maintenance, care, compatibility
How to clean the aquarium – the secrets and tricks
in just a few seconds, all algal green and brown fouling are scrubbed off the aquarium glass
However, it is worth noting that they need to work very carefully. Alas, if even a small grain of sand gets under the magnetic scraper, they can seriously scratch the glass of the aquarium.
If you do not notice it in time, then you can end up with the Aquarium Kruger Aquarium – all scratched and splashed.
Such a careless or inattentive cleaning can lead not only to a violation of the aesthetic appearance of the aquarium, but also to the overgrowth of scratches into cracks, and these are already serious things, threatening with flood.
Therefore, if your aquarium is not very deep and there is no need to rub it to insanity, I recommend using softer and more elastic materials. For example, here are such a sponge for washing dishes:
Such a sponge has a soft and hard side, which is very convenient – it is possible to carry out a general rubbing with the soft side, and more polluted places to rub hard. With this method of cleaning the aquarium the risk of making a scratch is minimal. Firstly, because you carry out all the manipulations with your hand and feel all your actions are tactile.
Secondly, even if the grain of sand falls under the sponge, it is unlikely to scratch the glass.
After using the sponge in the aquarium, rinse it under the tap and let it dry until the next time.
There is one more “miracle thing”, invented by mankind and which is widely used for cleaning an aquarium, its name is TOOTHBRUSH!
Toothbrush, an indispensable thing for cleaning the walls and green aquarium decor. It is especially useful in nano (small) aquariums and Amanovsky herbalists, where you need to work with small objects and carefully.
IT SHOULD BE NOTED, that all aquariums are different, and each have different aquatic organisms, but the excessive appearance of green and brown spots or plaque in the aquarium is a signal not very good condition of the aquarium, namely, poor water quality. Green and brown patches are algae, lower plant organisms that appear at the first opportunity: mud, overpopulation of the aquarium, high concentrations of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, lack of sufficient living plant biomass, lack of proper water changes … these are just some common causes greening the aquarium.
What to do in such cases? First, take advantage of algaecide preparations from algae, sold in all pet stores. For example, the widely used Tetra Aqua Algo Stop depot or, for example, Ermolaeva Algitsid + CO2 parole.
Secondly, all the green decorations (stones, grottoes, plastic) can be removed from the aquarium and soaked in whiteness (bleach), then carefully rub them and after . very, very carefully. Rinse in clean, running water several times.
Thirdly, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the excessive appearance of algae: settle the fish, increase the frequency and volume of water changes, reduce the light day, and so on.
By cleaning the aquarium, you can also include cleaning the filter and siphon aquarium bottom.
It is not difficult to wash the filter – it is necessary to carry out this manipulation as necessary, i.e. when the filter starts to work poorly. At the same time, it is desirable to wash sponges or other filtering materials in a basin with aquarium water. Thereby, you will cause less damage to the beneficial colony of bacteria that has formed in the filter.
For an example of filter cleaning, see this ARTICLE.
As for the siphon of the aquarium bottom, such a manipulation should also be carried out as far as the aquarium floor is contaminated, “silted”. It is performed using an aquarium siphon, which can also be purchased at any pet store.
See – The best siphons for aquarium – Forum aquarists.
After you have cleaned the walls and aquarium decorations, siphoned off the soil, washed and installed the filter and other equipment, replace or refill fresh, separated water and even after, wipe the aquarium from the outside with a dry cloth, while you can use a glass cleaner. Cleaning aquarium over.
Water is the source of life and habitat of all marine and freshwater creatures. Under natural conditions, animals feel comfortable mostly in clean water.
In such water, they can grow and multiply. At home, everything is different. Many people prefer to start aquarium fish, but not all care about the proper quality of water for the aquarium.
The use of ordinary tap water can be detrimental to its inhabitants. Therefore, there are several simple rules for preparing water for an aquarium.
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium?
Fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium should not be run in fresh water. It is fraught with diseases in animals. Various chemical compounds that are in the usual for us water, are detrimental to the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Chlorine is especially dangerous. Water, without fail, must be separated.
How much to defend the water for the aquarium?
To finally get rid of all the harmful substances contained in the water, it must be defended for 1-2 weeks. For the backlog of water is better to use a large bucket or basin.
Also, when buying a new aquarium, leave water in it and drain it at least once. At the same time, this way you can check if the aquarium is leaking. Some pet stores sell special products that neutralize chemical compounds in water.
But experts recommend not to neglect the settling of water, even using these drugs.
Aquarium water temperature
The most suitable temperature for aquarium water is room – 23-26 degrees. In winter, the aquarium should not be carried out on the balcony, nor is it recommended to place it near the radiator or heater.
Water hardness in the aquarium
Stiffness is an important parameter of water in an aquarium. This parameter is determined by the total amount of calcium and magnesium salts that are dissolved in water.
The range of water hardness is very wide. Under natural conditions, this indicator depends on climate, soil and season.
Fish can live in water of different hardness, but they are extremely necessary for magnesium and calcium salts – they play an important role in the growth and reproduction of animals.
In an aquarium, the hardness of the water is constantly changing, it becomes softer – the fish digest the salts that are in the water. Therefore, the water in the aquarium should be periodically changed.
Aquarium water purification
The easiest way to clean is a complete change of water in the aquarium. But in some cases this task is difficult and unnecessary. Water is much easier to clean.
As a rule, simple filters based on activated carbon are used to purify turbid water in an aquarium. Water filters in the aquarium can be made independently or purchased at a pet store.
Aeration of water in the aquarium
This parameter is regulated by temperature, plants and the presence of living things in the aquarium. By aeration, oxygen is monitored in the aquarium. Aeration can be performed using special devices – compressors that saturate water with oxygen.
Also, there are filters for water treatment with built-in compressors. Water parameters in the aquarium play an important role in the normal functioning of fish.
It is important that any of the parameters be changed very smoothly, excluding sudden temperature fluctuations.
By following these simple rules, each owner of the aquarium provides fish with conditions as close as possible to the natural ones. And this, in turn, is the key to the health and long life of pets.
Muddy aquarium: from what and why the water becomes cloudy, what to do
Preparations eliminating mechanical turbidity in an aquarium
How to get rid of dregs in an aquarium :: how to clean white dregs in an aquarium :: Fish aquarium
Many aquarists are faced with the problem of turbidity in aquariums. There are several reasons for this phenomenon – algae bloom, biological surge, high levels of organic carbon.
How to get rid of dregs at aquarium?
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
1. Appearance white or gray dregs in new aquarium can be connected in the ground bookmark. Rinse the soil thoroughly before placing it in the aquarium.
As a rule, 1-2 days after the water has been laid, aquarium becomes transparent. The presence of turbid water for three or more days after placing the soil may indicate insufficient thorough washing.
2. If after filling the soil in the new aquarium, the water became transparent, and then the turbidity reappeared – this indicates the establishment of the biological equilibrium of the system. Such dregs are called bacterial.
After the formation of a sufficient number of beneficial bacteria, it usually disappears on its own. In order to make life easier for the fish during this period, it is recommended to replace 1/4 of the aquarium’s water daily.
Try to feed the fish as little as possible. In the first month of use of the aquarium do not run there too many inhabitants.
3. The cause of the appearance of green dregs at aquarium is usually algae bloom. To remove green dregs It is necessary to change 1/4 of water daily. Remove and rinse the filter media of the aquarium filter thoroughly.
Reduce the amount of feed. Turn off the light and do not turn it on until the green dregs disappear. If possible, purchase a special UV sterilizer or use algae remedies sold in pet stores. To avoid the appearance of green dregs, It is recommended to place the aquarium in such a way that it does not fall into direct sunlight.
It is strictly forbidden to place aquariums on the windows on the south side.
4. The appearance of yellow dregs can be triggered by several factors. Such an effect may occur from an excess of fish waste products. In this case, you need to purchase a more powerful aquarium filter. If you recently placed a snag in the aquarium – most likely the reason for the appearance of yellow dregs in this one.
You should know that the process of leaching the wood pigment lasts from 2 to 6 months. After that, the water will again become transparent. During this period it is recommended to change the water in aquarium a little more often than usual. Another cause of the appearance of yellow dregs there may be rotting plants.
Remove dead and diseased algae from the aquarium. Conduct water purification with activated carbon. However, you should know that it absorbs from the water not only harmful, but also useful substances.
Therefore, the maximum use of the carbon filter is one week. After applying this filter, you need to make sure that all other indicators of water remained normal.
If you find a patina of green color in an aquarium, then first of all you should pay attention to caring for it. If you do not clean and change water in time, then sooner or later you will definitely encounter a green tint of water and walls.
This state of affairs can be deadly for the inhabitants.
Measures to clean the aquarium from green algae:
- Reduce the light intensity. Green algae grow favorably with excessive light, so limit the backlight time to 10 hours per day. Avoid direct sunlight, from which the water becomes even greener.
- Daily replacement of 15% water. Of course, this process will take a lot of time, but it is necessary to do so in order to preserve the ecosystem in a neglected aquarium. Water suited for this purpose is suitable for this.
After the algae visually disappeared, it is necessary to take measures to eliminate the source of water infection. The presence of plants will help you protect your body of water from uninvited “guests.”
It has been proven that the presence of flora favorably affects the cleanliness of the aquarium and the algae do not settle on the walls, decor, plants and soil. From this it follows that it is necessary to settle as many plants as possible, which will protect aqua.
It happens that algae go into the active phase even with a large number of plants. This suggests that the flora is in a disgusting state. Most often this means that the plants do not receive the necessary trace elements.
The first nutrient deficiency causes insufficient nutrition. That is why experienced aquarists know how important it is to apply fertilizer to the soil.
Be careful when choosing a fertilizer. Since in the struggle for the popularity of zoological fish, many manufacturers proudly declare the absence of nitrates and phosphates in their products.
Thus, they are trying to convey that they have excluded those products that cause the growth of algae. But, on the other hand, these macronutrients are incredibly important for maintaining harmony in the ecosystem. Most novice breeders diligently choose phosphate-free products and only make things worse, without knowing it.
In fact, nitrates and phosphates are the main food for plants.
If you believe the statistics, then more than 80% of the problems associated with the lack of these elements. Unfortunately, this can only be learned in a critical situation, when plants stop growing, and algae overwhelm all the space, walls, soil and scenery begin to sink in a green patina.
How to clean the bottom of the aquarium :: aquarium cleaning fish :: aquarium fish
Many lovers of aquarium fish wonder why they even need to clean bottom at aquarium, because nobody in natural waters bottom it does not clean specially, plants grow well and fish swim merrily. The fact is that aquariums have a small volume compared to natural reservoirs, fish emit feces, and the remnants of the food that is not eaten by them fall on bottom and begin to rot, spoiling the water and giving the green light for the development of pathogenic microbes that can have a detrimental effect on both the fish themselves and the aquarium plants.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
1. To clean the bottom there are special filters, however, they do not perform their duties well. Until now, the best and effective way to clean the bottom aquarium is siphon cleaning. ABOUTbottom of these devices you see in the picture on the left.
Siphon consists of a flexible ribbed hose with abottomwhich side is a pear, and on the other hand a plastic expander with a bottom mesh at the end, so that during the cleaning process of the bottom aquarium In the siphon did not accidentally sucked some “gaping” fish! Before cleaning bottom, remove carefully from aquarium large stones, as well as plants without roots, which pressed these stones to the bottom and did not allow them to float, then clean the wall with a special scraper aquarium.
When the dirt, scraped from the walls, sinks to bottom, lower the siphon into the aquarium, not forgetting to put an empty bucket below the water level. Having pressed a pear several times, suck the water into the siphon.
This creates a constant flow of water and now it remains only to drive a hose along the bottom aquarium and between the stones, draining all the dirt through the hose into the bucket. In this procedure, for better cleaning of the bottom, slightly move the soil pebbles with the end of the hose.
When heavily contaminated, it is sometimes necessary to remove the siphon aquarium,to clean the expander mesh, clogged with dirt.
2. If there is no special siphon for cleaning the aquarium bottom at hand, it can easily be replaced by a regular rubber hose. In this case, the water intake is done either with the help of an ordinary rubber pear, or, in the absence of such, the mouth is made in the mouth, much like motorists pour gasoline.
However, in this case, it is necessary to do the suction very quickly, so as not to swallow inadvertently aquarium water. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that the fish, especially the smallest, do not suck in the bucket through the hose. This can not only scare the fish, but also injure them, especially those who are proud of their large and beautiful fins and tails!
Especially often sucks slower fish, such as guppies.
3. And of course, every day after feeding the fish, remove the remnants of food that they have not eaten. Usually this is done by the simplest device, which is a glass tube with a rubber bulb at the end, extending along the length to the bottom. aquarium. If you use dry food for feeding fish, then remove their residues from aquarium as soon as the fish ate and moved away from the trough.
Feed drops on bottom, usually in aboutbottomm and the same place – under the aquarium feeder. Remove the feeder so that it does not bother you, lower the glass tube to the bottom, sucking the rest of the food with a pear.
If you do not do it in time, then in an hour the aquarium water can become cloudy, as dry food is an excellent food for millions of bacteria that begin to multiply in geometric progress.
4. Clean the aquarium bottom thorough at least aboutbottomth times a month, while pouring no more than 30% of water. Merged water is replaced by fresh, separated and necessarily the same temperature as the main water in the aquarium.
And remember that maintaining cleanliness in the aquarium is the key to the health of your pets!