maintenance, care, compatibility
Snags in the aquarium look beautiful and natural, if properly prepared. All that is required is to find a natural branch or root of a tree in a natural pond, process them and put them in water.
This decoration has useful properties that will lead to the balance of the aquatic environment inhabited by fish. Snags for an aquarium maintain a healthy equilibrium of the ecosystem, they develop beneficial microorganisms.
Snags will help strengthen the immune system of fish. Flooded fragment of wood gradually produces tannins, which form a weakly acidic microflora, creating an obstacle to the development of pathogenic bacteria.
Also useful are fallen leaves of trees that can be laid out on the bottom of the tank. They paint the water, giving it a slightly brown tint.
See how to make an aquarium with the help of kryag.
Snags for aquariums can lower the pH of the water. As you know, many freshwater fish live just in the water slightly acidic.
Recreation of the conditions of the natural biotope is useful for the life and health of pets. A sunken snag of wood can be found on any body of water – in a river, lake or in a pond. Wooden decorations are used as places for sheltering fish and their fry, in some cases they form a feeding environment for pets.
Ancistrus cannot live without wood, they collect a layer from its surface that helps digestion.
How to prepare a snag for an aquarium? Very simple, if you find exactly the one that would be most suited to the size of the tank. In the forest areas, near the shores of water bodies, large specimens are often found.
Snag for aquariums can be bought at the pet store or on the market. Wood from pine needles (spruce, pine, cedar) is not suitable for an aquarium. It can be processed, but the process will be long.
Resins that produce coniferous trees can be detrimental to the health of fish. How long do I need to process the needles?
More than 10-12 hours.
It is recommended to install a snag in an aquarium of deciduous trees: beech, oak, willow, apple, pear, maple, alder, plum, vine. A snag for hardwood aquariums (willow and oak) would be the most suitable option.
Soft wood will quickly fester and decay, and only spoil the water.
You can buy a snag for aquariums from foreign tree species – mangroves, mopani, ironwood. Mopani has a significant drawback – it paints water strongly, but it is hard and long stored. It is undesirable to use live branches of trees, only dry wood is useful.
It is possible to dry a felled twig in the sun, if the air temperature and lighting allow.
How to make a snag for aquarium? If you accidentally notice a rotten area or rotting bark on a tree, it is recommended to remove it immediately. The bark of the tree is still peeled off and disappears, and rot will spoil the composition of the aquatic environment.
If spoiled bark is difficult to remove, but for the beginning it is better to boil it. How long to boil?
It may take several hours, then it will soften and easier to remove.
Since dry snags weigh easily and float to the surface of the water, they need to be soaked in a solution with salt and boil so that they can sink. For this you need 300 grams of salt. It should be added to water in proportions of 1 liter.
How much time to digest? Perhaps more than 8-10 hours.
When the water evaporates, you need to add new water. Then check if the tree is sinking – if not, continue to boil it. Purchased snag should also be processed in a similar way.
Buy special roots and wood for fish, not treated with chemicals.
See how to prepare a snag for an aquarium.
A snag for an aquarium is easily fixed with its own hands if it is well cooked. When it is impossible to do this, you have to resort to other actions – to flood it or to push it to the bottom.
It is not recommended to put a snag in an aquarium in a corner – there the tree will swell and increase, squeezing out the glass.
To aquarium aquarium can be attached with a string, attached to a stone. It is also possible to bury it in the ground, or use suckers, but this method is not very reliable.
Sometimes a moss is attached to the aquarium cage, which over time will grow itself with the help of rhizoids.
To make an aquarium, use only natural snags. However, to make them yourself or buy in the store – everyone decides for himself.
On the market or in the store, finished snags are quite expensive, so many aquarists prefer to make this decoration with their own hands.
First, determine the wood: it is better to choose alder, willow, maple or garden trees (pear and apple).
They do not recommend the use of conifers, as well as poplar and maple, as they emit tannins. The best option – willow snags, which for a long time were under water – they are not subject to the process of decomposition.
They can be found in the spring on the shore after the flood or dig in the forest.
If you cut down the living parts of the tree, then you first need to dry them, and it will take a long time. How to make a snag for an aquarium in this case?
The methods of manufacture after drying are the same as using dead snags.
The main thing is to dry thoroughly, otherwise after the tree is in the aquarium, it will begin to emit juices that are dangerous for fish and all living creatures and may even poison them.
As soon as you bring the snag home, clean it from the bark (it will not be needed), remove the parts on which there is rot, and then cut off the excess areas, giving the tree a beautiful look.
An important stage in the manufacture of snags – its processing. If the snag was cut near a dead tree and was not in the water, then first put it in the oven and hold it at a temperature of 200 degrees (but not more – otherwise it may be charred).
A snag for an aquarium with your own hands is not a painstaking process, but a long one. Remember that you can not skip a single stage.
After you have heated it in the oven, prepare a salt solution at the rate of 1 kg of salt per 10 liters of water and boil the snag in it for 3 hours.
The longer the tree boils, the darker it becomes. Then it should be lowered into a container with fresh water and kept there for 2-3 weeks under a press.
The process can be considered complete if the snag itself is held in the water column without additional devices.
Once this has happened, place it in the aquarium without additional load. If done correctly, it will sink, and being in an aquarium will not excrete mucus and stain water.
Making a snag for an aquarium with your own hands is very simple, the main thing is to follow all the rules for its preparation and processing.
A snag for an aquarium do it yourself photo video description.
Snags for aquarium
Snag on the bottom of the aquarium, of course, make the interior decoration of the aquarium more attractive. As a rule, it is a dead, water-saturated part of the tree.
Therefore, unlike living shoots, the snag immediately sinks into the water and does not need to be anchored.
It will remain lying in one place until its owner or its underwater inhabitants are moved. Each snag has a unique shape, so it can be used to create the most bizarre structures.
What tree to make a snag for an aquarium? If the reader is going to use snags from trees that grow near his house, then we can recommend species with dense wood (oak, maple, ash, elm, hazel).
Pine, spruce or larch have loose wood, so they will quickly rot and form a lot of bacterial plaque in the aquarium.
In addition, they contain resins, the effect of which on hydrobionts is unknown. It is worth considering that walnut, red oak, cherry and other trees with dark wood emit a lot of tannins.
They can be useful to aquarists who contain South American cichlids. Depending on the origin, there are several types of koryag.
All of them are formed from the branches and trunks of various tree species as a result of rotting under water or wind erosion and abrasive sanding on land. Snags, which belong to the species of trees of European forests, are usually characterized by simplicity of shape and small size.
In some cases, they have good buoyancy, and therefore need to be drowned. The first method of sinking is tying weights.
Over time, up to a week for small branches and a few months for large drifts, they lose their buoyancy. A faster method involves drilling multiple holes, which are then filled with silicone or metal objects (bolts). The roots of the African savannah.
Also a very common type of snag.
These roots drown themselves. They do not look like ordinary snags, because gnarled on one side and smooth on the other. Malaysian wood is harvested in the mangrove forests of southeast Asia.
It looks like ordinary snags, but it sinks on its own and has elongated, dark branches. Mangrove snags strongly dye the water dark and reduce the pH of the medium.
This does not necessarily harm the inhabitants of the aquarium, because some tetras and dwarf cichlids, by contrast, prefer sour-colored water.
Reddish and brownish wood driftwood from Desmodium unifoliatum. Straight from Vietnam for 10 bucks per kilogram (ill. Alibaba.com) Mangrove snags from Malaysia (ill. Penangseagarden.com) Dried Malaysian lianas (ill. Alibaba.com) Snags from Mopane wood are often sold under the name African Wood.
Do not confuse Mopane wood with savanna roots. It looks like an ordinary snag, but it sinks on its own.
The dried trunk and branches of Mopane have ribbed appearance, cavities and dark color. The age of African wood is usually over 100 years old, so it is expensive.
Although less so than Malaysian, African wood lowers the pH of the water.
If you need to avoid this, snag boil. Snags Mopane “Do not boil, make people laugh!” (WhiteDevil; ill. Aquariumadvice.com/forums) That’s better. Aquarium with Mopane snag (ill.
David Raynham, Flickr) Wood overgrown is not some special type of wood. It is formed naturally, in the course of fouling of snags with aquatic plants, or aquarists specifically create it by implanting Anubiasa bushes or Javanese moss.
The coconut shell also belongs to wood, although hardly anyone has enough imagination to call it a snag. However, in this article it is worth mentioning the shell.
It is usually used in the creation of single submarine cave or substrate for spawning. The parameters of water shell practically does not affect.