose a problem: in pet stores their choice is quite large. At the same time, there are quite a lot of aquarists who independently make containers for ornamental fish at home.
There are various reasons for this. For example, a fish owner lives in a rural area, and transporting a large glass structure from the nearest city pet store can be quite problematic.
Someone makes glued houses for aquatic life for sale. But most often the meaning of self-production of this item is the joy of creativity and the desire to save money the family budget.
Each aquarist chooses lamps to his own taste, but many craftsmen advise purchasing fluorescent lamps with a light transmission coefficient of at least 60 Ra. The presence of this technical indicator should be clarified in the store.
If desired, the outer part of the cover can be decorated to your taste with a self-adhesive film. The cover for the aquarium is ready.
Why do I need to make an aquarium myself, if it can be freely purchased at a pet store or in a bird market? Creative people can precisely answer this question, the pride of which are hand-made things.
In addition, the cash costs of self-manufacturing glass containers for fish is almost half the cost of the finished product.
Video with instructions on how to make an aquarium with your own hands:
Particular attention should be paid to the quality and thickness of glass. In working condition, the bottom and walls of the banks are under considerable water pressure.
Consequently, with increasing capacity, glass thickness should also increase.
For example, for a small aquarium with a length of 50 cm and a height of 30 cm, you should choose a glass with a thickness of at least 5 millimeters. And when you need to glue a large jar (1 m to 0.6 m, for example), you need a 10-mm glass.
If organic glass is chosen as the material for the walls, then the same calculations should be followed. However, master aquarists rarely work with Plexiglas, so it quickly becomes cloudy, and when cleaning the walls from algae visible scratches appear on it.
There is a requirement for the grade of glass. In our case, it is necessary to choose the material of the highest grade M1, without impurities and microscopic air bubbles inside.
Glass of this brand is usually used in shop windows.
When choosing the appropriate adhesive, preference is given to a special silicone sealant for aquariums. You need to make sure that it is harmless to living organisms. Save on silicone should not be.
Many aquarists recommend KNAUF 881 German sealant or Soudal Silirub Aquarium.
The material for this important element can serve as plexiglass, simple silicate glass, plastic. It all depends on the size of the tank.
With the advent of new building materials, home craftsmen began to abandon heavy Plexiglas and began to use foamed polyvinyl chloride to create an aquarium cover, or more simply PVC panels.
Aquaria – a very exciting business. It happens that people are limited to a modest aquarium and a pair of goldfish. However, most often silent pets take more and more of our time.
The aquarium is gradually becoming the central element in the interior, so much time is needed for its decoration and, of course, fantasy.
The stores feature a huge number of living and artificial algae, multi-colored stones for the bottom, shells and real sculptural compositions. Experienced aquarists prefer to do the decor for the aquarium with their own hands.
For the inhabitants of the aquarium, the background is absolutely not important, but for grateful spectators a beautiful picture is far from the last. It creates a certain mood and emphasizes other elements of the underwater interior.
Some experts believe the most advantageous black background, which is associated with the depth of the ocean. Bright fish on it look fresh and unusual.
You can buy a finished film in a pet store or create an original drawing and print it to order. In this case, the most important thing is to correctly apply the image to the glass.
In addition, the decor for aquarium PVC film has a long service life.
Decoration in the form of a house for fish is limited only by your imagination. Finished materials will help create a real composition.
Antique columns and ceramic vessels are transferred to ancient Greece, the treasure chest and skeleton tells the story of pirates, and the funny pineapple house reminds of the funny cartoon “Sponge Bob”.
In fact, to make a decor for an aquarium with your own hands is a snap. Fish will love the caves of coconut halves. Go to the store and buy the largest coconut.
Then eat the entire contents, and boil the empty shells for five minutes. If desired, in the halves, you can make additional holes.
The most important thing is that the coconut will not disturb the microflora of the reservoir, and some inhabitants will like its fibers.
Making decoration for the aquarium do not require special skills, and the simplest material is a stone. You can build a beautiful grotto, slide or cave – use aquarium silicone to hold smooth pebbles.
Like wooden snags, stones need careful processing and boiling (about ten minutes). The scenery must be not only original, but also safe.
Be sure to check the stones for alkali to prevent changes in the chemical balance of water.
Apply a few drops of vinegar to the surface and watch the reaction. The appearance of sizzling bubbles means that there is limestone in the composition, and it is better not to use such a stone to decorate the aquarium.
Novice aquarists tend to opt for beauty, not naturalness. Silicone decor for the aquarium looks bright, is inexpensive, does not require special care and durable (according to the promises of manufacturers).
Multi-colored jellyfish, divers with treasures, a water mill, corals, plants and even the sea inhabitants themselves – in the pet store you can find a lot of silicone items.
If you decide to purchase artificial jewelry, choose a reliable seller. Products made in China are of low cost and questionable composition, so no one guarantees their safety.
The main advice: any decor for an aquarium requires a sense of proportion. Remember that the inhabitants of the reservoir should be enough freedom of movement. Do not overload the space for aesthetic beauty.
Especially this advice applies to beginners who have not fully understood the rules of care for the aquarium.