maintenance, care, compatibility
What plants to plant in an aquarium? Before you plant greens, you need to clear it from the snail eggs, as well as algae, mud and dregs. Do not forget to prune dead plants (rotten, dry and sluggish).
Then the plant must be disinfected. What manipulations should be carried out for processing:
- Place the seedling for 20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate (preferably a light pink color, so as not to burn it).
- You can make an alum bath, in which the plant should be lowered for 5-10 minutes. 1 tsp alum must be diluted in 1 liter of water.
- Another recipe for a disinfectant solution: 1 tsp. peroxide dissolve in 1 liter of water. Dip the seedling for 5 minutes.
- When disinfection is complete, the plant should be rinsed under clean water.
To accelerate the growth of seedlings, it is desirable to use the method of cutting the roots. A few minutes before planting it in the tank, it should be laid out in a capacity of 10 cm of washed soil, and fill it with water of the same height. Planted aquatic plants need, starting with the background of the aquarium.
To plant tall species behind, in front of them – low, or lush bushes, forming in one row vegetative cover. From the front, the aquascape looks like an observation deck, to which attention will immediately be paid.
See how to plant plants in the aquarium.
You need to have roots in accordance with their natural growth. If such plants as aponogeton and the echinodorus root system are horizontal, go down a couple of centimeters downwards, then for cryptocoryne and vallisneria the root system is directed downwards vertically. The characteristic error when planting is the bending of the roots, and not their direct location in the soil substrate.
When you are going to plant cryptocoryne and other species in the reservoir with a similar root system, make a hollow in the ground deep and place a seedling in it below the root neck, then flatten the root. Soil should be pinched, and the plant to pull up to the neck spine was above the surface of the soil.
This procedure helps to place small branches of the roots directly in the ground.
When planting plants with a creeping rhizome, you need to take a group of seedlings of 4-6 pieces, and plant them together to form a decorative look in an aquarium with fish. When planting creeping plants, each of them properly positioned at a distance of 1-2 cm from each other.
In a similar way it is necessary to plant those species that grow slowly.
Growing aquarium plants. Types of aquarium plants
When setting up an underwater garden, try to place the plants in such a way that the light reaches the bottom. It is better to plant the plants in an aquarium in a checkerboard pattern.
Coastal sand or clean gravel is the best option for suitable soil for planting.
All rooting plants, including lilies and aponogeton, need fertilizing. One or two tablets are put on one plant, overdosing should not be allowed.
Lighting for tropical plant species is of great importance. The aquarium, whose size is 120 x 50 cm, implies the presence of three lamps of 40 watts each.
It is advisable to purchase a time relay, with which you can bring the duration of the light phase to 12 hours.
Shade plants should be placed under the cover of those plants that have a powerful crown. Lilies are best planted in open places, as they need a strong light, and cryptocorynes are quite unpretentious, they are suitable for low light, they can be planted in places where there is a shadow.
There is an opportunity to propagate the plants in the aquarium. There are no particular problems with cryptocoryne or vallisneria, since their roots can grow in the substrate. Many plants develop from seed.
The use of cuttings is recommended for beginner aquarists. Learning to cultivate aquatic plants is not so difficult, but you need to start with simple methods.
In any aquarium there is algae. It is impossible to get rid of them, but you can control their number. After the aquarium is filled with water and the plants are planted, it takes time for them to start growing.
Algae adapt much faster, but because of this, you should not change the water and start all over again. It is better to wait until the plants grow and begin to suppress the development of algae.
Nature itself will establish a balance, and the aquarium will begin to develop according to natural laws.
How to grow algae :: algae are plants :: Breeding
If you are an avid aquarist and just breeding fish you already get bored, then it’s time to start growing plants for the aquarium. This is a very exciting experience, because the creation of a mini-garden in an aquarium will make it unique.
1. Get several options for aquarium plants in the store. Be sure to find out the features of a particular plants, as well as care requirements and compatibility with plantsme another type.
2. Do not forget that in order for the plant to grow and produce new shoots, three components are necessary: minerals, carbon dioxide and light.
3. Adjust the lighting in the aquarium so that it is as bright as possible, long enough and not much different from the natural one. The light day for aquarium plants should be from 10 to 12 hours. In order for the lighting in the aquarium to be bright enough, purchase fixtures of the required power – 1 to 5 watts per liter of volume should fall.
4. Also pay attention to the range of lamps for lighting the aquarium. According to experts, the growth of plants most contribute to the lamp, emitting red and yellow light.
Of course, such lighting has a bad effect on the eyes, for this reason it is better to combine lamps of the red-yellow spectrum, say, with lamps of the blue spectrum. Optionally, you can increase the lighting thanks to the reflectors, which can also be purchased at the pet store.
5. Pay serious attention to the choice of soil for aquarium plants. As such, it is better to use gravel or sand.
Also consider that not all plants need landing, there are, for example, floating plants.
6. Plant plants so that there is enough distance between them, so it’s best to arrange them in a checkerboard pattern.
7. Be sure to use fertilizer for aquarium plants. They can be bought at any pet store.
In a good fertilizer must include substances such as phosphates, nitrates, iron and potassium in large quantities.
Breed plants in your tank, but remember that in addition to beauty, they also serve as food for fish, so skillfully select those plants that are well suited to your pets.
❶ How to plant in an aquarium :: cabomba how to plant :: Furniture and Decor
How interesting it is to observe the underwater world – swimming in flocks of fry, fish playing among the thickets. But by themselves plants at aquarium they will not grow up and in order to create an idyll in the underwater kingdom, it will be necessary to work a little.
The question “where to order a playground?” – 2 answers
- Plants, tweezers, encyclopedia on aquatic plants, table salt
1. After you bought the underwater plants, It is advisable to open the encyclopedia and see which one loves the light, and which one likes to grow in the shade. Photophilous plants need to plant under the lamp.
See also what sizes your plants – it is better to remove large bushes to the background, or to plant near the side walls of the aquarium.
2. Before boarding plants best sanitized – it will save the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium from undesirable consequences. To do this, make a solution of salt (take one teaspoon of salt per liter of water) and rinse plants in the resulting solution.
3. Fill the aquarium with about one-third water. Now pick up tweezers and a plant.
Holding the stem with tweezers, gently insert the barrel into the sand.
4. Plants of one species are best planted together: so they will not interfere with each other’s growth. Therefore, plant your cabomb in one side, and let Anubias grow in another corner.
5. Now when plants planted in the ground, fill the aquarium with water completely and lay floating on the water surface plants. If you want them to be located in a certain section of the aquarium, attach it to the glass walls of the suction cup and stretch the nylon thread – plants will not swim away.
In order for the aquarium to look beautiful, and the fish there were comfortable and cozy, there must be aquarium algae in it. Of course, you can buy plastic, but they will only decorate, without carrying any good.
It is better to buy and plant a live plant, it will improve the water in the aquarium, and become an additional feed for fish.
1. First, review the purchased plant and remove all rotten and diseased parts, clean the roots of dirt and rinse thoroughly in room temperature water. In greenery with a strong root system and a shortened stem, thin the roots. Then cut a fragment of 3 centimeters in length and land in the ground, only slightly covering the roots.
So the plants will grow faster. If the plant is too thin and small roots, in no case do not cut them.
2. Remove from the cuttings of plants with an elongated stem the entire lower part with leaves and roots, while not leaving less than 4 knots. Avoid frequent transplanting plants, because they lose old roots when they are planted, and new ones are only being formed, and they have some difficulties in adapting.
These species must be planted at a depth of 4-5 centimeters.
3. Before planting, be sure to disinfect the plant. To do this, rinse it in a solution of salt, in the proportion of 1 teaspoon to 1 liter of water.
So you destroy all the harmful microorganisms, and they do not fall into the aquarium.
4. Plant the plants either in an empty aquarium with wet sand, or pour in some water. Each method has its advantages: at first, you better fix it, at second you will give the necessary position. When planting, try not to bend the roots, because they are so delicate that they can easily break.
They need to be planted in sand pits made in advance. In tuberous or bulbous algae, almost all roots can be cut off. Do not immerse the tuber completely in the ground, leave the top open.
Before planting the bulb, wrap it in filter wool or in peat fibers, just leave room for root growth.
5. Run floating plants in an already filled aquarium. If you want to limit the place of their swimming, then tie the thread to the suction cups and place it in the aquarium.
In the same way, attach the moss or fern. Planted aquarium algae height, at the far wall of the highest, and at the front low.
If a plant does not want to take root, it can also be tied with a nylon thread to the nearest stone. Kapron thread is cut off after the plant is able to gain a foothold in the ground.
Cube Hemianthus: content, how to plant, photo-video review
The plant forms low glades with a height of about 3-6 cm. The plant is quite capricious – it requires adequate strong illumination and the supply of carbon dioxide.
This is due primarily to the fact that the cube chemianthus is located at the very bottom. Lighting, passing through the water column, with each centimeters loses its intensity and only one-tenth of the original power of the light source reaches the bottom of the aquarium.
Selection of lighting for each aquarium is individual and depends primarily on the level of the water column. The approximate level of illumination for a cube chemiantus is from 0.7 watts / liter, to be more precise, from 50 lm / liter (at a height of water column of 45 cm).
A cube chemiantus ceases to form a dense carpet under insufficient light and begins to drag upwards, and under extremely unfavorable conditions it disintegrates. If more powerful lighting is installed above your tank (
1 Watt / liter, 80-100 Lm / liter) – it will only benefit, such a tiny and tender rug from cubes.
Introduction micro and macro fertilizers required The lack of fertilizers affects the growth rate and the condition of the plant as a whole.
Like all aquarium plants, the cube chemianthus prefers soft, slightly acidic water: pH, dH, kH is below 7 (but can adapt to higher parameters). Temperature range – 25 degrees Celsius. Water changes are mandatory, weekly, fractionally or simultaneously from 1/4 to 1/2 of water.
Good filtration and aeration should be provided. Permissible values of ammonia products: NH4-0, NO2-0, NO3-10.
Particular attention in the content of hemianthus cubes should be given to the ground. The plant has a weak root system, and is poorly rooted.
Therefore, when selecting a primer for a cubic hemianthus rug, one should pay attention to light porous substrates in which the plant is well rooted.
The plant can not be called rapidly growing, yet it is not a valisneria, under favorable conditions and proper planting, the cube chemianthus forms a mat in 3-4 months.
For obvious reasons, the cube chemianthus is not compatible with all bottom fish (corridors, ancistrus, other loricarium and armored catfish). A good company mat will make shrimp: cherries, amano, crystals.
From fish we can recommend a family of haracin, for example, neon, as well as family petilia fish.
Since the plant is tiny, it is extremely unfavorable perceives any, even the most minimal algal outbreaks. When a xenoclocus is detected (the correct name is colekheta), of the thread and black beard, it is necessary to immediately take measures aimed at restoring equilibrium.
For more information on algae, see the article: “Algae in the aquarium, know the enemy in the face”.
Purchase hemianthus cubes. Currently, hemianthus is often represented in the form of a meristem aquarium plant.
When preparing this material on the Internet, we found a very curious experiment that compared the meristem cube heymntus and the usual one. In order not to describe the whole experiment for a long time, here is an excerpt from the conclusions:
… A week later, it is clear that the “meristem cube” more quickly takes root, does not get sick, the color is healthy and saturated.
… I can say that the leader was visible immediately, both in color and condition. The decisive factor was the state of landing.
In the “pot cube”, the loss and injury of the roots / stems is inevitable. With “meristem”, on the contrary, everything is whole.
This is what the local manufacturer of meristem aquarium plants, the Akvaryumka company, writes about its products:
Cube Chemianthus is a ground cover plant that is one of the smallest among aquarium plants and one of the most desired among aquarists.
Ideal for foreground placement in nano-aquariums. It is very often used when designing an aquarium in the style of Iwagumi (from the words iwa – “stone” and gumi – “placement”).
It is the most famous and very demanding plant for aquascaping, creating a unique green carpet.
Growth rate: average;
Hemianthus callitrichoides “Cuba” is recommended to be seated at a distance of several centimeters from each other. The prerequisites for the successful cultivation of this plant are powerful lighting, CO2 supply and fertilization.
Recommended options for growing chemiantus cubes:
Value: pH 6 – 7;
Temperature: 22 – 26 ° С;
Carbonate hardness: 3 – 10 ° DKH;
From the above, we can conclude that it is better to buy a hemispheric cube meristem! For more information on meristem aquarium plants, see article – here.