Dear colleagues! If you want your home aquarium to please everyone who has come to your house, you should clean it regularly and care for its inhabitants.
Some novices and ignorant people believe that it is difficult to take care of an aquarium and this requires a huge amount of free time. In this article I will try to shed light on the most basic points that accompany the care of the aquarium.
As a rule, in the aquarium you need to clean once or twice a week. The frequency of cleaning is affected by the degree of contamination of the reservoir, its volume, as well as the cleanliness of the aquarium inhabitants. In addition, the amount of live vegetation affects the number of cleanings per week.
During the routine cleaning, the aquarist should drain some of the water and replace it with fresh settled water.
The frequency of water changes and cleaning in the reservoir is also affected by the following parameters:
- Test scores;
- Well-being inhabitants
Pay attention to the walls of the aquarium. If they quickly become covered with a dark green bloom, then it’s time to work with a scraper. If your fish, floating near the bottom, raise a cloud of turbidity from the ground, then it is time to pick up a siphon and clean the soil.
But crystal purity can conceal negative moments. If the water is crystal clear, then your bank may have an excessive concentration of nitrogenous compounds that negatively affect the well-being of aquarium fish.
This is also a signal for you to clean.
The list of mandatory operations when cleaning the aquarium:
- To begin, take the scraper in hand and clean all the walls of the aquarium from the green residue;
- We take out the elements of decor and we also thoroughly clean them;
- In the presence of living aquatic plants, we carry out their pruning and weeding;
- Ground siphon (part of the water along with mud from the bottom you will drain);
- If necessary, drain a little more water to bring the amount of water being replaced to the desired proportion (¼ or 1/5);
- If necessary, clean the filter;
- Fill the aquarium with fresh water and wipe the glass.
Very important: Before starting the cleaning, turn off all the aquarium equipment from the electrical system, with the exception of the external filter.
Even if your aquarium shines with cleanliness and order, green bloom on the walls will still appear. Over time, it will begin to grow and spoil the entire aesthetics of the reservoir.
To get rid of them, you need to take a scraper (with a blade or a magnetic scraper) or a sponge. If the depth of your tank is acceptable for a regular scraper, then please.
But there are cases when getting to the aquarium from the top is a big problem or its depth is very large. In this case, it is best to use a magnetic scraper.
He does not scratch the glass, only if some grain of sand falls between its working surface. The main disadvantage of such scrapers is that it is difficult to process the lower edge near the ground and the corners.
Economic washcloth can also be carried out this procedure, but if your aquarium is made of plexiglass, washcloth is better set aside. All the algal bloom that you remove from the walls you don’t need to catch from the aquarium, it will be eaten by fish or it will partially merge with the water.
It is also necessary to clean the algal deposits from the elements of the decor. To do this, you need to arm yourself with a tough washcloth or brush.
It is best to remove them from the aquarium and clean them in the bathroom under running water. The main condition is not to use detergents.
If the scenery is fairly quickly and abundantly covered with bloom, then get yourself scavenger fishes (Siamese seaweed, gyrinoheylus, otozinclus and antsistrusov).
The main task of processing aquarium plants – all dead, overgrown with algae and damaged by fish leaves. It is also necessary to remove or trim strongly overgrown stems of plants that spoil the appearance of the aquarium.
When you do weeding the grass, try not to lift the dregs from the bottom.
After weeding the plants and the ground siphon, a large amount of turbidity appears in the water column. We need to remove it from the aquarium together with a part of the old water. It will help in this hose or aquarium siphon.
We place one end of a pipe or siphon in an aquarium above the ground and begin to suck the water along with the dirt into a separate container.
In one substitution, you can change from 15 to 50 percent of the water. The amount of water replaced depends on the degree of contamination of the aquarium.
If you have a set of aquarium tests, then measure the nitrates – the content of this compound in the aquarium should not exceed 30 mg / l (for unpretentious fish and plants), for more demanding inhabitants, this value should not exceed 10 mg / l. You should not do a complete substitution, as this is fraught with a complete restart and a fundamental violation of biological equilibrium.
As a rule, aquarists try to replace in their aquariums from 1/3 to 1/5 of the water to fresh.
If you have done a full restart of the aquarium as a result of an outbreak of any disease, then the fish cannot be settled immediately after the launch, as they will die from ammonia, whose concentration will increase dramatically a few days after launch. Without the use of special aquarium chemistry, which allows you to speed up the process of establishing a biological equilibrium in the aquarium, fish can be started one and a half to two weeks after launch.
If large species of fish live in your aquarium, then you need to clean the soil and the aquarium more often than if you contained haracin or carp. The more plants in your tank are planted and the smaller the number of fish, the less often you will have to do the cleaning.
If you have a herbalist or shrimp maker, then in such aquariums the ground does not siphon at all, since this operation can severely damage the roots of the aquarium plants.
During the cleaning of the filter, it is very important not to destroy the colonies of anaerobic bacteria that are involved in maintaining biological balance. Bacteria settle foam sponges and other fillers, carrying out biological filtration of water.
It is not recommended to wash the filter materials under running tap water, as you will wash off all bacteria.
You need to clean the filter if you notice that the jet of water from the outlet has weakened. As a rule, this occurs 1-2 weeks after the previous cleaning.
Approximately with the same frequency it is necessary to wash the compartments and fillers of external filters. But porous materials intended for the implementation of biofiltration (expanded clay balls, ceramic rings, etc.) need to be washed less often (once or twice a couple of months).
If necessary, you can replace part of a specific filler.
After you do all of the above procedures, it’s time to pour fresh, separated water into the aquarium that has the same temperature as the water in the aquarium. You can pour water using hoses or put a deep plate on the bottom of the aquarium and pour water from a bucket. When you completely fill your aquarium, you need to turn on the filter, lighting and other electrical appliances.
After some time, the water should turn cloudy, and in the morning the water should already be crystal clear.