maintenance, care, compatibility
Terrapins at home: content, nutrition
Today we will focus on two types of these animals, which are most often bred at home. This is a Far Eastern trionyx and a red-eared turtle. These are cold-blooded animals that need a warm, balanced diet, with the obligatory addition of vitamins and minerals.
About what to feed the terrapin at home, we will tell a little later.
A red-eared or a marshland is brought up as a pet. They are distinguished by their small size and relative ease of care.
Despite its small size, this reptile lives for quite a long time.
Terrapins at home in the first place in need of an aquarium. Home for them to become aquaterrarium.
It should be horizontal, and its length should be at least twice the height, since for this species of reptiles, the area of their “house” is more important than the size.
Turtles grow very quickly, so choose a spacious aquaterrarium so that your pet can move freely in it. The water part should occupy about 2/3 of the total area. It is advisable to make the “shore” of the basin flat, as in natural conditions, so that your pet can easily go to the island of land.
The maintenance of the water turtle at home should be fully consistent with its habits in the natural environment. It is necessary to know that in spite of the fact that this reptile is called water reptile, it does not spend all the time in water.
She necessarily needs an island of land where she can warm up and dry her shell.
The size of such an island depends on the size of your pet. It should fit freely there completely. It is necessary to take into account that the island should be of such a form that the water flowing from the tortoise does not stagnate on it.
It should be made of non-slip materials. Today, such islands can offer you in pet stores.
It will save your time on its construction.
For an aquarium, you need a filter for water purification and an ultraviolet lamp. Without ultraviolet turtles poorly absorb calcium. The bottom of the aquarium spread pebbles or coarse soil.
The reptile will definitely try the ground with his teeth, so the size of the pebbles should be larger than the head of a turtle. When buying, find out what breed it belongs to.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium depends on this.
This question worries many lovers of these cute animals. It should be noted that it should be approached very seriously.
Your pet’s health and longevity depend on 80% of how you feed your terrapin at home.
The diet should include lean fish without sharp bones. It is cut into small pieces, depending on the size of your pet. One fish should not be limited.
It should be alternated with seafood, aquarium snails. Turtles will not refuse from beef liver or earthworms.
Occasionally, you can diversify the diet of chicken or beef. All products are raw.
Adult turtles can add vegetable food to the menu. It can be lettuce, pieces of pear, cucumber or apple.
But most often aquatic turtles at home feed on special dry food, since they perfectly balance the content of all the necessary vitamins and trace elements.
Pets who have a length of less than ten centimeters should be fed every day, and individuals larger than this size should be fed no more than three times a week. A portion is made up of the amount of food that an animal eats in thirty to forty minutes.
At the time of feeding, it is advisable to deposit the animals in a special container with water, so as not to litter the water in the permanent turtle house. We hope that you have learned that turtles eat at home.
These tips will help keep your pet healthy for years to come.
Food – a very important point in the content of any animals. In the wild, turtles themselves choose food according to the needs of the organism and what they can find.
At home, the pet’s diet completely depends on its owner. The owner must develop a complete balanced nutrition for his pet, so that his body does not need any useful substances.
Otherwise, the reptile may experience health problems.
Turtles can be divided by type of food into three large groups:
Predatory. 70-90% of their diet is animal food, 10-35% – vegetable. Predatory reptiles eat mostly meat.
This species includes aquatic turtles, which mainly feed on fish and seafood.
Omnivores. Their feed consists of 50% of food of animal origin and 50% of plants.
Herbivores. Their diet includes 95% of plants and 5% of food of animal origin.
Aquatic turtles are considered predators. In their natural environment, they mostly feed on fish. At home, they should first be fed a low-fat fish without cleansing it from small bones and viscera.
It can be live or thawed.
Fish products. Young reptiles need to be given fish with bones, chopped into small pieces. For adults, in whole or in large pieces.
Large bones are better to chop or chop very finely.
The following types of fish are suitable:
Sometimes the animal can be treated and fatty fish. Sprat, sprat, capelin or sprat will do.
Before feeding it for some time kept in a container with hot water. Turtles are very fond of caviar.
From time to time they can be pampered with this expensive delicacy.
Seafood Be sure to include in the pet’s diet: shrimp, squid, mussels, octopus, raw scallops and frogs. But before throwing frogs into an aquarium, you need to keep in mind that not all species can be given to turtles.
Therefore, you should first consult with a veterinarian. A small part of the diet of aquatic inhabitants should be crabs and tail crayfish.
They can be given once every seven days.
Meat products. In second place – lean meat. Boiled chicken, chicken or beef liver will do.
Pets are not disdained by small mammals: domestic predators once a week are happy to hunt nude mice, rats and runners.
Fat meat – beef, pork and lamb – should be excluded. No stuffing, sausage, sausages, dog and cat food.
In the diet of reptiles additionally include:
- dry food (sticks, granules, tablets, capsules, flakes, etc.);
- insects (bloodworms, grasshoppers, crickets, forage cockroaches, etc.);
- amphibians, mollusks and invertebrates (tadpoles, slugs, small snails with armor, etc.).
Vegetable food should be given to a domestic predator periodically. If the pet feels its shortage, it will begin to use algae from the aquarium. In this case, you can give the following plants:
- lettuce and dandelion leaves;
- a tomato;
- an Apple;
- pumpkin pulp;
- parsley or dill (but not all turtles love them).
In winter, for the prevention of diseases, the pet needs multivitamins.
Land turtles make up the diet a little more difficult than their water counterparts. They mostly feed on plants.
The food should be varied so that the pet, in addition to the gastronomic pleasures of food, also receives other useful substances: vitamins, minerals.
80% of total feed must be greens: lettuce, edible leaves, flowers, herbs, succulents, parsley, dill. Especially reptiles like dandelion, both greens, and a flower.
15% of the diet – these are vegetables. Suitable cucumbers, pumpkin, carrots with tops, zucchini, sweet peppers, etc.
Rest of (about 5%) – unsweetened fruit, such as apple, apricots, nectarine, peaches. You can give pitted watermelon flesh and citrus.
In small quantities, peeled orange and grapefruit, pineapples, cherries, basil, banana, mushrooms, pears, cabbage, green onions, peas, germinated beans, radishes, radishes, asparagus, beets, sorrel, spinach, garlic cloves and etc. All these products are given only raw.
They can not cook and simmer.
Once a week, the turtle must be given dry food – edible mushrooms (russula, brown beet mushrooms, champignons), sea kale, yeast, soybean meal and bran.
Animal can not be fed meat, milk and any dairy products, potatoes, cereals, corn, fish, dates, eggs, bread and any bakery products, cheese, citrus peel, cat and dog food.
Reptile periodically need to drink water. But here is not so simple. Some pets drink once in 30 days, others – once a week.
It depends on the diet. If the pet’s gastronomic preferences consist of a large amount of juicy fruits and vegetables, then it should be watered less often than a bug that eats a lot of dry food.
To improve the performance of the digestive tract and with a hygienic purpose, the animal needs to have baths once a week. Pour quite a bit of water into the container and put a bug in it for half an hour. During this time, the pet and drink, and bathe.
Water should not flood the nostrils of the reptile.
The diet of omnivorous turtles should consist of animal and plant food. They eat the same foods that their aquatic and land brothers.
There are general rules for feeding all turtles outside the species:
- young individuals are fed daily;
- older reptiles feed 2 or 3 times in seven days;
- you can not starve;
- It is strictly forbidden to give food intended for aquatic turtles of their land brothers and vice versa.
Calcium should be present in the pet’s diet, it should be given once a week, not more often. Carbonate, ground egg shells, bone meal, calcium palmitate, etc. are suitable as top dressing. Calcium should not be added to the eye.
It is given at the rate of 100 mg of top dressing per 1 kg of weight.
Make a complete meal for the turtle is easy. She loves the available products, many of which everyone has in the fridge. But this does not mean that you can give indiscriminately anything and in unlimited quantities.
The main thing is that the food was suitable, varied and, of course, fresh.
Aquarium turtles are prominent representatives of one of four existing reptile groups. You can not confuse them with any other animals because of their extraordinary appearance. All types of aquarium turtles, as, indeed, the other representatives, are wearing a solid protection – horny or leather shell.
In order to maintain a turtle at home, you need to choose only those that live in freshwater bodies of water.
The future owner will have to not only acquire an aquarium, but also think about the arrangement of the islands of the suspended structure. And it should be done in such a way that the “new residents” would be comfortable to climb on them.
There are several types of aquarium turtles that you can wind up at home. In the photo you can see the most common.
Red-eared aquarium turtle: features and conditions of detention
The most frequent among our compatriots in aquariums for turtles can be found marsh, snake, and red-eared turtle. These kinds of species are common among fans of these animals. Aquariums for the red-eared turtle are especially popular in pet stores.
This aquarium turtle is popular for its simple care and its bright color. These animals grow quite quickly.
It takes only five years for the shell of a small turtle to reach 30 centimeters in diameter.
How many red-eared turtles live in an aquarium? At home, they live long enough – at least 30 years.
However, for this they need the right care. The males have a long tail, wide at the base, but the females cannot boast such an impressive tail part.
Just look at the photo to determine another characteristic feature of the males – long claws on the front paws.
The first thing you need is an aquarium for a red-eared turtle. For young individuals of small size, you can choose aquariums in the pet store, and you can also buy a terrarium.
However, in such a “pond” fit only small turtles. For adults, the habitat will have to be made to order.
When ordering an aquarium you need to consider that it should be quite roomy – at least 200 liters. Only a spacious “abode” will allow the tortoise to feel comfortable.
Do not, however, forget to close the aquarium lids. Otherwise, she can escape.
Most of the time animals spend in water. But when arranging the reservoir, you need to take care that in the aquarium for turtles was a small island.
Animals will have to climb it effortlessly. The surface of the water should warm up well.
For this, a lamp is placed directly above the island, which will warm the air to 28-30 degrees.
A large aquarium for a water turtle must be equipped with a special filter for water purification. Change the water in a large aquarium should be as it is polluted, in the small – no more than once a month. Feed the red-eared tortoise should be plant and animal food, but the diet should be varied so that the animal does not get sick.
Young individuals feed on a daily basis, but after three years of age it is enough to feed them three times a week.
The maintenance of turtles, especially red-eared, requires special attention. So, animals tolerate very cold.
In the winter, in order to warm the turtles use a special ultraviolet lamp. Warmed up the turtle in the winter you need 3 times a week.
In the summer, everything is much simpler, it is enough to provide natural light, for which aquariums are placed in fresh air, but do not allow direct sunlight.
This species does not often enter aquarium turtle aquariums. More often, compatriots choose “overseas friends” than a resident of the reservoirs of our country.
Photos clearly demonstrate that the marsh turtle is aquatic, which means that it needs an aquarium with water. The nutrition of such an animal deserves great attention.
The aquatic species is a pronounced predator, so it cannot eat only greens, it will weaken and become sick from such food.
You should not release a pet for an independent walk around the house or apartment. After such walks, the animal is very often sick because of the drafts in the house.
Yes, and in the dark on a turtle, you can easily step on. In one terrarium can not contain several turtles of different sizes.
❶ How to feed water turtles :: how to feed a water turtle :: Other pets
Increasingly in modern homes contain water turtles. The most common representatives of red-eared and marsh species. They are beautiful and delight the eye with their leisurely movement in the aquarium.
To provide water turtlese necessary conditions for life, you need to know about the features of its feeding.
Question “Snowy turtles.” – 3 answers
- – low-fat beef;
- – chicken meat;
- – a fish;
- – beef liver and heart;
- – shrimp;
- – insects;
- – snails and slugs;
- – floating plants;
- – vitamins and trace elements.
1. Make a feeding ration. Water reptiles need to be fed protein foods: beef and chicken, fish, beef liver and heart. Offer turtlesOnce a week, finely chopped raw beef liver, heart and fish. Moreover, if the fish is sea, it should be soaked, and the small river should be used immediately.
Separate only large fish bones, chop the meat into pieces and feed turtlesy A special place in the diet is crab meat and unpeeled shrimps – this is a delicacy for reptiles and is very useful for their shell.
2. Treat turtles In addition to meat and fish, be sure to give an adult turtlese cockroaches, beetles, mealworm larvae and water snails: a large pond snail and a horn coil. In the warm season, do not be lazy to collect caterpillars, earthworms and slugs. Grow in a separate aquarium duckweed, hygrophil and Bacopa – adults turtlesand can eat plants.
Treat turtleshave lettuce and dandelion, putting them on the surface of the water.
3. Make a feeding ration for young turtlesSmall individuals need a carefully selected menu. A variety of food contributes to the proper development of the shell and the growth of babies.
In the first 3 months of life, give a meadow plankton – it contains many insects that got there during the mowing of grass. A special dry mix containing fish flakes (10%), shrimps (50%) and bokoplav (40%) will be added to this period.
Do not forget to add vitamin D to food – it is vital for turtles. In addition, for shell growth, enrich the feed with calcium, trace elements and other vitamins. For babies whose length is 6 cm, 0.2 g of various components are needed daily.
If the turtle is over 6 cm in size, add 0.5 g of vitamins to it every day.
4. Track the amount of food eaten. turtlesOh food in 30 minutes – this time is enough for saturation. So that food does not remain, continue to offer it exactly the same. The frequency of feeding depends on the age of the reptiles.
Juveniles up to 2 years old and pregnant females should be fed daily, and the diet should be varied, with a large amount of calcium in the diet. For adults turtlesWe are older than 2 years. A full feeding 2-3 times a week is enough.
5. Choose your feeding method. Feed turtlesYou can in different ways: to lay out food in the water, to give food with tweezers or to leave food on an elevation near the water. The size of the cooked pieces is directly related to the size of the individual. So that the water does not spoil from food debris, feed the reptile with tweezers, not only chopped meat, but also granulated dry food.
If this is not suitable for you – offer turtlesam going to the shore. So that the food remains are not trampled, leave it in the terrarium for no more than 2-3 hours.
Do not give turtles only tasty food – they will quickly get used to and give up everything else.
Reptiles love to eat in the morning. Take care that there are no harsh smells and loud sounds at this time – this can disrupt normal digestion.