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How to make an aquarium – tips for beginning aquarists

Dear colleagues. I am glad to welcome you again on my aquarium blog dedicated to aquarism and everything related to this science.

Today I want to give you at the mercy of a post on how to properly arrange an aquarium. Many novice aquarists sometimes perform operations to decorate an aquarium in the wrong order.

Therefore, in today’s article I want to clarify this point and I will start from the background of the aquarium.

You should know and remember that the background is set before water is poured into the aquarium. When making a volumetric background, be sure to use non-toxic materials that will not release various harmful substances into the water.

The two most popular materials for surround background are fiberglass and polystyrene foam. If you are not able to make the background for an aquarium volumetric, you can glue a special film on the back wall outside or just paint the glass in the desired color.

I do not recommend using bright colors, optimal colors as for me are dark gray, black, brown or dark blue. At least I’m sure about blue, since such a film is stuck on my aquas. It looks pretty decent, so do not be afraid.

If you do not want the film or did not find it for any reason, you can use cardboard, carpet or plastic of dark colors. As an option, you can buy in stores already ready background from plastic with the picture shown on it. Such backgrounds in pet stores are available in various heights and are sold in rolls.

As many as you say, and cut so much, with this problem should not arise. Backgrounds for freshwater aquariums have a different composition, where plants, snags or stones are represented.

In the aquarium stones play a fairly significant role in its design. In addition to the decoration, the stones serve as a shelter for many species of aquarium fish and a substrate for some species of spawned hydrobionts.

Although most fish like to spawn in decorative objects of decoration (pots, caves, castles and grottoes), they also do not mind spawning among large blocks of stones in the crevices.

Also with the help of stones you can strengthen the terraces, if of course there are any in the aquarium. Or you can hold aquarium plants near the ground so that they do not emerge. I, for example, keep the roots of the kabomba at the bottom, as it grows quickly and constantly cropped.

Sense to plant in the ground, I do not see, but she and so good. If you still do not know, then in the aquarium, you can use the stones of the following rocks: granite, gneiss, porphyry and other primary rocks.

Sandstone, limestone, dolomite are suitable for hard water aquariums.

Depending on the shape of the stone, an aquarist can create a different landscape. If in your aquarium fish from flowing reservoirs dominate, for example, girinohailus, then you should choose rounded stones. The main thing is not to use cobblestones with sharp edges and edges, as the fish can easily get hurt about it.

Before laying the rock in the aquas, it must be properly cleaned and boiled. Inspect carefully selected brick for the presence of metallic inclusions. The presence of various metals in the rock is not allowed, since they will release oxides harmful to fish in the water.

To check the stone for lime deposits, pour it with hydrochloric acid. If there are any, it will blister.

After a detailed inspection it is desirable to wash the stone again.

From large stone slabs can be organized crevices. In the case of their unstable position, such stones are better to glue to the bottom of the aquarium and to prevent the aquarium soil from falling under them.

If this happens, then at the point where one element of the substrate pressed down to the bottom of the stone will cause a concentration of stress, which can lead to negative consequences for the entire aquarium. In the article on how to make an aquarium, I already talked about this, so I will not dwell now on this moment.

If you do not have large bricks, then place small pebbles directly on top of the substrate.

Snags in the aquarium give the bank an unforgettable original appearance and are a shelter for many species of aquarium fish. Aquarium plants are also attached to them, in particular, a snag wrapped in Javanese moss looks cool.

In the tree used there should be no vital juices and it must be necessarily dead. The best root is the root of a tree that has lain in a peat in a swamp for a long time. You can also take the branches of maple, ash, alder, willow, beech, which a couple of decades lain in the pond.

In no case do not use moldy snags and snags that have lain in water polluted with toxic waste. Pine snags can also not be placed in an aquarium, as they release resin into the water.

Before placing a tree in an aquarium, it must be cleaned and cleaned of dirt. Handle snags in saturated brine.

Thus you will kill two birds with one stone: all bacteria will die and expel the air from the pores of the tree. Take enameled dishes, throw in salt as much as possible and fill with water. As they did, put it on the stove and let the log brew for about three hours.

If the log pops up, press it with a brick.

These things are not recommended to be placed in a home tropical aquarium. In their composition there is a large amount of calcium carbonate, which will change the pH and hardness of the aquarium water. Although these attributes are not desirable for an aquarium in tropical ecosystems, some species of fish use shells as shelters and as a substrate for spawning.

Sea shells must first be boiled and then completely hardened all surfaces. Better give preference to those shells that have not been left empty for a long time and have been polished over many years with water.

Do not put in the aquarium sinks from stores that are treated with varnish or paint.

Today, the assortment of pet stores has all sorts of jewelry for the aquarium: galleons, castles, treasure chests, skeletons and skulls. All these crafts are made of plastic, ceramics and other non-harmful materials. Such decorations are nicely preening home aquarium.

Alternatively, you can use bottles and other glass vessels and plastic jewelry as decoration. If you want to make a cave, take an earthen pot or coconut shell, looks very decent.

Oddly enough, the fish are more willing to love these decorations than piles of stones.

And that’s all for today. I tried to list the main decorations, which are most often used in aquarism for the design of the underwater landscape. Choose, try and experiment, maybe come up with your decor element, significantly different from the standard options.

Well, now everything is exactly, see you soon.

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