maintenance, care, compatibility
If you carefully examine any rectangular aquarium, you can understand its simple design. In principle, this is an ordinary container made of pieces of glass.
Make such a capacity is quite capable of a person who knows how to handle household tools. There are, however, some rules and subtleties that need to be known before work begins.
Acquisition of a finished aquarium of almost any form does not pose a problem: in pet stores their choice is quite large. At the same time, there are quite a lot of aquarists who independently make containers for ornamental fish at home.
There are various reasons for this. For example, a fish owner lives in a rural area, and transporting a large glass structure from the nearest city pet store can be quite problematic. Someone makes glued houses for aquatic life for sale.
But most often the meaning of self-production of this item is the joy of creativity and the desire to save money the family budget.
Particular attention should be paid to the quality and thickness of glass. In working condition, the bottom and walls of the banks are under considerable water pressure.
Consequently, with increasing capacity, glass thickness should also increase.
For example, for a small aquarium with a length of 50 cm and a height of 30 cm, you should choose a glass with a thickness of at least 5 millimeters. And when you need to glue a large jar (1 m to 0.6 m, for example), you need a 10-mm glass.
If organic glass is chosen as the material for the walls, then the same calculations should be followed. However, master aquarists rarely work with Plexiglas, so it quickly becomes cloudy, and when cleaning the walls from algae visible scratches appear on it.
There is a requirement for the grade of glass. In our case, it is necessary to choose the material of the highest grade M1, without impurities and microscopic air bubbles inside.
Glass of this brand is usually used in shop windows.
When choosing the appropriate adhesive, preference is given to a special silicone sealant for aquariums. You need to make sure that it is harmless to living organisms. Save on silicone should not be.
Many aquarists recommend KNAUF 881 German sealant or Soudal Silirub Aquarium.
It is impossible to make a round aquarium on your own without special professional equipment, but almost every home artist can make a rectangular jar.
After careful measurement, glass for the bottom, front and back sides, end walls are cut out. The edges of the glass need not be ground to ensure better adhesion to the sealant.
It is recommended to plan in advance so that the bottom of the aquarium is inside the vertical walls. The fact is that silicone sealant works very well for stretching.
All the glass parts around the places where the gluing will be done are glued on both sides with strips of painting tape, the edge of which should retreat 5-6 mm from the edge of the wall or bottom.
It is necessary that the glass does not get dirty in the process of applying sealant. Future docking sites should be degreased with acetone or white spirit.
The material for this important element can serve as plexiglass, simple silicate glass, plastic. It all depends on the size of the tank.
With the advent of new building materials, home craftsmen began to abandon heavy Plexiglas and began to use foamed polyvinyl chloride to create an aquarium cover, or more simply PVC panels.
An interesting way to fasten the sides to the top of the can was invented by craftsmen: using PVC cable channel.
On both sides of the cable channel has grooves, which are inserted into the walls of the aquarium, and segments of the bead, so it should immediately be chosen under the appropriate thickness of glass. All joints should be smeared with silicone.
Hinges are attached to the tailgate to lift the lid. They can either be glued or bolted together. In the plastic surface of the roof is a square slot for its capture and lifting.
Fish feed is also fed through this hole.
If the plastic bends, then from the inside along the entire length it should be reinforced with a light aluminum corner. This corner will be at the same time fastening for lamps.
How to make your own aquarium at home?
Every year aquaria is becoming an increasingly popular hobby in different countries of the world. The fish are very beautiful, watching them wonderfully calms the psyche and adjusts to a positive, creative way. The only problem is that the cost of the aquarium can be very high.
And it is not only about some branded models!
Many fans have a question about how to make an aquarium with your own hands. In principle, there is nothing extraordinary in this.
And you can be sure of this by reading our article.
There are several reasons for this, besides dissatisfaction with the price of factory copies. Let’s list them:
- Firstly, an experienced amateur aquarium may not be satisfied with the quality, shape and other characteristics of what is now sold in stores.
- Secondly, you just might want to do something useful with your own hands.
- Thirdly, you want to “fill your hand” and subsequently engage in the sale of self-made aquariums.
In general, with the reasons figured out. So how to make an aquarium with your own hands?
The case must begin with the selection of suitable material.
With the main parameters everything is clear. But how to cut the material and whether to do it yourself?
If you were born with a glass cutter in your hands – no questions, dare. But if you have at least a drop of indecision, it is better not to even touch. Firstly, it is really difficult and dreary.
Secondly, the cost of cutting is often included in the price of the material. Even better, when you find a decent workshop, where the glass is cut not with a manual glass cutter, but with a special machine, with which you can make perfectly even sections.
The latter not only directly affects the appearance of the aquarium, but also the quality of its gluing, which is much more important. If you are satisfied with a small vessel, then you will surely be able to negotiate with the master so that the details for him are made of trimmings: the cost of such an option will surely surprise you!
It is very important that in the workshop they process the edges with high quality, as it will be very annoying to remain without a finger as a result of caring for fish. In principle, they can be processed at home, only such an operation is still fraught with injury.
Before you make an aquarium with your own hands, including glass cutting, practice yourself well, and the results will surely disappoint you.
By the way, what kind of glue to connect all this “good”? The answer is unequivocal – silicone sealant and only him. Here are just before you make an aquarium, we strongly recommend to make sure of two important things:
- It really is 100% silicone.
- It is in fact suitable for gluing aquariums. Information on the packaging is desirable to read two times. Important! Today in the markets you can often see antifungal sealants that are suitable for an aquarium. But in fact, those fungicides that are contained in such glue, extremely negatively affect the state of the flora and fauna of your aquarium! Among professionals, the benchmark is the Dow Corning 911 brand. With this sealant, you probably will have no problems.
Before you make an aquarium at home, you must also select the appropriate color sealant. Today there are compositions of all colors of the rainbow: which one to choose?
You should know that black sealants look best in aquariums, the volume of which is more than a hundred liters. Colorless sealants are universal. If you want to make a sea aquarium with your own hands, it is preferable to choose this option.
Practice shows that sea water often reacts with dyes, and this often ends sadly.
It should be noted that with colorless sealants, the errors of gluing and cutting glass are not so clearly visible. White and colored adhesives have to be linked to the design of the room.
In addition, the “colorful” small aquarium in most cases will look ridiculous.
Before you make an aquarium at home, it is better to purchase a colorless glue. Note that it is better to buy it in a tube, to which you can attach a mounting gun.
It will be much easier to work with him.
Let’s make a small lyrical digression. Many are interested in how to make the scenery in the aquarium with their own hands at home. Two words are difficult to answer here.
However, we will try.
Decorations are of two types: objects of animate and inanimate nature. The first are driftwood. To prepare them requires complex and multistage cooking.
In addition, if it was carried out by a non-professional, no one can guarantee that the snag will not soon begin to rot. And because such jewelry is better to buy in specialized stores.
So after all how to make a decoration in the aquarium with your own hands? The easiest way to collect beautiful stones (not limestone) and make a fancy composition of them. In addition, beautiful backing frames are often made on the back wall of the aquarium: a “box” of an appropriate size is made of glass or wood, in which compositions of branches, dry plants and other things are laid out.
Note also that the backside can be trite.
Before you make an aquarium with your own hands, you need to clearly imagine two basic ways of gluing:
- Walls can be glued directly on the bottom.
- They can be mounted around the bottom.
Numerous sources describe that the second method seems to be more reliable. But practice shows that the first option is no worse, the strength characteristics of such aquariums are quite good.
Many aquarium lovers say that it is much more convenient to perform. It is on his example that we will tell you how to make an aquarium with your own hands.
Remember that you need to take into account one important fact: the side walls are made shorter than the width of the bottom of the aquarium (exactly two times the thickness of the glass). Do not forget to add a millimeter to the stock.
In general, you have stocked up with everything you need, you have learned everything you need. It’s time to start gluing.
So how to make an aquarium with your own hands at home?
Prices for aquariums, especially large sizes, can be very high. However, if you put a little effort and patience, and also have the necessary tools, a simple square or rectangular aquarium can be made independently.
We will tell you how to make an aquarium at home.
In order to make an aquarium with your own hands, we may need:
- Glass. An ordinary display glass will fit, which is sold in the building markets and workshops. Its thickness (in mm) is determined depending on the height and length of the intended aquarium. In the workshop where you buy glass, you need to ask to cut it into pieces of suitable size or you can do it yourself.
- Silicone glue.
- Electrical tape or adhesive tape.
According to this algorithm, it is possible to make even large enough containers, for example, to build an aquarium with 100 liters by your own hands.
- Using a file, we grind the edges of the glass so that they become smooth. This will increase adhesion to the adhesive, as well as protect you from cuts with sharp edges of the glass.
- We spread on the table or the floor of the aquarium as they should be bonded with glue, put adhesive tape on the edges. Degrease the face with alcohol or acetone.
- Apply on the verge of silicone glue. The thickness of the adhesive layer should be about 3 mm.
- We assemble the aquarium and fasten the walls with insulating tape. It is necessary to slightly press the walls to each other and tap on them, so that all the air bubbles come out of the silicone.
- Once again we coat all the faces with silicone glue and let it dry. Typically, the drying time according to the instructions ranges from 24 to 48 hours, but it is better to allow the aquarium to stand for a longer time without water.
- After a week, you can remove the insulation tape and check the strength of the gluing. Then you can pour water into the aquarium.